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Vietnam Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Vietnam

CONTENT


Causes of death across Vietnam are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Vietnam.

Highlights of Vietnam BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Vietnam gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 92.79%92.79%
    • Fat : 34.03%34.03%
    • Plant protein : 10.61%10.61%
    • Animal protein : 6.51%6.51%
  • 43.94% increase in caloric supply : Currently Vietnam gets 2745/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 1907/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Meat and Oils & Fats are three major diet compositions in Vietnam
  • Rice, Maize and Wheat are three major Cereal preferences in Vietnam
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Vietnam average intake is 404.03 grams
  • Bananas, Pineapples and Oranges & Mandarines are three major Fruit Types Intake in Vietnam
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Vietnam average Fruit intake is 186.47grams
  • In Vietnam, average male height is in the increasing trend and female height is in increasing trend
  • 18.30% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Vietnam is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Vietnam
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Rice1390
2Maize82
3Wheat80
4Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Vietnam

Diet Compositions in Vietnam
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1552
2Meat472
3Oils & Fats254
4Fruits & Vegetables181
5Sugar100
6Starchy Roots43
7Dairy & Eggs42
8Alcoholic Beverages39
9Other34
10Pulses28

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Vietnam with 218954 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 34% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease were the highest types of death causes in Vietnam.
    Major Cause of Death in Vietnam
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 364617 deaths (year 2016).
  • 34.78% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Drowning, Road accidents and Cancers are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cancers, Road accidents and Cardiovascular disease are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 33% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Vietnam (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Vietnam - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Vietnam are High blood pressure, Smoking and High blood sugar. Every year around 1057 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Household air pollution and Outdoor air pollution are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Alcohol use, Smoking and High blood pressure are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • Smoking, High blood pressure and Alcohol use are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Vietnam (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.31% of Vietnam population was suffering from cancer i.e. 249900 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Colon & rectum cancer (Count : 14181) and Stomach cancer was also concerning with 10584 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 9% of survival chance.Vietnam was really successful in diagnosing Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer where 98% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 118402 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 48721 were suffering from Colon & rectum cancer out of which 14181 people were dead. This means 29.11% death rate of people suffering from Colon & rectum cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Vietnam and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Vietnam :
  • 0.31 % of Vietnam population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Colon & rectum cancer
  • Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer was most cured cancer in Vietnam
  • Colon & rectum cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Vietnam

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Vietnam (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 42459 6.62%
Cardiovascular diseases 218954 34.15%
Kidney disease 21200 3.31%
Respiratory disease 38908 6.07%
Liver disease 20838 3.25%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 53845 8.4%
Digestive disease 12485 1.95%
Hepatitis 882 0.14%
Cancers 128233 20%
Parkinson's disease 2389 0.37%
Fire 488 0.08%
Malaria 1128 0.18%
Drowning 7853 1.22%
Homicide 1873 0.29%
HIV/AIDS 6536 1.02%
Drug disorder 1150 0.18%
Tuberculosis 18672 2.91%
Road incidents 24305 3.79%
Maternal deaths 278 0.04%
Neonatal deaths 6334 0.99%
Alcohol disorder 919 0.14%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 1959 0.31%
Tuberculosis 18672 2.91%
Lower respiratory infections 18693.8853813 2.92%
Liver disease 20838 3.25%
Kidney disease 21200 3.31%
Road incidents 24305 3.79%
Respiratory disease 38908 6.07%
Dementia 42459 6.62%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 53845 8.4%
Cancers 128233 20%
Cardiovascular diseases 218954 34.15%


Vietnam - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 17 0.09%
Congenital birth defects 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 2 0.01%
Drowning 0 0%
Neonatal infections 2 0.01%
Cardiovascular disease 107 0.59%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 0 0%
Cancers 6334 34.78%
Digestive diseases 162 0.89%
Road accidents 18 0.1%
Diarrheal diseases 71 0.39%
Malaria 1336 7.34%
HIV/AIDS 97 0.53%
Fire 35 0.19%
Liver disease 207 1.14%
Kidney disease 5 0.03%
Tuberculosis 182 1%
Homicide 230 1.26%
Measles 33 0.18%
Hepatitis 29 0.16%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 241 1.32%
Nutritional deficiencies 4998 27.44%
Protein-energy malnutrition 3041 16.7%
Drug use disorders 7 0.04%
Natural disasters 1060 5.82%


