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Portugal Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Portugal

CONTENT


Causes of death across Portugal are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Portugal.

Highlights of Portugal BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Portugal gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 71.51%71.51%
    • Fat : 51.00%51.00%
    • Animal protein : 10.87%10.87%
    • Plant protein : 7.04%7.04%
  • 40.43% increase in caloric supply : Currently Portugal gets 3477/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2476/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Meat are three major diet compositions in Portugal
  • Wheat, Rice and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in Portugal
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Portugal average intake is 416.60 grams
  • Oranges & Mandarines, Apples and Bananas are three major Fruit Types Intake in Portugal
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Portugal average Fruit intake is 343.15grams
  • In Portugal, average male height is in the increasing trend and female height is in increasing trend
  • 62.30% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Portugal is in the range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Portugal
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Wheat696
2Rice152
3Maize131
4Rye29
5Barley10
6Oats6
7Sorghum0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Portugal

Diet Compositions in Portugal
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1028
2Oils & Fats747
3Meat461
4Dairy & Eggs286
5Sugar257
6Fruits & Vegetables254
7Alcoholic Beverages214
8Starchy Roots124
9Other70
10Pulses36

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Portugal with 37274 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 33% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Dementia were the highest types of death causes in Portugal.
    Major Cause of Death in Portugal
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 88118 deaths (year 2016).
  • 41.25% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Cancers, Road accidents and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cancers, Cardiovascular disease and Suicide are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cancers, Cardiovascular diseases and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 49% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cancers.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Portugal (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Portugal - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Portugal are High blood pressure, Alcohol use and High blood sugar. Every year around 16 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Alcohol use and Secondhand smoke are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Alcohol use, Smoking and High blood pressure are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • Smoking, Alcohol use and High blood pressure are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Portugal (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.88% of Portugal population was suffering from cancer i.e. 149797 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Colon & rectum cancer (Count : 4304) and Stomach cancer was also concerning with 2795 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 12% of survival chance.Portugal was really successful in diagnosing Testicular cancer where 98% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 78350 people were of age group 70+ year olds.In 2016, 29891 were suffering from Colon & rectum cancer out of which 4304 people were dead. This means 14.4% death rate of people suffering from Colon & rectum cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Portugal and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Portugal :
  • 0.88 % of Portugal population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Colon & rectum cancer
  • Testicular cancer was most cured cancer in Portugal
  • Colon & rectum cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Portugal

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Portugal (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 10824 9.65%
Cardiovascular diseases 37274 33.25%
Kidney disease 3119 2.78%
Respiratory disease 6594 5.88%
Liver disease 2184 1.95%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 9261 8.26%
Digestive disease 2725 2.43%
Hepatitis 28 0.02%
Cancers 28309 25.25%
Parkinson's disease 842 0.75%
Fire 140 0.12%
Malaria 0 0%
Drowning 129 0.12%
Homicide 151 0.13%
HIV/AIDS 449 0.4%
Drug disorder 149 0.13%
Tuberculosis 222 0.2%
Road incidents 1094 0.98%
Maternal deaths 8 0.01%
Neonatal deaths 99 0.09%
Alcohol disorder 218 0.19%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 158 0.14%
Suicide 1427 1.27%
Liver disease 2184 1.95%
Digestive disease 2725 2.43%
Kidney disease 3119 2.78%
Lower respiratory infections 6329.38992006 5.65%
Respiratory disease 6594 5.88%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 9261 8.26%
Dementia 10824 9.65%
Cancers 28309 25.25%
Cardiovascular diseases 37274 33.25%


Portugal - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 3 1.25%
Congenital birth defects 1 0.42%
Cancers 1 0.42%
Neonatal infections 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 0 0%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 4 1.67%
Road accidents 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 99 41.25%
Cardiovascular disease 5 2.08%
Homicide 0 0%
Drowning 1 0.42%
Digestive diseases 3 1.25%
Fire 0 0%
Kidney disease 2 0.83%
HIV/AIDS 12 5%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 2 0.83%
Liver disease 11 4.58%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
Hepatitis 1 0.42%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 3 1.25%
Measles 69 28.75%
Drug use disorders 11 4.58%
Natural disasters 0 0%
12 5%


