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Somalia Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Somalia

CONTENT


Causes of death across Somalia are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Somalia.

Highlights of Somalia BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Somalia average intake is 0.00 grams
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Somalia average Fruit intake is 0.00grams
  • In Somalia, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 24.70% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Somalia is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Somalia
RankCerealskcal/capita/day

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Somalia

Diet Compositions in Somalia
RankTypekilocalories per person per day

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Somalia with 15500 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 16% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Lower respiratory infections and Tuberculosis were the highest types of death causes in Somalia.
    Major Cause of Death in Somalia
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group Under-5 with 28451 deaths (year 2016).
  • 25.04% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Diarrheal diseases, Lower respiratory infections and Nutritional deficiencies are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Tuberculosis, Cardiovascular disease and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Tuberculosis and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 28% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Somalia (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Somalia - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Somalia are Household air pollution, High blood pressure and Child wasting. Every year around 5103 people die due to Household air pollution.
  • Child wasting and Household air pollution are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Unsafe water source and Poor sanitation are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Unsafe sex, Household air pollution and High blood pressure are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, Household air pollution and High blood sugar are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Somalia (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.32% of Somalia population was suffering from cancer i.e. 15641 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Cervical cancer (Count : 1222) and Prostate cancer was also concerning with 608 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 15% of survival chance.Somalia was really successful in diagnosing Kidney cancer where 89% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 6835 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 6110 were suffering from Cervical cancer out of which 1222 people were dead. This means 20% death rate of people suffering from Cervical cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Somalia and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Somalia :
  • 0.32 % of Somalia population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Cervical cancer
  • Kidney cancer was most cured cancer in Somalia
  • Cervical cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Somalia

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Somalia (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 680 0.72%
Cardiovascular diseases 15500 16.45%
Kidney disease 679 0.72%
Respiratory disease 1955 2.08%
Liver disease 1798 1.91%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 3403 3.61%
Digestive disease 2456 2.61%
Hepatitis 354 0.38%
Cancers 6960 7.39%
Parkinson's disease 42 0.04%
Fire 563 0.6%
Malaria 2471 2.62%
Drowning 610 0.65%
Homicide 856 0.91%
HIV/AIDS 2295 2.44%
Drug disorder 20 0.02%
Tuberculosis 10161 10.79%
Road incidents 1705 1.81%
Maternal deaths 2519 2.67%
Neonatal deaths 6104 6.48%
Alcohol disorder 91 0.1%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 6975 7.4%
Meningitis 2620.66067886 2.78%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 3403 3.61%
Protein-energy malnutrition 4305.98956928 4.57%
Nutritional deficiencies 4675 4.96%
Neonatal deaths 6104 6.48%
Cancers 6960 7.39%
Diarrheal diseases 6975 7.4%
Tuberculosis 10161 10.79%
Lower respiratory infections 10311.1981108 10.95%
Cardiovascular diseases 15500 16.45%


Somalia - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 44 0.18%
Lower respiratory infections 2741 11.24%
Nutritional deficiencies 2762 11.33%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 9 0.04%
Malaria 1974 8.1%
Neonatal infections 0 0%
Tuberculosis 6104 25.04%
Measles 123 0.5%
Congenital birth defects 504 2.07%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 119 0.49%
Digestive diseases 133 0.55%
Fire 1596 6.55%
Drowning 146 0.6%
Road accidents 65 0.27%
HIV/AIDS 24 0.1%
Cardiovascular disease 146 0.6%
Cancers 258 1.06%
Homicide 14 0.06%
Hepatitis 22 0.09%
Kidney disease 115 0.47%
Liver disease 304 1.25%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 5501 22.57%
Drug use disorders 411 1.69%
Natural disasters 1261 5.17%


Somalia - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 16 0.52%
Homicide 40 1.3%
Nutritional deficiencies 282 9.14%
Protein-energy malnutrition 273 8.84%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 5 0.16%
Diarrheal diseases 491 15.91%
Road accidents 204 6.61%
Tuberculosis 215 6.96%
HIV/AIDS 128 4.15%
Drowning 170 5.51%
Malaria 220 7.13%
Fire 64 2.07%
Cancers 197 6.38%
Hepatitis 20 0.65%
Digestive diseases 85 2.75%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 69 2.24%
Liver disease 25 0.81%
Respiratory disease 39 1.26%
Kidney disease 16 0.52%
Cardiovascular disease 89 2.88%
Lower respiratory infections 439 14.22%


