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Peru Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Peru

CONTENT


Causes of death across Peru are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Peru.

Highlights of Peru BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Peru gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 91.29%91.29%
    • Fat : 21.66%21.66%
    • Plant protein : 9.01%9.01%
    • Animal protein : 5.09%5.09%
  • 27.06% increase in caloric supply : Currently Peru gets 2700/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2125/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Starchy Roots and Fruits & Vegetables are three major diet compositions in Peru
  • Rice, Wheat and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in Peru
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Peru average intake is 181.23 grams
  • Plantains, Oranges & Mandarines and Pineapples are three major Fruit Types Intake in Peru
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Peru average Fruit intake is 323.86grams
  • In Peru, average male height is in the increasing trend and female height is in increasing trend
  • 56.30% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Peru is in the range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Peru
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Rice519
2Wheat355
3Maize185
4Barley35
5Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Peru

Diet Compositions in Peru
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1105
2Starchy Roots385
3Fruits & Vegetables253
4Oils & Fats241
5Sugar225
6Meat141
7Dairy & Eggs133
8Pulses81
9Alcoholic Beverages75
10Other61

Major Cause of Death


Cancers was a major cause of death in Peru with 25528 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 20% of total deaths. Overall Cancers, Cardiovascular diseases and Lower respiratory infections were the highest types of death causes in Peru.
    Major Cause of Death in Peru
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 68740 deaths (year 2016).
  • 37.75% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Cancers, Lower respiratory infections and Road accidents are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cancers, Cardiovascular disease and Road accidents are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cancers, Cardiovascular diseases and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 30% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cancers.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Peru (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Peru - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Peru are High blood pressure, High body-mass index (obesity) and High blood sugar. Every year around 308 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Outdoor air pollution and Household air pollution are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Alcohol use, High body-mass index (obesity) and High blood pressure are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High body-mass index (obesity), High blood pressure and Alcohol use are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Peru (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.37% of Peru population was suffering from cancer i.e. 89449 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Stomach cancer (Count : 4114) and Prostate cancer was also concerning with 2194 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 7% of survival chance.Peru was really successful in diagnosing Testicular cancer where 94% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 36636 people were of age group 70+ year olds.In 2016, 6334 were suffering from Stomach cancer out of which 4114 people were dead. This means 64.95% death rate of people suffering from Stomach cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Peru and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Peru :
  • 0.37 % of Peru population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Stomach cancer
  • Testicular cancer was most cured cancer in Peru
  • Stomach cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Peru

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Peru (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 6205 4.9%
Cardiovascular diseases 24974 19.72%
Kidney disease 5605 4.43%
Respiratory disease 7006 5.53%
Liver disease 5230 4.13%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 11358 8.97%
Digestive disease 3854 3.04%
Hepatitis 78 0.06%
Cancers 25528 20.16%
Parkinson's disease 596 0.47%
Fire 358 0.28%
Malaria 8 0.01%
Drowning 856 0.68%
Homicide 1051 0.83%
HIV/AIDS 354 0.28%
Drug disorder 387 0.31%
Tuberculosis 1476 1.17%
Road incidents 4196 3.31%
Maternal deaths 527 0.42%
Neonatal deaths 4395 3.47%
Alcohol disorder 279 0.22%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 830 0.66%
Road incidents 4196 3.31%
Neonatal deaths 4395 3.47%
Liver disease 5230 4.13%
Kidney disease 5605 4.43%
Dementia 6205 4.9%
Respiratory disease 7006 5.53%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 11358 8.97%
Lower respiratory infections 17572.3954051 13.88%
Cardiovascular diseases 24974 19.72%
Cancers 25528 20.16%


Peru - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 47 0.4%
Congenital birth defects 169 1.45%
Lower respiratory infections 180 1.55%
Neonatal infections 0 0%
Road accidents 10 0.09%
Diarrheal diseases 265 2.28%
Cardiovascular disease 0 0%
Cancers 4395 37.75%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 277 2.38%
Drowning 24 0.21%
Nutritional deficiencies 4 0.03%
Protein-energy malnutrition 182 1.56%
Digestive diseases 1 0.01%
Kidney disease 65 0.56%
Fire 203 1.74%
Homicide 4 0.03%
Tuberculosis 162 1.39%
Liver disease 199 1.71%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 22 0.19%
HIV/AIDS 67 0.58%
Hepatitis 221 1.9%
Malaria 1960 16.84%
Drug use disorders 1921 16.5%
Measles 0 0%
Natural disasters 1263 10.85%


