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Afghanistan Population, Density, Fertility Rate and Life Expectancy Overview
Population Analysis Year 2010 Year 2020 Year 2030
Population (in million) 28.8 38.054 46.69
Global Rank 42nd 37th 35th
Global Population Share 0.413% 0.488% 0.546%
Global Population Density 45.65 62.06 79.41
Global Population Density Rank 16th 18th 20th
Average Life Expectancy 61.22 65.07 67.76
Average Life Expectancy Global Rank 166th 167th 166th
Fertility Rate 5.81 4.03 2.98
Fertility Rate Global Rank 12th 35th 49th
Note : Population Density means number of people staying per kilometer and Fertility rate means number of kids born per women

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Afghanistan Causes of Death
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 155 0.25%
Lower respiratory infections 296 0.47%
Congenital birth defects 302 0.48%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Neonatal infections 49 0.08%
Drowning 4285 6.87%
Road accidents 1 0%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 22445 36%
Measles 753 1.21%
Malaria 234 0.38%
Digestive diseases 11 0.02%
Nutritional deficiencies 870 1.4%
Protein-energy malnutrition 410 0.66%
Cancers 122 0.2%

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Highlights of Afghanistan BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Afghanistan gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 51.86%51.86%
    • Fat : 10.06%10.06%
    • Plant protein : 6.14%6.14%
    • Animal protein : 1.63%1.63%
  • 30.31% decrease in caloric supply : Currently Afghanistan gets 2090/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2999/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Dairy & Eggs are three major diet compositions in Afghanistan
  • Wheat, Rice and Barley are three major Cereal preferences in Afghanistan
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Afghanistan average intake is 79.37 grams
  • Grapes, Oranges & Mandarines and Bananas are three major Fruit Types Intake in Afghanistan
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Afghanistan average Fruit intake is 93.29grams
  • In Afghanistan, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 19.70% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Afghanistan is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')

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