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Senegal Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Senegal

CONTENT


Causes of death across Senegal are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Senegal.

Highlights of Senegal BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Senegal gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 68.92%68.92%
    • Fat : 28.11%28.11%
    • Plant protein : 7.55%7.55%
    • Animal protein : 2.66%2.66%
  • 7.25% increase in caloric supply : Currently Senegal gets 2456/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2290/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Sugar are three major diet compositions in Senegal
  • Rice, Wheat and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in Senegal
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Senegal average intake is 149.01 grams
  • Oranges & Mandarines, Bananas and Lemons & Limes are three major Fruit Types Intake in Senegal
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Senegal average Fruit intake is 59.32grams
  • In Senegal, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 24.90% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Senegal is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Senegal
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Rice715
2Wheat273
3Maize212
4Sorghum85
5Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Senegal

Diet Compositions in Senegal
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1485
2Oils & Fats492
3Sugar175
4Meat111
5Fruits & Vegetables69
6Starchy Roots42
7Dairy & Eggs36
8Pulses30
9Other13
10Alcoholic Beverages3

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Senegal with 16211 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 18% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Neonatal deaths and Cancers were the highest types of death causes in Senegal.
    Major Cause of Death in Senegal
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group Under-5 with 27143 deaths (year 2016).
  • 35.11% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Diarrheal diseases, Lower respiratory infections and Malaria are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cardiovascular disease, Cancers and Tuberculosis are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 29% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Senegal (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Senegal - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Senegal are High blood pressure, Household air pollution and Outdoor air pollution. Every year around 4807 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Child wasting and Low birth weight are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Unsafe water source and Poor sanitation are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Unsafe sex, High blood pressure and Household air pollution are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, High body-mass index (obesity) and Household air pollution are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Senegal (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.19% of Senegal population was suffering from cancer i.e. 12494 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Cervical cancer (Count : 892) and Stomach cancer was also concerning with 817 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Stomach cancer have 5% of survival chance.Senegal was really successful in diagnosing Kidney cancer where 86% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 5069 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 4542 were suffering from Cervical cancer out of which 892 people were dead. This means 19.64% death rate of people suffering from Cervical cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Senegal and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Senegal :
  • 0.19 % of Senegal population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Cervical cancer
  • Kidney cancer was most cured cancer in Senegal
  • Cervical cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Senegal

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Senegal (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 1043 1.17%
Cardiovascular diseases 16211 18.26%
Kidney disease 1562 1.76%
Respiratory disease 2683 3.02%
Liver disease 2188 2.46%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 5283 5.95%
Digestive disease 2285 2.57%
Hepatitis 401 0.45%
Cancers 8800 9.91%
Parkinson's disease 80 0.09%
Fire 427 0.48%
Malaria 3265 3.68%
Drowning 643 0.72%
Homicide 206 0.23%
HIV/AIDS 1981 2.23%
Drug disorder 122 0.14%
Tuberculosis 4915 5.54%
Road incidents 1882 2.12%
Maternal deaths 2032 2.29%
Neonatal deaths 9363 10.55%
Alcohol disorder 101 0.11%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 7082 7.98%
Respiratory disease 2683 3.02%
Meningitis 3210.42482442 3.62%
Malaria 3265 3.68%
Tuberculosis 4915 5.54%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 5283 5.95%
Diarrheal diseases 7082 7.98%
Lower respiratory infections 8226.97287566 9.27%
Cancers 8800 9.91%
Neonatal deaths 9363 10.55%
Cardiovascular diseases 16211 18.26%


Senegal - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 14 0.05%
Diarrheal diseases 1034 3.88%
Lower respiratory infections 1075 4.03%
Congenital birth defects 0 0%
Neonatal infections 22 0.08%
Malaria 3494 13.1%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 9363 35.11%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 157 0.59%
Measles 145 0.54%
Digestive diseases 62 0.23%
Road accidents 151 0.57%
Drowning 1807 6.78%
Tuberculosis 111 0.42%
Cancers 143 0.54%
Cardiovascular disease 28 0.1%
Fire 186 0.7%
Kidney disease 423 1.59%
HIV/AIDS 32 0.12%
Liver disease 77 0.29%
Hepatitis 140 0.52%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 2605 9.77%
Homicide 3338 12.52%
Drug use disorders 198 0.74%
Natural disasters 2066 7.75%