Somalia - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 254 1.39%
Homicide 629 3.44%
Nutritional deficiencies 453 2.48%
Protein-energy malnutrition 327 1.79%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 24 0.13%
Diarrheal diseases 1491 8.15%
Road accidents 812 4.44%
Tuberculosis 4300 23.51%
HIV/AIDS 1661 9.08%
Drowning 190 1.04%
Malaria 328 1.79%
Fire 123 0.67%
Cancers 1854 10.14%
Hepatitis 164 0.9%
Digestive diseases 671 3.67%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 699 3.82%
Liver disease 592 3.24%
Respiratory disease 290 1.59%
Kidney disease 179 0.98%
Cardiovascular disease 2110 11.54%
Drug disorder 16 0.09%
Alcohol disorder 34 0.19%
Parkinson's disease 1 0.01%
Dementia 2 0.01%
Lower respiratory infections 1084 5.93%


Somalia - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 166 0.75%
Homicide 117 0.53%
Nutritional deficiencies 536 2.44%
Protein-energy malnutrition 426 1.94%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 9 0.04%
Diarrheal diseases 1510 6.86%
Road accidents 372 1.69%
Tuberculosis 3356 15.26%
HIV/AIDS 352 1.6%
Drowning 68 0.31%
Malaria 186 0.85%
Fire 122 0.55%
Cancers 3214 14.61%
Hepatitis 97 0.44%
Digestive diseases 798 3.63%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1263 5.74%
Liver disease 785 3.57%
Respiratory disease 740 3.36%
Kidney disease 226 1.03%
Cardiovascular diseases 6054 27.52%
Dementia 74 0.34%
Parkinson's disease 5 0.02%
Drug disorder 2 0.01%
Alcohol disorder 35 0.16%
Lower respiratory infections 1486 6.75%


Somalia - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 76 0.39%
Homicide 26 0.13%
Nutritional deficiencies 642 3.26%
Protein-energy malnutrition 539 2.74%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 11 0.06%
Diarrheal diseases 1507 7.65%
Road accidents 194 0.98%
Tuberculosis 1786 9.07%
HIV/AIDS 35 0.18%
Drowning 48 0.24%
Malaria 140 0.71%
Fire 108 0.55%
Cancers 1630 8.27%
Hepatitis 50 0.25%
Digestive diseases 755 3.83%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1114 5.66%
Liver disease 382 1.94%
Respiratory disease 822 4.17%
Kidney disease 236 1.2%
Cardiovascular disease 7132 36.2%
Parkinson's disease 37 0.19%
Dementia 605 3.07%
Drug use disorders 2 0.01%
Alcohol use disorders 22 0.11%
Lower respiratory infections 1800 9.14%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Somalia
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 5103 6.71%
Poor sanitation 4300 5.65%
No access to handwashing facility 4444 5.84%
Household air pollution 9917 13.03%
Outdoor air pollution 4024 5.29%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 1080 1.42%
Discontinued breastfeeding 59 0.08%
Child wasting 8291 10.9%
Child stunting 1084 1.42%
Low birth weight 2261 2.97%
Secondhand smoke 1019 1.34%
Alcohol use 509 0.67%
Drug use 90 0.12%
Diet low in fruits 3041 4%
Diet low in vegetables 2350 3.09%
Unsafe sex 3322 4.37%
Low physical activity 732 0.96%
High blood sugar 4784 6.29%
High cholesterol 2577 3.39%
High body-mass index (obesity) 3344 4.39%
High blood pressure 9691 12.74%
Smoking 2844 3.74%
Iron deficiency 190 0.25%
Zinc deficiency 201 0.26%
Vitamin-A deficiency 406 0.53%
Low bone mineral density 431 0.57%


