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Turkey Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Turkey

CONTENT


Causes of death across Turkey are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Turkey.

Highlights of Turkey BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Turkey gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 74.28%74.28%
    • Fat : 36.42%36.42%
    • Plant protein : 9.71%9.71%
    • Animal protein : 4.91%4.91%
  • 25.33% increase in caloric supply : Currently Turkey gets 3706/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2957/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Dairy & Eggs are three major diet compositions in Turkey
  • Wheat, Maize and Rice are three major Cereal preferences in Turkey
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Turkey average intake is 660.96 grams
  • Apples, Grapes and Oranges & Mandarines are three major Fruit Types Intake in Turkey
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Turkey average Fruit intake is 348.41grams
  • In Turkey, average male height is in the increasing trend and female height is in increasing trend
  • 66.90% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Turkey is in the range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Turkey
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Wheat1285
2Maize194
3Rice97
4Rye25
5Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Turkey

Diet Compositions in Turkey
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1601
2Oils & Fats748
3Dairy & Eggs342
4Sugar309
5Fruits & Vegetables305
6Meat145
7Pulses124
8Starchy Roots78
9Alcoholic Beverages27

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Turkey with 125343 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 35% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease were the highest types of death causes in Turkey.
    Major Cause of Death in Turkey
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 208810 deaths (year 2016).
  • 48.52% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Cancers, Road accidents and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cancers, Cardiovascular disease and Road accidents are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cancers, Cardiovascular diseases and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 36% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cancers.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Turkey (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Turkey - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Turkey are High blood pressure, High body-mass index (obesity) and Smoking. Every year around 364 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Outdoor air pollution and Secondhand smoke are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Smoking, High body-mass index (obesity) and High blood pressure are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • Smoking, High blood pressure and High body-mass index (obesity) are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Turkey (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.41% of Turkey population was suffering from cancer i.e. 278581 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Colon & rectum cancer (Count : 7306) and Stomach cancer was also concerning with 6504 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 16% of survival chance.Turkey was really successful in diagnosing Testicular cancer where 98% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 123609 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 43146 were suffering from Colon & rectum cancer out of which 7306 people were dead. This means 16.93% death rate of people suffering from Colon & rectum cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Turkey and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Turkey :
  • 0.41 % of Turkey population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Colon & rectum cancer
  • Testicular cancer was most cured cancer in Turkey
  • Colon & rectum cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Turkey

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Turkey (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 35355 9.81%
Cardiovascular diseases 125343 34.78%
Kidney disease 13474 3.74%
Respiratory disease 24060 6.68%
Liver disease 4868 1.35%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 35616 9.88%
Digestive disease 4727 1.31%
Hepatitis 490 0.14%
Cancers 78180 21.69%
Parkinson's disease 2160 0.6%
Fire 432 0.12%
Malaria 3 0%
Drowning 704 0.2%
Homicide 1833 0.51%
HIV/AIDS 179 0.05%
Drug disorder 449 0.12%
Tuberculosis 802 0.22%
Road incidents 8611 2.39%
Maternal deaths 187 0.05%
Neonatal deaths 8776 2.44%
Alcohol disorder 165 0.05%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 639 0.18%
Liver disease 4868 1.35%
Lower respiratory infections 6311.49632221 1.75%
Road incidents 8611 2.39%
Neonatal deaths 8776 2.44%
Kidney disease 13474 3.74%
Respiratory disease 24060 6.68%
Dementia 35355 9.81%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 35616 9.88%
Cancers 78180 21.69%
Cardiovascular diseases 125343 34.78%


Turkey - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 32 0.18%
Congenital birth defects 44 0.24%
Lower respiratory infections 52 0.29%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 0 0%
Neonatal infections 5 0.03%
Cancers 215 1.19%
Road accidents 1 0.01%
Cardiovascular disease 8776 48.52%
Diarrheal diseases 376 2.08%
Digestive diseases 11 0.06%
Drowning 11 0.06%
Kidney disease 92 0.51%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Liver disease 52 0.29%
Fire 400 2.21%
Protein-energy malnutrition 12 0.07%
Homicide 136 0.75%
Measles 663 3.67%
Hepatitis 52 0.29%
HIV/AIDS 75 0.41%
Tuberculosis 273 1.51%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 5367 29.67%
Drug use disorders 763 4.22%
Malaria 23 0.13%
Natural disasters 655 3.62%


