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Puerto Rico Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Puerto Rico

CONTENT


Causes of death across Puerto Rico are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Puerto Rico.

Highlights of Puerto Rico BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Puerto Rico average intake is 0.00 grams
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Puerto Rico average Fruit intake is 0.00grams
  • In Puerto Rico, average male height is in the increasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • Average Male BMI in Puerto Rico is in the range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Puerto Rico
RankCerealskcal/capita/day

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Puerto Rico

Diet Compositions in Puerto Rico
RankTypekilocalories per person per day

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Puerto Rico with 8430 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 28% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease were the highest types of death causes in Puerto Rico.
    Major Cause of Death in Puerto Rico
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 19529 deaths (year 2016).
  • 50.9% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Cancers, Road accidents and Homicide are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Homicide, Cancers and Cardiovascular disease are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cancers, Cardiovascular diseases and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 26% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cancers.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Puerto Rico (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Puerto Rico - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Puerto Rico are High blood sugar, High blood pressure and High body-mass index (obesity). Every year around 35 people die due to High blood sugar.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Iron deficiency and Alcohol use are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Alcohol use, High body-mass index (obesity) and High blood sugar are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood sugar, High body-mass index (obesity) and High blood pressure are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood sugar is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Puerto Rico (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


1.07% of Puerto Rico population was suffering from cancer i.e. 49548 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Colon & rectum cancer (Count : 831) and Prostate cancer was also concerning with 653 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 10% of survival chance.Puerto Rico was really successful in diagnosing Testicular cancer where 99% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 21243 people were of age group 70+ year olds.In 2016, 9710 were suffering from Colon & rectum cancer out of which 831 people were dead. This means 8.56% death rate of people suffering from Colon & rectum cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Puerto Rico and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Puerto Rico :
  • 1.07 % of Puerto Rico population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Colon & rectum cancer
  • Testicular cancer was most cured cancer in Puerto Rico
  • Colon & rectum cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Puerto Rico

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Puerto Rico (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 2081 6.87%
Cardiovascular diseases 8430 27.85%
Kidney disease 1366 4.51%
Respiratory disease 1572 5.19%
Liver disease 955 3.15%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 5039 16.65%
Digestive disease 553 1.83%
Hepatitis 22 0.07%
Cancers 5800 19.16%
Parkinson's disease 181 0.6%
Fire 44 0.15%
Malaria 0 0%
Drowning 45 0.15%
Homicide 658 2.17%
HIV/AIDS 279 0.92%
Drug disorder 183 0.6%
Tuberculosis 23 0.08%
Road incidents 477 1.58%
Maternal deaths 7 0.02%
Neonatal deaths 142 0.47%
Alcohol disorder 128 0.42%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 72 0.24%
Digestive disease 553 1.83%
Homicide 658 2.17%
Liver disease 955 3.15%
Kidney disease 1366 4.51%
Respiratory disease 1572 5.19%
Lower respiratory infections 1715.86761249 5.67%
Dementia 2081 6.87%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 5039 16.65%
Cancers 5800 19.16%
Cardiovascular diseases 8430 27.85%


Puerto Rico - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 3 1.08%
Congenital birth defects 0 0%
Neonatal infections 1 0.36%
Lower respiratory infections 0 0%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 0 0%
Cancers 4 1.43%
Cardiovascular disease 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 142 50.9%
Road accidents 3 1.08%
Digestive diseases 0 0%
Homicide 2 0.72%
HIV/AIDS 1 0.36%
Kidney disease 0 0%
Drowning 1 0.36%
Fire 5 1.79%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 3 1.08%
Liver disease 10 3.58%
Measles 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.36%
Hepatitis 5 1.79%
Tuberculosis 59 21.15%
Drug use disorders 15 5.38%
Malaria 0 0%
Natural disasters 24 8.6%


Puerto Rico - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 1 3.23%
Homicide 4 12.9%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Road accidents 6 19.35%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 1 3.23%
Drowning 2 6.45%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 0 0%
Cancers 9 29.03%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 1 3.23%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 3 9.68%
Liver disease 0 0%
Respiratory disease 1 3.23%
Kidney disease 0 0%
Cardiovascular disease 2 6.45%
Lower respiratory infections 1 3.23%


Puerto Rico - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 168 6.27%
Homicide 541 20.19%
Nutritional deficiencies 3 0.11%
Protein-energy malnutrition 3 0.11%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 2 0.07%
Diarrheal diseases 6 0.22%
Road accidents 260 9.7%
Tuberculosis 3 0.11%
HIV/AIDS 176 6.57%
Drowning 27 1.01%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 6 0.22%
Cancers 388 14.48%
Hepatitis 7 0.26%
Digestive diseases 43 1.6%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 258 9.63%
Liver disease 114 4.25%
Respiratory disease 47 1.75%
Kidney disease 75 2.8%
Cardiovascular disease 310 11.57%
Drug disorder 131 4.89%
Alcohol disorder 33 1.23%
Parkinson's disease 1 0.04%
Dementia 1 0.04%
Lower respiratory infections 77 2.87%


Puerto Rico - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 96 1.29%
Homicide 85 1.14%
Nutritional deficiencies 10 0.13%
Protein-energy malnutrition 9 0.12%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 2 0.03%
Diarrheal diseases 12 0.16%
Road accidents 116 1.55%
Tuberculosis 7 0.09%
HIV/AIDS 90 1.2%
Drowning 11 0.15%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 8 0.11%
Cancers 1931 25.85%
Hepatitis 10 0.13%
Digestive diseases 131 1.75%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1442 19.3%
Liver disease 461 6.17%
Respiratory disease 277 3.71%
Kidney disease 379 5.07%
Cardiovascular diseases 1869 25.02%
Dementia 91 1.22%
Parkinson's disease 14 0.19%
Drug disorder 31 0.41%
Alcohol disorder 67 0.9%
Lower respiratory infections 321 4.3%


