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Saudi Arabia Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Saudi Arabia

CONTENT


Causes of death across Saudi Arabia are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Saudi Arabia.

Highlights of Saudi Arabia BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Saudi Arabia gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 111.69%111.69%
    • Fat : 56.54%56.54%
    • Plant protein : 12.04%12.04%
    • Animal protein : 9.30%9.30%
  • 89.57% increase in caloric supply : Currently Saudi Arabia gets 3255/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 1717/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Sugar are three major diet compositions in Saudi Arabia
  • Wheat, Rice and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in Saudi Arabia
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Saudi Arabia average intake is 288.74 grams
  • Dates, Oranges & Mandarines and Apples are three major Fruit Types Intake in Saudi Arabia
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Saudi Arabia average Fruit intake is 250.74grams
  • In Saudi Arabia, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 69.00% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Saudi Arabia is in the range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Saudi Arabia
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Wheat797
2Rice385
3Maize186
4Sorghum32
5Oats4
6Rye0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Saudi Arabia

Diet Compositions in Saudi Arabia
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1427
2Oils & Fats581
3Sugar308
4Fruits & Vegetables290
5Meat281
6Dairy & Eggs161
7Other110
8Pulses58
9Starchy Roots39
10Alcoholic Beverages0

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Saudi Arabia with 32970 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 37% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Road incidents were the highest types of death causes in Saudi Arabia.
    Major Cause of Death in Saudi Arabia
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 38680 deaths (year 2016).
  • 43.79% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Road accidents, Cancers and Drowning are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Road accidents, Cardiovascular disease and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 43% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Saudi Arabia (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Saudi Arabia - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Saudi Arabia are High blood pressure, High body-mass index (obesity) and High blood sugar. Every year around 152 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Outdoor air pollution and Unsafe water source are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • High body-mass index (obesity), High blood pressure and High total cholesterol are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, High body-mass index (obesity) and High blood sugar are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Saudi Arabia (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.32% of Saudi Arabia population was suffering from cancer i.e. 54992 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Colon & rectum cancer (Count : 1233) and Breast cancer was also concerning with 897 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 5% of survival chance.Saudi Arabia was really successful in diagnosing Thyroid cancer where 99% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 21360 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 8379 were suffering from Colon & rectum cancer out of which 1233 people were dead. This means 14.72% death rate of people suffering from Colon & rectum cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Saudi Arabia and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Saudi Arabia :
  • 0.32 % of Saudi Arabia population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Colon & rectum cancer
  • Thyroid cancer was most cured cancer in Saudi Arabia
  • Colon & rectum cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Saudi Arabia

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Saudi Arabia (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 4148 4.65%
Cardiovascular diseases 32970 36.97%
Kidney disease 4931 5.53%
Respiratory disease 2344 2.63%
Liver disease 2445 2.74%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 9117 10.22%
Digestive disease 699 0.78%
Hepatitis 138 0.15%
Cancers 11640 13.05%
Parkinson's disease 337 0.38%
Fire 507 0.57%
Malaria 17 0.02%
Drowning 823 0.92%
Homicide 129 0.14%
HIV/AIDS 288 0.32%
Drug disorder 246 0.28%
Tuberculosis 842 0.94%
Road incidents 9412 10.55%
Maternal deaths 43 0.05%
Neonatal deaths 1476 1.65%
Alcohol disorder 73 0.08%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 281 0.32%
Neonatal deaths 1476 1.65%
Respiratory disease 2344 2.63%
Liver disease 2445 2.74%
Dementia 4148 4.65%
Lower respiratory infections 4611.04542921 5.17%
Kidney disease 4931 5.53%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 9117 10.22%
Road incidents 9412 10.55%
Cancers 11640 13.05%
Cardiovascular diseases 32970 36.97%


Saudi Arabia - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 4 0.12%
Congenital birth defects 4 0.12%
Neonatal infections 5 0.15%
Road accidents 0 0%
Cancers 3 0.09%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 41 1.22%
Lower respiratory infections 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 1476 43.79%
Drowning 65 1.93%
Cardiovascular disease 1 0.03%
Fire 7 0.21%
HIV/AIDS 31 0.92%
Liver disease 0 0%
Kidney disease 16 0.47%
Digestive diseases 47 1.39%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 0.03%
Protein-energy malnutrition 6 0.18%
Homicide 44 1.31%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 7 0.21%
Measles 6 0.18%
Tuberculosis 18 0.53%
Hepatitis 1073 31.83%
Malaria 43 1.28%
Drug use disorders 2 0.06%
Natural disasters 471 13.97%


