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Niger Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Niger

CONTENT


Causes of death across Niger are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Niger.

Highlights of Niger BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Niger gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 108.71%108.71%
    • Fat : 29.38%29.38%
    • Plant protein : 16.45%16.45%
    • Animal protein : 3.66%3.66%
  • 58.20% increase in caloric supply : Currently Niger gets 2547/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 1610/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Pulses and Oils & Fats are three major diet compositions in Niger
  • Sorghum, Rice and Wheat are three major Cereal preferences in Niger
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Niger average intake is 159.45 grams
  • Dates, Bananas and Oranges & Mandarines are three major Fruit Types Intake in Niger
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Niger average Fruit intake is 77.97grams
  • In Niger, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 19.70% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Niger is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Niger
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Sorghum340
2Rice126
3Wheat37
4Maize33
5Barley2
6Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Niger

Diet Compositions in Niger
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1548
2Pulses342
3Oils & Fats278
4Fruits & Vegetables91
5Dairy & Eggs87
6Meat82
7Sugar53
8Starchy Roots48
9Other17
10Alcoholic Beverages1

Major Cause of Death


Malaria was a major cause of death in Niger with 33400 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 20% of total deaths. Overall Malaria, Diarrheal diseases and Lower respiratory infections were the highest types of death causes in Niger.
    Major Cause of Death in Niger
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group Under-5 with 91693 deaths (year 2016).
  • 30.15% kids below age 5 years die because of Malaria.
  • Malaria, Diarrheal diseases and Lower respiratory infections are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cardiovascular disease, HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Lower respiratory infections are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 28% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Niger (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Niger - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Niger are Child wasting, Household air pollution and Unsafe water source. Every year around 15722 people die due to Child wasting.
  • Child wasting and Unsafe water source are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Unsafe water source and Poor sanitation are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Unsafe sex, Household air pollution and Unsafe water source are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, Household air pollution and Outdoor air pollution are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Niger (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.15% of Niger population was suffering from cancer i.e. 12470 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Stomach cancer (Count : 963) and Cervical cancer was also concerning with 893 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Stomach cancer have 11% of survival chance.Niger was really successful in diagnosing Kidney cancer where 89% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 5063 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 1084 were suffering from Stomach cancer out of which 963 people were dead. This means 88.84% death rate of people suffering from Stomach cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Niger and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Niger :
  • 0.15 % of Niger population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Stomach cancer
  • Kidney cancer was most cured cancer in Niger
  • Stomach cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Niger

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Niger (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 868 0.51%
Cardiovascular diseases 18042 10.68%
Kidney disease 1476 0.87%
Respiratory disease 2948 1.74%
Liver disease 2139 1.27%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 5637 3.34%
Digestive disease 3045 1.8%
Hepatitis 513 0.3%
Cancers 8399 4.97%
Parkinson's disease 62 0.04%
Fire 661 0.39%
Malaria 33400 19.76%
Drowning 1038 0.61%
Homicide 477 0.28%
HIV/AIDS 3061 1.81%
Drug disorder 110 0.07%
Tuberculosis 5673 3.36%
Road incidents 2018 1.19%
Maternal deaths 3898 2.31%
Neonatal deaths 16666 9.86%
Alcohol disorder 102 0.06%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 21037 12.45%
Nutritional deficiencies 4898 2.9%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 5637 3.34%
Tuberculosis 5673 3.36%
Meningitis 7872.11643623 4.66%
Cancers 8399 4.97%
Neonatal deaths 16666 9.86%
Cardiovascular diseases 18042 10.68%
Lower respiratory infections 18651.8734614 11.04%
Diarrheal diseases 21037 12.45%
Malaria 33400 19.76%


Niger - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 62 0.07%
Neonatal disorders 3767 4.24%
Diarrheal diseases 3901 4.39%
Lower respiratory infections 0 0%
Neonatal infections 65 0.07%
Nutritional deficiencies 13850 15.57%
Congenital birth defects 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 16666 18.74%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 340 0.38%
Measles 374 0.42%
Digestive diseases 213 0.24%
Cardiovascular disease 388 0.44%
Drowning 26814 30.15%
Tuberculosis 249 0.28%
Road accidents 157 0.18%
Fire 77 0.09%
HIV/AIDS 432 0.49%
Kidney disease 972 1.09%
Cancers 80 0.09%
Liver disease 169 0.19%
Hepatitis 430 0.48%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 3885 4.37%
Homicide 11612 13.06%
Drug use disorders 519 0.58%
Natural disasters 3909 4.4%