Peru - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 19 1.33%
Homicide 41 2.86%
Nutritional deficiencies 24 1.68%
Protein-energy malnutrition 21 1.47%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 8 0.56%
Diarrheal diseases 39 2.72%
Road accidents 240 16.76%
Tuberculosis 21 1.47%
HIV/AIDS 2 0.14%
Drowning 95 6.63%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 25 1.75%
Cancers 302 21.09%
Hepatitis 4 0.28%
Digestive diseases 69 4.82%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 68 4.75%
Liver disease 23 1.61%
Respiratory disease 27 1.89%
Kidney disease 36 2.51%
Cardiovascular disease 110 7.68%
Lower respiratory infections 258 18.02%


Peru - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 607 4.07%
Homicide 752 5.04%
Nutritional deficiencies 85 0.57%
Protein-energy malnutrition 66 0.44%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 56 0.38%
Diarrheal diseases 87 0.58%
Road accidents 2048 13.73%
Tuberculosis 510 3.42%
HIV/AIDS 291 1.95%
Drowning 338 2.27%
Malaria 3 0.02%
Fire 89 0.6%
Cancers 3286 22.03%
Hepatitis 24 0.16%
Digestive diseases 509 3.41%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 909 6.09%
Liver disease 810 5.43%
Respiratory disease 360 2.41%
Kidney disease 499 3.35%
Cardiovascular disease 2119 14.21%
Drug disorder 185 1.24%
Alcohol disorder 108 0.72%
Parkinson's disease 5 0.03%
Dementia 7 0.05%
Lower respiratory infections 1161 7.78%


Peru - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 190 0.65%
Homicide 164 0.56%
Nutritional deficiencies 164 0.56%
Protein-energy malnutrition 139 0.47%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 46 0.16%
Diarrheal diseases 111 0.38%
Road accidents 988 3.35%
Tuberculosis 456 1.55%
HIV/AIDS 50 0.17%
Drowning 165 0.56%
Malaria 2 0.01%
Fire 65 0.22%
Cancers 8933 30.33%
Hepatitis 26 0.09%
Digestive diseases 985 3.34%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 3153 10.71%
Liver disease 2262 7.68%
Respiratory disease 1216 4.13%
Kidney disease 1440 4.89%
Cardiovascular diseases 5368 18.23%
Dementia 371 1.26%
Parkinson's disease 63 0.21%
Drug disorder 94 0.32%
Alcohol disorder 119 0.4%
Lower respiratory infections 2879 9.78%


Peru - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 100 0.14%
Homicide 46 0.06%
Nutritional deficiencies 847 1.18%
Protein-energy malnutrition 775 1.08%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 30 0.04%
Diarrheal diseases 328 0.46%
Road accidents 643 0.9%
Tuberculosis 465 0.65%
HIV/AIDS 6 0.01%
Drowning 76 0.11%
Malaria 2 0%
Fire 114 0.16%
Cancers 12804 17.91%
Hepatitis 21 0.03%
Digestive diseases 2129 2.98%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 7029 9.83%
Liver disease 2113 2.96%
Respiratory disease 5360 7.5%
Kidney disease 3562 4.98%
Cardiovascular disease 17156 24%
Parkinson's disease 529 0.74%
Dementia 5827 8.15%
Drug use disorders 108 0.15%
Alcohol use disorders 53 0.07%
Lower respiratory infections 11354 15.88%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Peru
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 308 0.35%
Poor sanitation 367 0.42%
No access to handwashing facility 1032 1.18%
Household air pollution 5421 6.19%
Outdoor air pollution 7526 8.6%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 130 0.15%
Discontinued breastfeeding 6 0.01%
Child wasting 868 0.99%
Child stunting 214 0.24%
Low birth weight 1909 2.18%
Secondhand smoke 1228 1.4%
Alcohol use 7048 8.05%
Drug use 1032 1.18%
Diet low in fruits 2877 3.29%
Diet low in vegetables 3234 3.7%
Unsafe sex 1946 2.22%
Low physical activity 2217 2.53%
High blood sugar 10088 11.53%
High cholesterol 6418 7.33%
High body-mass index (obesity) 11332 12.95%
High blood pressure 14830 16.94%
Smoking 6542 7.47%
Iron deficiency 40 0.05%
Zinc deficiency 30 0.03%
Vitamin-A deficiency 6 0.01%
Low bone mineral density 874 1%


