Nepal Health | 2020 | The Global Graph Skip to main content

Nepal Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Nepal

CONTENT


Causes of death across Nepal are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Nepal.

Highlights of Nepal BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Nepal gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 108.79%108.79%
    • Fat : 27.60%27.60%
    • Plant protein : 13.13%13.13%
    • Animal protein : 2.61%2.61%
  • 52.13% increase in caloric supply : Currently Nepal gets 2673/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 1757/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Starchy Roots are three major diet compositions in Nepal
  • Rice, Wheat and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in Nepal
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Nepal average intake is 312.58 grams
  • Bananas, Oranges & Mandarines and Apples are three major Fruit Types Intake in Nepal
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Nepal average Fruit intake is 167.59grams
  • In Nepal, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 19.60% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Nepal is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Nepal
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Rice836
2Wheat388
3Maize342
4Barley11
5Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Nepal

Diet Compositions in Nepal
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1665
2Oils & Fats295
3Starchy Roots160
4Fruits & Vegetables151
5Dairy & Eggs114
6Pulses111
7Sugar77
8Meat48
10Alcoholic Beverages4

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Nepal with 51028 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 29% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Respiratory disease and Cancers were the highest types of death causes in Nepal.
    Major Cause of Death in Nepal
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 69914 deaths (year 2016).
  • 54.34% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Drowning, Lower respiratory infections and Diarrheal diseases are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cardiovascular disease, Cancers and Road accidents are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Respiratory disease are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 37% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Nepal (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Nepal - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Nepal are High blood pressure, Smoking and Household air pollution. Every year around 6398 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Child wasting and Low birth weight are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Unsafe water source and Iron deficiency are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • High blood pressure, Smoking and High total cholesterol are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, Smoking and Household air pollution are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Nepal (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.15% of Nepal population was suffering from cancer i.e. 27911 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Stomach cancer (Count : 1747) and Breast cancer was also concerning with 1283 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 2% of survival chance.Nepal was really successful in diagnosing Kidney cancer where 86% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 14192 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 2314 were suffering from Stomach cancer out of which 1747 people were dead. This means 75.5% death rate of people suffering from Stomach cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Nepal and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Nepal :
  • 0.15 % of Nepal population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Stomach cancer
  • Kidney cancer was most cured cancer in Nepal
  • Stomach cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Nepal

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Nepal (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 3294 1.89%
Cardiovascular diseases 51028 29.35%
Kidney disease 4442 2.56%
Respiratory disease 21186 12.19%
Liver disease 4511 2.59%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 12413 7.14%
Digestive disease 4175 2.4%
Hepatitis 776 0.45%
Cancers 16577 9.54%
Parkinson's disease 319 0.18%
Fire 444 0.26%
Malaria 677 0.39%
Drowning 1208 0.69%
Homicide 660 0.38%
HIV/AIDS 1389 0.8%
Drug disorder 173 0.1%
Tuberculosis 4337 2.49%
Road incidents 4782 2.75%
Maternal deaths 2003 1.15%
Neonatal deaths 11756 6.76%
Alcohol disorder 313 0.18%
Natural disasters 122 0.07%
Diarrheal diseases 8889 5.11%
Kidney disease 4442 2.56%
Liver disease 4511 2.59%
Road incidents 4782 2.75%
Diarrheal diseases 8889 5.11%
Lower respiratory infections 10925.59626 6.28%
Neonatal deaths 11756 6.76%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 12413 7.14%
Cancers 16577 9.54%
Respiratory disease 21186 12.19%
Cardiovascular diseases 51028 29.35%


Nepal - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 20 0.09%
Lower respiratory infections 304 1.41%
Congenital birth defects 322 1.49%
Neonatal infections 9 0.04%
Diarrheal diseases 7 0.03%
Nutritional deficiencies 916 4.23%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Malaria 11756 54.34%
Drowning 113 0.52%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 33 0.15%
Road accidents 41 0.19%
Digestive diseases 252 1.16%
Cancers 261 1.21%
Measles 41 0.19%
Hepatitis 90 0.42%
Cardiovascular disease 58 0.27%
Liver disease 113 0.52%
HIV/AIDS 150 0.69%
Fire 42 0.19%
Tuberculosis 23 0.11%
Kidney disease 56 0.26%
Homicide 1283 5.93%
Natural disasters 4750 21.96%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 65 0.3%
Drug use disorders 930 4.3%


