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Uganda Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Uganda

CONTENT


Causes of death across Uganda are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Uganda.

Highlights of Uganda BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Uganda gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 64.88%64.88%
    • Fat : 18.13%18.13%
    • Plant protein : 6.97%6.97%
    • Animal protein : 2.14%2.14%
  • 7.87% decrease in caloric supply : Currently Uganda gets 2130/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2312/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Starchy Roots and Oils & Fats are three major diet compositions in Uganda
  • Maize, Wheat and Rice are three major Cereal preferences in Uganda
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Uganda average intake is 74.36 grams
  • Plantains, Bananas and Oranges & Mandarines are three major Fruit Types Intake in Uganda
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Uganda average Fruit intake is 322.66grams
  • In Uganda, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 19.00% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Uganda is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Uganda
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Maize415
2Wheat78
3Rice45
4Sorghum19
5Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Uganda

Diet Compositions in Uganda
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains593
2Starchy Roots358
3Oils & Fats292
4Fruits & Vegetables291
5Pulses218
6Sugar117
7Meat102
8Alcoholic Beverages83
9Dairy & Eggs67
10Other9

Major Cause of Death


HIV/AIDS was a major cause of death in Uganda with 33207 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 12% of total deaths. Overall HIV/AIDS, Neonatal deaths and Cardiovascular diseases were the highest types of death causes in Uganda.
    Major Cause of Death in Uganda
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group Under-5 with 103109 deaths (year 2016).
  • 34.38% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Lower respiratory infections are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Tuberculosis are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 20% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Uganda (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Uganda - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Uganda are Unsafe sex, Household air pollution and Alcohol use. Every year around 11534 people die due to Unsafe sex.
  • Child wasting and Low birth weight are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Unsafe sex and Unsafe water source are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Unsafe sex, Alcohol use and Household air pollution are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • Alcohol use, High blood pressure and Household air pollution are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Uganda (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.37% of Uganda population was suffering from cancer i.e. 52691 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Prostate cancer (Count : 3165) and Cervical cancer was also concerning with 2442 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 12% of survival chance.Uganda was really successful in diagnosing Kidney cancer where 92% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 21989 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 9222 were suffering from Prostate cancer out of which 3165 people were dead. This means 34.32% death rate of people suffering from Prostate cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Uganda and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Uganda :
  • 0.37 % of Uganda population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Prostate cancer
  • Kidney cancer was most cured cancer in Uganda
  • Prostate cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Uganda

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Uganda (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 2531 0.9%
Cardiovascular diseases 30706 10.89%
Kidney disease 1820 0.65%
Respiratory disease 5410 1.92%
Liver disease 4353 1.54%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 9349 3.31%
Digestive disease 6733 2.39%
Hepatitis 837 0.3%
Cancers 23021 8.16%
Parkinson's disease 167 0.06%
Fire 1597 0.57%
Malaria 23461 8.32%
Drowning 2007 0.71%
Homicide 2665 0.94%
HIV/AIDS 33207 11.77%
Drug disorder 101 0.04%
Tuberculosis 24023 8.52%
Road incidents 5779 2.05%
Maternal deaths 3814 1.35%
Neonatal deaths 32764 11.62%
Alcohol disorder 403 0.14%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 16406 5.82%
Meningitis 8754.57438576 3.1%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 9349 3.31%
Diarrheal diseases 16406 5.82%
Cancers 23021 8.16%
Lower respiratory infections 23049.5031415 8.17%
Malaria 23461 8.32%
Tuberculosis 24023 8.52%
Cardiovascular diseases 30706 10.89%
Neonatal deaths 32764 11.62%
HIV/AIDS 33207 11.77%


Uganda - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 175 0.18%
Malaria 5452 5.72%
Lower respiratory infections 5546 5.82%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Neonatal infections 37 0.04%
Nutritional deficiencies 7098 7.45%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Congenital birth defects 32764 34.38%
Tuberculosis 482 0.51%
HIV/AIDS 1465 1.54%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 1077 1.13%
Measles 477 0.5%
Digestive diseases 17443 18.3%
Fire 512 0.54%
Road accidents 362 0.38%
Drowning 81 0.08%
Cardiovascular disease 567 0.59%
Cancers 1010 1.06%
Homicide 45 0.05%
Kidney disease 86 0.09%
Hepatitis 365 0.38%
Liver disease 2305 2.42%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 11205 11.76%
Drug use disorders 1003 1.05%
Natural disasters 5755 6.04%