Peru - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 6 0.14%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 130 3.01%
Child stunting 214 4.95%
Low birth weight 1909 44.14%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 146 3.38%
Secondhand smoke 108 2.5%
Poor sanitation 117 2.71%
Unsafe water source 98 2.27%
Household air pollution 320 7.4%
Outdoor air pollution 402 9.29%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1 0.02%
High blood pressure 1 0.02%
High blood sugar 5 0.12%
Child wasting 868 20.07%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Peru - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 4 1.86%
No access to handwashing facility 20 9.3%
Unsafe water source 14 6.51%
Unsafe sex 1 0.47%
Iron deficiency 38 17.67%
Secondhand smoke 14 6.51%
Household air pollution 46 21.4%
Outdoor air pollution 54 25.12%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1 0.47%
High blood sugar 4 1.86%
High blood pressure 1 0.47%
Poor sanitation 17 7.91%
Iron deficiency 1 0.47%


Peru - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 38 0.38%
Low bone mineral density 51 0.51%
Drug use 375 3.78%
Alcohol use 2167 21.85%
No access to handwashing facility 74 0.75%
Unsafe water source 32 0.32%
Poor sanitation 39 0.39%
Smoking 687 6.93%
Secondhand smoke 102 1.03%
Low physical activity 108 1.09%
Diet low in fruits 475 4.79%
Diet low in vegetables 440 4.44%
Unsafe sex 683 6.89%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1397 14.08%
Household air pollution 462 4.66%
Outdoor air pollution 671 6.76%
High total cholesterol 693 6.99%
High blood pressure 847 8.54%
High blood sugar 578 5.83%


Peru - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 198 0.82%
Drug use 449 1.85%
Alcohol use 3020 12.45%
No access to handwashing facility 164 0.68%
Poor sanitation 49 0.2%
Unsafe sex 751 3.1%
Smoking 2021 8.33%
Secondhand smoke 286 1.18%
Unsafe water source 41 0.17%
Diet low in vegetables 889 3.67%
Diet low in fruits 905 3.73%
Low physical activity 443 1.83%
Outdoor air pollution 1683 6.94%
Household air pollution 1154 4.76%
High body-mass index (obesity) 4259 17.56%
High blood sugar 3010 12.41%
High total cholesterol 1711 7.06%
High blood pressure 3219 13.27%


Peru - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 626 1.28%
Drug use 208 0.43%
Alcohol use 1856 3.8%
Smoking 3834 7.85%
Secondhand smoke 719 1.47%
Household air pollution 3439 7.05%
Outdoor air pollution 4715 9.66%
No access to handwashing facility 627 1.28%
Poor sanitation 145 0.3%
Unsafe water source 122 0.25%
Unsafe sex 511 1.05%
Low physical activity 1666 3.41%
Diet low in vegetables 1905 3.9%
Diet low in fruits 1497 3.07%
High cholesterol 4014 8.22%
High blood pressure 10762 22.05%
High blood sugar 6490 13.3%
High body-mass index (obesity) 5674 11.62%


Peru - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 1873 | Deaths : 776 41.43%
Breast cancer Patients : 14705 | Deaths : 1348 9.17%
Larynx cancer Patients : 686 | Deaths : 170 24.78%
Kidney cancer Patients : 4190 | Deaths : 503 12%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 3126 | Deaths : 214 6.85%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 2682 | Deaths : 516 19.24%
Stomach cancer Patients : 6334 | Deaths : 4114 64.95%
Uterine cancer Patients : 5528 | Deaths : 373 6.75%
Bladder cancer Patients : 2031 | Deaths : 326 16.05%
Cervical cancer Patients : 11667 | Deaths : 1583 13.57%
Prostate cancer Patients : 19597 | Deaths : 2194 11.2%
Testicular cancer Patients : 867 | Deaths : 55 6.34%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 1186 | Deaths : 815 68.72%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 326 | Deaths : 303 92.94%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 193 | Deaths : 39 20.21%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 15147 | Deaths : 1948 12.86%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 1372 | Deaths : 218 15.89%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 2072 | Deaths : 261 12.6%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 2196 | Deaths : 866 39.44%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 2576 | Deaths : 921 35.75%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 662 | Deaths : 153 23.11%


Peru - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 1044 1.17%
5-14 year olds 849 0.95%
15-49 year olds 14551 16.27%
50-69 year olds 36370 40.66%
70+ year olds 36636 40.96%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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