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Solomon Islands Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Solomon Islands

CONTENT


Causes of death across Solomon Islands are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Solomon Islands.

Highlights of Solomon Islands BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Solomon Islands gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 79.10%79.10%
    • Fat : 19.21%19.21%
    • Plant protein : 7.06%7.06%
    • Animal protein : 3.17%3.17%
  • 8.53% increase in caloric supply : Currently Solomon Islands gets 2391/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2203/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Starchy Roots, Cereals & Grains and Oils & Fats are three major diet compositions in Solomon Islands
  • Rice, Wheat and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in Solomon Islands
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Solomon Islands average intake is 37.15 grams
  • Oranges & Mandarines, Bananas and Apples are three major Fruit Types Intake in Solomon Islands
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Solomon Islands average Fruit intake is 141.45grams
  • In Solomon Islands, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 51.30% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Solomon Islands is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Solomon Islands
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Rice623
2Wheat184
3Maize1
4Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Solomon Islands

Diet Compositions in Solomon Islands
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Starchy Roots843
2Cereals & Grains808
3Oils & Fats323
4Meat153
5Pulses100
6Fruits & Vegetables69
7Sugar45
8Dairy & Eggs24
9Other18
10Alcoholic Beverages8

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Solomon Islands with 1611 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 35% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease and Cancers were the highest types of death causes in Solomon Islands.
    Major Cause of Death in Solomon Islands
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 50-69 with 1470 deaths (year 2016).
  • 42.33% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Cardiovascular disease, Road accidents and Drowning are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cardiovascular disease, Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 41% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Solomon Islands (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Solomon Islands - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Solomon Islands are High blood sugar, High body-mass index (obesity) and High blood pressure. Every year around 52 people die due to High blood sugar.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Household air pollution and Iron deficiency are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • High body-mass index (obesity), High blood sugar and Smoking are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood sugar, High body-mass index (obesity) and High blood pressure are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood sugar is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Solomon Islands (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.27% of Solomon Islands population was suffering from cancer i.e. 846 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Breast cancer (Count : 50) and Stomach cancer was also concerning with 42 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Stomach cancerEsophageal cancer have 14% of survival chance.Solomon Islands was really successful in diagnosing Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer where 93% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 355 people were of age group 15-49 year olds.In 2016, 242 were suffering from Breast cancer out of which 50 people were dead. This means 20.66% death rate of people suffering from Breast cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Solomon Islands and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Solomon Islands :
  • 0.27 % of Solomon Islands population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Breast cancer
  • Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer was most cured cancer in Solomon Islands
  • Breast cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Solomon Islands

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Solomon Islands (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 63 1.37%
Cardiovascular diseases 1611 34.95%
Kidney disease 215 4.66%
Respiratory disease 355 7.7%
Liver disease 88 1.91%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 688 14.93%
Digestive disease 103 2.23%
Hepatitis 8 0.17%
Cancers 436 9.46%
Parkinson's disease 4 0.09%
Fire 15 0.33%
Malaria 16 0.35%
Drowning 70 1.52%
Homicide 36 0.78%
HIV/AIDS 16 0.35%
Drug disorder 3 0.07%
Tuberculosis 79 1.71%
Road incidents 101 2.19%
Maternal deaths 33 0.72%
Neonatal deaths 160 3.47%
Alcohol disorder 4 0.09%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 76 1.65%
Suicide 91 1.97%
Road incidents 101 2.19%
Digestive disease 103 2.23%
Neonatal deaths 160 3.47%
Kidney disease 215 4.66%
Lower respiratory infections 246.618460043 5.35%
Respiratory disease 355 7.7%
Cancers 436 9.46%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 688 14.93%
Cardiovascular diseases 1611 34.95%


Solomon Islands - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 1 0.26%
Lower respiratory infections 9 2.38%
Congenital birth defects 9 2.38%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Neonatal infections 0 0%
Cardiovascular disease 21 5.56%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 160 42.33%
Drowning 4 1.06%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 1 0.26%
Measles 0 0%
Road accidents 7 1.85%
Cancers 0 0%
Digestive diseases 2 0.53%
Fire 3 0.79%
Kidney disease 0 0%
Tuberculosis 2 0.53%
Homicide 5 1.32%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 2 0.53%
Liver disease 12 3.17%
Hepatitis 57 15.08%
Malaria 64 16.93%
Drug use disorders 5 1.32%
Natural disasters 14 3.7%


