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Papua New Guinea Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Papua New Guinea

CONTENT


Causes of death across Papua New Guinea are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Papua New Guinea.

Highlights of Papua New Guinea BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Papua New Guinea average intake is 0.00 grams
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Papua New Guinea average Fruit intake is 0.00grams
  • In Papua New Guinea, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 49.30% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Papua New Guinea is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Papua New Guinea
RankCerealskcal/capita/day

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Papua New Guinea

Diet Compositions in Papua New Guinea
RankTypekilocalories per person per day

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Papua New Guinea with 18809 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 29% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Respiratory disease and Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease were the highest types of death causes in Papua New Guinea.
    Major Cause of Death in Papua New Guinea
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 50-69 with 21421 deaths (year 2016).
  • 33.24% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Cardiovascular disease, Lower respiratory infections and Drowning are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cardiovascular disease, Respiratory disease and Road accidents are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Respiratory disease and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 37% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Papua New Guinea (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Papua New Guinea - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Papua New Guinea are High blood sugar, Smoking and High blood pressure. Every year around 1517 people die due to High blood sugar.
  • Child wasting and Low birth weight are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Iron deficiency and Household air pollution are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Smoking, High blood pressure and High body-mass index (obesity) are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood sugar, Smoking and High blood pressure are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood sugar is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Papua New Guinea (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.26% of Papua New Guinea population was suffering from cancer i.e. 10965 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Breast cancer (Count : 507) and Stomach cancer was also concerning with 476 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 3% of survival chance.Papua New Guinea was really successful in diagnosing Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer where 94% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 4697 people were of age group 15-49 year olds.In 2016, 2835 were suffering from Breast cancer out of which 507 people were dead. This means 17.88% death rate of people suffering from Breast cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Papua New Guinea and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Papua New Guinea :
  • 0.26 % of Papua New Guinea population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Breast cancer
  • Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer was most cured cancer in Papua New Guinea
  • Breast cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Papua New Guinea

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Papua New Guinea (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 555 0.85%
Cardiovascular diseases 18809 28.65%
Kidney disease 1939 2.95%
Respiratory disease 9805 14.93%
Liver disease 2037 3.1%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 5836 8.89%
Digestive disease 1350 2.06%
Hepatitis 127 0.19%
Cancers 4479 6.82%
Parkinson's disease 34 0.05%
Fire 218 0.33%
Malaria 889 1.35%
Drowning 985 1.5%
Homicide 592 0.9%
HIV/AIDS 534 0.81%
Drug disorder 31 0.05%
Tuberculosis 409 0.62%
Road incidents 2087 3.18%
Maternal deaths 925 1.41%
Neonatal deaths 3346 5.1%
Alcohol disorder 57 0.09%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 2075 3.16%
Kidney disease 1939 2.95%
Liver disease 2037 3.1%
Diarrheal diseases 2075 3.16%
Road incidents 2087 3.18%
Neonatal deaths 3346 5.1%
Cancers 4479 6.82%
Lower respiratory infections 5559.89240336 8.47%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 5836 8.89%
Respiratory disease 9805 14.93%
Cardiovascular diseases 18809 28.65%


Papua New Guinea - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 19 0.19%
Lower respiratory infections 300 2.98%
Congenital birth defects 320 3.18%
Cardiovascular disease 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 15 0.15%
Measles 362 3.6%
Neonatal infections 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 3346 33.24%
Protein-energy malnutrition 32 0.32%
Drowning 4 0.04%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 51 0.51%
Malaria 182 1.81%
Digestive diseases 92 0.91%
Cancers 45 0.45%
HIV/AIDS 64 0.64%
Fire 6 0.06%
Kidney disease 76 0.76%
Road accidents 117 1.16%
Homicide 11 0.11%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 40 0.4%
Liver disease 391 3.88%
Hepatitis 1228 12.2%
Tuberculosis 2694 26.77%
Drug use disorders 347 3.45%
Natural disasters 323 3.21%


Papua New Guinea - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 30 2.65%
Homicide 20 1.76%
Nutritional deficiencies 19 1.68%
Protein-energy malnutrition 11 0.97%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 4 0.35%
Diarrheal diseases 85 7.5%
Road accidents 91 8.02%
Tuberculosis 4 0.35%
HIV/AIDS 28 2.47%
Drowning 104 9.17%
Malaria 73 6.44%
Fire 21 1.85%
Cancers 76 6.7%
Hepatitis 11 0.97%
Digestive diseases 44 3.88%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 49 4.32%
Liver disease 59 5.2%
Respiratory disease 62 5.47%
Kidney disease 24 2.12%
Cardiovascular disease 165 14.55%
Lower respiratory infections 154 13.58%


