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South Africa Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : South Africa

CONTENT


Causes of death across South Africa are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in South Africa.

Highlights of South Africa BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in South Africa gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 72.19%72.19%
    • Fat : 28.18%28.18%
    • Plant protein : 7.33%7.33%
    • Animal protein : 5.45%5.45%
  • 13.14% increase in caloric supply : Currently South Africa gets 3022/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2671/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Meat are three major diet compositions in South Africa
  • Maize, Wheat and Rice are three major Cereal preferences in South Africa
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in South Africa average intake is 117.92 grams
  • Apples, Oranges & Mandarines and Bananas are three major Fruit Types Intake in South Africa
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in South Africa average Fruit intake is 104.11grams
  • In South Africa, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 51.90% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in South Africa is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in South Africa
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Maize858
2Wheat492
3Rice169
4Sorghum11
5Oats5
6Barley1
7Rye0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in South Africa

Diet Compositions in South Africa
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1538
2Oils & Fats352
3Meat345
4Sugar333
5Alcoholic Beverages148
6Dairy & Eggs113
7Fruits & Vegetables80
8Starchy Roots63
9Other29
10Pulses21

Major Cause of Death


HIV/AIDS was a major cause of death in South Africa with 164288 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 31% of total deaths. Overall HIV/AIDS, Cardiovascular diseases and Cancers were the highest types of death causes in South Africa.
    Major Cause of Death in South Africa
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 15-49 with 209672 deaths (year 2016).
  • 38.31% kids below age 5 years die because of HIV/AIDS.
  • Road accidents, HIV/AIDS and Lower respiratory infections are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • HIV/AIDS, Homicide and Road accidents are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • HIV/AIDS, Cardiovascular diseases and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 21% of people aging over 50 years die because of HIV/AIDS.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in South Africa (and it's count) Number of Deaths in South Africa - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in South Africa are Unsafe sex, High blood sugar and High blood pressure. Every year around 7671 people die due to Unsafe sex.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Unsafe sex and Unsafe water source are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Unsafe sex, Alcohol use and High body-mass index (obesity) are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • Unsafe sex, High blood sugar and High body-mass index (obesity) are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in South Africa (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.55% of South Africa population was suffering from cancer i.e. 205686 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Cervical cancer (Count : 4396) and Esophageal cancer was also concerning with 4216 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 5% of survival chance.South Africa was really successful in diagnosing Thyroid cancer where 97% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 93189 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 41789 were suffering from Cervical cancer out of which 4396 people were dead. This means 10.52% death rate of people suffering from Cervical cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in South Africa and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in South Africa :
  • 0.55 % of South Africa population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Cervical cancer
  • Thyroid cancer was most cured cancer in South Africa
  • Cervical cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in South Africa

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in South Africa (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 8545 1.63%
Cardiovascular diseases 77492 14.75%
Kidney disease 9402 1.79%
Respiratory disease 18263 3.48%
Liver disease 4651 0.89%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 46244 8.8%
Digestive disease 7218 1.37%
Hepatitis 235 0.04%
Cancers 47286 9%
Parkinson's disease 594 0.11%
Fire 2177 0.41%
Malaria 159 0.03%
Drowning 2083 0.4%
Homicide 19183 3.65%
HIV/AIDS 164288 31.28%
Drug disorder 1044 0.2%
Tuberculosis 22326 4.25%
Road incidents 20339 3.87%
Maternal deaths 2259 0.43%
Neonatal deaths 13765 2.62%
Alcohol disorder 677 0.13%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 12344 2.35%
Neonatal deaths 13765 2.62%
Respiratory disease 18263 3.48%
Homicide 19183 3.65%
Road incidents 20339 3.87%
Tuberculosis 22326 4.25%
Lower respiratory infections 30729.5361945 5.85%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 46244 8.8%
Cancers 47286 9%
Cardiovascular diseases 77492 14.75%
HIV/AIDS 164288 31.28%


South Africa - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 344 0.73%
Neonatal disorders 851 1.82%
Lower respiratory infections 860 1.83%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Neonatal infections 12 0.03%
Congenital birth defects 2658 5.67%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 13765 29.37%
Road accidents 437 0.93%
Homicide 296 0.63%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 17954 38.31%
Tuberculosis 113 0.24%
Measles 7 0.01%
Cardiovascular disease 120 0.26%
Fire 116 0.25%
Cancers 6 0.01%
Drowning 106 0.23%
Digestive diseases 314 0.67%
Kidney disease 19 0.04%
Liver disease 34 0.07%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 133 0.28%
Malaria 1564 3.34%
Hepatitis 5360 11.44%
Drug use disorders 199 0.42%
Natural disasters 1601 3.42%