Vietnam - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 11 0.45%
Homicide 22 0.9%
Nutritional deficiencies 2 0.08%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 0.04%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.04%
Diarrheal diseases 29 1.19%
Road accidents 463 19%
Tuberculosis 28 1.15%
HIV/AIDS 14 0.57%
Drowning 1046 42.92%
Malaria 49 2.01%
Fire 8 0.33%
Cancers 331 13.58%
Hepatitis 4 0.16%
Digestive diseases 47 1.93%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 108 4.43%
Liver disease 27 1.11%
Respiratory disease 28 1.15%
Kidney disease 36 1.48%
Cardiovascular disease 31 1.27%
Lower respiratory infections 151 6.2%


Vietnam - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 4534 5.44%
Homicide 1473 1.77%
Nutritional deficiencies 6 0.01%
Protein-energy malnutrition 2 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 18 0.02%
Diarrheal diseases 136 0.16%
Road accidents 14283 17.15%
Tuberculosis 3152 3.78%
HIV/AIDS 5894 7.08%
Drowning 3261 3.91%
Malaria 550 0.66%
Fire 171 0.21%
Cancers 19178 23.02%
Hepatitis 200 0.24%
Digestive diseases 1357 1.63%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 4223 5.07%
Liver disease 5280 6.34%
Respiratory disease 1401 1.68%
Kidney disease 2147 2.58%
Cardiovascular disease 13009 15.62%
Drug disorder 903 1.08%
Alcohol disorder 486 0.58%
Parkinson's disease 36 0.04%
Dementia 48 0.06%
Lower respiratory infections 1554 1.87%


Vietnam - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 2147 1.2%
Homicide 289 0.16%
Nutritional deficiencies 11 0.01%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 12 0.01%
Diarrheal diseases 266 0.15%
Road accidents 6614 3.71%
Tuberculosis 4509 2.53%
HIV/AIDS 518 0.29%
Drowning 1225 0.69%
Malaria 279 0.16%
Fire 143 0.08%
Cancers 56583 31.71%
Hepatitis 361 0.2%
Digestive diseases 2942 1.65%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 15103 8.46%
Liver disease 8739 4.9%
Respiratory disease 8607 4.82%
Kidney disease 5449 3.05%
Cardiovascular diseases 58233 32.63%
Dementia 2476 1.39%
Parkinson's disease 249 0.14%
Drug disorder 102 0.06%
Alcohol disorder 365 0.2%
Lower respiratory infections 3229 1.81%


Vietnam - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 1050 0.29%
Homicide 71 0.02%
Nutritional deficiencies 272 0.08%
Protein-energy malnutrition 25 0.01%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 13 0%
Diarrheal diseases 1420 0.39%
Road accidents 2783 0.77%
Tuberculosis 10965 3.03%
HIV/AIDS 40 0.01%
Drowning 984 0.27%
Malaria 153 0.04%
Fire 132 0.04%
Cancers 51935 14.35%
Hepatitis 312 0.09%
Digestive diseases 7957 2.2%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 34180 9.45%
Liver disease 6759 1.87%
Respiratory disease 28791 7.96%
Kidney disease 13539 3.74%
Cardiovascular disease 147440 40.75%
Parkinson's disease 2104 0.58%
Dementia 39935 11.04%
Drug use disorders 144 0.04%
Alcohol use disorders 69 0.02%
Lower respiratory infections 10719 2.96%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Vietnam
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 1057 0.16%
Poor sanitation 825 0.12%
No access to handwashing facility 1493 0.22%
Household air pollution 33577 4.93%
Outdoor air pollution 40170 5.9%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 344 0.05%
Discontinued breastfeeding 3 0%
Child wasting 1649 0.24%
Child stunting 278 0.04%
Low birth weight 4077 0.6%
Secondhand smoke 11051 1.62%
Alcohol use 78860 11.58%
Drug use 7826 1.15%
Diet low in fruits 34517 5.07%
Diet low in vegetables 8810 1.29%
Unsafe sex 5958 0.88%
Low physical activity 12959 1.9%
High blood sugar 82783 12.16%
High cholesterol 43439 6.38%
High body-mass index (obesity) 26189 3.85%
High blood pressure 147745 21.7%
Smoking 124044 18.22%
Iron deficiency 38 0.01%
Zinc deficiency 41 0.01%
Vitamin-A deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 13095 1.92%