Turkey - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 60 2.21%
Homicide 60 2.21%
Nutritional deficiencies 15 0.55%
Protein-energy malnutrition 11 0.4%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 6 0.22%
Diarrheal diseases 15 0.55%
Road accidents 659 24.24%
Tuberculosis 12 0.44%
HIV/AIDS 3 0.11%
Drowning 133 4.89%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 33 1.21%
Cancers 821 30.19%
Hepatitis 7 0.26%
Digestive diseases 41 1.51%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 304 11.18%
Liver disease 52 1.91%
Respiratory disease 51 1.88%
Kidney disease 70 2.57%
Cardiovascular disease 209 7.69%
Lower respiratory infections 157 5.77%


Turkey - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 2036 5.68%
Homicide 1433 3.99%
Nutritional deficiencies 41 0.11%
Protein-energy malnutrition 25 0.07%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 46 0.13%
Diarrheal diseases 43 0.12%
Road accidents 5193 14.48%
Tuberculosis 220 0.61%
HIV/AIDS 128 0.36%
Drowning 365 1.02%
Malaria 2 0.01%
Fire 174 0.49%
Cancers 11612 32.37%
Hepatitis 90 0.25%
Digestive diseases 446 1.24%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 2468 6.88%
Liver disease 702 1.96%
Respiratory disease 873 2.43%
Kidney disease 1010 2.82%
Cardiovascular disease 8019 22.35%
Drug disorder 205 0.57%
Alcohol disorder 78 0.22%
Parkinson's disease 18 0.05%
Dementia 35 0.1%
Lower respiratory infections 613 1.71%


Turkey - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 441 0.47%
Homicide 242 0.26%
Nutritional deficiencies 56 0.06%
Protein-energy malnutrition 41 0.04%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 24 0.03%
Diarrheal diseases 56 0.06%
Road accidents 1485 1.59%
Tuberculosis 254 0.27%
HIV/AIDS 32 0.03%
Drowning 78 0.08%
Malaria 1 0%
Fire 64 0.07%
Cancers 33713 36.2%
Hepatitis 208 0.22%
Digestive diseases 1149 1.23%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 9852 10.58%
Liver disease 1909 2.05%
Respiratory disease 5703 6.12%
Kidney disease 3568 3.83%
Cardiovascular diseases 30076 32.29%
Dementia 2529 2.72%
Parkinson's disease 208 0.22%
Drug disorder 96 0.1%
Alcohol disorder 63 0.07%
Lower respiratory infections 1292 1.39%


Turkey - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 212 0.1%
Homicide 66 0.03%
Nutritional deficiencies 511 0.24%
Protein-energy malnutrition 406 0.19%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 16 0.01%
Diarrheal diseases 310 0.15%
Road accidents 898 0.42%
Tuberculosis 306 0.14%
HIV/AIDS 6 0%
Drowning 36 0.02%
Malaria 1 0%
Fire 109 0.05%
Cancers 31634 14.82%
Hepatitis 174 0.08%
Digestive diseases 2956 1.39%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 22328 10.46%
Liver disease 2154 1.01%
Respiratory disease 17374 8.14%
Kidney disease 8751 4.1%
Cardiovascular disease 86766 40.66%
Parkinson's disease 1934 0.91%
Dementia 32791 15.37%
Drug use disorders 147 0.07%
Alcohol use disorders 24 0.01%
Lower respiratory infections 3487 1.63%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Turkey
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 364 0.1%
Poor sanitation 129 0.04%
No access to handwashing facility 374 0.11%
Household air pollution 773 0.22%
Outdoor air pollution 27103 7.61%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 120 0.03%
Discontinued breastfeeding 11 0%
Child wasting 429 0.12%
Child stunting 58 0.02%
Low birth weight 4767 1.34%
Secondhand smoke 7941 2.23%
Alcohol use 3877 1.09%
Drug use 1326 0.37%
Diet low in fruits 5696 1.6%
Diet low in vegetables 1692 0.48%
Unsafe sex 858 0.24%
Low physical activity 12338 3.46%
High blood sugar 52858 14.84%
High cholesterol 35328 9.92%
High body-mass index (obesity) 59557 16.72%
High blood pressure 79118 22.22%
Smoking 58631 16.46%
Iron deficiency 15 0%
Zinc deficiency 14 0%
Vitamin-A deficiency 3 0%
Low bone mineral density 2756 0.77%