South Africa - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 51 0.36%
Homicide 1510 10.58%
Nutritional deficiencies 174 1.22%
Protein-energy malnutrition 156 1.09%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 41 0.29%
Diarrheal diseases 939 6.58%
Road accidents 3191 22.35%
Tuberculosis 1015 7.11%
HIV/AIDS 2034 14.25%
Drowning 677 4.74%
Malaria 31 0.22%
Fire 252 1.77%
Cancers 737 5.16%
Hepatitis 15 0.11%
Digestive diseases 236 1.65%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 633 4.43%
Liver disease 79 0.55%
Respiratory disease 296 2.07%
Kidney disease 169 1.18%
Cardiovascular disease 473 3.31%
Lower respiratory infections 1566 10.97%


South Africa - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 5645 2.8%
Homicide 14579 7.24%
Nutritional deficiencies 266 0.13%
Protein-energy malnutrition 194 0.1%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 241 0.12%
Diarrheal diseases 2615 1.3%
Road accidents 12476 6.19%
Tuberculosis 9826 4.88%
HIV/AIDS 113890 56.52%
Drowning 923 0.46%
Malaria 87 0.04%
Fire 1022 0.51%
Cancers 8269 4.1%
Hepatitis 111 0.06%
Digestive diseases 1789 0.89%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 9904 4.92%
Liver disease 1474 0.73%
Respiratory disease 1837 0.91%
Kidney disease 1917 0.95%
Cardiovascular disease 7125 3.54%
Drug disorder 817 0.41%
Alcohol disorder 236 0.12%
Parkinson's disease 7 0%
Dementia 9 0%
Lower respiratory infections 6233 3.09%


South Africa - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 1290 0.98%
Homicide 2338 1.77%
Nutritional deficiencies 234 0.18%
Protein-energy malnutrition 175 0.13%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 133 0.1%
Diarrheal diseases 2132 1.61%
Road accidents 3242 2.46%
Tuberculosis 7822 5.92%
HIV/AIDS 27406 20.76%
Drowning 303 0.23%
Malaria 25 0.02%
Fire 422 0.32%
Cancers 20927 15.85%
Hepatitis 65 0.05%
Digestive diseases 2196 1.66%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 17601 13.33%
Liver disease 2170 1.64%
Respiratory disease 5616 4.25%
Kidney disease 3161 2.39%
Cardiovascular diseases 25687 19.46%
Dementia 557 0.42%
Parkinson's disease 59 0.04%
Drug disorder 148 0.11%
Alcohol disorder 381 0.29%
Lower respiratory infections 7939 6.01%


South Africa - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 383 0.3%
Homicide 411 0.32%
Nutritional deficiencies 316 0.25%
Protein-energy malnutrition 209 0.16%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 36 0.03%
Diarrheal diseases 3999 3.1%
Road accidents 993 0.77%
Tuberculosis 3369 2.61%
HIV/AIDS 3004 2.33%
Drowning 67 0.05%
Malaria 8 0.01%
Fire 360 0.28%
Cancers 17237 13.37%
Hepatitis 38 0.03%
Digestive diseases 2891 2.24%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 17792 13.8%
Liver disease 910 0.71%
Respiratory disease 10451 8.11%
Kidney disease 4120 3.2%
Cardiovascular disease 44075 34.18%
Parkinson's disease 528 0.41%
Dementia 7979 6.19%
Drug use disorders 78 0.06%
Alcohol use disorders 59 0.05%
Lower respiratory infections 9631 7.47%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in South Africa
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 7671 1.51%
Poor sanitation 6053 1.2%
No access to handwashing facility 6727 1.33%
Household air pollution 6934 1.37%
Outdoor air pollution 21061 4.16%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 1346 0.27%
Discontinued breastfeeding 122 0.02%
Child wasting 5350 1.06%
Child stunting 826 0.16%
Low birth weight 6630 1.31%
Secondhand smoke 6244 1.23%
Alcohol use 36478 7.2%
Drug use 4514 0.89%
Diet low in fruits 16081 3.18%
Diet low in vegetables 8731 1.72%
Unsafe sex 145842 28.8%
Low physical activity 6100 1.2%
High blood sugar 59324 11.71%
High cholesterol 14921 2.95%
High body-mass index (obesity) 51140 10.1%
High blood pressure 55707 11%
Smoking 36658 7.24%
Iron deficiency 67 0.01%
Zinc deficiency 112 0.02%
Vitamin-A deficiency 266 0.05%
Low bone mineral density 1547 0.31%


