Nicaragua Health | 2020 | The Global Graph Skip to main content

Nicaragua Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Nicaragua

CONTENT


Causes of death across Nicaragua are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Nicaragua.

Highlights of Nicaragua BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Nicaragua gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 93.83%93.83%
    • Fat : 29.70%29.70%
    • Plant protein : 10.14%10.14%
    • Animal protein : 4.44%4.44%
  • 38.12% increase in caloric supply : Currently Nicaragua gets 2638/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 1910/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Sugar and Oils & Fats are three major diet compositions in Nicaragua
  • Maize, Rice and Wheat are three major Cereal preferences in Nicaragua
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Nicaragua average intake is 39.15 grams
  • Apples, Pineapples and Oranges & Mandarines are three major Fruit Types Intake in Nicaragua
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Nicaragua average Fruit intake is 107.07grams
  • In Nicaragua, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in increasing trend
  • 54.80% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Nicaragua is in the range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Nicaragua
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Maize643
2Rice403
3Wheat221
4Sorghum13
5Oats10
6Rye0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Nicaragua

Diet Compositions in Nicaragua
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1290
2Sugar396
3Oils & Fats294
4Pulses198
5Dairy & Eggs156
6Meat141
7Starchy Roots51
8Fruits & Vegetables45
9Alcoholic Beverages35
10Other32

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Nicaragua with 6573 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 26% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease and Cancers were the highest types of death causes in Nicaragua.
    Major Cause of Death in Nicaragua
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 11217 deaths (year 2016).
  • 33.64% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Cancers, Road accidents and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases, Cancers and Homicide are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases, Cardiovascular diseases and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 23% of people aging over 50 years die because of Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Nicaragua (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Nicaragua - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Nicaragua are High blood pressure, High body-mass index (obesity) and High blood sugar. Every year around 142 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Household air pollution and Unsafe water source are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Alcohol use, High body-mass index (obesity) and High blood pressure are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High body-mass index (obesity), High blood sugar and High blood pressure are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Nicaragua (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.24% of Nicaragua population was suffering from cancer i.e. 9332 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Stomach cancer (Count : 388) and Cervical cancer was also concerning with 327 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 0% of survival chance.Nicaragua was really successful in diagnosing Uterine cancer where 91% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 3499 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 605 were suffering from Stomach cancer out of which 388 people were dead. This means 64.13% death rate of people suffering from Stomach cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Nicaragua and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Nicaragua :
  • 0.24 % of Nicaragua population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Stomach cancer
  • Uterine cancer was most cured cancer in Nicaragua
  • Stomach cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Nicaragua

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Nicaragua (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 1390 5.55%
Cardiovascular diseases 6573 26.23%
Kidney disease 2345 9.36%
Respiratory disease 968 3.86%
Liver disease 1225 4.89%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 3918 15.63%
Digestive disease 482 1.92%
Hepatitis 18 0.07%
Cancers 3233 12.9%
Parkinson's disease 77 0.31%
Fire 32 0.13%
Malaria 3 0.01%
Drowning 197 0.79%
Homicide 629 2.51%
HIV/AIDS 86 0.34%
Drug disorder 26 0.1%
Tuberculosis 156 0.62%
Road incidents 736 2.94%
Maternal deaths 75 0.3%
Neonatal deaths 623 2.49%
Alcohol disorder 336 1.34%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 231 0.92%
Homicide 629 2.51%
Road incidents 736 2.94%
Lower respiratory infections 830.569379203 3.31%
Respiratory disease 968 3.86%
Liver disease 1225 4.89%
Dementia 1390 5.55%
Kidney disease 2345 9.36%
Cancers 3233 12.9%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 3918 15.63%
Cardiovascular diseases 6573 26.23%


Nicaragua - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 10 0.54%
Congenital birth defects 70 3.78%
Lower respiratory infections 71 3.83%
Neonatal infections 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 117 6.32%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Cancers 623 33.64%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 18 0.97%
Road accidents 2 0.11%
Digestive diseases 0 0%
Cardiovascular disease 14 0.76%
Drowning 0 0%
Kidney disease 4 0.22%
Homicide 33 1.78%
Liver disease 3 0.16%
Fire 16 0.86%
Hepatitis 26 1.4%
Tuberculosis 4 0.22%
Malaria 12 0.65%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 14 0.76%
HIV/AIDS 358 19.33%
Drug use disorders 309 16.68%
Measles 0 0%
Natural disasters 148 7.99%


