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North Korea Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : North Korea

CONTENT


Causes of death across North Korea are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in North Korea.

Highlights of North Korea BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in North Korea gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 82.29%82.29%
    • Fat : 17.44%17.44%
    • Plant protein : 9.56%9.56%
    • Animal protein : 2.14%2.14%
  • 11.44% increase in caloric supply : Currently North Korea gets 2094/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 1879/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Fruits & Vegetables are three major diet compositions in North Korea
  • Rice, Maize and Wheat are three major Cereal preferences in North Korea
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in North Korea average intake is 341.64 grams
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in North Korea average Fruit intake is 157.29grams
  • In North Korea, average male height is in the increasing trend and female height is in increasing trend
  • 33.50% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in North Korea is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in North Korea
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Rice725
2Maize369
3Wheat158
4Rye19
5Sorghum10
6Barley5
7Oats2

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in North Korea

Diet Compositions in North Korea
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1302
2Oils & Fats195
3Fruits & Vegetables146
4Starchy Roots134
5Pulses101
6Meat95
7Alcoholic Beverages53
8Sugar38
9Dairy & Eggs25
10Other5

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in North Korea with 88000 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 39% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Respiratory disease were the highest types of death causes in North Korea.
    Major Cause of Death in North Korea
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 109575 deaths (year 2016).
  • 44.32% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Drowning, Road accidents and Cancers are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cancers, Cardiovascular disease and Road accidents are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Respiratory disease are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 39% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in North Korea (and it's count) Number of Deaths in North Korea - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in North Korea are Smoking, High blood pressure and Household air pollution. Every year around 460 people die due to Smoking.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Iron deficiency and Household air pollution are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Smoking, High blood pressure and Household air pollution are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • Smoking, High blood pressure and Household air pollution are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • Smoking is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in North Korea (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.27% of North Korea population was suffering from cancer i.e. 68540 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Stomach cancer (Count : 7852) and Liver cancer was also concerning with 3751 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Non-melanoma skin cancer have 1% of survival chance.North Korea was really successful in diagnosing Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer where 97% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 33484 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 10707 were suffering from Stomach cancer out of which 7852 people were dead. This means 73.34% death rate of people suffering from Stomach cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in North Korea and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in North Korea :
  • 0.27 % of North Korea population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Stomach cancer
  • Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer was most cured cancer in North Korea
  • Stomach cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in North Korea

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in North Korea (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 6098 2.7%
Cardiovascular diseases 88000 38.9%
Kidney disease 3573 1.58%
Respiratory disease 30367 13.42%
Liver disease 3677 1.63%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 7920 3.5%
Digestive disease 3272 1.45%
Hepatitis 339 0.15%
Cancers 49006 21.66%
Parkinson's disease 418 0.18%
Fire 375 0.17%
Malaria 2 0%
Drowning 2206 0.98%
Homicide 712 0.31%
HIV/AIDS 649 0.29%
Drug disorder 650 0.29%
Tuberculosis 2490 1.1%
Road incidents 7449 3.29%
Maternal deaths 488 0.22%
Neonatal deaths 6667 2.95%
Alcohol disorder 328 0.14%
Natural disasters 545 0.24%
Diarrheal diseases 784 0.35%
Kidney disease 3573 1.58%
Liver disease 3677 1.63%
Lower respiratory infections 5769.26523862 2.55%
Dementia 6098 2.7%
Neonatal deaths 6667 2.95%
Road incidents 7449 3.29%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 7920 3.5%
Respiratory disease 30367 13.42%
Cancers 49006 21.66%
Cardiovascular diseases 88000 38.9%


North Korea - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 76 0.51%
Congenital birth defects 83 0.55%
Lower respiratory infections 97 0.64%
Drowning 28 0.19%
Diarrheal diseases 13 0.09%
Cardiovascular disease 637 4.23%
Road accidents 0 0%
Cancers 6667 44.32%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 306 2.03%
Neonatal infections 31 0.21%
Digestive diseases 25 0.17%
Nutritional deficiencies 653 4.34%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Homicide 66 0.44%
Fire 269 1.79%
Tuberculosis 19 0.13%
Kidney disease 128 0.85%
Natural disasters 161 1.07%
HIV/AIDS 10 0.07%
Hepatitis 29 0.19%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 359 2.39%
Liver disease 3085 20.51%
Measles 2148 14.28%
Drug use disorders 5 0.03%
Malaria 149 0.99%


