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Yemen Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Yemen

CONTENT


Causes of death across Yemen are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Yemen.

Highlights of Yemen BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Yemen gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 86.87%86.87%
    • Fat : 24.02%24.02%
    • Plant protein : 10.06%10.06%
    • Animal protein : 3.10%3.10%
  • 24.05% increase in caloric supply : Currently Yemen gets 2223/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 1792/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Sugar and Oils & Fats are three major diet compositions in Yemen
  • Wheat, Rice and Sorghum are three major Cereal preferences in Yemen
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Yemen average intake is 85.32 grams
  • Oranges & Mandarines, Grapes and Dates are three major Fruit Types Intake in Yemen
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Yemen average Fruit intake is 144.22grams
  • In Yemen, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 42.30% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Yemen is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Yemen
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Wheat884
2Rice177
3Sorghum143
4Maize118
5Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Yemen

Diet Compositions in Yemen
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1355
2Sugar273
3Oils & Fats229
4Meat104
5Fruits & Vegetables89
6Dairy & Eggs64
7Pulses60
8Other26
9Starchy Roots22
10Alcoholic Beverages1

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Yemen with 44871 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 30% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Conflict and Neonatal deaths were the highest types of death causes in Yemen.
    Major Cause of Death in Yemen
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 15-49 with 45812 deaths (year 2016).
  • 45.78% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Road accidents, Cancers and Cardiovascular disease are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cardiovascular disease, Road accidents and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 53% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Yemen (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Yemen - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Yemen are High blood pressure, High cholesterol and High blood sugar. Every year around 4995 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Iron deficiency and Outdoor air pollution are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • High blood pressure, High total cholesterol and High body-mass index (obesity) are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, High total cholesterol and High blood sugar are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Yemen (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.18% of Yemen population was suffering from cancer i.e. 20828 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Breast cancer (Count : 1299) and Stomach cancer was also concerning with 1031 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 6% of survival chance.Yemen was really successful in diagnosing Kidney cancer where 89% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 8908 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 7929 were suffering from Breast cancer out of which 1299 people were dead. This means 16.38% death rate of people suffering from Breast cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Yemen and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Yemen :
  • 0.18 % of Yemen population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Breast cancer
  • Kidney cancer was most cured cancer in Yemen
  • Breast cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Yemen

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Yemen (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 2547 1.69%
Cardiovascular diseases 44871 29.76%
Kidney disease 3491 2.32%
Respiratory disease 4912 3.26%
Liver disease 1809 1.2%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 7566 5.02%
Digestive disease 1640 1.09%
Hepatitis 134 0.09%
Cancers 10937 7.25%
Parkinson's disease 178 0.12%
Fire 745 0.49%
Malaria 7 0%
Drowning 1022 0.68%
Homicide 906 0.6%
HIV/AIDS 148 0.1%
Drug disorder 174 0.12%
Tuberculosis 1815 1.2%
Road incidents 10622 7.05%
Maternal deaths 2012 1.33%
Neonatal deaths 15707 10.42%
Alcohol disorder 60 0.04%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 6783 4.5%
Kidney disease 3491 2.32%
Respiratory disease 4912 3.26%
Lower respiratory infections 6233.75838471 4.13%
Diarrheal diseases 6783 4.5%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 7566 5.02%
Road incidents 10622 7.05%
Cancers 10937 7.25%
Neonatal deaths 15707 10.42%
Conflict 21874 14.51%
Cardiovascular diseases 44871 29.76%


Yemen - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 35 0.1%
Diarrheal diseases 142 0.41%
Congenital birth defects 145 0.42%
Lower respiratory infections 0 0%
Neonatal infections 14 0.04%
Road accidents 6052 17.64%
Cardiovascular disease 0 0%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 15707 45.78%
Drowning 622 1.81%
Nutritional deficiencies 25 0.07%
Protein-energy malnutrition 8 0.02%
Cancers 184 0.54%
Digestive diseases 1 0%
Fire 104 0.3%
Kidney disease 139 0.41%
Measles 14 0.04%
Homicide 125 0.36%
Liver disease 268 0.78%
Tuberculosis 33 0.1%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 64 0.19%
Hepatitis 441 1.29%
HIV/AIDS 5771 16.82%
Malaria 2958 8.62%
Drug use disorders 49 0.14%
Natural disasters 1405 4.1%