Saudi Arabia - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 6 0.67%
Homicide 8 0.89%
Nutritional deficiencies 3 0.33%
Protein-energy malnutrition 2 0.22%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 7 0.78%
Diarrheal diseases 13 1.44%
Road accidents 315 34.96%
Tuberculosis 6 0.67%
HIV/AIDS 4 0.44%
Drowning 94 10.43%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 32 3.55%
Cancers 165 18.31%
Hepatitis 1 0.11%
Digestive diseases 7 0.78%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 68 7.55%
Liver disease 11 1.22%
Respiratory disease 13 1.44%
Kidney disease 20 2.22%
Cardiovascular disease 58 6.44%
Lower respiratory infections 68 7.55%


Saudi Arabia - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 735 4.35%
Homicide 88 0.52%
Nutritional deficiencies 7 0.04%
Protein-energy malnutrition 4 0.02%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 71 0.42%
Diarrheal diseases 37 0.22%
Road accidents 6150 36.37%
Tuberculosis 237 1.4%
HIV/AIDS 230 1.36%
Drowning 506 2.99%
Malaria 13 0.08%
Fire 282 1.67%
Cancers 2253 13.33%
Hepatitis 28 0.17%
Digestive diseases 105 0.62%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 936 5.54%
Liver disease 371 2.19%
Respiratory disease 228 1.35%
Kidney disease 508 3%
Cardiovascular disease 3371 19.94%
Drug disorder 170 1.01%
Alcohol disorder 41 0.24%
Parkinson's disease 9 0.05%
Dementia 10 0.06%
Lower respiratory infections 518 3.06%


Saudi Arabia - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 157 0.54%
Homicide 23 0.08%
Nutritional deficiencies 4 0.01%
Protein-energy malnutrition 3 0.01%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 44 0.15%
Diarrheal diseases 37 0.13%
Road accidents 2236 7.74%
Tuberculosis 223 0.77%
HIV/AIDS 44 0.15%
Drowning 170 0.59%
Malaria 3 0.01%
Fire 111 0.38%
Cancers 4525 15.66%
Hepatitis 67 0.23%
Digestive diseases 221 0.77%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 3033 10.5%
Liver disease 1122 3.88%
Respiratory disease 806 2.79%
Kidney disease 1844 6.38%
Cardiovascular diseases 12385 42.87%
Dementia 475 1.64%
Parkinson's disease 55 0.19%
Drug disorder 47 0.16%
Alcohol disorder 26 0.09%
Lower respiratory infections 1227 4.25%


Saudi Arabia - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 32 0.08%
Homicide 7 0.02%
Nutritional deficiencies 36 0.09%
Protein-energy malnutrition 34 0.08%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 6 0.01%
Diarrheal diseases 153 0.38%
Road accidents 645 1.61%
Tuberculosis 375 0.93%
HIV/AIDS 3 0.01%
Drowning 23 0.06%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 67 0.17%
Cancers 4649 11.59%
Hepatitis 42 0.1%
Digestive diseases 361 0.9%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 5036 12.56%
Liver disease 935 2.33%
Respiratory disease 1290 3.22%
Kidney disease 2553 6.36%
Cardiovascular disease 17138 42.73%
Parkinson's disease 273 0.68%
Dementia 3662 9.13%
Drug use disorders 29 0.07%
Alcohol use disorders 7 0.02%
Lower respiratory infections 2755 6.87%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Saudi Arabia
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 152 0.16%
Poor sanitation 44 0.05%
No access to handwashing facility 218 0.22%
Household air pollution 95 0.1%
Outdoor air pollution 11210 11.54%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 13 0.01%
Discontinued breastfeeding 2 0%
Child wasting 55 0.06%
Child stunting 4 0%
Low birth weight 597 0.61%
Secondhand smoke 1391 1.43%
Alcohol use 259 0.27%
Drug use 1315 1.35%
Diet low in fruits 4547 4.68%
Diet low in vegetables 3830 3.94%
Unsafe sex 329 0.34%
Low physical activity 3808 3.92%
High blood sugar 14794 15.23%
High cholesterol 10331 10.64%
High body-mass index (obesity) 17143 17.65%
High blood pressure 20243 20.84%
Smoking 5736 5.91%
Iron deficiency 4 0%
Zinc deficiency 2 0%
Vitamin-A deficiency 1 0%
Low bone mineral density 1013 1.04%