North Korea - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 38 2.81%
Homicide 37 2.74%
Nutritional deficiencies 5 0.37%
Protein-energy malnutrition 3 0.22%
Natural disasters 55 4.07%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 2 0.15%
Diarrheal diseases 9 0.67%
Road accidents 261 19.33%
Tuberculosis 15 1.11%
HIV/AIDS 7 0.52%
Drowning 423 31.33%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 15 1.11%
Cancers 219 16.22%
Hepatitis 2 0.15%
Digestive diseases 19 1.41%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 49 3.63%
Liver disease 7 0.52%
Respiratory disease 11 0.81%
Kidney disease 16 1.19%
Cardiovascular disease 79 5.85%
Lower respiratory infections 78 5.78%


North Korea - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 1817 5.71%
Homicide 455 1.43%
Nutritional deficiencies 34 0.11%
Protein-energy malnutrition 20 0.06%
Natural disasters 264 0.83%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 51 0.16%
Diarrheal diseases 31 0.1%
Road accidents 4923 15.46%
Tuberculosis 666 2.09%
HIV/AIDS 444 1.39%
Drowning 758 2.38%
Malaria 1 0%
Fire 123 0.39%
Cancers 8548 26.84%
Hepatitis 105 0.33%
Digestive diseases 456 1.43%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1289 4.05%
Liver disease 1036 3.25%
Respiratory disease 976 3.06%
Kidney disease 716 2.25%
Cardiovascular disease 8252 25.91%
Drug disorder 307 0.96%
Alcohol disorder 193 0.61%
Parkinson's disease 5 0.02%
Dementia 16 0.05%
Lower respiratory infections 362 1.14%


North Korea - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 901 1.28%
Homicide 105 0.15%
Nutritional deficiencies 43 0.06%
Protein-energy malnutrition 28 0.04%
Natural disasters 127 0.18%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 32 0.05%
Diarrheal diseases 36 0.05%
Road accidents 1484 2.11%
Tuberculosis 904 1.28%
HIV/AIDS 143 0.2%
Drowning 218 0.31%
Malaria 1 0%
Fire 65 0.09%
Cancers 23383 33.19%
Hepatitis 140 0.2%
Digestive diseases 970 1.38%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 2820 4%
Liver disease 1633 2.32%
Respiratory disease 7106 10.09%
Kidney disease 1237 1.76%
Cardiovascular diseases 27417 38.92%
Dementia 585 0.83%
Parkinson's disease 56 0.08%
Drug disorder 176 0.25%
Alcohol disorder 103 0.15%
Lower respiratory infections 729 1.03%


North Korea - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 484 0.44%
Homicide 38 0.03%
Nutritional deficiencies 255 0.23%
Protein-energy malnutrition 202 0.18%
Natural disasters 71 0.06%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 35 0.03%
Diarrheal diseases 72 0.07%
Road accidents 475 0.43%
Tuberculosis 874 0.79%
HIV/AIDS 29 0.03%
Drowning 154 0.14%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 106 0.1%
Cancers 16587 15.08%
Hepatitis 73 0.07%
Digestive diseases 1698 1.54%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 3601 3.27%
Liver disease 991 0.9%
Respiratory disease 22258 20.24%
Kidney disease 1576 1.43%
Cardiovascular disease 51893 47.19%
Parkinson's disease 356 0.32%
Dementia 5497 5%
Drug use disorders 167 0.15%
Alcohol use disorders 32 0.03%
Lower respiratory infections 2453 2.23%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in North Korea
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 460 0.17%
Poor sanitation 391 0.14%
No access to handwashing facility 275 0.1%
Household air pollution 39427 14.22%
Outdoor air pollution 23360 8.43%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 339 0.12%
Discontinued breastfeeding 28 0.01%
Child wasting 1731 0.62%
Child stunting 365 0.13%
Low birth weight 3682 1.33%
Secondhand smoke 5940 2.14%
Alcohol use 8384 3.02%
Drug use 1777 0.64%
Diet low in fruits 18398 6.64%
Diet low in vegetables 6336 2.29%
Unsafe sex 1554 0.56%
Low physical activity 4453 1.61%
High blood sugar 18720 6.75%
High cholesterol 15655 5.65%
High body-mass index (obesity) 6674 2.41%
High blood pressure 51815 18.69%
Smoking 66160 23.86%
Iron deficiency 48 0.02%
Zinc deficiency 32 0.01%
Vitamin-A deficiency 68 0.02%
Low bone mineral density 1169 0.42%