Somalia - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 59 0.28%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 1080 5.05%
Child stunting 1084 5.06%
Low birth weight 2261 10.56%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 1624 7.59%
Secondhand smoke 343 1.6%
Poor sanitation 1215 5.68%
Unsafe water source 1451 6.78%
Household air pollution 2925 13.67%
Outdoor air pollution 1063 4.97%
High body-mass index (obesity) 3 0.01%
High blood pressure 1 0%
High blood sugar 2 0.01%
Child wasting 8291 38.74%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Somalia - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 272 17.92%
Unsafe water source 360 23.72%
Unsafe sex 32 2.11%
Iron deficiency 189 12.45%
Secondhand smoke 28 1.84%
Household air pollution 238 15.68%
Outdoor air pollution 85 5.6%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2 0.13%
High blood sugar 8 0.53%
High blood pressure 1 0.07%
Poor sanitation 303 19.96%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Somalia - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 189 1.58%
Low bone mineral density 19 0.16%
Drug use 67 0.56%
Alcohol use 234 1.95%
No access to handwashing facility 791 6.6%
Unsafe water source 1087 9.06%
Poor sanitation 920 7.67%
Smoking 697 5.81%
Secondhand smoke 121 1.01%
Low physical activity 57 0.48%
Diet low in fruits 587 4.89%
Diet low in vegetables 446 3.72%
Unsafe sex 2029 16.92%
High body-mass index (obesity) 717 5.98%
Household air pollution 1262 10.52%
Outdoor air pollution 544 4.54%
High total cholesterol 483 4.03%
High blood pressure 1137 9.48%
High blood sugar 606 5.05%


Somalia - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0%
Low bone mineral density 113 0.52%
Drug use 18 0.08%
Alcohol use 228 1.05%
No access to handwashing facility 856 3.94%
Poor sanitation 932 4.29%
Unsafe sex 1039 4.78%
Smoking 1390 6.39%
Secondhand smoke 273 1.26%
Unsafe water source 1103 5.07%
Diet low in vegetables 1072 4.93%
Diet low in fruits 1444 6.64%
Low physical activity 267 1.23%
Outdoor air pollution 1206 5.55%
Household air pollution 2785 12.81%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1755 8.07%
High blood sugar 1971 9.07%
High total cholesterol 1170 5.38%
High blood pressure 4118 18.94%


Somalia - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 299 1.57%
Drug use 5 0.03%
Alcohol use 48 0.25%
Smoking 757 3.98%
Secondhand smoke 253 1.33%
Household air pollution 2707 14.23%
Outdoor air pollution 1126 5.92%
No access to handwashing facility 900 4.73%
Poor sanitation 931 4.89%
Unsafe water source 1103 5.8%
Unsafe sex 221 1.16%
Low physical activity 408 2.14%
Diet low in vegetables 832 4.37%
Diet low in fruits 1010 5.31%
High cholesterol 924 4.86%
High blood pressure 4434 23.31%
High blood sugar 2197 11.55%
High body-mass index (obesity) 867 4.56%


Somalia - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 374 | Deaths : 141 37.7%
Breast cancer Patients : 2510 | Deaths : 599 23.86%
Larynx cancer Patients : 155 | Deaths : 62 40%
Kidney cancer Patients : 380 | Deaths : 41 10.79%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 419 | Deaths : 96 22.91%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 549 | Deaths : 179 32.6%
Stomach cancer Patients : 493 | Deaths : 405 82.15%
Uterine cancer Patients : 526 | Deaths : 140 26.62%
Bladder cancer Patients : 293 | Deaths : 105 35.84%
Cervical cancer Patients : 6110 | Deaths : 1222 20%
Prostate cancer Patients : 1703 | Deaths : 608 35.7%
Testicular cancer Patients : 50 | Deaths : 14 28%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 156 | Deaths : 98 62.82%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 389 | Deaths : 331 85.09%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 276 | Deaths : 74 26.81%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 977 | Deaths : 457 46.78%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 44 | Deaths : 36 81.82%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 427 | Deaths : 86 20.14%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 273 | Deaths : 125 45.79%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 188 | Deaths : 53 28.19%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 51 | Deaths : 32 62.75%


Somalia - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 371 2.37%
5-14 year olds 414 2.65%
15-49 year olds 5764 36.85%
50-69 year olds 6835 43.7%
70+ year olds 2257 14.43%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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