Yemen - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 23 0.75%
Homicide 48 1.56%
Nutritional deficiencies 29 0.94%
Protein-energy malnutrition 22 0.71%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 17 0.55%
Diarrheal diseases 97 3.15%
Road accidents 1118 36.26%
Tuberculosis 40 1.3%
HIV/AIDS 1 0.03%
Drowning 247 8.01%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 96 3.11%
Cancers 338 10.96%
Hepatitis 8 0.26%
Digestive diseases 53 1.72%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 197 6.39%
Liver disease 37 1.2%
Respiratory disease 76 2.47%
Kidney disease 67 2.17%
Cardiovascular disease 327 10.61%
Lower respiratory infections 242 7.85%


Yemen - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 1243 4.83%
Homicide 759 2.95%
Nutritional deficiencies 54 0.21%
Protein-energy malnutrition 40 0.16%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 69 0.27%
Diarrheal diseases 163 0.63%
Road accidents 7189 27.95%
Tuberculosis 701 2.72%
HIV/AIDS 122 0.47%
Drowning 512 1.99%
Malaria 5 0.02%
Fire 395 1.54%
Cancers 2754 10.71%
Hepatitis 49 0.19%
Digestive diseases 330 1.28%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1275 4.96%
Liver disease 419 1.63%
Respiratory disease 760 2.95%
Kidney disease 634 2.46%
Cardiovascular disease 7390 28.73%
Drug disorder 137 0.53%
Alcohol disorder 38 0.15%
Parkinson's disease 3 0.01%
Dementia 7 0.03%
Lower respiratory infections 677 2.63%


Yemen - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 154 0.43%
Homicide 57 0.16%
Nutritional deficiencies 31 0.09%
Protein-energy malnutrition 25 0.07%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 29 0.08%
Diarrheal diseases 137 0.38%
Road accidents 1329 3.68%
Tuberculosis 562 1.56%
HIV/AIDS 16 0.04%
Drowning 65 0.18%
Malaria 1 0%
Fire 95 0.26%
Cancers 4852 13.43%
Hepatitis 50 0.14%
Digestive diseases 546 1.51%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 3057 8.46%
Liver disease 865 2.39%
Respiratory disease 2022 5.6%
Kidney disease 1467 4.06%
Cardiovascular diseases 19296 53.42%
Dementia 408 1.13%
Parkinson's disease 32 0.09%
Drug disorder 24 0.07%
Alcohol disorder 18 0.05%
Lower respiratory infections 984 2.72%


Yemen - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 34 0.1%
Homicide 8 0.02%
Nutritional deficiencies 63 0.19%
Protein-energy malnutrition 54 0.17%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 8 0.02%
Diarrheal diseases 334 1.03%
Road accidents 365 1.13%
Tuberculosis 487 1.5%
HIV/AIDS 2 0.01%
Drowning 14 0.04%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 56 0.17%
Cancers 2854 8.8%
Hepatitis 14 0.04%
Digestive diseases 586 1.81%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 2769 8.54%
Liver disease 456 1.41%
Respiratory disease 1982 6.11%
Kidney disease 1258 3.88%
Cardiovascular disease 17418 53.72%
Parkinson's disease 143 0.44%
Dementia 2132 6.57%
Drug use disorders 13 0.04%
Alcohol use disorders 4 0.01%
Lower respiratory infections 1372 4.23%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Yemen
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 4995 3.2%
Poor sanitation 3820 2.45%
No access to handwashing facility 2705 1.73%
Household air pollution 6760 4.33%
Outdoor air pollution 12562 8.04%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 2125 1.36%
Discontinued breastfeeding 175 0.11%
Child wasting 7267 4.65%
Child stunting 1358 0.87%
Low birth weight 10359 6.63%
Secondhand smoke 2586 1.66%
Alcohol use -18 -0.01%
Drug use 440 0.28%
Diet low in fruits 7858 5.03%
Diet low in vegetables 7703 4.93%
Unsafe sex 452 0.29%
Low physical activity 4081 2.61%
High blood sugar 14426 9.23%
High cholesterol 14951 9.57%
High body-mass index (obesity) 12344 7.9%
High blood pressure 25753 16.48%
Smoking 12267 7.85%
Iron deficiency 231 0.15%
Zinc deficiency 375 0.24%
Vitamin-A deficiency 137 0.09%
Low bone mineral density 522 0.33%


