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New Zealand Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : New Zealand

CONTENT


Causes of death across New Zealand are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in New Zealand.

Highlights of New Zealand BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in New Zealand gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 58.87%58.87%
    • Fat : 35.70%35.70%
    • Animal protein : 7.49%7.49%
    • Plant protein : 5.16%5.16%
  • 7.21% increase in caloric supply : Currently New Zealand gets 3137/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2926/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Sugar are three major diet compositions in New Zealand
  • Wheat, Rice and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in New Zealand
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in New Zealand average intake is 354.82 grams
  • Apples, Bananas and Oranges & Mandarines are three major Fruit Types Intake in New Zealand
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in New Zealand average Fruit intake is 271.26grams
  • In New Zealand, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in increasing trend
  • 68.00% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in New Zealand is in the range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in New Zealand
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Wheat617
2Rice91
3Maize37
4Oats24
5Barley3
6Rye0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in New Zealand

Diet Compositions in New Zealand
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains805
2Oils & Fats583
3Sugar568
4Meat469
5Fruits & Vegetables234
6Dairy & Eggs206
7Alcoholic Beverages109
8Starchy Roots98
9Pulses34
10Other31

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in New Zealand with 11188 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 35% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Dementia were the highest types of death causes in New Zealand.
    Major Cause of Death in New Zealand
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 23689 deaths (year 2016).
  • 47.19% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Cancers, Road accidents and Suicide are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cancers, Suicide and Cardiovascular disease are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cancers, Cardiovascular diseases and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 51% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cancers.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in New Zealand (and it's count) Number of Deaths in New Zealand - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in New Zealand are High blood pressure, Smoking and High body-mass index (obesity). Every year around 12 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Alcohol use and High body-mass index (obesity) are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Alcohol use, Smoking and High body-mass index (obesity) are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • Smoking, High body-mass index (obesity) and High blood pressure are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in New Zealand (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


1.75% of New Zealand population was suffering from cancer i.e. 98477 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Colon & rectum cancer (Count : 1530) and Breast cancer was also concerning with 755 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Pancreatic cancer have 5% of survival chance.New Zealand was really successful in diagnosing Testicular cancer where 99% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 43496 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 14432 were suffering from Colon & rectum cancer out of which 1530 people were dead. This means 10.6% death rate of people suffering from Colon & rectum cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in New Zealand and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in New Zealand :
  • 1.75 % of New Zealand population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Colon & rectum cancer
  • Testicular cancer was most cured cancer in New Zealand
  • Colon & rectum cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in New Zealand

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in New Zealand (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 2691 8.46%
Cardiovascular diseases 11188 35.19%
Kidney disease 755 2.37%
Respiratory disease 2172 6.83%
Liver disease 265 0.83%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 1793 5.64%
Digestive disease 707 2.22%
Hepatitis 3 0.01%
Cancers 9809 30.85%
Parkinson's disease 258 0.81%
Fire 24 0.08%
Malaria 0 0%
Drowning 49 0.15%
Homicide 56 0.18%
HIV/AIDS 9 0.03%
Drug disorder 70 0.22%
Tuberculosis 16 0.05%
Road incidents 355 1.12%
Maternal deaths 7 0.02%
Neonatal deaths 126 0.4%
Alcohol disorder 55 0.17%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 65 0.2%
Road incidents 355 1.12%
Suicide 536 1.69%
Digestive disease 707 2.22%
Lower respiratory infections 740.05636492 2.33%
Kidney disease 755 2.37%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 1793 5.64%
Respiratory disease 2172 6.83%
Dementia 2691 8.46%
Cancers 9809 30.85%
Cardiovascular diseases 11188 35.19%


New Zealand - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 4 1.5%
Congenital birth defects 0 0%
Cancers 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 0 0%
Road accidents 0 0%
Neonatal infections 3 1.12%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 0 0%
Drowning 126 47.19%
Homicide 8 3%
Cardiovascular disease 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Fire 6 2.25%
Digestive diseases 0 0%
Kidney disease 2 0.75%
HIV/AIDS 10 3.75%
Liver disease 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.37%
Nutritional deficiencies 7 2.62%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
Hepatitis 1 0.37%
Drug use disorders 3 1.12%
Protein-energy malnutrition 80 29.96%
Measles 9 3.37%
Natural disasters 0 0%
7 2.62%


New Zealand - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 4 8.16%
Homicide 2 4.08%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Road accidents 13 26.53%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 3 6.12%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 1 2.04%
Cancers 18 36.73%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 0 0%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 4 8.16%
Liver disease 0 0%
Respiratory disease 2 4.08%
Kidney disease 0 0%
Cardiovascular disease 2 4.08%
Lower respiratory infections 0 0%


New Zealand - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 340 19.86%
Homicide 35 2.04%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.06%
Diarrheal diseases 1 0.06%
Road accidents 201 11.74%
Tuberculosis 1 0.06%
HIV/AIDS 6 0.35%
Drowning 25 1.46%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 5 0.29%
Cancers 561 32.77%
Hepatitis 1 0.06%
Digestive diseases 14 0.82%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 84 4.91%
Liver disease 25 1.46%
Respiratory disease 40 2.34%
Kidney disease 23 1.34%
Cardiovascular disease 277 16.18%
Drug disorder 46 2.69%
Alcohol disorder 16 0.93%
Parkinson's disease 1 0.06%
Dementia 2 0.12%
Lower respiratory infections 7 0.41%