Portugal - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 1 1.2%
Homicide 4 4.82%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Road accidents 17 20.48%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 1 1.2%
Drowning 5 6.02%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 1 1.2%
Cancers 34 40.96%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 1 1.2%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 8 9.64%
Liver disease 1 1.2%
Respiratory disease 2 2.41%
Kidney disease 1 1.2%
Cardiovascular disease 3 3.61%
Lower respiratory infections 4 4.82%


Portugal - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 518 10.74%
Homicide 78 1.62%
Nutritional deficiencies 2 0.04%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 0.02%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 9 0.19%
Diarrheal diseases 4 0.08%
Road accidents 467 9.68%
Tuberculosis 26 0.54%
HIV/AIDS 295 6.12%
Drowning 40 0.83%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 16 0.33%
Cancers 1706 35.38%
Hepatitis 8 0.17%
Digestive diseases 83 1.72%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 169 3.5%
Liver disease 364 7.55%
Respiratory disease 73 1.51%
Kidney disease 46 0.95%
Cardiovascular disease 668 13.85%
Drug disorder 55 1.14%
Alcohol disorder 55 1.14%
Parkinson's disease 1 0.02%
Dementia 7 0.15%
Lower respiratory infections 131 2.72%


Portugal - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 443 2.49%
Homicide 41 0.23%
Nutritional deficiencies 7 0.04%
Protein-energy malnutrition 5 0.03%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 12 0.07%
Diarrheal diseases 13 0.07%
Road accidents 276 1.55%
Tuberculosis 54 0.3%
HIV/AIDS 134 0.75%
Drowning 34 0.19%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 22 0.12%
Cancers 8657 48.7%
Hepatitis 11 0.06%
Digestive diseases 353 1.99%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 994 5.59%
Liver disease 977 5.5%
Respiratory disease 570 3.21%
Kidney disease 281 1.58%
Cardiovascular diseases 3952 22.23%
Dementia 271 1.52%
Parkinson's disease 45 0.25%
Drug disorder 24 0.13%
Alcohol disorder 85 0.48%
Lower respiratory infections 517 2.91%


Portugal - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 465 0.52%
Homicide 26 0.03%
Nutritional deficiencies 146 0.16%
Protein-energy malnutrition 103 0.12%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 51 0.06%
Diarrheal diseases 136 0.15%
Road accidents 328 0.37%
Tuberculosis 142 0.16%
HIV/AIDS 17 0.02%
Drowning 46 0.05%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 99 0.11%
Cancers 17900 20.06%
Hepatitis 9 0.01%
Digestive diseases 2284 2.56%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 8079 9.06%
Liver disease 843 0.94%
Respiratory disease 5948 6.67%
Kidney disease 2789 3.13%
Cardiovascular disease 32648 36.59%
Parkinson's disease 796 0.89%
Dementia 10547 11.82%
Drug use disorders 71 0.08%
Alcohol use disorders 78 0.09%
Lower respiratory infections 5665 6.35%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Portugal
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 16 0.02%
Poor sanitation 18 0.02%
No access to handwashing facility 54 0.06%
Household air pollution 254 0.28%
Outdoor air pollution 3576 3.9%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 3 0%
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Child wasting 5 0.01%
Child stunting 0 0%
Low birth weight 41 0.04%
Secondhand smoke 1098 1.2%
Alcohol use 13716 14.97%
Drug use 761 0.83%
Diet low in fruits 3341 3.65%
Diet low in vegetables 1790 1.95%
Unsafe sex 781 0.85%
Low physical activity 3398 3.71%
High blood sugar 12545 13.69%
High cholesterol 7934 8.66%
High body-mass index (obesity) 11632 12.7%
High blood pressure 19042 20.79%
Smoking 10870 11.87%
Iron deficiency 8 0.01%
Zinc deficiency 0 0%
Vitamin-A deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 727 0.79%