Nicaragua - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 14 5.2%
Homicide 16 5.95%
Nutritional deficiencies 7 2.6%
Protein-energy malnutrition 6 2.23%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 7 2.6%
Road accidents 38 14.13%
Tuberculosis 2 0.74%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 21 7.81%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 2 0.74%
Cancers 65 24.16%
Hepatitis 2 0.74%
Digestive diseases 7 2.6%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 25 9.29%
Liver disease 5 1.86%
Respiratory disease 4 1.49%
Kidney disease 13 4.83%
Cardiovascular disease 12 4.46%
Lower respiratory infections 23 8.55%


Nicaragua - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 360 7.64%
Homicide 513 10.88%
Nutritional deficiencies 15 0.32%
Protein-energy malnutrition 13 0.28%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 3 0.06%
Diarrheal diseases 19 0.4%
Road accidents 475 10.08%
Tuberculosis 55 1.17%
HIV/AIDS 79 1.68%
Drowning 126 2.67%
Malaria 2 0.04%
Fire 10 0.21%
Cancers 634 13.45%
Hepatitis 6 0.13%
Digestive diseases 81 1.72%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 647 13.73%
Liver disease 399 8.46%
Respiratory disease 46 0.98%
Kidney disease 460 9.76%
Cardiovascular disease 480 10.18%
Drug disorder 18 0.38%
Alcohol disorder 175 3.71%
Parkinson's disease 1 0.02%
Dementia 2 0.04%
Lower respiratory infections 95 2.02%


Nicaragua - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 59 0.89%
Homicide 74 1.11%
Nutritional deficiencies 14 0.21%
Protein-energy malnutrition 14 0.21%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 2 0.03%
Diarrheal diseases 24 0.36%
Road accidents 128 1.92%
Tuberculosis 51 0.77%
HIV/AIDS 6 0.09%
Drowning 26 0.39%
Malaria 1 0.02%
Fire 5 0.08%
Cancers 1174 17.64%
Hepatitis 5 0.08%
Digestive diseases 123 1.85%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1550 23.29%
Liver disease 511 7.68%
Respiratory disease 164 2.46%
Kidney disease 942 14.16%
Cardiovascular diseases 1456 21.88%
Dementia 77 1.16%
Parkinson's disease 8 0.12%
Drug disorder 4 0.06%
Alcohol disorder 123 1.85%
Lower respiratory infections 113 1.7%


Nicaragua - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 17 0.14%
Homicide 15 0.13%
Nutritional deficiencies 60 0.5%
Protein-energy malnutrition 59 0.5%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.01%
Diarrheal diseases 63 0.53%
Road accidents 77 0.65%
Tuberculosis 46 0.39%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 10 0.08%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 11 0.09%
Cancers 1327 11.14%
Hepatitis 3 0.03%
Digestive diseases 256 2.15%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1671 14.03%
Liver disease 305 2.56%
Respiratory disease 744 6.25%
Kidney disease 918 7.71%
Cardiovascular disease 4611 38.73%
Parkinson's disease 69 0.58%
Dementia 1311 11.01%
Drug use disorders 4 0.03%
Alcohol use disorders 38 0.32%
Lower respiratory infections 291 2.44%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Nicaragua
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 142 0.57%
Poor sanitation 117 0.47%
No access to handwashing facility 86 0.34%
Household air pollution 1064 4.27%
Outdoor air pollution 1017 4.08%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 66 0.26%
Discontinued breastfeeding 5 0.02%
Child wasting 227 0.91%
Child stunting 32 0.13%
Low birth weight 325 1.3%
Secondhand smoke 351 1.41%
Alcohol use 1804 7.23%
Drug use 477 1.91%
Diet low in fruits 981 3.93%
Diet low in vegetables 1016 4.07%
Unsafe sex 413 1.66%
Low physical activity 493 1.98%
High blood sugar 4180 16.76%
High cholesterol 1708 6.85%
High body-mass index (obesity) 4338 17.39%
High blood pressure 5041 20.21%
Smoking 864 3.46%
Iron deficiency 5 0.02%
Zinc deficiency 6 0.02%
Vitamin-A deficiency 2 0.01%
Low bone mineral density 179 0.72%