Senegal - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 22 1.06%
Homicide 9 0.43%
Nutritional deficiencies 64 3.08%
Protein-energy malnutrition 62 2.99%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 9 0.43%
Diarrheal diseases 332 15.99%
Road accidents 161 7.76%
Tuberculosis 62 2.99%
HIV/AIDS 41 1.97%
Drowning 134 6.45%
Malaria 268 12.91%
Fire 39 1.88%
Cancers 161 7.76%
Hepatitis 23 1.11%
Digestive diseases 60 2.89%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 170 8.19%
Liver disease 28 1.35%
Respiratory disease 30 1.45%
Kidney disease 46 2.22%
Cardiovascular disease 62 2.99%
Lower respiratory infections 293 14.11%


Senegal - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 529 3.09%
Homicide 170 0.99%
Nutritional deficiencies 157 0.92%
Protein-energy malnutrition 120 0.7%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 76 0.44%
Diarrheal diseases 1072 6.27%
Road accidents 952 5.57%
Tuberculosis 2075 12.14%
HIV/AIDS 1604 9.38%
Drowning 221 1.29%
Malaria 576 3.37%
Fire 109 0.64%
Cancers 2128 12.45%
Hepatitis 238 1.39%
Digestive diseases 671 3.92%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1256 7.35%
Liver disease 800 4.68%
Respiratory disease 469 2.74%
Kidney disease 463 2.71%
Cardiovascular disease 2152 12.59%
Drug disorder 90 0.53%
Alcohol disorder 49 0.29%
Parkinson's disease 1 0.01%
Dementia 2 0.01%
Lower respiratory infections 1119 6.54%


Senegal - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 318 1.59%
Homicide 12 0.06%
Nutritional deficiencies 145 0.73%
Protein-energy malnutrition 110 0.55%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 23 0.12%
Diarrheal diseases 942 4.71%
Road accidents 379 1.9%
Tuberculosis 1391 6.96%
HIV/AIDS 250 1.25%
Drowning 75 0.38%
Malaria 374 1.87%
Fire 82 0.41%
Cancers 3764 18.83%
Hepatitis 87 0.44%
Digestive diseases 686 3.43%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1630 8.15%
Liver disease 886 4.43%
Respiratory disease 939 4.7%
Kidney disease 462 2.31%
Cardiovascular diseases 5866 29.34%
Dementia 110 0.55%
Parkinson's disease 10 0.05%
Drug disorder 18 0.09%
Alcohol disorder 36 0.18%
Lower respiratory infections 1397 6.99%


Senegal - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 175 0.79%
Homicide 3 0.01%
Nutritional deficiencies 216 0.98%
Protein-energy malnutrition 192 0.87%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 16 0.07%
Diarrheal diseases 1241 5.61%
Road accidents 233 1.05%
Tuberculosis 1242 5.62%
HIV/AIDS 23 0.1%
Drowning 62 0.28%
Malaria 240 1.09%
Fire 87 0.39%
Cancers 2605 11.78%
Hepatitis 25 0.11%
Digestive diseases 683 3.09%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1804 8.16%
Liver disease 441 1.99%
Respiratory disease 1214 5.49%
Kidney disease 513 2.32%
Cardiovascular disease 7991 36.13%
Parkinson's disease 69 0.31%
Dementia 930 4.21%
Drug use disorders 13 0.06%
Alcohol use disorders 16 0.07%
Lower respiratory infections 2081 9.41%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Senegal
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 4807 6.18%
Poor sanitation 4042 5.2%
No access to handwashing facility 3750 4.82%
Household air pollution 7498 9.64%
Outdoor air pollution 6219 8%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 738 0.95%
Discontinued breastfeeding 53 0.07%
Child wasting 5604 7.21%
Child stunting 648 0.83%
Low birth weight 3945 5.07%
Secondhand smoke 937 1.21%
Alcohol use 1198 1.54%
Drug use 215 0.28%
Diet low in fruits 3447 4.43%
Diet low in vegetables 2120 2.73%
Unsafe sex 2731 3.51%
Low physical activity 1276 1.64%
High blood sugar 5472 7.04%
High cholesterol 2799 3.6%
High body-mass index (obesity) 4955 6.37%
High blood pressure 10930 14.06%
Smoking 3218 4.14%
Iron deficiency 185 0.24%
Zinc deficiency 139 0.18%
Vitamin-A deficiency 281 0.36%
Low bone mineral density 536 0.69%


