Nigeria Health | 2020 | The Global Graph Skip to main content

Nigeria Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Nigeria

CONTENT


Causes of death across Nigeria are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Nigeria.

Highlights of Nigeria BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Nigeria gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 99.49%99.49%
    • Fat : 26.08%26.08%
    • Plant protein : 11.08%11.08%
    • Animal protein : 2.02%2.02%
  • 38.67% increase in caloric supply : Currently Nigeria gets 2700/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 1947/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Starchy Roots and Oils & Fats are three major diet compositions in Nigeria
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Nigeria average intake is 174.11 grams
  • Citrus, other, Plantains and Pineapples are three major Fruit Types Intake in Nigeria
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Nigeria average Fruit intake is 156.00grams
  • In Nigeria, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 26.00% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Nigeria is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Nigeria
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Maize285
3Sorghum246
4Wheat155
5Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Nigeria

Diet Compositions in Nigeria
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1172
2Starchy Roots616
3Oils & Fats399
4Fruits & Vegetables119
5Pulses106
6Sugar105
7Alcoholic Beverages77
8Meat68
9Dairy & Eggs24
10Other14

Major Cause of Death


Malaria was a major cause of death in Nigeria with 231579 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 18% of total deaths. Overall Malaria, Neonatal deaths and Diarrheal diseases were the highest types of death causes in Nigeria.
    Major Cause of Death in Nigeria
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group Under-5 with 717177 deaths (year 2016).
  • 27.13% kids below age 5 years die because of Malaria.
  • Malaria, HIV/AIDS and Lower respiratory infections are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • HIV/AIDS, Cancers and Tuberculosis are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cancers, Cardiovascular diseases and Lower respiratory infections are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 21% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cancers.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Nigeria (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Nigeria - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Nigeria are Child wasting, Unsafe sex and Unsafe water source. Every year around 102075 people die due to Child wasting.
  • Child wasting and Low birth weight are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Unsafe water source and No access to handwashing facility are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Unsafe sex, Alcohol use and Drug use are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, Unsafe sex and Alcohol use are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Nigeria (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.28% of Nigeria population was suffering from cancer i.e. 220796 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Prostate cancer (Count : 11410) and Breast cancer was also concerning with 11053 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 7% of survival chance.Nigeria was really successful in diagnosing Kidney cancer where 92% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 106465 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 55595 were suffering from Prostate cancer out of which 11410 people were dead. This means 20.52% death rate of people suffering from Prostate cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Nigeria and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Nigeria :
  • 0.28 % of Nigeria population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Prostate cancer
  • Kidney cancer was most cured cancer in Nigeria
  • Prostate cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Nigeria

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Nigeria (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 6911 0.55%
Cardiovascular diseases 88325 6.99%
Kidney disease 4346 0.34%
Respiratory disease 12843 1.02%
Liver disease 22732 1.8%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 33769 2.67%
Digestive disease 14951 1.18%
Hepatitis 3554 0.28%
Cancers 74811 5.92%
Parkinson's disease 613 0.05%
Fire 3829 0.3%
Malaria 231579 18.34%
Drowning 7055 0.56%
Homicide 1274 0.1%
HIV/AIDS 134681 10.66%
Drug disorder 1450 0.11%
Tuberculosis 34403 2.72%
Road incidents 17893 1.42%
Maternal deaths 17830 1.41%
Neonatal deaths 187038 14.81%
Alcohol disorder 1019 0.08%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 135255 10.71%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 33769 2.67%
Tuberculosis 34403 2.72%
Meningitis 38558.1511464 3.05%
Cancers 74811 5.92%
Cardiovascular diseases 88325 6.99%
Lower respiratory infections 112866.800236 8.94%
HIV/AIDS 134681 10.66%
Diarrheal diseases 135255 10.71%
Neonatal deaths 187038 14.81%
Malaria 231579 18.34%


Nigeria - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 244 0.03%
Neonatal disorders 25250 3.54%
Diarrheal diseases 25735 3.61%
Lower respiratory infections 0 0%
Congenital birth defects 374 0.05%
Neonatal infections 97854 13.74%
Nutritional deficiencies 2 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 187038 26.26%
Measles 4090 0.57%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 3519 0.49%
HIV/AIDS 8268 1.16%
Road accidents 3029 0.43%
Tuberculosis 193263 27.13%
Digestive diseases 1724 0.24%
Drowning 1596 0.22%
Cardiovascular disease 679 0.1%
Fire 3095 0.43%
Cancers 8330 1.17%
Liver disease 781 0.11%
Kidney disease 702 0.1%
Hepatitis 2073 0.29%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 39416 5.53%
Homicide 57446 8.06%
Drug use disorders 10227 1.44%
Natural disasters 37574 5.27%


