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Panama Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Panama

CONTENT


Causes of death across Panama are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Panama.

Highlights of Panama BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Panama gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 81.61%81.61%
    • Fat : 33.34%33.34%
    • Animal protein : 7.93%7.93%
    • Plant protein : 7.19%7.19%
  • 30.08% increase in caloric supply : Currently Panama gets 2733/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2101/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Sugar are three major diet compositions in Panama
  • Rice, Wheat and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in Panama
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Panama average intake is 79.53 grams
  • Plantains, Oranges & Mandarines and Bananas are three major Fruit Types Intake in Panama
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Panama average Fruit intake is 245.10grams
  • In Panama, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 58.50% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Panama is in the range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Panama
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Rice632
2Wheat323
3Maize174
4Oats8
5Rye0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Panama

Diet Compositions in Panama
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1139
2Oils & Fats416
3Sugar332
4Meat256
5Dairy & Eggs201
6Fruits & Vegetables130
7Alcoholic Beverages105
8Other57
9Starchy Roots49
10Pulses48

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Panama with 5063 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 27% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease were the highest types of death causes in Panama.
    Major Cause of Death in Panama
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 9724 deaths (year 2016).
  • 29.41% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Cancers, Road accidents and Drowning are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Homicide, Cancers and Road accidents are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cancers, Cardiovascular diseases and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 27% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cancers.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Panama (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Panama - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Panama are High blood pressure, High blood sugar and High body-mass index (obesity). Every year around 83 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Unsafe water source and Poor sanitation are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Unsafe sex, Alcohol use and High body-mass index (obesity) are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, High blood sugar and High body-mass index (obesity) are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Panama (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.72% of Panama population was suffering from cancer i.e. 23279 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Prostate cancer (Count : 403) and Colon & rectum cancer was also concerning with 346 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 2% of survival chance.Panama was really successful in diagnosing Testicular cancer where 97% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 9520 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 7456 were suffering from Prostate cancer out of which 403 people were dead. This means 5.41% death rate of people suffering from Prostate cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Panama and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Panama :
  • 0.72 % of Panama population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Prostate cancer
  • Testicular cancer was most cured cancer in Panama
  • Prostate cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Panama

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Panama (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 1227 6.61%
Cardiovascular diseases 5063 27.26%
Kidney disease 913 4.92%
Respiratory disease 756 4.07%
Liver disease 461 2.48%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 2238 12.05%
Digestive disease 409 2.2%
Hepatitis 9 0.05%
Cancers 3382 18.21%
Parkinson's disease 83 0.45%
Fire 27 0.15%
Malaria 0 0%
Drowning 157 0.85%
Homicide 625 3.37%
HIV/AIDS 467 2.51%
Drug disorder 24 0.13%
Tuberculosis 191 1.03%
Road incidents 596 3.21%
Maternal deaths 48 0.26%
Neonatal deaths 342 1.84%
Alcohol disorder 26 0.14%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 179 0.96%
HIV/AIDS 467 2.51%
Road incidents 596 3.21%
Homicide 625 3.37%
Respiratory disease 756 4.07%
Lower respiratory infections 786.994976155 4.24%
Kidney disease 913 4.92%
Dementia 1227 6.61%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 2238 12.05%
Cancers 3382 18.21%
Cardiovascular diseases 5063 27.26%


Panama - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 9 0.77%
Congenital birth defects 51 4.39%
Lower respiratory infections 53 4.56%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Neonatal infections 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 82 7.05%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Cardiovascular disease 342 29.41%
Cancers 13 1.12%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 8 0.69%
Digestive diseases 7 0.6%
Drowning 16 1.38%
Road accidents 0 0%
Homicide 3 0.26%
Tuberculosis 19 1.63%
HIV/AIDS 1 0.09%
Kidney disease 17 1.46%
Fire 19 1.63%
Liver disease 2 0.17%
Hepatitis 6 0.52%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 22 1.89%
Measles 268 23.04%
Drug use disorders 154 13.24%
Malaria 0 0%
Natural disasters 71 6.1%


