Trinidad and Tobago Health | 2020 | The Global Graph Skip to main content

Trinidad and Tobago Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Trinidad and Tobago

CONTENT


Causes of death across Trinidad and Tobago are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Trinidad and Tobago.

Highlights of Trinidad and Tobago BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Trinidad and Tobago gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 82.76%82.76%
    • Fat : 36.58%36.58%
    • Animal protein : 7.57%7.57%
    • Plant protein : 7.07%7.07%
  • 33.98% increase in caloric supply : Currently Trinidad and Tobago gets 3052/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2278/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Sugar and Oils & Fats are three major diet compositions in Trinidad and Tobago
  • Wheat, Rice and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in Trinidad and Tobago
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Trinidad and Tobago average intake is 102.93 grams
  • Oranges & Mandarines, Apples and Pineapples are three major Fruit Types Intake in Trinidad and Tobago
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Trinidad and Tobago average Fruit intake is 306.44grams
  • In Trinidad and Tobago, average male height is in the increasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 48.10% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Trinidad and Tobago is in the range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Trinidad and Tobago
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Wheat741
2Rice179
3Maize81
4Rye1
6Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Trinidad and Tobago

Diet Compositions in Trinidad and Tobago
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1025
2Sugar573
3Oils & Fats477
4Meat342
5Dairy & Eggs185
6Fruits & Vegetables144
7Pulses93
8Other78
9Starchy Roots76
10Alcoholic Beverages59

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Trinidad and Tobago with 3835 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 35% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease and Cancers were the highest types of death causes in Trinidad and Tobago.
    Major Cause of Death in Trinidad and Tobago
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 5270 deaths (year 2016).
  • 58.39% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Cancers, Road accidents and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cardiovascular disease, Homicide and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 34% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Trinidad and Tobago (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Trinidad and Tobago - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Trinidad and Tobago are High blood sugar, High blood pressure and High body-mass index (obesity). Every year around 14 people die due to High blood sugar.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Outdoor air pollution and High blood sugar are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • High body-mass index (obesity), High blood sugar and High blood pressure are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood sugar, High body-mass index (obesity) and High blood pressure are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood sugar is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Trinidad and Tobago (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.82% of Trinidad and Tobago population was suffering from cancer i.e. 11313 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Prostate cancer (Count : 337) and Colon & rectum cancer was also concerning with 197 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 4% of survival chance.Trinidad and Tobago was really successful in diagnosing Testicular cancer where 98% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 5338 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 3210 were suffering from Prostate cancer out of which 337 people were dead. This means 10.5% death rate of people suffering from Prostate cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Trinidad and Tobago and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Trinidad and Tobago

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Trinidad and Tobago (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 340 3.1%
Cardiovascular diseases 3835 34.95%
Kidney disease 408 3.72%
Respiratory disease 245 2.23%
Liver disease 185 1.69%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 2270 20.69%
Digestive disease 267 2.43%
Hepatitis 4 0.04%
Cancers 1771 16.14%
Parkinson's disease 32 0.29%
Fire 26 0.24%
Malaria 0 0%
Drowning 51 0.46%
Homicide 279 2.54%
HIV/AIDS 205 1.87%
Drug disorder 13 0.12%
Tuberculosis 21 0.19%
Road incidents 237 2.16%
Maternal deaths 9 0.08%
Neonatal deaths 167 1.52%
Alcohol disorder 26 0.24%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 25 0.23%
Road incidents 237 2.16%
Respiratory disease 245 2.23%
Digestive disease 267 2.43%
Homicide 279 2.54%
Lower respiratory infections 301.447127648 2.75%
Dementia 340 3.1%
Kidney disease 408 3.72%
Cancers 1771 16.14%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 2270 20.69%
Cardiovascular diseases 3835 34.95%