New Zealand - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 134 2.09%
Homicide 11 0.17%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 0.02%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 0.02%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.02%
Diarrheal diseases 4 0.06%
Road accidents 72 1.12%
Tuberculosis 5 0.08%
HIV/AIDS 3 0.05%
Drowning 10 0.16%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 4 0.06%
Cancers 3278 51.04%
Hepatitis 1 0.02%
Digestive diseases 98 1.53%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 392 6.1%
Liver disease 109 1.7%
Respiratory disease 376 5.85%
Kidney disease 150 2.34%
Cardiovascular diseases 1593 24.81%
Dementia 85 1.32%
Parkinson's disease 22 0.34%
Drug disorder 16 0.25%
Alcohol disorder 19 0.3%
Lower respiratory infections 37 0.58%


New Zealand - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 57 0.24%
Homicide 4 0.02%
Nutritional deficiencies 13 0.06%
Protein-energy malnutrition 10 0.04%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 5 0.02%
Diarrheal diseases 58 0.25%
Road accidents 62 0.26%
Tuberculosis 10 0.04%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 6 0.03%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 12 0.05%
Cancers 5941 25.38%
Hepatitis 1 0%
Digestive diseases 594 2.54%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1306 5.58%
Liver disease 131 0.56%
Respiratory disease 1753 7.49%
Kidney disease 580 2.48%
Cardiovascular disease 9313 39.78%
Parkinson's disease 236 1.01%
Dementia 2605 11.13%
Drug use disorders 7 0.03%
Alcohol use disorders 20 0.09%
Lower respiratory infections 686 2.93%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in New Zealand
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 12 0.05%
Poor sanitation 3 0.01%
No access to handwashing facility 12 0.05%
Household air pollution 17 0.07%
Outdoor air pollution 552 2.18%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 2 0.01%
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Child wasting 3 0.01%
Child stunting 0 0%
Low birth weight 76 0.3%
Secondhand smoke 209 0.82%
Alcohol use 1263 4.98%
Drug use 206 0.81%
Diet low in fruits 1030 4.06%
Diet low in vegetables 1025 4.04%
Unsafe sex 84 0.33%
Low physical activity 1079 4.25%
High blood sugar 2594 10.23%
High cholesterol 2707 10.67%
High body-mass index (obesity) 3782 14.91%
High blood pressure 5833 23%
Smoking 4457 17.57%
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Zinc deficiency 0 0%
Vitamin-A deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 415 1.64%


New Zealand - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 2 2.44%
Child stunting 0 0%
Low birth weight 76 92.68%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Secondhand smoke 1 1.22%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 0 0%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
Child wasting 3 3.66%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


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New Zealand - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths


New Zealand - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 5 0.41%
Drug use 92 7.6%
Alcohol use 317 26.2%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Smoking 162 13.39%
Secondhand smoke 12 0.99%
Low physical activity 19 1.57%
Diet low in fruits 51 4.21%
Diet low in vegetables 43 3.55%
Unsafe sex 20 1.65%
High body-mass index (obesity) 160 13.22%
Household air pollution 1 0.08%
Outdoor air pollution 19 1.57%
High total cholesterol 118 9.75%
High blood pressure 136 11.24%
High blood sugar 55 4.55%


New Zealand - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 23 0.38%
Drug use 71 1.18%
Alcohol use 665 11.04%
No access to handwashing facility 1 0.02%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Unsafe sex 30 0.5%
Smoking 1380 22.92%
Secondhand smoke 60 1%
Unsafe water source 1 0.02%
Diet low in vegetables 201 3.34%
Diet low in fruits 256 4.25%
Low physical activity 146 2.42%
Outdoor air pollution 118 1.96%
Household air pollution 4 0.07%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1046 17.37%
High blood sugar 503 8.35%
High total cholesterol 562 9.33%
High blood pressure 955 15.86%


New Zealand - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 388 2.15%
Drug use 43 0.24%
Alcohol use 281 1.56%
Smoking 2915 16.15%
Secondhand smoke 136 0.75%
Household air pollution 13 0.07%
Outdoor air pollution 415 2.3%
No access to handwashing facility 11 0.06%
Poor sanitation 3 0.02%
Unsafe water source 11 0.06%
Unsafe sex 33 0.18%
Low physical activity 914 5.06%
Diet low in vegetables 781 4.33%
Diet low in fruits 723 4.01%
High cholesterol 2028 11.24%
High blood pressure 4742 26.27%
High blood sugar 2036 11.28%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2576 14.27%


New Zealand - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 279 | Deaths : 262 93.91%
Breast cancer Patients : 15440 | Deaths : 755 4.89%
Larynx cancer Patients : 371 | Deaths : 41 11.05%
Kidney cancer Patients : 2422 | Deaths : 234 9.66%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 1486 | Deaths : 26 1.75%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 1012 | Deaths : 218 21.54%
Stomach cancer Patients : 1235 | Deaths : 366 29.64%
Uterine cancer Patients : 2739 | Deaths : 117 4.27%
Bladder cancer Patients : 2201 | Deaths : 215 9.77%
Cervical cancer Patients : 695 | Deaths : 74 10.65%
Prostate cancer Patients : 18801 | Deaths : 701 3.73%
Testicular cancer Patients : 731 | Deaths : 7 0.96%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 542 | Deaths : 515 95.02%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 643 | Deaths : 260 40.44%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 110 | Deaths : 28 25.45%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 14432 | Deaths : 1530 10.6%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 7838 | Deaths : 147 1.88%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 1356 | Deaths : 87 6.42%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 723 | Deaths : 282 39%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 4008 | Deaths : 125 3.12%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 161 | Deaths : 48 29.81%


New Zealand - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 391 0.4%
5-14 year olds 200 0.2%
15-49 year olds 11351 11.53%
50-69 year olds 43496 44.17%
70+ year olds 43039 43.7%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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