Niger - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 19 0.27%
Homicide 34 0.48%
Nutritional deficiencies 216 3.06%
Protein-energy malnutrition 208 2.95%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 25 0.35%
Diarrheal diseases 857 12.14%
Road accidents 287 4.07%
Tuberculosis 132 1.87%
HIV/AIDS 342 4.85%
Drowning 271 3.84%
Malaria 2875 40.74%
Fire 82 1.16%
Cancers 207 2.93%
Hepatitis 44 0.62%
Digestive diseases 128 1.81%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 351 4.97%
Liver disease 51 0.72%
Respiratory disease 62 0.88%
Kidney disease 82 1.16%
Cardiovascular disease 165 2.34%
Lower respiratory infections 619 8.77%


Niger - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 373 1.89%
Homicide 326 1.65%
Nutritional deficiencies 251 1.27%
Protein-energy malnutrition 196 0.99%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 109 0.55%
Diarrheal diseases 2003 10.12%
Road accidents 812 4.1%
Tuberculosis 2031 10.27%
HIV/AIDS 2047 10.35%
Drowning 224 1.13%
Malaria 1750 8.85%
Fire 123 0.62%
Cancers 1844 9.32%
Hepatitis 251 1.27%
Digestive diseases 771 3.9%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1205 6.09%
Liver disease 697 3.52%
Respiratory disease 486 2.46%
Kidney disease 387 1.96%
Cardiovascular disease 2428 12.27%
Drug disorder 77 0.39%
Alcohol disorder 44 0.22%
Parkinson's disease 1 0.01%
Dementia 2 0.01%
Lower respiratory infections 1346 6.8%


Niger - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 258 0.95%
Homicide 47 0.17%
Nutritional deficiencies 265 0.98%
Protein-energy malnutrition 210 0.78%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 46 0.17%
Diarrheal diseases 2286 8.45%
Road accidents 400 1.48%
Tuberculosis 1919 7.09%
HIV/AIDS 439 1.62%
Drowning 97 0.36%
Malaria 1200 4.44%
Fire 118 0.44%
Cancers 4067 15.03%
Hepatitis 115 0.43%
Digestive diseases 1017 3.76%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1721 6.36%
Liver disease 959 3.54%
Respiratory disease 1192 4.41%
Kidney disease 469 1.73%
Cardiovascular diseases 7519 27.79%
Dementia 133 0.49%
Parkinson's disease 11 0.04%
Drug disorder 23 0.09%
Alcohol disorder 46 0.17%
Lower respiratory infections 2498 9.23%


Niger - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 102 0.46%
Homicide 8 0.04%
Nutritional deficiencies 265 1.21%
Protein-energy malnutrition 237 1.08%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 21 0.1%
Diarrheal diseases 2042 9.3%
Road accidents 179 0.82%
Tuberculosis 1217 5.54%
HIV/AIDS 21 0.1%
Drowning 57 0.26%
Malaria 761 3.47%
Fire 89 0.41%
Cancers 2123 9.67%
Hepatitis 26 0.12%
Digestive diseases 697 3.17%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1389 6.33%
Liver disease 352 1.6%
Respiratory disease 1117 5.09%
Kidney disease 370 1.69%
Cardiovascular disease 7500 34.16%
Parkinson's disease 50 0.23%
Dementia 733 3.34%
Drug use disorders 11 0.05%
Alcohol use disorders 13 0.06%
Lower respiratory infections 2578 11.74%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Niger
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 15722 10.56%
Poor sanitation 14065 9.45%
No access to handwashing facility 11248 7.55%
Household air pollution 16202 10.88%
Outdoor air pollution 14390 9.67%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 3108 2.09%
Discontinued breastfeeding 233 0.16%
Child wasting 23467 15.76%
Child stunting 4492 3.02%
Low birth weight 6937 4.66%
Secondhand smoke 911 0.61%
Alcohol use 631 0.42%
Drug use 214 0.14%
Diet low in fruits 3592 2.41%
Diet low in vegetables 2406 1.62%
Unsafe sex 3404 2.29%
Low physical activity 1132 0.76%
High blood sugar 4618 3.1%
High cholesterol 2652 1.78%
High body-mass index (obesity) 3752 2.52%
High blood pressure 10015 6.73%
Smoking 2421 1.63%
Iron deficiency 289 0.19%
Zinc deficiency 670 0.45%
Vitamin-A deficiency 1898 1.27%
Low bone mineral density 418 0.28%


