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Suriname Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Suriname

CONTENT


Causes of death across Suriname are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Suriname.

Highlights of Suriname BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Suriname gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 92.22%92.22%
    • Fat : 38.74%38.74%
    • Plant protein : 7.24%7.24%
    • Animal protein : 5.94%5.94%
  • 44.14% increase in caloric supply : Currently Suriname gets 2753/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 1910/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Sugar are three major diet compositions in Suriname
  • Rice, Wheat and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in Suriname
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Suriname average intake is 156.82 grams
  • Plantains, Oranges & Mandarines and Grapefruit are three major Fruit Types Intake in Suriname
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Suriname average Fruit intake is 319.07grams
  • In Suriname, average male height is in the increasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 59.00% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Suriname is in the range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Suriname
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Rice637
2Wheat418
3Maize18
4Oats6
5Barley1
6Rye0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Suriname

Diet Compositions in Suriname
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1082
2Oils & Fats453
3Sugar428
4Meat270
5Fruits & Vegetables201
6Dairy & Eggs89
8Starchy Roots62
9Other57
10Pulses22

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Suriname with 1314 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 34% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease were the highest types of death causes in Suriname.
    Major Cause of Death in Suriname
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 1793 deaths (year 2016).
  • 49.4% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Road accidents, Cancers and Drowning are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cardiovascular disease, Suicide and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 37% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Suriname (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Suriname - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Suriname are High blood pressure, High blood sugar and High body-mass index (obesity). Every year around 24 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Unsafe water source and Outdoor air pollution are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Alcohol use, High body-mass index (obesity) and Smoking are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood sugar, High body-mass index (obesity) and High blood pressure are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Suriname (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.53% of Suriname population was suffering from cancer i.e. 2314 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Colon & rectum cancer (Count : 75) and Prostate cancer was also concerning with 72 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 0% of survival chance.Suriname was really successful in diagnosing Thyroid cancer where 95% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 1022 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 404 were suffering from Colon & rectum cancer out of which 75 people were dead. This means 18.56% death rate of people suffering from Colon & rectum cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Suriname and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Suriname :
  • 0.53 % of Suriname population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Colon & rectum cancer
  • Thyroid cancer was most cured cancer in Suriname
  • Colon & rectum cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Suriname

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Suriname (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 118 3.01%
Cardiovascular diseases 1314 33.53%
Kidney disease 187 4.77%
Respiratory disease 96 2.45%
Liver disease 97 2.48%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 517 13.19%
Digestive disease 111 2.83%
Hepatitis 2 0.05%
Cancers 603 15.39%
Parkinson's disease 10 0.26%
Fire 13 0.33%
Malaria 2 0.05%
Drowning 32 0.82%
Homicide 51 1.3%
HIV/AIDS 61 1.56%
Drug disorder 6 0.15%
Tuberculosis 10 0.26%
Road incidents 110 2.81%
Maternal deaths 6 0.15%
Neonatal deaths 166 4.24%
Alcohol disorder 12 0.31%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 38 0.97%
Road incidents 110 2.81%
Digestive disease 111 2.83%
Dementia 118 3.01%
Suicide 131 3.34%
Neonatal deaths 166 4.24%
Lower respiratory infections 182.552931377 4.66%
Kidney disease 187 4.77%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 517 13.2%
Cancers 603 15.4%
Cardiovascular diseases 1314 33.55%


Suriname - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 2 0.6%
Congenital birth defects 4 1.19%
Neonatal infections 4 1.19%
Lower respiratory infections 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Cardiovascular disease 16 4.76%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 0 0%
Digestive diseases 166 49.4%
Cancers 4 1.19%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Road accidents 3 0.89%
Drowning 0 0%
Homicide 2 0.6%
Fire 4 1.19%
Kidney disease 0 0%
Liver disease 5 1.49%
HIV/AIDS 7 2.08%
Malaria 0 0%
Tuberculosis 2 0.6%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 8 2.38%
Hepatitis 51 15.18%
Drug use disorders 26 7.74%
Measles 0 0%
Natural disasters 32 9.52%