Uganda - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 92 0.81%
Homicide 121 1.07%
Nutritional deficiencies 331 2.92%
Protein-energy malnutrition 319 2.81%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 13 0.11%
Diarrheal diseases 986 8.68%
Road accidents 579 5.1%
Tuberculosis 432 3.81%
HIV/AIDS 3248 28.61%
Drowning 459 4.04%
Malaria 2028 17.86%
Fire 155 1.37%
Cancers 745 6.56%
Hepatitis 47 0.41%
Digestive diseases 227 2%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 189 1.66%
Liver disease 55 0.48%
Respiratory disease 90 0.79%
Kidney disease 42 0.37%
Cardiovascular disease 190 1.67%
Lower respiratory infections 1005 8.85%


Uganda - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 1586 2.22%
Homicide 2223 3.11%
Nutritional deficiencies 521 0.73%
Protein-energy malnutrition 356 0.5%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 74 0.1%
Diarrheal diseases 2987 4.18%
Road accidents 3087 4.32%
Tuberculosis 11170 15.62%
HIV/AIDS 25988 36.35%
Drowning 727 1.02%
Malaria 2013 2.82%
Fire 362 0.51%
Cancers 5756 8.05%
Hepatitis 415 0.58%
Digestive diseases 1962 2.74%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 2028 2.84%
Liver disease 1629 2.28%
Respiratory disease 764 1.07%
Kidney disease 528 0.74%
Cardiovascular disease 4209 5.89%
Drug disorder 81 0.11%
Alcohol disorder 178 0.25%
Parkinson's disease 2 0%
Dementia 4 0.01%
Lower respiratory infections 2853 3.99%


Uganda - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 954 2.05%
Homicide 122 0.26%
Nutritional deficiencies 448 0.96%
Protein-energy malnutrition 343 0.74%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 19 0.04%
Diarrheal diseases 2244 4.83%
Road accidents 968 2.08%
Tuberculosis 6434 13.85%
HIV/AIDS 2717 5.85%
Drowning 184 0.4%
Malaria 1086 2.34%
Fire 262 0.56%
Cancers 9390 20.21%
Hepatitis 169 0.36%
Digestive diseases 1719 3.7%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 2715 5.84%
Liver disease 1634 3.52%
Respiratory disease 1697 3.65%
Kidney disease 455 0.98%
Cardiovascular diseases 9482 20.41%
Dementia 200 0.43%
Parkinson's disease 16 0.03%
Drug disorder 9 0.02%
Alcohol disorder 142 0.31%
Lower respiratory infections 3046 6.56%


Uganda - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 691 1.31%
Homicide 24 0.05%
Nutritional deficiencies 832 1.57%
Protein-energy malnutrition 667 1.26%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 34 0.06%
Diarrheal diseases 3091 5.84%
Road accidents 662 1.25%
Tuberculosis 4522 8.54%
HIV/AIDS 177 0.33%
Drowning 160 0.3%
Malaria 891 1.68%
Fire 306 0.58%
Cancers 6768 12.78%
Hepatitis 125 0.24%
Digestive diseases 2257 4.26%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 3407 6.43%
Liver disease 990 1.87%
Respiratory disease 2663 5.03%
Kidney disease 710 1.34%
Cardiovascular disease 16460 31.09%
Parkinson's disease 149 0.28%
Dementia 2327 4.39%
Drug use disorders 10 0.02%
Alcohol use disorders 83 0.16%
Lower respiratory infections 4941 9.33%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Uganda
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 11534 5.46%
Poor sanitation 10877 5.15%
No access to handwashing facility 10384 4.91%
Household air pollution 20025 9.48%
Outdoor air pollution 14566 6.89%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 1743 0.82%
Discontinued breastfeeding 166 0.08%
Child wasting 17129 8.11%
Child stunting 2380 1.13%
Low birth weight 12777 6.05%
Secondhand smoke 1314 0.62%
Alcohol use 18766 8.88%
Drug use 255 0.12%
Diet low in fruits 1595 0.75%
Diet low in vegetables 3681 1.74%
Unsafe sex 32078 15.18%
Low physical activity 1365 0.65%
High blood sugar 11317 5.36%
High cholesterol 2899 1.37%
High body-mass index (obesity) 5901 2.79%
High blood pressure 18701 8.85%
Smoking 9132 4.32%
Iron deficiency 167 0.08%
Zinc deficiency 379 0.18%
Vitamin-A deficiency 765 0.36%
Low bone mineral density 1385 0.66%