Nepal - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 60 3.41%
Homicide 22 1.25%
Nutritional deficiencies 30 1.71%
Protein-energy malnutrition 10 0.57%
Natural disasters 22 1.25%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.06%
Diarrheal diseases 203 11.55%
Road accidents 197 11.21%
Tuberculosis 35 1.99%
HIV/AIDS 32 1.82%
Drowning 209 11.9%
Malaria 185 10.53%
Fire 20 1.14%
Cancers 185 10.53%
Hepatitis 25 1.42%
Digestive diseases 63 3.59%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 76 4.33%
Liver disease 47 2.68%
Respiratory disease 51 2.9%
Kidney disease 28 1.59%
Cardiovascular disease 49 2.79%
Lower respiratory infections 207 11.78%


Nepal - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 2298 8.98%
Homicide 532 2.08%
Nutritional deficiencies 96 0.38%
Protein-energy malnutrition 14 0.05%
Natural disasters 61 0.24%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 18 0.07%
Diarrheal diseases 734 2.87%
Road accidents 2766 10.81%
Tuberculosis 1213 4.74%
HIV/AIDS 1070 4.18%
Drowning 471 1.84%
Malaria 106 0.41%
Fire 230 0.9%
Cancers 3268 12.77%
Hepatitis 249 0.97%
Digestive diseases 916 3.58%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1678 6.56%
Liver disease 1540 6.02%
Respiratory disease 1436 5.61%
Kidney disease 873 3.41%
Cardiovascular disease 5131 20.05%
Drug disorder 107 0.42%
Alcohol disorder 164 0.64%
Parkinson's disease 3 0.01%
Dementia 6 0.02%
Lower respiratory infections 605 2.36%


Nepal - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 430 0.81%
Homicide 70 0.13%
Nutritional deficiencies 184 0.34%
Protein-energy malnutrition 48 0.09%
Natural disasters 21 0.04%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 25 0.05%
Diarrheal diseases 1730 3.24%
Road accidents 1153 2.16%
Tuberculosis 1621 3.04%
HIV/AIDS 209 0.39%
Drowning 172 0.32%
Malaria 76 0.14%
Fire 81 0.15%
Cancers 7994 14.97%
Hepatitis 256 0.48%
Digestive diseases 1603 3%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 4329 8.11%
Liver disease 1905 3.57%
Respiratory disease 7536 14.11%
Kidney disease 1786 3.34%
Cardiovascular diseases 19988 37.43%
Dementia 332 0.62%
Parkinson's disease 45 0.08%
Drug disorder 43 0.08%
Alcohol disorder 112 0.21%
Lower respiratory infections 1654 3.1%


Nepal - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 180 0.26%
Homicide 16 0.02%
Nutritional deficiencies 269 0.39%
Protein-energy malnutrition 59 0.09%
Natural disasters 10 0.01%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 28 0.04%
Diarrheal diseases 5307 7.73%
Road accidents 553 0.81%
Tuberculosis 1435 2.09%
HIV/AIDS 38 0.06%
Drowning 104 0.15%
Malaria 49 0.07%
Fire 73 0.11%
Cancers 5040 7.35%
Hepatitis 187 0.27%
Digestive diseases 1479 2.16%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 6181 9.01%
Liver disease 976 1.42%
Respiratory disease 12099 17.63%
Kidney disease 1732 2.52%
Cardiovascular disease 25805 37.61%
Parkinson's disease 271 0.39%
Dementia 2956 4.31%
Drug use disorders 23 0.03%
Alcohol use disorders 37 0.05%
Lower respiratory infections 3711 5.41%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Nepal
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 6398 3.35%
Poor sanitation 4657 2.44%
No access to handwashing facility 3272 1.71%
Household air pollution 21154 11.07%
Outdoor air pollution 20453 10.71%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 390 0.2%
Discontinued breastfeeding 7 0%
Child wasting 3400 1.78%
Child stunting 548 0.29%
Low birth weight 3116 1.63%
Secondhand smoke 2167 1.13%
Alcohol use 3972 2.08%
Drug use 575 0.3%
Diet low in fruits 8364 4.38%
Diet low in vegetables 4937 2.58%
Unsafe sex 2116 1.11%
Low physical activity 3624 1.9%
High blood sugar 18176 9.51%
High cholesterol 12531 6.56%
High body-mass index (obesity) 10675 5.59%
High blood pressure 33522 17.55%
Smoking 24917 13.04%
Iron deficiency 142 0.07%
Zinc deficiency 48 0.03%
Vitamin-A deficiency 22 0.01%
Low bone mineral density 1868 0.98%