Suriname - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 3 7.32%
Homicide 2 4.88%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 1 2.44%
Road accidents 9 21.95%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 4 9.76%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 1 2.44%
Cancers 7 17.07%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 2 4.88%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 3 7.32%
Liver disease 1 2.44%
Respiratory disease 1 2.44%
Kidney disease 1 2.44%
Cardiovascular disease 3 7.32%
Lower respiratory infections 3 7.32%


Suriname - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 87 14.77%
Homicide 35 5.94%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 0.17%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 0.17%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.17%
Diarrheal diseases 3 0.51%
Road accidents 59 10.02%
Tuberculosis 3 0.51%
HIV/AIDS 46 7.81%
Drowning 16 2.72%
Malaria 1 0.17%
Fire 3 0.51%
Cancers 81 13.75%
Hepatitis 1 0.17%
Digestive diseases 18 3.06%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 53 9%
Liver disease 21 3.57%
Respiratory disease 10 1.7%
Kidney disease 24 4.07%
Cardiovascular disease 100 16.98%
Drug disorder 3 0.51%
Alcohol disorder 5 0.85%
Parkinson's disease 0 0%
Dementia 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 17 2.89%


Suriname - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 30 2.52%
Homicide 9 0.76%
Nutritional deficiencies 2 0.17%
Protein-energy malnutrition 2 0.17%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.08%
Diarrheal diseases 5 0.42%
Road accidents 24 2.02%
Tuberculosis 4 0.34%
HIV/AIDS 13 1.09%
Drowning 6 0.5%
Malaria 1 0.08%
Fire 2 0.17%
Cancers 239 20.08%
Hepatitis 1 0.08%
Digestive diseases 34 2.86%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 186 15.63%
Liver disease 47 3.95%
Respiratory disease 28 2.35%
Kidney disease 67 5.63%
Cardiovascular diseases 438 36.81%
Dementia 8 0.67%
Parkinson's disease 1 0.08%
Drug disorder 2 0.17%
Alcohol disorder 6 0.5%
Lower respiratory infections 34 2.86%


Suriname - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 11 0.6%
Homicide 2 0.11%
Nutritional deficiencies 7 0.38%
Protein-energy malnutrition 6 0.33%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 13 0.71%
Road accidents 14 0.77%
Tuberculosis 3 0.16%
HIV/AIDS 1 0.05%
Drowning 2 0.11%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 5 0.27%
Cancers 272 14.93%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 52 2.85%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 269 14.76%
Liver disease 28 1.54%
Respiratory disease 56 3.07%
Kidney disease 93 5.1%
Cardiovascular disease 765 41.99%
Parkinson's disease 9 0.49%
Dementia 109 5.98%
Drug use disorders 1 0.05%
Alcohol use disorders 2 0.11%
Lower respiratory infections 102 5.6%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Suriname
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 24 0.58%
Poor sanitation 10 0.24%
No access to handwashing facility 19 0.46%
Household air pollution 65 1.58%
Outdoor air pollution 191 4.65%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 10 0.24%
Discontinued breastfeeding 1 0.02%
Child wasting 26 0.63%
Child stunting 2 0.05%
Low birth weight 95 2.31%
Secondhand smoke 72 1.75%
Alcohol use 310 7.55%
Drug use 45 1.1%
Diet low in fruits 146 3.55%
Diet low in vegetables 153 3.72%
Unsafe sex 93 2.26%
Low physical activity 114 2.78%
High blood sugar 727 17.7%
High cholesterol 280 6.82%
High body-mass index (obesity) 571 13.9%
High blood pressure 775 18.87%
Smoking 359 8.74%
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Zinc deficiency 0 0%
Vitamin-A deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 20 0.49%