Yemen - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 175 0.52%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 2125 6.37%
Child stunting 1358 4.07%
Low birth weight 10359 31.05%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 2175 6.52%
Secondhand smoke 291 0.87%
Poor sanitation 3408 10.21%
Unsafe water source 4459 13.37%
Household air pollution 656 1.97%
Outdoor air pollution 1058 3.17%
High body-mass index (obesity) 6 0.02%
High blood pressure 1 0%
High blood sugar 25 0.07%
Child wasting 7267 21.78%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Yemen - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 1 0.16%
No access to handwashing facility 53 8.66%
Unsafe water source 71 11.6%
Unsafe sex 1 0.16%
Iron deficiency 228 37.25%
Secondhand smoke 25 4.08%
Household air pollution 57 9.31%
Outdoor air pollution 86 14.05%
High body-mass index (obesity) 4 0.65%
High blood sugar 26 4.25%
High blood pressure 3 0.49%
Poor sanitation 55 8.99%
Iron deficiency 2 0.33%


Yemen - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 228 0.97%
Low bone mineral density 92 0.39%
Drug use 291 1.24%
Alcohol use 132 0.56%
No access to handwashing facility 113 0.48%
Unsafe water source 119 0.51%
Poor sanitation 92 0.39%
Smoking 2778 11.87%
Secondhand smoke 366 1.56%
Low physical activity 484 2.07%
Diet low in fruits 1957 8.36%
Diet low in vegetables 1803 7.71%
Unsafe sex 229 0.98%
High body-mass index (obesity) 3157 13.49%
Household air pollution 1302 5.56%
Outdoor air pollution 2341 10.01%
High total cholesterol 3170 13.55%
High blood pressure 3368 14.39%
High blood sugar 1376 5.88%


Yemen - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0%
Low bone mineral density 230 0.39%
Drug use 120 0.2%
Alcohol use -75 -0.13%
No access to handwashing facility 133 0.23%
Poor sanitation 77 0.13%
Unsafe sex 170 0.29%
Smoking 6441 10.99%
Secondhand smoke 1035 1.77%
Unsafe water source 100 0.17%
Diet low in vegetables 3678 6.27%
Diet low in fruits 3729 6.36%
Low physical activity 1770 3.02%
Outdoor air pollution 5359 9.14%
Household air pollution 2826 4.82%
High body-mass index (obesity) 6278 10.71%
High blood sugar 6908 11.78%
High total cholesterol 7570 12.91%
High blood pressure 12269 20.93%


Yemen - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 199 0.5%
Drug use 29 0.07%
Alcohol use -75 -0.19%
Smoking 3049 7.63%
Secondhand smoke 868 2.17%
Household air pollution 1921 4.81%
Outdoor air pollution 3719 9.31%
No access to handwashing facility 231 0.58%
Poor sanitation 188 0.47%
Unsafe water source 245 0.61%
Unsafe sex 52 0.13%
Low physical activity 1827 4.57%
Diet low in vegetables 2221 5.56%
Diet low in fruits 2171 5.43%
High cholesterol 4212 10.54%
High blood pressure 10112 25.31%
High blood sugar 6091 15.24%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2900 7.26%


Yemen - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 729 | Deaths : 270 37.04%
Breast cancer Patients : 7929 | Deaths : 1299 16.38%
Larynx cancer Patients : 393 | Deaths : 137 34.86%
Kidney cancer Patients : 799 | Deaths : 87 10.89%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 620 | Deaths : 104 16.77%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 736 | Deaths : 195 26.49%
Stomach cancer Patients : 1388 | Deaths : 1031 74.28%
Uterine cancer Patients : 832 | Deaths : 159 19.11%
Bladder cancer Patients : 1020 | Deaths : 258 25.29%
Cervical cancer Patients : 2047 | Deaths : 305 14.9%
Prostate cancer Patients : 1196 | Deaths : 348 29.1%
Testicular cancer Patients : 148 | Deaths : 27 18.24%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 352 | Deaths : 228 64.77%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 209 | Deaths : 197 94.26%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 340 | Deaths : 75 22.06%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 2437 | Deaths : 867 35.58%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 128 | Deaths : 48 37.5%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 593 | Deaths : 96 16.19%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 1163 | Deaths : 473 40.67%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 1477 | Deaths : 198 13.41%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 127 | Deaths : 52 40.94%


Yemen - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 645 3.1%
5-14 year olds 674 3.24%
15-49 year olds 6355 30.51%
50-69 year olds 8908 42.77%
70+ year olds 4247 20.39%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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