Nigeria - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 184 0.33%
Homicide 110 0.2%
Nutritional deficiencies 1193 2.12%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1162 2.06%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 123 0.22%
Diarrheal diseases 4607 8.17%
Road accidents 2928 5.19%
Tuberculosis 746 1.32%
HIV/AIDS 9791 17.37%
Drowning 1818 3.22%
Malaria 17691 31.38%
Fire 498 0.88%
Cancers 1771 3.14%
Hepatitis 230 0.41%
Digestive diseases 746 1.32%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 4065 7.21%
Liver disease 542 0.96%
Respiratory disease 349 0.62%
Kidney disease 275 0.49%
Cardiovascular disease 771 1.37%
Lower respiratory infections 6777 12.02%


Nigeria - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 2975 1.42%
Homicide 839 0.4%
Nutritional deficiencies 905 0.43%
Protein-energy malnutrition 676 0.32%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 346 0.17%
Diarrheal diseases 10987 5.24%
Road accidents 6421 3.06%
Tuberculosis 12187 5.81%
HIV/AIDS 99224 47.33%
Drowning 1336 0.64%
Malaria 9476 4.52%
Fire 610 0.29%
Cancers 17943 8.56%
Hepatitis 1389 0.66%
Digestive diseases 3443 1.64%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 7069 3.37%
Liver disease 8373 3.99%
Respiratory disease 1942 0.93%
Kidney disease 939 0.45%
Cardiovascular disease 10806 5.15%
Drug disorder 1117 0.53%
Alcohol disorder 508 0.24%
Parkinson's disease 10 0%
Dementia 19 0.01%
Lower respiratory infections 10110 4.82%


Nigeria - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 1930 1.17%
Homicide 66 0.04%
Nutritional deficiencies 903 0.55%
Protein-energy malnutrition 703 0.43%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 119 0.07%
Diarrheal diseases 10706 6.51%
Road accidents 2909 1.77%
Tuberculosis 10573 6.43%
HIV/AIDS 16296 9.91%
Drowning 528 0.32%
Malaria 6489 3.95%
Fire 532 0.32%
Cancers 35310 21.47%
Hepatitis 972 0.59%
Digestive diseases 4072 2.48%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 7048 4.28%
Liver disease 9406 5.72%
Respiratory disease 4508 2.74%
Kidney disease 1181 0.72%
Cardiovascular diseases 31822 19.35%
Dementia 949 0.58%
Parkinson's disease 98 0.06%
Drug disorder 221 0.13%
Alcohol disorder 392 0.24%
Lower respiratory infections 16750 10.18%


Nigeria - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 1005 0.71%
Homicide 16 0.01%
Nutritional deficiencies 1248 0.89%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1114 0.79%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 76 0.05%
Diarrheal diseases 11102 7.87%
Road accidents 1545 1.1%
Tuberculosis 7377 5.23%
HIV/AIDS 1102 0.78%
Drowning 345 0.24%
Malaria 4660 3.3%
Fire 466 0.33%
Cancers 18190 12.9%
Hepatitis 284 0.2%
Digestive diseases 3594 2.55%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 7257 5.15%
Liver disease 3628 2.57%
Respiratory disease 5434 3.85%
Kidney disease 1248 0.89%
Cardiovascular disease 42853 30.39%
Parkinson's disease 505 0.36%
Dementia 5943 4.21%
Drug use disorders 109 0.08%
Alcohol use disorders 119 0.08%
Lower respiratory infections 21784 15.45%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Nigeria
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 102075 10.3%
Poor sanitation 73065 7.37%
No access to handwashing facility 74134 7.48%
Household air pollution 64586 6.52%
Outdoor air pollution 68887 6.95%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 25301 2.55%
Discontinued breastfeeding 2605 0.26%
Child wasting 144810 14.61%
Child stunting 24148 2.44%
Low birth weight 74942 7.56%
Secondhand smoke 4964 0.5%
Alcohol use 39766 4.01%
Drug use 12808 1.29%
Diet low in fruits 12132 1.22%
Diet low in vegetables 9528 0.96%
Unsafe sex 111918 11.29%
Low physical activity 6066 0.61%
High blood sugar 20879 2.11%
High cholesterol 16789 1.69%
High body-mass index (obesity) 22058 2.23%
High blood pressure 54093 5.46%
Smoking 11026 1.11%
Iron deficiency 968 0.1%
Zinc deficiency 3336 0.34%
Vitamin-A deficiency 6826 0.69%
Low bone mineral density 3370 0.34%


