Tunisia Health | 2020 | The Global Graph Skip to main content

Tunisia Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Tunisia

CONTENT


Causes of death across Tunisia are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Tunisia.

Highlights of Tunisia BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Tunisia gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 95.07%95.07%
    • Fat : 36.84%36.84%
    • Plant protein : 12.54%12.54%
    • Animal protein : 5.07%5.07%
  • 49.51% increase in caloric supply : Currently Tunisia gets 3349/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2240/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Sugar are three major diet compositions in Tunisia
  • Wheat, Barley and Rice are three major Cereal preferences in Tunisia
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Tunisia average intake is 688.44 grams
  • Oranges & Mandarines, Citrus, other and Apples are three major Fruit Types Intake in Tunisia
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Tunisia average Fruit intake is 248.19grams
  • In Tunisia, average male height is in the increasing trend and female height is in increasing trend
  • 62.20% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Tunisia is in the range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Tunisia
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Wheat1576
2Barley42
3Rice11
4Sorghum5
5Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Tunisia

Diet Compositions in Tunisia
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1641
2Oils & Fats580
3Sugar337
4Fruits & Vegetables261
5Dairy & Eggs196
6Meat148
7Pulses74
8Starchy Roots60
9Other34
10Alcoholic Beverages18

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Tunisia with 25808 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 41% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease were the highest types of death causes in Tunisia.
    Major Cause of Death in Tunisia
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 36256 deaths (year 2016).
  • 47.79% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Road accidents, Cancers and Cardiovascular disease are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cancers, Road accidents and Cardiovascular disease are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 39% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Tunisia (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Tunisia - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Tunisia are High blood pressure, High blood sugar and Smoking. Every year around 108 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Outdoor air pollution and Secondhand smoke are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Smoking, High body-mass index (obesity) and High blood pressure are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, Smoking and High body-mass index (obesity) are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Tunisia (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.37% of Tunisia population was suffering from cancer i.e. 37447 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Colon & rectum cancer (Count : 1125) and Breast cancer was also concerning with 1039 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 1% of survival chance.Tunisia was really successful in diagnosing Thyroid cancer where 96% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 17910 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 5170 were suffering from Colon & rectum cancer out of which 1125 people were dead. This means 21.76% death rate of people suffering from Colon & rectum cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Tunisia and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Tunisia :
  • 0.37 % of Tunisia population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Colon & rectum cancer
  • Thyroid cancer was most cured cancer in Tunisia
  • Colon & rectum cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Tunisia

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Tunisia (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 4558 7.23%
Cardiovascular diseases 25808 40.95%
Kidney disease 2920 4.63%
Respiratory disease 2485 3.94%
Liver disease 1200 1.9%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 6239 9.9%
Digestive disease 808 1.28%
Hepatitis 46 0.07%
Cancers 10692 16.97%
Parkinson's disease 321 0.51%
Fire 189 0.3%
Malaria 0 0%
Drowning 192 0.3%
Homicide 108 0.17%
HIV/AIDS 79 0.13%
Drug disorder 107 0.17%
Tuberculosis 300 0.48%
Road incidents 2708 4.3%
Maternal deaths 47 0.07%
Neonatal deaths 941 1.49%
Alcohol disorder 29 0.05%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 187 0.3%
Neonatal deaths 941 1.49%
Liver disease 1200 1.9%
Lower respiratory infections 2246.87438799 3.57%
Respiratory disease 2485 3.94%
Road incidents 2708 4.3%
Kidney disease 2920 4.63%
Dementia 4558 7.23%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 6239 9.9%
Cancers 10692 16.97%
Cardiovascular diseases 25808 40.95%


Tunisia - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 2 0.1%
Congenital birth defects 2 0.1%
Neonatal infections 2 0.1%
Lower respiratory infections 0 0%
Road accidents 1 0.05%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 19 0.96%
Cancers 0 0%
Cardiovascular disease 941 47.79%
Diarrheal diseases 52 2.64%
Drowning 1 0.05%
Fire 1 0.05%
Digestive diseases 17 0.86%
Kidney disease 0 0%
Liver disease 9 0.46%
Nutritional deficiencies 32 1.63%
Measles 1 0.05%
Protein-energy malnutrition 8 0.41%
Homicide 34 1.73%
Hepatitis 4 0.2%
HIV/AIDS 6 0.3%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 26 1.32%
Tuberculosis 591 30.02%
Drug use disorders 74 3.76%
Natural disasters 2 0.1%
144 7.31%