Senegal - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 53 0.27%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 738 3.72%
Child stunting 648 3.27%
Low birth weight 3945 19.9%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 1759 8.87%
Secondhand smoke 163 0.82%
Poor sanitation 1995 10.07%
Unsafe water source 2372 11.97%
Household air pollution 1407 7.1%
Outdoor air pollution 1124 5.67%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1 0.01%
High blood pressure 1 0.01%
High blood sugar 9 0.05%
Child wasting 5604 28.27%
Iron deficiency 1 0.01%


Senegal - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 165 16.03%
Unsafe water source 226 21.96%
Unsafe sex 12 1.17%
Iron deficiency 182 17.69%
Secondhand smoke 14 1.36%
Household air pollution 127 12.34%
Outdoor air pollution 99 9.62%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1 0.1%
High blood sugar 12 1.17%
High blood pressure 1 0.1%
Poor sanitation 190 18.46%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Senegal - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 182 1.51%
Low bone mineral density 20 0.17%
Drug use 165 1.37%
Alcohol use 402 3.33%
No access to handwashing facility 553 4.58%
Unsafe water source 726 6.01%
Poor sanitation 612 5.07%
Smoking 781 6.47%
Secondhand smoke 112 0.93%
Low physical activity 94 0.78%
Diet low in fruits 674 5.58%
Diet low in vegetables 391 3.24%
Unsafe sex 1845 15.28%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1027 8.51%
Household air pollution 1087 9%
Outdoor air pollution 918 7.6%
High total cholesterol 462 3.83%
High blood pressure 1329 11.01%
High blood sugar 694 5.75%


Senegal - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0%
Low bone mineral density 120 0.55%
Drug use 33 0.15%
Alcohol use 537 2.44%
No access to handwashing facility 537 2.44%
Poor sanitation 538 2.45%
Unsafe sex 717 3.26%
Smoking 1431 6.5%
Secondhand smoke 290 1.32%
Unsafe water source 640 2.91%
Diet low in vegetables 880 4%
Diet low in fruits 1524 6.93%
Low physical activity 431 1.96%
Outdoor air pollution 1918 8.72%
Household air pollution 2286 10.39%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2360 10.73%
High blood sugar 2155 9.8%
High total cholesterol 1195 5.43%
High blood pressure 4406 20.03%


Senegal - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 397 1.76%
Drug use 17 0.08%
Alcohol use 259 1.15%
Smoking 1006 4.45%
Secondhand smoke 358 1.59%
Household air pollution 2592 11.48%
Outdoor air pollution 2160 9.56%
No access to handwashing facility 737 3.26%
Poor sanitation 708 3.14%
Unsafe water source 843 3.73%
Unsafe sex 157 0.7%
Low physical activity 750 3.32%
Diet low in vegetables 849 3.76%
Diet low in fruits 1249 5.53%
High cholesterol 1141 5.05%
High blood pressure 5193 23%
High blood sugar 2601 11.52%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1566 6.93%


Senegal - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 1342 | Deaths : 615 45.83%
Breast cancer Patients : 2829 | Deaths : 680 24.04%
Larynx cancer Patients : 158 | Deaths : 83 52.53%
Kidney cancer Patients : 616 | Deaths : 85 13.8%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 129 | Deaths : 31 24.03%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 417 | Deaths : 134 32.13%
Stomach cancer Patients : 862 | Deaths : 817 94.78%
Uterine cancer Patients : 456 | Deaths : 134 29.39%
Bladder cancer Patients : 440 | Deaths : 170 38.64%
Cervical cancer Patients : 4542 | Deaths : 892 19.64%
Prostate cancer Patients : 1397 | Deaths : 654 46.81%
Testicular cancer Patients : 45 | Deaths : 15 33.33%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 376 | Deaths : 181 48.14%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 299 | Deaths : 206 68.9%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 78 | Deaths : 20 25.64%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 910 | Deaths : 489 53.74%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 100 | Deaths : 27 27%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 416 | Deaths : 96 23.08%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 430 | Deaths : 231 53.72%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 498 | Deaths : 134 26.91%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 66 | Deaths : 49 74.24%


Senegal - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 598 4.79%
5-14 year olds 185 1.48%
15-49 year olds 4064 32.53%
50-69 year olds 5069 40.57%
70+ year olds 2577 20.63%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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