Nigeria - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 2605 0.52%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 25301 5.07%
Child stunting 24148 4.84%
Low birth weight 74942 15.02%
Drug use 2 0%
No access to handwashing facility 50106 10.04%
Secondhand smoke 2306 0.46%
Poor sanitation 52852 10.59%
Unsafe water source 73864 14.8%
Household air pollution 23229 4.65%
Outdoor air pollution 24685 4.95%
High body-mass index (obesity) 37 0.01%
High blood pressure 12 0%
High blood sugar 152 0.03%
Child wasting 144810 29.02%
Iron deficiency 4 0%


Nigeria - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 11 0.06%
No access to handwashing facility 2950 15.91%
Unsafe water source 3472 18.73%
Unsafe sex 2530 13.65%
Iron deficiency 954 5.15%
Secondhand smoke 285 1.54%
Household air pollution 2794 15.07%
Outdoor air pollution 2916 15.73%
High body-mass index (obesity) 8 0.04%
High blood sugar 117 0.63%
High blood pressure 7 0.04%
Poor sanitation 2490 13.43%
Iron deficiency 4 0.02%


Nigeria - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 954 0.55%
Low bone mineral density 137 0.08%
Drug use 10990 6.29%
Alcohol use 16630 9.51%
No access to handwashing facility 6174 3.53%
Unsafe water source 8289 4.74%
Poor sanitation 5936 3.39%
Smoking 2603 1.49%
Secondhand smoke 441 0.25%
Low physical activity 395 0.23%
Diet low in fruits 2277 1.3%
Diet low in vegetables 1501 0.86%
Unsafe sex 89987 51.47%
High body-mass index (obesity) 4602 2.63%
Household air pollution 6579 3.76%
Outdoor air pollution 7091 4.06%
High total cholesterol 2180 1.25%
High blood pressure 5715 3.27%
High blood sugar 2368 1.35%


Nigeria - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 5 0%
Low bone mineral density 871 0.56%
Drug use 1625 1.05%
Alcohol use 17175 11.05%
No access to handwashing facility 7008 4.51%
Poor sanitation 5786 3.72%
Unsafe sex 17980 11.57%
Smoking 5065 3.26%
Secondhand smoke 984 0.63%
Unsafe water source 8075 5.19%
Diet low in vegetables 3955 2.54%
Diet low in fruits 5421 3.49%
Low physical activity 2078 1.34%
Outdoor air pollution 15924 10.24%
Household air pollution 14830 9.54%
High body-mass index (obesity) 11257 7.24%
High blood sugar 8489 5.46%
High total cholesterol 7403 4.76%
High blood pressure 21532 13.85%


Nigeria - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 2 0%
Low bone mineral density 2361 1.76%
Drug use 191 0.14%
Alcohol use 5950 4.44%
Smoking 3358 2.51%
Secondhand smoke 948 0.71%
Household air pollution 17153 12.8%
Outdoor air pollution 18271 13.64%
No access to handwashing facility 7897 5.89%
Poor sanitation 6001 4.48%
Unsafe water source 8376 6.25%
Unsafe sex 1421 1.06%
Low physical activity 3593 2.68%
Diet low in vegetables 4072 3.04%
Diet low in fruits 4434 3.31%
High cholesterol 7206 5.38%
High blood pressure 26827 20.03%
High blood sugar 9752 7.28%
High body-mass index (obesity) 6154 4.59%


Nigeria - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 15374 | Deaths : 11028 71.73%
Breast cancer Patients : 83640 | Deaths : 11053 13.21%
Larynx cancer Patients : 1849 | Deaths : 522 28.23%
Kidney cancer Patients : 6056 | Deaths : 509 8.4%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 1121 | Deaths : 147 13.11%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 6230 | Deaths : 1334 21.41%
Stomach cancer Patients : 3108 | Deaths : 2192 70.53%
Uterine cancer Patients : 5378 | Deaths : 915 17.01%
Bladder cancer Patients : 2320 | Deaths : 522 22.5%
Cervical cancer Patients : 31103 | Deaths : 4493 14.45%
Prostate cancer Patients : 55595 | Deaths : 11410 20.52%
Testicular cancer Patients : 374 | Deaths : 64 17.11%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 1982 | Deaths : 1376 69.42%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 2107 | Deaths : 1953 92.69%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 1509 | Deaths : 171 11.33%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 13791 | Deaths : 4282 31.05%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 1044 | Deaths : 164 15.71%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 3330 | Deaths : 438 13.15%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 6407 | Deaths : 2165 33.79%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 3324 | Deaths : 930 27.98%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 624 | Deaths : 315 50.48%


Nigeria - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 8591 3.89%
5-14 year olds 2576 1.17%
15-49 year olds 65262 29.56%
50-69 year olds 106465 48.22%
70+ year olds 37902 17.17%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

-->