Trinidad and Tobago - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 2 0.7%
Congenital birth defects 1 0.35%
Lower respiratory infections 1 0.35%
Neonatal infections 0 0%
Cancers 0 0%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 4 1.4%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Cardiovascular disease 167 58.39%
Road accidents 3 1.05%
Homicide 0 0%
Digestive diseases 2 0.7%
HIV/AIDS 2 0.7%
Fire 0 0%
Drowning 2 0.7%
Nutritional deficiencies 5 1.75%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Kidney disease 2 0.7%
Liver disease 5 1.75%
Tuberculosis 1 0.35%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.35%
Hepatitis 4 1.4%
Measles 55 19.23%
Drug use disorders 15 5.24%
Natural disasters 0 0%
14 4.9%


Trinidad and Tobago - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 2 3.7%
Homicide 4 7.41%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 1 1.85%
Road accidents 10 18.52%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 2 3.7%
Drowning 4 7.41%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 2 3.7%
Cancers 11 20.37%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 2 3.7%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 5 9.26%
Liver disease 1 1.85%
Respiratory disease 2 3.7%
Kidney disease 1 1.85%
Cardiovascular disease 4 7.41%
Lower respiratory infections 3 5.56%


Trinidad and Tobago - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 124 7.81%
Homicide 222 13.99%
Nutritional deficiencies 2 0.13%
Protein-energy malnutrition 2 0.13%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.06%
Diarrheal diseases 3 0.19%
Road accidents 145 9.14%
Tuberculosis 6 0.38%
HIV/AIDS 150 9.45%
Drowning 34 2.14%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 6 0.38%
Cancers 216 13.61%
Hepatitis 2 0.13%
Digestive diseases 36 2.27%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 191 12.04%
Liver disease 43 2.71%
Respiratory disease 25 1.58%
Kidney disease 58 3.65%
Cardiovascular disease 264 16.64%
Drug disorder 6 0.38%
Alcohol disorder 9 0.57%
Parkinson's disease 0 0%
Dementia 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 42 2.65%


Trinidad and Tobago - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 39 1.05%
Homicide 42 1.13%
Nutritional deficiencies 5 0.13%
Protein-energy malnutrition 5 0.13%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.03%
Diarrheal diseases 4 0.11%
Road accidents 53 1.42%
Tuberculosis 9 0.24%
HIV/AIDS 49 1.31%
Drowning 9 0.24%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 5 0.13%
Cancers 717 19.23%
Hepatitis 2 0.05%
Digestive diseases 89 2.39%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 971 26.04%
Liver disease 95 2.55%
Respiratory disease 71 1.9%
Kidney disease 168 4.51%
Cardiovascular diseases 1281 34.35%
Dementia 27 0.72%
Parkinson's disease 4 0.11%
Drug disorder 4 0.11%
Alcohol disorder 13 0.35%
Lower respiratory infections 66 1.77%


Trinidad and Tobago - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 12 0.22%
Homicide 8 0.15%
Nutritional deficiencies 22 0.41%
Protein-energy malnutrition 21 0.39%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.02%
Diarrheal diseases 12 0.22%
Road accidents 26 0.49%
Tuberculosis 7 0.13%
HIV/AIDS 3 0.06%
Drowning 3 0.06%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 11 0.21%
Cancers 822 15.34%
Hepatitis 1 0.02%
Digestive diseases 139 2.59%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1098 20.49%
Liver disease 46 0.86%
Respiratory disease 146 2.72%
Kidney disease 179 3.34%
Cardiovascular disease 2282 42.58%
Parkinson's disease 27 0.5%
Dementia 312 5.82%
Drug use disorders 2 0.04%
Alcohol use disorders 4 0.07%
Lower respiratory infections 175 3.27%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Trinidad and Tobago
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 14 0.11%
Poor sanitation 6 0.05%
No access to handwashing facility 17 0.13%
Household air pollution 6 0.05%
Outdoor air pollution 473 3.69%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 3 0.02%
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Child wasting 8 0.06%
Child stunting 0 0%
Low birth weight 86 0.67%
Secondhand smoke 203 1.59%
Alcohol use 365 2.85%
Drug use 88 0.69%
Diet low in fruits 498 3.89%
Diet low in vegetables 523 4.09%
Unsafe sex 262 2.05%
Low physical activity 397 3.1%
High blood sugar 3258 25.45%
High cholesterol 934 7.3%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2252 17.59%
High blood pressure 2557 19.97%
Smoking 811 6.33%
Iron deficiency 1 0.01%
Zinc deficiency 0 0%
Vitamin-A deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 40 0.31%