Panama - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 4 2.23%
Homicide 13 7.26%
Nutritional deficiencies 6 3.35%
Protein-energy malnutrition 5 2.79%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 9 5.03%
Road accidents 24 13.41%
Tuberculosis 4 2.23%
HIV/AIDS 3 1.68%
Drowning 19 10.61%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 1 0.56%
Cancers 37 20.67%
Hepatitis 1 0.56%
Digestive diseases 7 3.91%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 13 7.26%
Liver disease 3 1.68%
Respiratory disease 4 2.23%
Kidney disease 5 2.79%
Cardiovascular disease 9 5.03%
Lower respiratory infections 12 6.7%


Panama - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 166 5.55%
Homicide 516 17.26%
Nutritional deficiencies 11 0.37%
Protein-energy malnutrition 9 0.3%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.03%
Diarrheal diseases 21 0.7%
Road accidents 374 12.51%
Tuberculosis 67 2.24%
HIV/AIDS 355 11.87%
Drowning 87 2.91%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 8 0.27%
Cancers 466 15.59%
Hepatitis 3 0.1%
Digestive diseases 52 1.74%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 209 6.99%
Liver disease 68 2.27%
Respiratory disease 39 1.3%
Kidney disease 105 3.51%
Cardiovascular disease 335 11.2%
Drug disorder 15 0.5%
Alcohol disorder 9 0.3%
Parkinson's disease 1 0.03%
Dementia 1 0.03%
Lower respiratory infections 72 2.41%


Panama - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 44 1%
Homicide 69 1.57%
Nutritional deficiencies 13 0.29%
Protein-energy malnutrition 11 0.25%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.02%
Diarrheal diseases 18 0.41%
Road accidents 125 2.84%
Tuberculosis 60 1.36%
HIV/AIDS 94 2.13%
Drowning 26 0.59%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 5 0.11%
Cancers 1171 26.57%
Hepatitis 2 0.05%
Digestive diseases 97 2.2%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 681 15.45%
Liver disease 198 4.49%
Respiratory disease 130 2.95%
Kidney disease 280 6.35%
Cardiovascular diseases 1159 26.3%
Dementia 65 1.47%
Parkinson's disease 8 0.18%
Drug disorder 4 0.09%
Alcohol disorder 12 0.27%
Lower respiratory infections 134 3.04%


Panama - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 18 0.18%
Homicide 17 0.17%
Nutritional deficiencies 61 0.61%
Protein-energy malnutrition 54 0.54%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.01%
Diarrheal diseases 48 0.48%
Road accidents 59 0.59%
Tuberculosis 51 0.51%
HIV/AIDS 8 0.08%
Drowning 9 0.09%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 10 0.1%
Cancers 1688 16.79%
Hepatitis 1 0.01%
Digestive diseases 237 2.36%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1316 13.09%
Liver disease 189 1.88%
Respiratory disease 574 5.71%
Kidney disease 516 5.13%
Cardiovascular disease 3538 35.19%
Parkinson's disease 74 0.74%
Dementia 1160 11.54%
Drug use disorders 5 0.05%
Alcohol use disorders 4 0.04%
Lower respiratory infections 415 4.13%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Panama
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 83 0.55%
Poor sanitation 60 0.4%
No access to handwashing facility 50 0.33%
Household air pollution 253 1.67%
Outdoor air pollution 653 4.32%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 31 0.2%
Discontinued breastfeeding 4 0.03%
Child wasting 137 0.91%
Child stunting 20 0.13%
Low birth weight 165 1.09%
Secondhand smoke 142 0.94%
Alcohol use 1395 9.22%
Drug use 175 1.16%
Diet low in fruits 497 3.28%
Diet low in vegetables 651 4.3%
Unsafe sex 621 4.1%
Low physical activity 344 2.27%
High blood sugar 2683 17.73%
High cholesterol 1278 8.45%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1769 11.69%
High blood pressure 3229 21.34%
Smoking 777 5.14%
Iron deficiency 2 0.01%
Zinc deficiency 4 0.03%
Vitamin-A deficiency 1 0.01%
Low bone mineral density 106 0.7%