Solomon Islands - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 2 3.33%
Homicide 1 1.67%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 1.67%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 1.67%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 2 3.33%
Road accidents 7 11.67%
Tuberculosis 1 1.67%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 7 11.67%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 1 1.67%
Cancers 6 10%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 3 5%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 4 6.67%
Liver disease 2 3.33%
Respiratory disease 3 5%
Kidney disease 2 3.33%
Cardiovascular disease 10 16.67%
Lower respiratory infections 7 11.67%


Solomon Islands - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 77 6.02%
Homicide 31 2.42%
Nutritional deficiencies 3 0.23%
Protein-energy malnutrition 2 0.16%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 5 0.39%
Diarrheal diseases 12 0.94%
Road accidents 73 5.71%
Tuberculosis 29 2.27%
HIV/AIDS 12 0.94%
Drowning 48 3.75%
Malaria 7 0.55%
Fire 9 0.7%
Cancers 135 10.56%
Hepatitis 4 0.31%
Digestive diseases 33 2.58%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 147 11.49%
Liver disease 42 3.28%
Respiratory disease 96 7.51%
Kidney disease 58 4.53%
Cardiovascular disease 398 31.12%
Drug disorder 2 0.16%
Alcohol disorder 3 0.23%
Parkinson's disease 0 0%
Dementia 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 53 4.14%


Solomon Islands - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 9 0.59%
Homicide 3 0.2%
Nutritional deficiencies 3 0.2%
Protein-energy malnutrition 3 0.2%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.07%
Diarrheal diseases 12 0.79%
Road accidents 12 0.79%
Tuberculosis 28 1.84%
HIV/AIDS 2 0.13%
Drowning 7 0.46%
Malaria 7 0.46%
Fire 2 0.13%
Cancers 176 11.56%
Hepatitis 2 0.13%
Digestive diseases 33 2.17%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 295 19.38%
Liver disease 31 2.04%
Respiratory disease 122 8.02%
Kidney disease 81 5.32%
Cardiovascular diseases 622 40.87%
Dementia 8 0.53%
Parkinson's disease 1 0.07%
Drug disorder 0 0%
Alcohol disorder 1 0.07%
Lower respiratory infections 61 4.01%


Solomon Islands - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 3 0.22%
Homicide 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 10 0.73%
Protein-energy malnutrition 10 0.73%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.07%
Diarrheal diseases 30 2.18%
Road accidents 6 0.44%
Tuberculosis 20 1.46%
HIV/AIDS 1 0.07%
Drowning 2 0.15%
Malaria 2 0.15%
Fire 1 0.07%
Cancers 115 8.37%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 31 2.26%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 237 17.25%
Liver disease 12 0.87%
Respiratory disease 130 9.46%
Kidney disease 72 5.24%
Cardiovascular disease 570 41.48%
Parkinson's disease 3 0.22%
Dementia 55 4%
Drug use disorders 0 0%
Alcohol use disorders 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 63 4.59%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Solomon Islands
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 52 0.87%
Poor sanitation 44 0.73%
No access to handwashing facility 24 0.4%
Household air pollution 571 9.51%
Outdoor air pollution 144 2.4%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 7 0.12%
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Child wasting 56 0.93%
Child stunting 9 0.15%
Low birth weight 78 1.3%
Secondhand smoke 119 1.98%
Alcohol use 32 0.53%
Drug use 9 0.15%
Diet low in fruits 326 5.43%
Diet low in vegetables 282 4.7%
Unsafe sex 50 0.83%
Low physical activity 120 2%
High blood sugar 1130 18.82%
High cholesterol 389 6.48%
High body-mass index (obesity) 927 15.44%
High blood pressure 917 15.28%
Smoking 697 11.61%
Iron deficiency 3 0.05%
Zinc deficiency 3 0.05%
Vitamin-A deficiency 4 0.07%
Low bone mineral density 10 0.17%