Papua New Guinea - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 907 5.09%
Homicide 502 2.82%
Nutritional deficiencies 35 0.2%
Protein-energy malnutrition 11 0.06%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 79 0.44%
Diarrheal diseases 388 2.18%
Road accidents 1527 8.57%
Tuberculosis 179 1.01%
HIV/AIDS 390 2.19%
Drowning 598 3.36%
Malaria 571 3.21%
Fire 113 0.63%
Cancers 1453 8.16%
Hepatitis 70 0.39%
Digestive diseases 449 2.52%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1323 7.43%
Liver disease 973 5.46%
Respiratory disease 1682 9.44%
Kidney disease 553 3.1%
Cardiovascular disease 5049 28.35%
Drug disorder 25 0.14%
Alcohol disorder 41 0.23%
Parkinson's disease 1 0.01%
Dementia 3 0.02%
Lower respiratory infections 888 4.99%


Papua New Guinea - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 108 0.5%
Homicide 46 0.21%
Nutritional deficiencies 42 0.19%
Protein-energy malnutrition 16 0.07%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 23 0.11%
Diarrheal diseases 431 1.98%
Road accidents 375 1.73%
Tuberculosis 133 0.61%
HIV/AIDS 62 0.29%
Drowning 83 0.38%
Malaria 132 0.61%
Fire 25 0.12%
Cancers 1952 8.98%
Hepatitis 35 0.16%
Digestive diseases 466 2.14%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 2711 12.48%
Liver disease 770 3.54%
Respiratory disease 4437 20.42%
Kidney disease 801 3.69%
Cardiovascular diseases 7963 36.64%
Dementia 97 0.45%
Parkinson's disease 7 0.03%
Drug disorder 3 0.01%
Alcohol disorder 14 0.06%
Lower respiratory infections 999 4.6%


Papua New Guinea - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 24 0.16%
Homicide 5 0.03%
Nutritional deficiencies 103 0.69%
Protein-energy malnutrition 78 0.52%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 9 0.06%
Diarrheal diseases 810 5.43%
Road accidents 63 0.42%
Tuberculosis 89 0.6%
HIV/AIDS 3 0.02%
Drowning 18 0.12%
Malaria 21 0.14%
Fire 14 0.09%
Cancers 933 6.26%
Hepatitis 5 0.03%
Digestive diseases 315 2.11%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1635 10.97%
Liver disease 223 1.5%
Respiratory disease 3482 23.36%
Kidney disease 521 3.5%
Cardiovascular disease 5242 35.17%
Parkinson's disease 26 0.17%
Dementia 455 3.05%
Drug use disorders 3 0.02%
Alcohol use disorders 2 0.01%
Lower respiratory infections 825 5.54%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Papua New Guinea
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 1517 1.86%
Poor sanitation 1269 1.56%
No access to handwashing facility 1050 1.29%
Household air pollution 9173 11.25%
Outdoor air pollution 3312 4.06%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 240 0.29%
Discontinued breastfeeding 7 0.01%
Child wasting 2275 2.79%
Child stunting 615 0.75%
Low birth weight 1616 1.98%
Secondhand smoke 1945 2.39%
Alcohol use 3194 3.92%
Drug use 148 0.18%
Diet low in fruits 3805 4.67%
Diet low in vegetables 3222 3.95%
Unsafe sex 882 1.08%
Low physical activity 1229 1.51%
High blood sugar 11355 13.93%
High cholesterol 5724 7.02%
High body-mass index (obesity) 6850 8.4%
High blood pressure 10440 12.81%
Smoking 11252 13.81%
Iron deficiency 168 0.21%
Zinc deficiency 43 0.05%
Vitamin-A deficiency 11 0.01%
Low bone mineral density 161 0.2%