Portugal - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 3 5.77%
Child stunting 0 0%
Low birth weight 41 78.85%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Secondhand smoke 2 3.85%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 1 1.92%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
Child wasting 5 9.62%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Portugal - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 2 66.67%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Unsafe sex 0 0%
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Secondhand smoke 1 33.33%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 0 0%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Portugal - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 14 0.34%
Drug use 203 4.95%
Alcohol use 1220 29.76%
No access to handwashing facility 1 0.02%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Smoking 806 19.66%
Secondhand smoke 26 0.63%
Low physical activity 45 1.1%
Diet low in fruits 166 4.05%
Diet low in vegetables 62 1.51%
Unsafe sex 322 7.86%
High body-mass index (obesity) 364 8.88%
Household air pollution 7 0.17%
Outdoor air pollution 104 2.54%
High total cholesterol 248 6.05%
High blood pressure 374 9.12%
High blood sugar 137 3.34%


Portugal - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 71 0.41%
Drug use 351 2%
Alcohol use 3541 20.23%
No access to handwashing facility 4 0.02%
Poor sanitation 1 0.01%
Unsafe sex 251 1.43%
Smoking 3810 21.76%
Secondhand smoke 167 0.95%
Unsafe water source 1 0.01%
Diet low in vegetables 261 1.49%
Diet low in fruits 746 4.26%
Low physical activity 330 1.88%
Outdoor air pollution 545 3.11%
Household air pollution 38 0.22%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2317 13.23%
High blood sugar 1506 8.6%
High total cholesterol 1108 6.33%
High blood pressure 2460 14.05%


Portugal - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 7 0.01%
Low bone mineral density 642 0.92%
Drug use 208 0.3%
Alcohol use 8954 12.8%
Smoking 6253 8.94%
Secondhand smoke 903 1.29%
Household air pollution 208 0.3%
Outdoor air pollution 2925 4.18%
No access to handwashing facility 48 0.07%
Poor sanitation 15 0.02%
Unsafe water source 14 0.02%
Unsafe sex 207 0.3%
Low physical activity 3023 4.32%
Diet low in vegetables 1467 2.1%
Diet low in fruits 2429 3.47%
High cholesterol 6578 9.4%
High blood pressure 16208 23.17%
High blood sugar 10902 15.59%
High body-mass index (obesity) 8951 12.8%


Portugal - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 1073 | Deaths : 416 38.77%
Breast cancer Patients : 29672 | Deaths : 1888 6.36%
Larynx cancer Patients : 1583 | Deaths : 374 23.63%
Kidney cancer Patients : 3416 | Deaths : 458 13.41%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 2494 | Deaths : 102 4.09%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 1738 | Deaths : 478 27.5%
Stomach cancer Patients : 5381 | Deaths : 2795 51.94%
Uterine cancer Patients : 6944 | Deaths : 320 4.61%
Bladder cancer Patients : 8206 | Deaths : 1024 12.48%
Cervical cancer Patients : 2644 | Deaths : 367 13.88%
Prostate cancer Patients : 29697 | Deaths : 2256 7.6%
Testicular cancer Patients : 706 | Deaths : 17 2.41%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 1557 | Deaths : 1050 67.44%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 740 | Deaths : 651 87.97%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 623 | Deaths : 111 17.82%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 29891 | Deaths : 4304 14.4%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 2865 | Deaths : 233 8.13%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 3310 | Deaths : 400 12.08%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 3360 | Deaths : 857 25.51%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 4624 | Deaths : 415 8.97%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 494 | Deaths : 282 57.09%


Portugal - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 226 0.15%
5-14 year olds 239 0.16%
15-49 year olds 15540 10.37%
50-69 year olds 55441 37.01%
70+ year olds 78350 52.3%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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