Turkey - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 11 0.18%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 120 2%
Child stunting 58 0.96%
Low birth weight 4767 79.27%
Drug use 1 0.02%
No access to handwashing facility 69 1.15%
Secondhand smoke 148 2.46%
Poor sanitation 43 0.71%
Unsafe water source 123 2.05%
Household air pollution 7 0.12%
Outdoor air pollution 205 3.41%
High body-mass index (obesity) 3 0.05%
High blood pressure 1 0.02%
High blood sugar 28 0.47%
Child wasting 429 7.13%
Iron deficiency 1 0.02%


Turkey - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 3 2.19%
No access to handwashing facility 9 6.57%
Unsafe water source 8 5.84%
Unsafe sex 1 0.73%
Iron deficiency 11 8.03%
Secondhand smoke 30 21.9%
Household air pollution 2 1.46%
Outdoor air pollution 42 30.66%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2 1.46%
High blood sugar 22 16.06%
High blood pressure 3 2.19%
Poor sanitation 3 2.19%
Iron deficiency 1 0.73%


Turkey - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 11 0.04%
Low bone mineral density 101 0.34%
Drug use 536 1.79%
Alcohol use 1542 5.14%
No access to handwashing facility 33 0.11%
Unsafe water source 24 0.08%
Poor sanitation 9 0.03%
Smoking 7112 23.71%
Secondhand smoke 361 1.2%
Low physical activity 588 1.96%
Diet low in fruits 1010 3.37%
Diet low in vegetables 136 0.45%
Unsafe sex 302 1.01%
High body-mass index (obesity) 4937 16.46%
Household air pollution 74 0.25%
Outdoor air pollution 2457 8.19%
High total cholesterol 3575 11.92%
High blood pressure 4738 15.8%
High blood sugar 2445 8.15%


Turkey - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 2 0%
Low bone mineral density 348 0.3%
Drug use 555 0.48%
Alcohol use 1712 1.48%
No access to handwashing facility 64 0.06%
Poor sanitation 11 0.01%
Unsafe sex 342 0.3%
Smoking 27239 23.62%
Secondhand smoke 2034 1.76%
Unsafe water source 32 0.03%
Diet low in vegetables 318 0.28%
Diet low in fruits 1889 1.64%
Low physical activity 2877 2.49%
Outdoor air pollution 9164 7.95%
Household air pollution 263 0.23%
High body-mass index (obesity) 20610 17.87%
High blood sugar 14925 12.94%
High total cholesterol 11332 9.83%
High blood pressure 21618 18.74%


Turkey - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0%
Low bone mineral density 2307 1.13%
Drug use 235 0.11%
Alcohol use 621 0.3%
Smoking 24280 11.86%
Secondhand smoke 5368 2.62%
Household air pollution 427 0.21%
Outdoor air pollution 15234 7.44%
No access to handwashing facility 199 0.1%
Poor sanitation 62 0.03%
Unsafe water source 176 0.09%
Unsafe sex 212 0.1%
Low physical activity 8873 4.34%
Diet low in vegetables 1238 0.6%
Diet low in fruits 2796 1.37%
High cholesterol 20421 9.98%
High blood pressure 52757 25.78%
High blood sugar 35438 17.32%
High body-mass index (obesity) 34006 16.62%


Turkey - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 2903 | Deaths : 1223 42.13%
Breast cancer Patients : 64559 | Deaths : 4231 6.55%
Larynx cancer Patients : 7052 | Deaths : 1243 17.63%
Kidney cancer Patients : 12170 | Deaths : 1164 9.56%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 10127 | Deaths : 338 3.34%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 8176 | Deaths : 1502 18.37%
Stomach cancer Patients : 10853 | Deaths : 6504 59.93%
Uterine cancer Patients : 14965 | Deaths : 767 5.13%
Bladder cancer Patients : 20820 | Deaths : 2158 10.37%
Cervical cancer Patients : 6290 | Deaths : 684 10.87%
Prostate cancer Patients : 38838 | Deaths : 3694 9.51%
Testicular cancer Patients : 7429 | Deaths : 185 2.49%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 4477 | Deaths : 3454 77.15%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 1134 | Deaths : 958 84.48%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 2252 | Deaths : 358 15.9%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 43146 | Deaths : 7306 16.93%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 3017 | Deaths : 566 18.76%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 4262 | Deaths : 502 11.78%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 9331 | Deaths : 3686 39.5%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 24470 | Deaths : 950 3.88%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 762 | Deaths : 201 26.38%


Turkey - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 3830 1.37%
5-14 year olds 1592 0.57%
15-49 year olds 55844 20.05%
50-69 year olds 123609 44.37%
70+ year olds 93707 33.64%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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