Tunisia - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 3 0.93%
Homicide 3 0.93%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 0.31%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.31%
Diarrheal diseases 4 1.24%
Road accidents 101 31.37%
Tuberculosis 1 0.31%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 23 7.14%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 8 2.48%
Cancers 81 25.16%
Hepatitis 1 0.31%
Digestive diseases 4 1.24%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 24 7.45%
Liver disease 4 1.24%
Respiratory disease 5 1.55%
Kidney disease 8 2.48%
Cardiovascular disease 26 8.07%
Lower respiratory infections 24 7.45%


Tunisia - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 296 4.63%
Homicide 84 1.31%
Nutritional deficiencies 3 0.05%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 0.02%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 12 0.19%
Diarrheal diseases 14 0.22%
Road accidents 1514 23.67%
Tuberculosis 50 0.78%
HIV/AIDS 59 0.92%
Drowning 105 1.64%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 77 1.2%
Cancers 1651 25.82%
Hepatitis 8 0.13%
Digestive diseases 66 1.03%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 378 5.91%
Liver disease 138 2.16%
Respiratory disease 121 1.89%
Kidney disease 192 3%
Cardiovascular disease 1381 21.59%
Drug disorder 63 0.99%
Alcohol disorder 13 0.2%
Parkinson's disease 2 0.03%
Dementia 5 0.08%
Lower respiratory infections 162 2.53%


Tunisia - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 93 0.54%
Homicide 15 0.09%
Nutritional deficiencies 3 0.02%
Protein-energy malnutrition 2 0.01%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 10 0.06%
Diarrheal diseases 21 0.12%
Road accidents 656 3.82%
Tuberculosis 81 0.47%
HIV/AIDS 17 0.1%
Drowning 34 0.2%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 40 0.23%
Cancers 4859 28.32%
Hepatitis 23 0.13%
Digestive diseases 192 1.12%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1699 9.9%
Liver disease 485 2.83%
Respiratory disease 610 3.55%
Kidney disease 825 4.81%
Cardiovascular diseases 6663 38.83%
Dementia 330 1.92%
Parkinson's disease 31 0.18%
Drug disorder 23 0.13%
Alcohol disorder 11 0.06%
Lower respiratory infections 436 2.54%


Tunisia - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 44 0.12%
Homicide 5 0.01%
Nutritional deficiencies 24 0.06%
Protein-energy malnutrition 21 0.06%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 5 0.01%
Diarrheal diseases 128 0.34%
Road accidents 384 1.02%
Tuberculosis 166 0.44%
HIV/AIDS 2 0.01%
Drowning 13 0.03%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 54 0.14%
Cancers 4069 10.83%
Hepatitis 12 0.03%
Digestive diseases 538 1.43%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 4105 10.93%
Liver disease 569 1.51%
Respiratory disease 1743 4.64%
Kidney disease 1890 5.03%
Cardiovascular disease 17711 47.14%
Parkinson's disease 288 0.77%
Dementia 4223 11.24%
Drug use disorders 20 0.05%
Alcohol use disorders 5 0.01%
Lower respiratory infections 1551 4.13%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Tunisia
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 108 0.16%
Poor sanitation 47 0.07%
No access to handwashing facility 110 0.17%
Household air pollution 38 0.06%
Outdoor air pollution 4932 7.5%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 13 0.02%
Discontinued breastfeeding 1 0%
Child wasting 48 0.07%
Child stunting 5 0.01%
Low birth weight 541 0.82%
Secondhand smoke 1387 2.11%
Alcohol use 526 0.8%
Drug use 485 0.74%
Diet low in fruits 2649 4.03%
Diet low in vegetables 454 0.69%
Unsafe sex 221 0.34%
Low physical activity 2402 3.65%
High blood sugar 11542 17.56%
High cholesterol 7775 11.83%
High body-mass index (obesity) 7871 11.97%
High blood pressure 14334 21.8%
Smoking 9855 14.99%
Iron deficiency 4 0.01%
Zinc deficiency 2 0%
Vitamin-A deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 395 0.6%