North Korea - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 28 0.31%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 339 3.79%
Child stunting 365 4.08%
Low birth weight 3682 41.19%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 146 1.63%
Secondhand smoke 443 4.96%
Poor sanitation 317 3.55%
Unsafe water source 374 4.18%
Household air pollution 960 10.74%
Outdoor air pollution 543 6.07%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 2 0.02%
High blood sugar 10 0.11%
Child wasting 1731 19.36%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


North Korea - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 4 2.84%
No access to handwashing facility 4 2.84%
Unsafe water source 5 3.55%
Unsafe sex 2 1.42%
Iron deficiency 43 30.5%
Secondhand smoke 16 11.35%
Household air pollution 36 25.53%
Outdoor air pollution 20 14.18%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood sugar 5 3.55%
High blood pressure 1 0.71%
Poor sanitation 4 2.84%
Iron deficiency 1 0.71%


North Korea - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 43 0.14%
Low bone mineral density 148 0.47%
Drug use 793 2.5%
Alcohol use 2376 7.48%
No access to handwashing facility 15 0.05%
Unsafe water source 18 0.06%
Poor sanitation 15 0.05%
Smoking 7458 23.49%
Secondhand smoke 528 1.66%
Low physical activity 262 0.83%
Diet low in fruits 2884 9.08%
Diet low in vegetables 1007 3.17%
Unsafe sex 657 2.07%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1149 3.62%
Household air pollution 3740 11.78%
Outdoor air pollution 2377 7.49%
High total cholesterol 2312 7.28%
High blood pressure 4172 13.14%
High blood sugar 1796 5.66%


North Korea - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0%
Low bone mineral density 316 0.32%
Drug use 694 0.69%
Alcohol use 4061 4.06%
No access to handwashing facility 27 0.03%
Poor sanitation 18 0.02%
Unsafe sex 602 0.6%
Smoking 27220 27.2%
Secondhand smoke 1686 1.68%
Unsafe water source 21 0.02%
Diet low in vegetables 2329 2.33%
Diet low in fruits 7893 7.89%
Low physical activity 1159 1.16%
Outdoor air pollution 7892 7.89%
Household air pollution 13127 13.12%
High body-mass index (obesity) 3039 3.04%
High blood sugar 6793 6.79%
High total cholesterol 5470 5.47%
High blood pressure 17715 17.7%


North Korea - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 3 0%
Low bone mineral density 705 0.52%
Drug use 289 0.21%
Alcohol use 1944 1.43%
Smoking 31482 23.1%
Secondhand smoke 3267 2.4%
Household air pollution 21563 15.82%
Outdoor air pollution 12529 9.19%
No access to handwashing facility 84 0.06%
Poor sanitation 36 0.03%
Unsafe water source 42 0.03%
Unsafe sex 293 0.21%
Low physical activity 3032 2.22%
Diet low in vegetables 3000 2.2%
Diet low in fruits 7621 5.59%
High cholesterol 7873 5.78%
High blood pressure 29925 21.96%
High blood sugar 10115 7.42%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2486 1.82%


North Korea - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 6510 | Deaths : 3751 57.62%
Breast cancer Patients : 9091 | Deaths : 1447 15.92%
Larynx cancer Patients : 1331 | Deaths : 425 31.93%
Kidney cancer Patients : 2131 | Deaths : 242 11.36%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 746 | Deaths : 118 15.82%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 1483 | Deaths : 332 22.39%
Stomach cancer Patients : 10707 | Deaths : 7852 73.34%
Uterine cancer Patients : 2337 | Deaths : 412 17.63%
Bladder cancer Patients : 2479 | Deaths : 530 21.38%
Cervical cancer Patients : 8128 | Deaths : 1096 13.48%
Prostate cancer Patients : 1786 | Deaths : 427 23.91%
Testicular cancer Patients : 116 | Deaths : 22 18.97%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 1092 | Deaths : 767 70.24%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 3545 | Deaths : 3403 95.99%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 2513 | Deaths : 514 20.45%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 8154 | Deaths : 2642 32.4%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 221 | Deaths : 218 98.64%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 1866 | Deaths : 280 15.01%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 1950 | Deaths : 937 48.05%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 17169 | Deaths : 486 2.83%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 349 | Deaths : 70 20.06%


North Korea - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 1073 1.57%
5-14 year olds 546 0.8%
15-49 year olds 12346 18.01%
50-69 year olds 33484 48.85%
70+ year olds 21091 30.77%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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