Uganda - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 166 0.28%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 1743 2.95%
Child stunting 2380 4.03%
Low birth weight 12777 21.62%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 4673 7.91%
Secondhand smoke 496 0.84%
Poor sanitation 4708 7.97%
Unsafe water source 4994 8.45%
Household air pollution 5771 9.77%
Outdoor air pollution 4233 7.16%
High body-mass index (obesity) 12 0.02%
High blood pressure 2 0%
High blood sugar 7 0.01%
Child wasting 17129 28.99%
Iron deficiency 1 0%


Uganda - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 4 0.1%
No access to handwashing facility 569 14.62%
Unsafe water source 693 17.81%
Unsafe sex 827 21.25%
Iron deficiency 164 4.21%
Secondhand smoke 47 1.21%
Household air pollution 528 13.57%
Outdoor air pollution 379 9.74%
High body-mass index (obesity) 5 0.13%
High blood sugar 19 0.49%
High blood pressure 3 0.08%
Poor sanitation 653 16.78%
Iron deficiency 1 0.03%


Uganda - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 164 0.3%
Low bone mineral density 59 0.11%
Drug use 205 0.37%
Alcohol use 8900 16.07%
No access to handwashing facility 1696 3.06%
Unsafe water source 2096 3.78%
Poor sanitation 1979 3.57%
Smoking 1942 3.51%
Secondhand smoke 156 0.28%
Low physical activity 103 0.19%
Diet low in fruits 437 0.79%
Diet low in vegetables 715 1.29%
Unsafe sex 26573 47.97%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1254 2.26%
Household air pollution 2641 4.77%
Outdoor air pollution 1977 3.57%
High total cholesterol 555 1%
High blood pressure 2247 4.06%
High blood sugar 1697 3.06%


Uganda - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0%
Low bone mineral density 273 0.62%
Drug use 31 0.07%
Alcohol use 6503 14.82%
No access to handwashing facility 1404 3.2%
Poor sanitation 1487 3.39%
Unsafe sex 3940 8.98%
Smoking 4117 9.38%
Secondhand smoke 235 0.54%
Unsafe water source 1576 3.59%
Diet low in vegetables 1379 3.14%
Diet low in fruits 629 1.43%
Low physical activity 383 0.87%
Outdoor air pollution 3343 7.62%
Household air pollution 4616 10.52%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2661 6.06%
High blood sugar 3899 8.89%
High total cholesterol 960 2.19%
High blood pressure 6444 14.69%


Uganda - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 1053 2.19%
Drug use 19 0.04%
Alcohol use 3359 6.99%
Smoking 3073 6.4%
Secondhand smoke 379 0.79%
Household air pollution 6470 13.47%
Outdoor air pollution 4633 9.64%
No access to handwashing facility 2042 4.25%
Poor sanitation 2049 4.27%
Unsafe water source 2174 4.53%
Unsafe sex 737 1.53%
Low physical activity 879 1.83%
Diet low in vegetables 1587 3.3%
Diet low in fruits 529 1.1%
High cholesterol 1384 2.88%
High blood pressure 10005 20.83%
High blood sugar 5696 11.86%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1969 4.1%


Uganda - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 1487 | Deaths : 529 35.57%
Breast cancer Patients : 11614 | Deaths : 2168 18.67%
Larynx cancer Patients : 522 | Deaths : 208 39.85%
Kidney cancer Patients : 1923 | Deaths : 163 8.48%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 1321 | Deaths : 246 18.62%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 1934 | Deaths : 521 26.94%
Stomach cancer Patients : 1006 | Deaths : 826 82.11%
Uterine cancer Patients : 1548 | Deaths : 335 21.64%
Bladder cancer Patients : 955 | Deaths : 307 32.15%
Cervical cancer Patients : 14435 | Deaths : 2442 16.92%
Prostate cancer Patients : 9222 | Deaths : 3165 34.32%
Testicular cancer Patients : 130 | Deaths : 34 26.15%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 488 | Deaths : 317 64.96%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 2241 | Deaths : 1967 87.77%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 1002 | Deaths : 238 23.75%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 3549 | Deaths : 1448 40.8%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 127 | Deaths : 98 77.17%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 1702 | Deaths : 327 19.21%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 1125 | Deaths : 470 41.78%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 825 | Deaths : 124 15.03%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 190 | Deaths : 76 40%


Uganda - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 2327 4.42%
5-14 year olds 1858 3.53%
15-49 year olds 16199 30.74%
50-69 year olds 21989 41.73%
70+ year olds 10319 19.58%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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