Suriname - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 1 0.61%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 10 6.1%
Child stunting 2 1.22%
Low birth weight 95 57.93%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 5 3.05%
Secondhand smoke 4 2.44%
Poor sanitation 4 2.44%
Unsafe water source 10 6.1%
Household air pollution 2 1.22%
Outdoor air pollution 5 3.05%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
Child wasting 26 15.85%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Suriname - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Unsafe water source 1 100%
Unsafe sex 0 0%
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Secondhand smoke 0 0%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 0 0%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Suriname - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 1 0.2%
Drug use 14 2.86%
Alcohol use 101 20.65%
No access to handwashing facility 2 0.41%
Unsafe water source 2 0.41%
Poor sanitation 1 0.2%
Smoking 51 10.43%
Secondhand smoke 6 1.23%
Low physical activity 6 1.23%
Diet low in fruits 20 4.09%
Diet low in vegetables 18 3.68%
Unsafe sex 47 9.61%
High body-mass index (obesity) 68 13.91%
Household air pollution 7 1.43%
Outdoor air pollution 20 4.09%
High total cholesterol 32 6.54%
High blood pressure 49 10.02%
High blood sugar 44 9%


Suriname - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 5 0.31%
Drug use 21 1.3%
Alcohol use 125 7.73%
No access to handwashing facility 3 0.19%
Poor sanitation 1 0.06%
Unsafe sex 30 1.86%
Smoking 181 11.19%
Secondhand smoke 24 1.48%
Unsafe water source 3 0.19%
Diet low in vegetables 66 4.08%
Diet low in fruits 67 4.14%
Low physical activity 37 2.29%
Outdoor air pollution 73 4.51%
Household air pollution 24 1.48%
High body-mass index (obesity) 279 17.25%
High blood sugar 285 17.63%
High total cholesterol 117 7.24%
High blood pressure 276 17.07%


Suriname - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 14 0.76%
Drug use 10 0.54%
Alcohol use 85 4.62%
Smoking 127 6.91%
Secondhand smoke 39 2.12%
Household air pollution 32 1.74%
Outdoor air pollution 93 5.06%
No access to handwashing facility 9 0.49%
Poor sanitation 3 0.16%
Unsafe water source 8 0.44%
Unsafe sex 17 0.92%
Low physical activity 71 3.86%
Diet low in vegetables 69 3.75%
Diet low in fruits 59 3.21%
High cholesterol 131 7.13%
High blood pressure 450 24.48%
High blood sugar 398 21.65%
High body-mass index (obesity) 223 12.13%


Suriname - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 36 | Deaths : 12 33.33%
Breast cancer Patients : 478 | Deaths : 48 10.04%
Larynx cancer Patients : 22 | Deaths : 5 22.73%
Kidney cancer Patients : 74 | Deaths : 7 9.46%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 64 | Deaths : 3 4.69%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 65 | Deaths : 17 26.15%
Stomach cancer Patients : 49 | Deaths : 31 63.27%
Uterine cancer Patients : 86 | Deaths : 6 6.98%
Bladder cancer Patients : 51 | Deaths : 8 15.69%
Cervical cancer Patients : 296 | Deaths : 43 14.53%
Prostate cancer Patients : 528 | Deaths : 72 13.64%
Testicular cancer Patients : 11 | Deaths : 1 9.09%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 29 | Deaths : 19 65.52%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 6 | Deaths : 6 100%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 26 | Deaths : 5 19.23%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 404 | Deaths : 75 18.56%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 13 | Deaths : 3 23.08%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 48 | Deaths : 7 14.58%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 53 | Deaths : 21 39.62%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 77 | Deaths : 8 10.39%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 5 | Deaths : 3 60%


Suriname - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 27 1.17%
5-14 year olds 20 0.86%
15-49 year olds 444 19.2%
50-69 year olds 1022 44.19%
70+ year olds 800 34.59%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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