Tunisia - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 1 0.15%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 13 1.96%
Child stunting 5 0.75%
Low birth weight 541 81.48%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 6 0.9%
Secondhand smoke 13 1.96%
Poor sanitation 5 0.75%
Unsafe water source 11 1.66%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 19 2.86%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 2 0.3%
Child wasting 48 7.23%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Tunisia - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 1 5%
No access to handwashing facility 1 5%
Unsafe water source 2 10%
Unsafe sex 0 0%
Iron deficiency 3 15%
Secondhand smoke 4 20%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 6 30%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood sugar 2 10%
High blood pressure 0 0%
Poor sanitation 1 5%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Tunisia - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 3 0.06%
Low bone mineral density 32 0.67%
Drug use 155 3.24%
Alcohol use 200 4.18%
No access to handwashing facility 8 0.17%
Unsafe water source 8 0.17%
Poor sanitation 4 0.08%
Smoking 902 18.83%
Secondhand smoke 101 2.11%
Low physical activity 92 1.92%
Diet low in fruits 294 6.14%
Diet low in vegetables 34 0.71%
Unsafe sex 72 1.5%
High body-mass index (obesity) 713 14.89%
Household air pollution 3 0.06%
Outdoor air pollution 405 8.46%
High total cholesterol 667 13.92%
High blood pressure 689 14.38%
High blood sugar 408 8.52%


Tunisia - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 110 0.51%
Drug use 236 1.09%
Alcohol use 245 1.14%
No access to handwashing facility 19 0.09%
Poor sanitation 5 0.02%
Unsafe sex 98 0.45%
Smoking 4059 18.82%
Secondhand smoke 431 2%
Unsafe water source 12 0.06%
Diet low in vegetables 106 0.49%
Diet low in fruits 977 4.53%
Low physical activity 565 2.62%
Outdoor air pollution 1681 7.79%
Household air pollution 13 0.06%
High body-mass index (obesity) 3093 14.34%
High blood sugar 3070 14.23%
High total cholesterol 2608 12.09%
High blood pressure 4240 19.66%


Tunisia - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 253 0.65%
Drug use 94 0.24%
Alcohol use 80 0.21%
Smoking 4894 12.65%
Secondhand smoke 838 2.17%
Household air pollution 21 0.05%
Outdoor air pollution 2820 7.29%
No access to handwashing facility 76 0.2%
Poor sanitation 32 0.08%
Unsafe water source 74 0.19%
Unsafe sex 51 0.13%
Low physical activity 1746 4.51%
Diet low in vegetables 314 0.81%
Diet low in fruits 1378 3.56%
High cholesterol 4501 11.63%
High blood pressure 9404 24.3%
High blood sugar 8060 20.83%
High body-mass index (obesity) 4064 10.5%


Tunisia - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 214 | Deaths : 95 44.39%
Breast cancer Patients : 11933 | Deaths : 1039 8.71%
Larynx cancer Patients : 1354 | Deaths : 305 22.53%
Kidney cancer Patients : 1106 | Deaths : 139 12.57%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 2312 | Deaths : 104 4.5%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 847 | Deaths : 186 21.96%
Stomach cancer Patients : 782 | Deaths : 540 69.05%
Uterine cancer Patients : 1464 | Deaths : 124 8.47%
Bladder cancer Patients : 4741 | Deaths : 667 14.07%
Cervical cancer Patients : 1084 | Deaths : 160 14.76%
Prostate cancer Patients : 3956 | Deaths : 558 14.11%
Testicular cancer Patients : 238 | Deaths : 13 5.46%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 365 | Deaths : 257 70.41%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 88 | Deaths : 87 98.86%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 914 | Deaths : 187 20.46%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 5170 | Deaths : 1125 21.76%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 123 | Deaths : 40 32.52%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 1015 | Deaths : 150 14.78%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 625 | Deaths : 273 43.68%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 2408 | Deaths : 252 10.47%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 181 | Deaths : 64 35.36%


Tunisia - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 115 0.31%
5-14 year olds 117 0.31%
15-49 year olds 8512 22.73%
50-69 year olds 17910 47.83%
70+ year olds 10793 28.82%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

-->