Vietnam - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 3 0.04%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 344 4.1%
Child stunting 278 3.32%
Low birth weight 4077 48.65%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 197 2.35%
Secondhand smoke 410 4.89%
Poor sanitation 45 0.54%
Unsafe water source 58 0.69%
Household air pollution 663 7.91%
Outdoor air pollution 648 7.73%
High body-mass index (obesity) 4 0.05%
High blood pressure 1 0.01%
High blood sugar 4 0.05%
Child wasting 1649 19.68%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Vietnam - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 27 14.84%
No access to handwashing facility 15 8.24%
Unsafe water source 16 8.79%
Unsafe sex 2 1.1%
Iron deficiency 13 7.14%
Secondhand smoke 19 10.44%
Household air pollution 34 18.68%
Outdoor air pollution 32 17.58%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1 0.55%
High blood sugar 8 4.4%
High blood pressure 2 1.1%
Poor sanitation 12 6.59%
Iron deficiency 1 0.55%


Vietnam - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 13 0.02%
Low bone mineral density 372 0.54%
Drug use 4831 7.07%
Alcohol use 17030 24.93%
No access to handwashing facility 118 0.17%
Unsafe water source 72 0.11%
Poor sanitation 57 0.08%
Smoking 11369 16.64%
Secondhand smoke 691 1.01%
Low physical activity 317 0.46%
Diet low in fruits 4042 5.92%
Diet low in vegetables 792 1.16%
Unsafe sex 3631 5.31%
High body-mass index (obesity) 3189 4.67%
Household air pollution 2615 3.83%
Outdoor air pollution 3143 4.6%
High total cholesterol 2945 4.31%
High blood pressure 8646 12.65%
High blood sugar 4449 6.51%


Vietnam - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0%
Low bone mineral density 1649 0.75%
Drug use 2358 1.07%
Alcohol use 30142 13.64%
No access to handwashing facility 242 0.11%
Poor sanitation 112 0.05%
Unsafe sex 1638 0.74%
Smoking 47734 21.6%
Secondhand smoke 3103 1.4%
Unsafe water source 143 0.06%
Diet low in vegetables 2530 1.14%
Diet low in fruits 14101 6.38%
Low physical activity 2506 1.13%
Outdoor air pollution 13015 5.89%
Household air pollution 10603 4.8%
High body-mass index (obesity) 11886 5.38%
High blood sugar 23811 10.77%
High total cholesterol 12331 5.58%
High blood pressure 43120 19.51%


Vietnam - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 23 0.01%
Low bone mineral density 11074 2.89%
Drug use 637 0.17%
Alcohol use 31662 8.27%
Smoking 64941 16.96%
Secondhand smoke 6828 1.78%
Household air pollution 19661 5.13%
Outdoor air pollution 23332 6.09%
No access to handwashing facility 921 0.24%
Poor sanitation 599 0.16%
Unsafe water source 769 0.2%
Unsafe sex 687 0.18%
Low physical activity 10135 2.65%
Diet low in vegetables 5488 1.43%
Diet low in fruits 16373 4.28%
High cholesterol 28163 7.36%
High blood pressure 95977 25.07%
High blood sugar 54511 14.24%
High body-mass index (obesity) 11109 2.9%


Vietnam - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 16045 | Deaths : 8470 52.79%
Breast cancer Patients : 44621 | Deaths : 5305 11.89%
Larynx cancer Patients : 4271 | Deaths : 1171 27.42%
Kidney cancer Patients : 5219 | Deaths : 601 11.52%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 18762 | Deaths : 1123 5.99%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 8352 | Deaths : 1500 17.96%
Stomach cancer Patients : 14963 | Deaths : 10584 70.73%
Uterine cancer Patients : 6774 | Deaths : 739 10.91%
Bladder cancer Patients : 7736 | Deaths : 1257 16.25%
Cervical cancer Patients : 18080 | Deaths : 2428 13.43%
Prostate cancer Patients : 10119 | Deaths : 1820 17.99%
Testicular cancer Patients : 1627 | Deaths : 148 9.1%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 3320 | Deaths : 2126 64.04%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 3825 | Deaths : 3495 91.37%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 7540 | Deaths : 1247 16.54%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 48721 | Deaths : 14181 29.11%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 581 | Deaths : 502 86.4%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 22525 | Deaths : 3512 15.59%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 3074 | Deaths : 1384 45.02%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 36931 | Deaths : 869 2.35%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 5105 | Deaths : 610 11.95%


Vietnam - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 907 0.36%
5-14 year olds 631 0.25%
15-49 year olds 49435 19.78%
50-69 year olds 118402 47.38%
70+ year olds 80525 32.22%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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