Panama - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 4 0.83%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 31 6.42%
Child stunting 20 4.14%
Low birth weight 165 34.16%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 16 3.31%
Secondhand smoke 10 2.07%
Poor sanitation 28 5.8%
Unsafe water source 38 7.87%
Household air pollution 12 2.48%
Outdoor air pollution 20 4.14%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1 0.21%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 1 0.21%
Child wasting 137 28.36%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Panama - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 1 5.56%
No access to handwashing facility 2 11.11%
Unsafe water source 4 22.22%
Unsafe sex 1 5.56%
Iron deficiency 2 11.11%
Secondhand smoke 1 5.56%
Household air pollution 1 5.56%
Outdoor air pollution 2 11.11%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood sugar 1 5.56%
High blood pressure 0 0%
Poor sanitation 3 16.67%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Panama - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 2 0.11%
Low bone mineral density 8 0.45%
Drug use 50 2.83%
Alcohol use 376 21.27%
No access to handwashing facility 5 0.28%
Unsafe water source 10 0.57%
Poor sanitation 7 0.4%
Smoking 52 2.94%
Secondhand smoke 12 0.68%
Low physical activity 13 0.74%
Diet low in fruits 62 3.51%
Diet low in vegetables 64 3.62%
Unsafe sex 403 22.79%
High body-mass index (obesity) 194 10.97%
Household air pollution 22 1.24%
Outdoor air pollution 54 3.05%
High total cholesterol 103 5.83%
High blood pressure 185 10.46%
High blood sugar 146 8.26%


Panama - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 23 0.51%
Drug use 80 1.78%
Alcohol use 502 11.18%
No access to handwashing facility 7 0.16%
Poor sanitation 6 0.13%
Unsafe sex 160 3.56%
Smoking 260 5.79%
Secondhand smoke 36 0.8%
Unsafe water source 8 0.18%
Diet low in vegetables 199 4.43%
Diet low in fruits 171 3.81%
Low physical activity 68 1.51%
Outdoor air pollution 182 4.05%
Household air pollution 67 1.49%
High body-mass index (obesity) 710 15.81%
High blood sugar 782 17.42%
High total cholesterol 360 8.02%
High blood pressure 869 19.35%


Panama - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 76 0.91%
Drug use 45 0.54%
Alcohol use 517 6.18%
Smoking 466 5.57%
Secondhand smoke 84 1%
Household air pollution 151 1.8%
Outdoor air pollution 395 4.72%
No access to handwashing facility 20 0.24%
Poor sanitation 16 0.19%
Unsafe water source 22 0.26%
Unsafe sex 57 0.68%
Low physical activity 263 3.14%
Diet low in vegetables 387 4.62%
Diet low in fruits 264 3.15%
High cholesterol 815 9.74%
High blood pressure 2175 25.98%
High blood sugar 1753 20.94%
High body-mass index (obesity) 865 10.33%


Panama - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 171 | Deaths : 56 32.75%
Breast cancer Patients : 4207 | Deaths : 248 5.89%
Larynx cancer Patients : 191 | Deaths : 38 19.9%
Kidney cancer Patients : 635 | Deaths : 66 10.39%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 483 | Deaths : 18 3.73%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 354 | Deaths : 66 18.64%
Stomach cancer Patients : 1435 | Deaths : 343 23.9%
Uterine cancer Patients : 1270 | Deaths : 51 4.02%
Bladder cancer Patients : 364 | Deaths : 45 12.36%
Cervical cancer Patients : 1463 | Deaths : 170 11.62%
Prostate cancer Patients : 7456 | Deaths : 403 5.41%
Testicular cancer Patients : 202 | Deaths : 6 2.97%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 152 | Deaths : 105 69.08%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 49 | Deaths : 48 97.96%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 76 | Deaths : 17 22.37%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 2887 | Deaths : 346 11.98%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 267 | Deaths : 25 9.36%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 300 | Deaths : 40 13.33%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 274 | Deaths : 108 39.42%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 415 | Deaths : 51 12.29%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 38 | Deaths : 25 65.79%


Panama - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 234 1.01%
5-14 year olds 189 0.81%
15-49 year olds 3962 17.02%
50-69 year olds 9520 40.9%
70+ year olds 9374 40.27%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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