South Africa - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 122 0.58%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 1346 6.4%
Child stunting 826 3.92%
Low birth weight 6630 31.5%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 1343 6.38%
Secondhand smoke 587 2.79%
Poor sanitation 1277 6.07%
Unsafe water source 1646 7.82%
Household air pollution 584 2.78%
Outdoor air pollution 1317 6.26%
High body-mass index (obesity) 5 0.02%
High blood pressure 2 0.01%
High blood sugar 10 0.05%
Child wasting 5350 25.42%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


South Africa - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 19 0.6%
No access to handwashing facility 441 14.01%
Unsafe water source 584 18.56%
Unsafe sex 631 20.05%
Iron deficiency 65 2.07%
Secondhand smoke 165 5.24%
Household air pollution 177 5.62%
Outdoor air pollution 406 12.9%
High body-mass index (obesity) 27 0.86%
High blood sugar 149 4.73%
High blood pressure 14 0.44%
Poor sanitation 468 14.87%
Iron deficiency 1 0.03%


South Africa - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 65 0.04%
Low bone mineral density 261 0.15%
Drug use 3245 1.9%
Alcohol use 15749 9.22%
No access to handwashing facility 1384 0.81%
Unsafe water source 1610 0.94%
Poor sanitation 1262 0.74%
Smoking 5606 3.28%
Secondhand smoke 759 0.44%
Low physical activity 385 0.23%
Diet low in fruits 2467 1.44%
Diet low in vegetables 1254 0.73%
Unsafe sex 112225 65.69%
High body-mass index (obesity) 7478 4.38%
Household air pollution 1065 0.62%
Outdoor air pollution 3091 1.81%
High total cholesterol 1842 1.08%
High blood pressure 5185 3.04%
High blood sugar 5900 3.45%


South Africa - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0%
Low bone mineral density 568 0.34%
Drug use 971 0.59%
Alcohol use 13708 8.27%
No access to handwashing facility 1383 0.83%
Poor sanitation 1029 0.62%
Unsafe sex 28868 17.41%
Smoking 18642 11.24%
Secondhand smoke 1921 1.16%
Unsafe water source 1314 0.79%
Diet low in vegetables 3617 2.18%
Diet low in fruits 7519 4.53%
Low physical activity 1925 1.16%
Outdoor air pollution 7431 4.48%
Household air pollution 2171 1.31%
High body-mass index (obesity) 24284 14.64%
High blood sugar 24297 14.65%
High total cholesterol 5862 3.54%
High blood pressure 20309 12.25%


South Africa - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 718 0.49%
Drug use 298 0.21%
Alcohol use 7001 4.82%
Smoking 12410 8.54%
Secondhand smoke 2812 1.94%
Household air pollution 2937 2.02%
Outdoor air pollution 8815 6.07%
No access to handwashing facility 2176 1.5%
Poor sanitation 2017 1.39%
Unsafe water source 2516 1.73%
Unsafe sex 4118 2.83%
Low physical activity 3789 2.61%
Diet low in vegetables 3860 2.66%
Diet low in fruits 6094 4.19%
High cholesterol 7218 4.97%
High blood pressure 30195 20.78%
High blood sugar 28969 19.94%
High body-mass index (obesity) 19346 13.32%


South Africa - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 2299 | Deaths : 960 41.76%
Breast cancer Patients : 49696 | Deaths : 3917 7.88%
Larynx cancer Patients : 3334 | Deaths : 647 19.41%
Kidney cancer Patients : 5705 | Deaths : 494 8.66%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 3935 | Deaths : 129 3.28%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 4709 | Deaths : 922 19.58%
Stomach cancer Patients : 2749 | Deaths : 1815 66.02%
Uterine cancer Patients : 6650 | Deaths : 446 6.71%
Bladder cancer Patients : 7819 | Deaths : 874 11.18%
Cervical cancer Patients : 41789 | Deaths : 4396 10.52%
Prostate cancer Patients : 37821 | Deaths : 3825 10.11%
Testicular cancer Patients : 1032 | Deaths : 58 5.62%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 2075 | Deaths : 1471 70.89%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 4424 | Deaths : 4216 95.3%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 864 | Deaths : 192 22.22%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 17112 | Deaths : 3327 19.44%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 9293 | Deaths : 888 9.56%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 7303 | Deaths : 1000 13.69%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 2129 | Deaths : 822 38.61%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 7793 | Deaths : 435 5.58%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 317 | Deaths : 234 73.82%


South Africa - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 2101 1.02%
5-14 year olds 1737 0.84%
15-49 year olds 54856 26.67%
50-69 year olds 93189 45.31%
70+ year olds 53804 26.16%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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