Puerto Rico - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 49 0.25%
Homicide 26 0.13%
Nutritional deficiencies 68 0.34%
Protein-energy malnutrition 61 0.31%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 4 0.02%
Diarrheal diseases 49 0.25%
Road accidents 92 0.46%
Tuberculosis 12 0.06%
HIV/AIDS 10 0.05%
Drowning 5 0.03%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 29 0.15%
Cancers 3467 17.45%
Hepatitis 5 0.03%
Digestive diseases 376 1.89%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 3326 16.74%
Liver disease 380 1.91%
Respiratory disease 1246 6.27%
Kidney disease 911 4.59%
Cardiovascular disease 6245 31.43%
Parkinson's disease 166 0.84%
Dementia 1989 10.01%
Drug use disorders 22 0.11%
Alcohol use disorders 27 0.14%
Lower respiratory infections 1302 6.55%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Puerto Rico
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 35 0.13%
Poor sanitation 15 0.05%
No access to handwashing facility 58 0.21%
Household air pollution 5 0.02%
Outdoor air pollution 1358 4.98%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 4 0.01%
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Child wasting 7 0.03%
Child stunting 1 0%
Low birth weight 80 0.29%
Secondhand smoke 205 0.75%
Alcohol use 1890 6.93%
Drug use 522 1.91%
Diet low in fruits 770 2.82%
Diet low in vegetables 923 3.38%
Unsafe sex 361 1.32%
Low physical activity 906 3.32%
High blood sugar 6140 22.51%
High cholesterol 2093 7.67%
High body-mass index (obesity) 4154 15.23%
High blood pressure 5418 19.86%
Smoking 2150 7.88%
Iron deficiency 1 0%
Zinc deficiency 0 0%
Vitamin-A deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 183 0.67%


Puerto Rico - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 4 3.96%
Child stunting 1 0.99%
Low birth weight 80 79.21%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 1 0.99%
Secondhand smoke 1 0.99%
Poor sanitation 1 0.99%
Unsafe water source 2 1.98%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 3 2.97%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 1 0.99%
Child wasting 7 6.93%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


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Puerto Rico - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths


Puerto Rico - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 5 0.26%
Drug use 188 9.71%
Alcohol use 480 24.78%
No access to handwashing facility 3 0.15%
Unsafe water source 3 0.15%
Poor sanitation 1 0.05%
Smoking 107 5.52%
Secondhand smoke 12 0.62%
Low physical activity 24 1.24%
Diet low in fruits 50 2.58%
Diet low in vegetables 52 2.68%
Unsafe sex 169 8.72%
High body-mass index (obesity) 283 14.61%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 63 3.25%
High total cholesterol 113 5.83%
High blood pressure 184 9.5%
High blood sugar 200 10.33%


Puerto Rico - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 28 0.33%
Drug use 209 2.48%
Alcohol use 734 8.7%
No access to handwashing facility 11 0.13%
Poor sanitation 2 0.02%
Unsafe sex 127 1.5%
Smoking 721 8.54%
Secondhand smoke 64 0.76%
Unsafe water source 6 0.07%
Diet low in vegetables 275 3.26%
Diet low in fruits 279 3.31%
Low physical activity 204 2.42%
Outdoor air pollution 365 4.33%
Household air pollution 1 0.01%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1644 19.48%
High blood sugar 1788 21.19%
High total cholesterol 608 7.2%
High blood pressure 1373 16.27%


Puerto Rico - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 150 0.89%
Drug use 126 0.75%
Alcohol use 675 4.02%
Smoking 1322 7.87%
Secondhand smoke 129 0.77%
Household air pollution 3 0.02%
Outdoor air pollution 928 5.52%
No access to handwashing facility 43 0.26%
Poor sanitation 10 0.06%
Unsafe water source 24 0.14%
Unsafe sex 65 0.39%
Low physical activity 678 4.04%
Diet low in vegetables 596 3.55%
Diet low in fruits 441 2.63%
High cholesterol 1372 8.17%
High blood pressure 3860 22.98%
High blood sugar 4151 24.71%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2227 13.26%


Puerto Rico - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 346 | Deaths : 141 40.75%
Breast cancer Patients : 8914 | Deaths : 483 5.42%
Larynx cancer Patients : 580 | Deaths : 74 12.76%
Kidney cancer Patients : 775 | Deaths : 88 11.35%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 986 | Deaths : 20 2.03%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 581 | Deaths : 125 21.51%
Stomach cancer Patients : 1489 | Deaths : 314 21.09%
Uterine cancer Patients : 3419 | Deaths : 75 2.19%
Bladder cancer Patients : 1509 | Deaths : 144 9.54%
Cervical cancer Patients : 943 | Deaths : 121 12.83%
Prostate cancer Patients : 11444 | Deaths : 653 5.71%
Testicular cancer Patients : 512 | Deaths : 5 0.98%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 299 | Deaths : 213 71.24%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 177 | Deaths : 160 90.4%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 73 | Deaths : 20 27.4%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 9710 | Deaths : 831 8.56%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 387 | Deaths : 58 14.99%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 651 | Deaths : 88 13.52%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 330 | Deaths : 97 29.39%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 1249 | Deaths : 46 3.68%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 40 | Deaths : 36 90%


Puerto Rico - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 310 0.63%
5-14 year olds 144 0.29%
15-49 year olds 6769 13.66%
50-69 year olds 21081 42.55%
70+ year olds 21243 42.87%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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