Saudi Arabia - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 2 0.27%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 13 1.77%
Child stunting 4 0.54%
Low birth weight 597 81.34%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 8 1.09%
Secondhand smoke 3 0.41%
Poor sanitation 6 0.82%
Unsafe water source 22 3%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 21 2.86%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1 0.14%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 2 0.27%
Child wasting 55 7.49%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Saudi Arabia - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 4 6.15%
Unsafe water source 7 10.77%
Unsafe sex 1 1.54%
Iron deficiency 3 4.62%
Secondhand smoke 5 7.69%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 34 52.31%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1 1.54%
High blood sugar 7 10.77%
High blood pressure 1 1.54%
Poor sanitation 2 3.08%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Saudi Arabia - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 3 0.02%
Low bone mineral density 155 1.27%
Drug use 443 3.62%
Alcohol use 137 1.12%
No access to handwashing facility 25 0.2%
Unsafe water source 20 0.16%
Poor sanitation 6 0.05%
Smoking 1156 9.44%
Secondhand smoke 125 1.02%
Low physical activity 314 2.56%
Diet low in fruits 764 6.24%
Diet low in vegetables 605 4.94%
Unsafe sex 208 1.7%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2292 18.71%
Household air pollution 12 0.1%
Outdoor air pollution 1517 12.39%
High total cholesterol 1691 13.81%
High blood pressure 1797 14.67%
High blood sugar 977 7.98%


Saudi Arabia - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 400 0.97%
Drug use 644 1.56%
Alcohol use 104 0.25%
No access to handwashing facility 52 0.13%
Poor sanitation 6 0.01%
Unsafe sex 75 0.18%
Smoking 2928 7.1%
Secondhand smoke 540 1.31%
Unsafe water source 20 0.05%
Diet low in vegetables 1711 4.15%
Diet low in fruits 2024 4.9%
Low physical activity 1408 3.41%
Outdoor air pollution 4635 11.23%
Household air pollution 37 0.09%
High body-mass index (obesity) 7900 19.14%
High blood sugar 5536 13.42%
High total cholesterol 4842 11.73%
High blood pressure 8403 20.36%


Saudi Arabia - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 458 1.07%
Drug use 229 0.53%
Alcohol use 17 0.04%
Smoking 1652 3.86%
Secondhand smoke 719 1.68%
Household air pollution 46 0.11%
Outdoor air pollution 5003 11.68%
No access to handwashing facility 129 0.3%
Poor sanitation 24 0.06%
Unsafe water source 83 0.19%
Unsafe sex 45 0.11%
Low physical activity 2085 4.87%
Diet low in vegetables 1514 3.54%
Diet low in fruits 1759 4.11%
High cholesterol 3798 8.87%
High blood pressure 10043 23.45%
High blood sugar 8272 19.32%
High body-mass index (obesity) 6950 16.23%


Saudi Arabia - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 1530 | Deaths : 556 36.34%
Breast cancer Patients : 16204 | Deaths : 897 5.54%
Larynx cancer Patients : 677 | Deaths : 108 15.95%
Kidney cancer Patients : 2313 | Deaths : 202 8.73%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 9738 | Deaths : 140 1.44%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 1314 | Deaths : 242 18.42%
Stomach cancer Patients : 815 | Deaths : 522 64.05%
Uterine cancer Patients : 2075 | Deaths : 86 4.14%
Bladder cancer Patients : 3393 | Deaths : 303 8.93%
Cervical cancer Patients : 1012 | Deaths : 114 11.26%
Prostate cancer Patients : 5659 | Deaths : 403 7.12%
Testicular cancer Patients : 922 | Deaths : 16 1.74%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 705 | Deaths : 479 67.94%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 247 | Deaths : 235 95.14%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 614 | Deaths : 107 17.43%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 8379 | Deaths : 1233 14.72%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 119 | Deaths : 46 38.66%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 1351 | Deaths : 167 12.36%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 2011 | Deaths : 731 36.35%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 1290 | Deaths : 243 18.84%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 175 | Deaths : 92 52.57%


Saudi Arabia - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 568 1.03%
5-14 year olds 688 1.25%
15-49 year olds 20868 37.95%
50-69 year olds 21360 38.84%
70+ year olds 11508 20.93%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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