Solomon Islands - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 7 3.11%
Child stunting 9 4%
Low birth weight 78 34.67%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 6 2.67%
Secondhand smoke 9 4%
Poor sanitation 12 5.33%
Unsafe water source 14 6.22%
Household air pollution 29 12.89%
Outdoor air pollution 4 1.78%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 1 0.44%
Child wasting 56 24.89%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Solomon Islands - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 1 9.09%
Unsafe water source 1 9.09%
Unsafe sex 0 0%
Iron deficiency 3 27.27%
Secondhand smoke 1 9.09%
Household air pollution 3 27.27%
Outdoor air pollution 0 0%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood sugar 1 9.09%
High blood pressure 0 0%
Poor sanitation 1 9.09%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Solomon Islands - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 3 0.19%
Low bone mineral density 1 0.06%
Drug use 8 0.51%
Alcohol use 35 2.21%
No access to handwashing facility 4 0.25%
Unsafe water source 8 0.51%
Poor sanitation 7 0.44%
Smoking 208 13.16%
Secondhand smoke 24 1.52%
Low physical activity 22 1.39%
Diet low in fruits 107 6.77%
Diet low in vegetables 94 5.95%
Unsafe sex 29 1.83%
High body-mass index (obesity) 293 18.53%
Household air pollution 154 9.74%
Outdoor air pollution 42 2.66%
High total cholesterol 130 8.22%
High blood pressure 180 11.39%
High blood sugar 232 14.67%


Solomon Islands - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 3 0.12%
Drug use 1 0.04%
Alcohol use 3 0.12%
No access to handwashing facility 5 0.2%
Poor sanitation 7 0.28%
Unsafe sex 16 0.64%
Smoking 326 12.94%
Secondhand smoke 44 1.75%
Unsafe water source 8 0.32%
Diet low in vegetables 119 4.72%
Diet low in fruits 141 5.6%
Low physical activity 48 1.91%
Outdoor air pollution 58 2.3%
Household air pollution 220 8.73%
High body-mass index (obesity) 448 17.78%
High blood sugar 503 19.97%
High total cholesterol 171 6.79%
High blood pressure 398 15.8%


Solomon Islands - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 6 0.36%
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use -5 -0.3%
Smoking 163 9.8%
Secondhand smoke 41 2.47%
Household air pollution 165 9.92%
Outdoor air pollution 40 2.41%
No access to handwashing facility 8 0.48%
Poor sanitation 17 1.02%
Unsafe water source 21 1.26%
Unsafe sex 5 0.3%
Low physical activity 50 3.01%
Diet low in vegetables 69 4.15%
Diet low in fruits 77 4.63%
High cholesterol 88 5.29%
High blood pressure 339 20.38%
High blood sugar 394 23.69%
High body-mass index (obesity) 185 11.12%


Solomon Islands - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 46 | Deaths : 23 50%
Breast cancer Patients : 242 | Deaths : 50 20.66%
Larynx cancer Patients : 14 | Deaths : 6 42.86%
Kidney cancer Patients : 21 | Deaths : 3 14.29%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 12 | Deaths : 3 25%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 20 | Deaths : 6 30%
Stomach cancer Patients : 49 | Deaths : 42 85.71%
Uterine cancer Patients : 55 | Deaths : 13 23.64%
Bladder cancer Patients : 18 | Deaths : 5 27.78%
Cervical cancer Patients : 244 | Deaths : 34 13.93%
Prostate cancer Patients : 57 | Deaths : 20 35.09%
Testicular cancer Patients : 5 | Deaths : 1 20%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 11 | Deaths : 6 54.55%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 7 | Deaths : 6 85.71%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 22 | Deaths : 6 27.27%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 66 | Deaths : 28 42.42%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 12 | Deaths : 5 41.67%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 39 | Deaths : 7 17.95%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 15 | Deaths : 7 46.67%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 54 | Deaths : 4 7.41%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 6 | Deaths : 2 33.33%


Solomon Islands - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 16 1.89%
5-14 year olds 13 1.54%
15-49 year olds 355 41.96%
50-69 year olds 308 36.41%
70+ year olds 154 18.2%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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