Nepal - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 7 0.05%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 390 2.93%
Child stunting 548 4.12%
Low birth weight 3116 23.44%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 612 4.6%
Secondhand smoke 317 2.38%
Poor sanitation 480 3.61%
Unsafe water source 655 4.93%
Household air pollution 1934 14.55%
Outdoor air pollution 1824 13.72%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1 0.01%
High blood pressure 4 0.03%
High blood sugar 4 0.03%
Child wasting 3400 25.58%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Nepal - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 1 0.16%
No access to handwashing facility 71 11.04%
Unsafe water source 146 22.71%
Unsafe sex 7 1.09%
Iron deficiency 117 18.2%
Secondhand smoke 13 2.02%
Household air pollution 87 13.53%
Outdoor air pollution 79 12.29%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2 0.31%
High blood sugar 10 1.56%
High blood pressure 3 0.47%
Poor sanitation 106 16.49%
Iron deficiency 1 0.16%


Nepal - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 117 0.53%
Low bone mineral density 65 0.3%
Drug use 398 1.82%
Alcohol use 1520 6.94%
No access to handwashing facility 248 1.13%
Unsafe water source 529 2.42%
Poor sanitation 384 1.75%
Smoking 2507 11.45%
Secondhand smoke 190 0.87%
Low physical activity 197 0.9%
Diet low in fruits 1277 5.83%
Diet low in vegetables 741 3.38%
Unsafe sex 1164 5.31%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1994 9.1%
Household air pollution 1915 8.74%
Outdoor air pollution 1909 8.72%
High total cholesterol 2056 9.39%
High blood pressure 3291 15.02%
High blood sugar 1402 6.4%


Nepal - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 5 0.01%
Low bone mineral density 409 0.56%
Drug use 139 0.19%
Alcohol use 1787 2.45%
No access to handwashing facility 601 0.82%
Poor sanitation 906 1.24%
Unsafe sex 729 1%
Smoking 11317 15.49%
Secondhand smoke 686 0.94%
Unsafe water source 1245 1.7%
Diet low in vegetables 2163 2.96%
Diet low in fruits 3907 5.35%
Low physical activity 1278 1.75%
Outdoor air pollution 7509 10.28%
Household air pollution 7679 10.51%
High body-mass index (obesity) 5374 7.36%
High blood sugar 7221 9.88%
High total cholesterol 5868 8.03%
High blood pressure 14237 19.49%


Nepal - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 19 0.02%
Low bone mineral density 1395 1.7%
Drug use 37 0.05%
Alcohol use 663 0.81%
Smoking 11094 13.5%
Secondhand smoke 961 1.17%
Household air pollution 9539 11.6%
Outdoor air pollution 9131 11.11%
No access to handwashing facility 1739 2.12%
Poor sanitation 2781 3.38%
Unsafe water source 3824 4.65%
Unsafe sex 216 0.26%
Low physical activity 2149 2.61%
Diet low in vegetables 2034 2.47%
Diet low in fruits 3179 3.87%
High cholesterol 4607 5.6%
High blood pressure 15986 19.45%
High blood sugar 9540 11.61%
High body-mass index (obesity) 3305 4.02%


Nepal - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 728 | Deaths : 239 32.83%
Breast cancer Patients : 6656 | Deaths : 1283 19.28%
Larynx cancer Patients : 1295 | Deaths : 446 34.44%
Kidney cancer Patients : 741 | Deaths : 106 14.3%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 1064 | Deaths : 183 17.2%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 1257 | Deaths : 379 30.15%
Stomach cancer Patients : 2314 | Deaths : 1747 75.5%
Uterine cancer Patients : 823 | Deaths : 179 21.75%
Bladder cancer Patients : 885 | Deaths : 231 26.1%
Cervical cancer Patients : 5421 | Deaths : 966 17.82%
Prostate cancer Patients : 1460 | Deaths : 405 27.74%
Testicular cancer Patients : 108 | Deaths : 23 21.3%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 527 | Deaths : 335 63.57%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 958 | Deaths : 940 98.12%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 615 | Deaths : 164 26.67%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 2647 | Deaths : 1019 38.5%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 44 | Deaths : 40 90.91%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 5194 | Deaths : 914 17.6%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 914 | Deaths : 412 45.08%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 1644 | Deaths : 571 34.73%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 813 | Deaths : 399 49.08%


Nepal - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 351 1.26%
5-14 year olds 343 1.23%
15-49 year olds 5981 21.43%
50-69 year olds 14192 50.85%
70+ year olds 7045 25.24%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

-->