Nicaragua - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 5 0.5%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 66 6.66%
Child stunting 32 3.23%
Low birth weight 325 32.8%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 38 3.83%
Secondhand smoke 26 2.62%
Poor sanitation 59 5.95%
Unsafe water source 72 7.27%
Household air pollution 81 8.17%
Outdoor air pollution 58 5.85%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1 0.1%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 1 0.1%
Child wasting 227 22.91%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Nicaragua - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 1 3.33%
No access to handwashing facility 2 6.67%
Unsafe water source 4 13.33%
Unsafe sex 0 0%
Iron deficiency 4 13.33%
Secondhand smoke 2 6.67%
Household air pollution 6 20%
Outdoor air pollution 4 13.33%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood sugar 3 10%
High blood pressure 0 0%
Poor sanitation 4 13.33%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Nicaragua - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 4 0.12%
Low bone mineral density 9 0.27%
Drug use 211 6.3%
Alcohol use 706 21.07%
No access to handwashing facility 8 0.24%
Unsafe water source 12 0.36%
Poor sanitation 10 0.3%
Smoking 144 4.3%
Secondhand smoke 29 0.87%
Low physical activity 23 0.69%
Diet low in fruits 141 4.21%
Diet low in vegetables 119 3.55%
Unsafe sex 190 5.67%
High body-mass index (obesity) 575 17.16%
Household air pollution 112 3.34%
Outdoor air pollution 106 3.16%
High total cholesterol 169 5.04%
High blood pressure 399 11.91%
High blood sugar 384 11.46%


Nicaragua - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 26 0.32%
Drug use 203 2.52%
Alcohol use 657 8.17%
No access to handwashing facility 10 0.12%
Poor sanitation 12 0.15%
Unsafe sex 142 1.77%
Smoking 370 4.6%
Secondhand smoke 96 1.19%
Unsafe water source 15 0.19%
Diet low in vegetables 291 3.62%
Diet low in fruits 343 4.27%
Low physical activity 95 1.18%
Outdoor air pollution 271 3.37%
Household air pollution 275 3.42%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1806 22.46%
High blood sugar 1511 18.79%
High total cholesterol 455 5.66%
High blood pressure 1462 18.18%


Nicaragua - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 144 1.15%
Drug use 64 0.51%
Alcohol use 442 3.53%
Smoking 350 2.79%
Secondhand smoke 199 1.59%
Household air pollution 590 4.71%
Outdoor air pollution 578 4.61%
No access to handwashing facility 27 0.22%
Poor sanitation 32 0.26%
Unsafe water source 39 0.31%
Unsafe sex 82 0.65%
Low physical activity 375 2.99%
Diet low in vegetables 606 4.84%
Diet low in fruits 497 3.97%
High cholesterol 1084 8.65%
High blood pressure 3179 25.38%
High blood sugar 2282 18.22%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1957 15.62%


Nicaragua - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 325 | Deaths : 118 36.31%
Breast cancer Patients : 1935 | Deaths : 207 10.7%
Larynx cancer Patients : 123 | Deaths : 35 28.46%
Kidney cancer Patients : 462 | Deaths : 49 10.61%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 216 | Deaths : 22 10.19%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 309 | Deaths : 59 19.09%
Stomach cancer Patients : 605 | Deaths : 388 64.13%
Uterine cancer Patients : 275 | Deaths : 26 9.45%
Bladder cancer Patients : 177 | Deaths : 33 18.64%
Cervical cancer Patients : 2420 | Deaths : 327 13.51%
Prostate cancer Patients : 1753 | Deaths : 267 15.23%
Testicular cancer Patients : 100 | Deaths : 10 10%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 135 | Deaths : 96 71.11%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 34 | Deaths : 34 100%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 66 | Deaths : 12 18.18%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 1149 | Deaths : 254 22.11%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 312 | Deaths : 35 11.22%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 196 | Deaths : 28 14.29%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 300 | Deaths : 119 39.67%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 267 | Deaths : 88 32.96%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 64 | Deaths : 14 21.88%


Nicaragua - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 121 1.3%
5-14 year olds 129 1.38%
15-49 year olds 2323 24.89%
50-69 year olds 3499 37.49%
70+ year olds 3260 34.93%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

-->