Papua New Guinea - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 7 0.09%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 240 3.17%
Child stunting 615 8.11%
Low birth weight 1616 21.32%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 323 4.26%
Secondhand smoke 463 6.11%
Poor sanitation 221 2.92%
Unsafe water source 265 3.5%
Household air pollution 1192 15.72%
Outdoor air pollution 323 4.26%
High body-mass index (obesity) 6 0.08%
High blood pressure 1 0.01%
High blood sugar 15 0.2%
Child wasting 2275 30.01%
Iron deficiency 19 0.25%


Papua New Guinea - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 2 0.51%
No access to handwashing facility 37 9.44%
Unsafe water source 62 15.82%
Unsafe sex 6 1.53%
Iron deficiency 94 23.98%
Secondhand smoke 26 6.63%
Household air pollution 70 17.86%
Outdoor air pollution 18 4.59%
High body-mass index (obesity) 4 1.02%
High blood sugar 13 3.32%
High blood pressure 1 0.26%
Poor sanitation 52 13.27%
Iron deficiency 7 1.79%


Papua New Guinea - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 94 0.45%
Low bone mineral density 38 0.18%
Drug use 129 0.61%
Alcohol use 1854 8.83%
No access to handwashing facility 184 0.88%
Unsafe water source 282 1.34%
Poor sanitation 237 1.13%
Smoking 3248 15.47%
Secondhand smoke 276 1.31%
Low physical activity 238 1.13%
Diet low in fruits 1345 6.4%
Diet low in vegetables 1138 5.42%
Unsafe sex 569 2.71%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2204 10.49%
Household air pollution 2104 10.02%
Outdoor air pollution 839 4%
High total cholesterol 1798 8.56%
High blood pressure 2303 10.97%
High blood sugar 2121 10.1%


Papua New Guinea - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 25 0.07%
Low bone mineral density 68 0.2%
Drug use 14 0.04%
Alcohol use 971 2.82%
No access to handwashing facility 206 0.6%
Poor sanitation 264 0.77%
Unsafe sex 256 0.74%
Smoking 5809 16.86%
Secondhand smoke 653 1.9%
Unsafe water source 315 0.91%
Diet low in vegetables 1466 4.26%
Diet low in fruits 1752 5.09%
Low physical activity 563 1.63%
Outdoor air pollution 1352 3.92%
Household air pollution 3569 10.36%
High body-mass index (obesity) 3479 10.1%
High blood sugar 5822 16.9%
High total cholesterol 2833 8.22%
High blood pressure 5029 14.6%


Papua New Guinea - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 23 0.13%
Low bone mineral density 56 0.31%
Drug use 4 0.02%
Alcohol use 366 2.02%
Smoking 2194 12.11%
Secondhand smoke 527 2.91%
Household air pollution 2237 12.34%
Outdoor air pollution 780 4.3%
No access to handwashing facility 300 1.66%
Poor sanitation 495 2.73%
Unsafe water source 593 3.27%
Unsafe sex 52 0.29%
Low physical activity 428 2.36%
Diet low in vegetables 618 3.41%
Diet low in fruits 708 3.91%
High cholesterol 1092 6.03%
High blood pressure 3107 17.14%
High blood sugar 3384 18.67%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1158 6.39%


Papua New Guinea - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 267 | Deaths : 139 52.06%
Breast cancer Patients : 2835 | Deaths : 507 17.88%
Larynx cancer Patients : 183 | Deaths : 60 32.79%
Kidney cancer Patients : 243 | Deaths : 23 9.47%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 164 | Deaths : 30 18.29%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 255 | Deaths : 63 24.71%
Stomach cancer Patients : 689 | Deaths : 476 69.09%
Uterine cancer Patients : 698 | Deaths : 140 20.06%
Bladder cancer Patients : 214 | Deaths : 48 22.43%
Cervical cancer Patients : 3649 | Deaths : 444 12.17%
Prostate cancer Patients : 559 | Deaths : 153 27.37%
Testicular cancer Patients : 69 | Deaths : 12 17.39%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 110 | Deaths : 78 70.91%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 63 | Deaths : 61 96.83%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 326 | Deaths : 67 20.55%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 830 | Deaths : 288 34.7%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 97 | Deaths : 46 47.42%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 519 | Deaths : 71 13.68%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 197 | Deaths : 72 36.55%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 728 | Deaths : 46 6.32%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 72 | Deaths : 33 45.83%


Papua New Guinea - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 336 3.06%
5-14 year olds 212 1.93%
15-49 year olds 4697 42.84%
50-69 year olds 4162 37.96%
70+ year olds 1557 14.2%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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