Trinidad and Tobago - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 3 2.88%
Child stunting 0 0%
Low birth weight 86 82.69%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 1 0.96%
Secondhand smoke 1 0.96%
Poor sanitation 1 0.96%
Unsafe water source 2 1.92%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 2 1.92%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
Child wasting 8 7.69%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
Trinidad and Tobago - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths


Trinidad and Tobago - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 3 0.23%
Drug use 29 2.23%
Alcohol use 154 11.85%
No access to handwashing facility 2 0.15%
Unsafe water source 2 0.15%
Poor sanitation 1 0.08%
Smoking 122 9.38%
Secondhand smoke 13 1%
Low physical activity 18 1.38%
Diet low in fruits 57 4.38%
Diet low in vegetables 53 4.08%
Unsafe sex 139 10.69%
High body-mass index (obesity) 219 16.85%
Household air pollution 1 0.08%
Outdoor air pollution 46 3.54%
High total cholesterol 102 7.85%
High blood pressure 159 12.23%
High blood sugar 180 13.85%


Trinidad and Tobago - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 11 0.2%
Drug use 42 0.76%
Alcohol use 149 2.71%
No access to handwashing facility 4 0.07%
Poor sanitation 1 0.02%
Unsafe sex 89 1.62%
Smoking 432 7.86%
Secondhand smoke 83 1.51%
Unsafe water source 3 0.05%
Diet low in vegetables 220 4%
Diet low in fruits 229 4.16%
Low physical activity 133 2.42%
Outdoor air pollution 192 3.49%
Household air pollution 3 0.05%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1154 20.99%
High blood sugar 1395 25.37%
High total cholesterol 407 7.4%
High blood pressure 952 17.31%


Trinidad and Tobago - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 27 0.46%
Drug use 17 0.29%
Alcohol use 62 1.05%
Smoking 258 4.38%
Secondhand smoke 105 1.78%
Household air pollution 3 0.05%
Outdoor air pollution 233 3.95%
No access to handwashing facility 9 0.15%
Poor sanitation 3 0.05%
Unsafe water source 7 0.12%
Unsafe sex 34 0.58%
Low physical activity 245 4.16%
Diet low in vegetables 251 4.26%
Diet low in fruits 211 3.58%
High cholesterol 425 7.21%
High blood pressure 1446 24.53%
High blood sugar 1682 28.53%
High body-mass index (obesity) 878 14.89%


Trinidad and Tobago - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 54 | Deaths : 18 33.33%
Breast cancer Patients : 2282 | Deaths : 182 7.98%
Larynx cancer Patients : 98 | Deaths : 19 19.39%
Kidney cancer Patients : 271 | Deaths : 25 9.23%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 233 | Deaths : 7 3%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 322 | Deaths : 64 19.88%
Stomach cancer Patients : 172 | Deaths : 72 41.86%
Uterine cancer Patients : 1059 | Deaths : 46 4.34%
Bladder cancer Patients : 223 | Deaths : 23 10.31%
Cervical cancer Patients : 714 | Deaths : 94 13.17%
Prostate cancer Patients : 3210 | Deaths : 337 10.5%
Testicular cancer Patients : 48 | Deaths : 1 2.08%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 90 | Deaths : 61 67.78%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 24 | Deaths : 23 95.83%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 27 | Deaths : 5 18.52%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 1500 | Deaths : 197 13.13%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 14 | Deaths : 6 42.86%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 173 | Deaths : 23 13.29%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 68 | Deaths : 26 38.24%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 182 | Deaths : 18 9.89%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 14 | Deaths : 12 85.71%


Trinidad and Tobago - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 65 0.57%
5-14 year olds 85 0.75%
15-49 year olds 1994 17.63%
50-69 year olds 5338 47.19%
70+ year olds 3829 33.85%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

-->