Niger - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 233 0.3%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 3108 3.99%
Child stunting 4492 5.77%
Low birth weight 6937 8.91%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 7318 9.4%
Secondhand smoke 455 0.58%
Poor sanitation 9258 11.89%
Unsafe water source 10372 13.32%
Household air pollution 6440 8.27%
Outdoor air pollution 5769 7.41%
High body-mass index (obesity) 3 0%
High blood pressure 3 0%
High blood sugar 23 0.03%
Child wasting 23467 30.13%
Iron deficiency 1 0%


Niger - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 439 16.01%
Unsafe water source 638 23.27%
Unsafe sex 100 3.65%
Iron deficiency 285 10.39%
Secondhand smoke 23 0.84%
Household air pollution 348 12.69%
Outdoor air pollution 308 11.23%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1 0.04%
High blood sugar 24 0.88%
High blood pressure 2 0.07%
Poor sanitation 573 20.9%
Iron deficiency 1 0.04%


Niger - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 285 1.94%
Low bone mineral density 17 0.12%
Drug use 158 1.07%
Alcohol use 313 2.13%
No access to handwashing facility 1011 6.87%
Unsafe water source 1489 10.12%
Poor sanitation 1339 9.1%
Smoking 640 4.35%
Secondhand smoke 68 0.46%
Low physical activity 80 0.54%
Diet low in fruits 681 4.63%
Diet low in vegetables 436 2.96%
Unsafe sex 2235 15.19%
High body-mass index (obesity) 771 5.24%
Household air pollution 1593 10.83%
Outdoor air pollution 1437 9.77%
High total cholesterol 456 3.1%
High blood pressure 1146 7.79%
High blood sugar 559 3.8%


Niger - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0%
Low bone mineral density 124 0.43%
Drug use 43 0.15%
Alcohol use 319 1.1%
No access to handwashing facility 1285 4.45%
Poor sanitation 1529 5.29%
Unsafe sex 921 3.19%
Smoking 1261 4.36%
Secondhand smoke 191 0.66%
Unsafe water source 1701 5.89%
Diet low in vegetables 1143 3.96%
Diet low in fruits 1811 6.27%
Low physical activity 448 1.55%
Outdoor air pollution 3705 12.82%
Household air pollution 4181 14.47%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2080 7.2%
High blood sugar 2152 7.45%
High total cholesterol 1287 4.45%
High blood pressure 4710 16.3%


Niger - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0%
Low bone mineral density 277 1.24%
Drug use 13 0.06%
Alcohol use -1 0%
Smoking 520 2.32%
Secondhand smoke 176 0.79%
Household air pollution 3640 16.27%
Outdoor air pollution 3172 14.17%
No access to handwashing facility 1195 5.34%
Poor sanitation 1366 6.1%
Unsafe water source 1521 6.8%
Unsafe sex 147 0.66%
Low physical activity 604 2.7%
Diet low in vegetables 828 3.7%
Diet low in fruits 1100 4.92%
High cholesterol 909 4.06%
High blood pressure 4154 18.56%
High blood sugar 1861 8.32%
High body-mass index (obesity) 896 4%


Niger - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 1398 | Deaths : 660 47.21%
Breast cancer Patients : 2087 | Deaths : 495 23.72%
Larynx cancer Patients : 174 | Deaths : 78 44.83%
Kidney cancer Patients : 693 | Deaths : 77 11.11%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 129 | Deaths : 31 24.03%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 320 | Deaths : 98 30.63%
Stomach cancer Patients : 1084 | Deaths : 963 88.84%
Uterine cancer Patients : 434 | Deaths : 123 28.34%
Bladder cancer Patients : 412 | Deaths : 156 37.86%
Cervical cancer Patients : 4744 | Deaths : 893 18.82%
Prostate cancer Patients : 1615 | Deaths : 672 41.61%
Testicular cancer Patients : 49 | Deaths : 14 28.57%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 325 | Deaths : 183 56.31%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 326 | Deaths : 269 82.52%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 88 | Deaths : 21 23.86%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 762 | Deaths : 360 47.24%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 80 | Deaths : 27 33.75%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 419 | Deaths : 93 22.2%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 508 | Deaths : 206 40.55%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 459 | Deaths : 134 29.19%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 75 | Deaths : 44 58.67%


Niger - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 1003 8.04%
5-14 year olds 304 2.44%
15-49 year olds 3792 30.41%
50-69 year olds 5063 40.6%
70+ year olds 2309 18.51%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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