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Namibia Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Namibia

CONTENT


Causes of death across Namibia are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Namibia.

Highlights of Namibia BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Namibia gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 67.81%67.81%
    • Fat : 20.06%20.06%
    • Plant protein : 6.91%6.91%
    • Animal protein : 3.54%3.54%
  • 1.68% decrease in caloric supply : Currently Namibia gets 2171/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2208/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Starchy Roots and Oils & Fats are three major diet compositions in Namibia
  • Maize, Wheat and Rice are three major Cereal preferences in Namibia
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Namibia average intake is 94.30 grams
  • Apples, Oranges & Mandarines and Grapes are three major Fruit Types Intake in Namibia
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Namibia average Fruit intake is 199.51grams
  • In Namibia, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 36.60% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Namibia is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Namibia
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Maize357
2Wheat279
3Rice63
4Sorghum21
5Oats4
6Rye0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Namibia

Diet Compositions in Namibia
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains853
2Starchy Roots333
3Oils & Fats211
4Sugar204
5Meat130
6Alcoholic Beverages123
7Dairy & Eggs116
8Fruits & Vegetables89
9Pulses76
10Other36

Major Cause of Death


HIV/AIDS was a major cause of death in Namibia with 4665 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 27% of total deaths. Overall HIV/AIDS, Cardiovascular diseases and Lower respiratory infections were the highest types of death causes in Namibia.
    Major Cause of Death in Namibia
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 15-49 with 7057 deaths (year 2016).
  • 39.54% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • HIV/AIDS, Road accidents and Diarrheal diseases are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • HIV/AIDS, Road accidents and Homicide are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, HIV/AIDS and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 25% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Namibia (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Namibia - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Namibia are Unsafe sex, High blood pressure and High blood sugar. Every year around 665 people die due to Unsafe sex.
  • Child wasting and Low birth weight are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Unsafe water source and Poor sanitation are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Unsafe sex, Alcohol use and High blood pressure are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, Unsafe sex and High blood sugar are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Namibia (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.24% of Namibia population was suffering from cancer i.e. 3003 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Breast cancer (Count : 113) and Prostate cancer was also concerning with 81 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 14% of survival chance.Namibia was really successful in diagnosing Thyroid cancer where 93% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 1365 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 946 were suffering from Breast cancer out of which 113 people were dead. This means 11.95% death rate of people suffering from Breast cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Namibia and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Namibia :
  • 0.24 % of Namibia population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Breast cancer
  • Thyroid cancer was most cured cancer in Namibia
  • Breast cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Namibia

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Namibia (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 226 1.29%
Cardiovascular diseases 2823 16.13%
Kidney disease 210 1.2%
Respiratory disease 645 3.69%
Liver disease 162 0.93%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 1099 6.28%
Digestive disease 278 1.59%
Hepatitis 9 0.05%
Cancers 1014 5.8%
Parkinson's disease 16 0.09%
Fire 84 0.48%
Malaria 105 0.6%
Drowning 89 0.51%
Homicide 429 2.45%
HIV/AIDS 4665 26.66%
Drug disorder 49 0.28%
Tuberculosis 895 5.12%
Road incidents 639 3.65%
Maternal deaths 89 0.51%
Neonatal deaths 1030 5.89%
Alcohol disorder 38 0.22%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 979 5.6%
Road incidents 639 3.65%
Respiratory disease 645 3.69%
Tuberculosis 895 5.12%
Diarrheal diseases 979 5.6%
Cancers 1014 5.8%
Neonatal deaths 1030 5.89%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 1099 6.28%
Lower respiratory infections 1231.96105175 7.04%
Cardiovascular diseases 2823 16.13%
HIV/AIDS 4665 26.66%


Namibia - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 11 0.42%
Diarrheal diseases 104 3.99%
Lower respiratory infections 105 4.03%
Congenital birth defects 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 0.04%
Protein-energy malnutrition 579 22.23%
Neonatal infections 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 1030 39.54%
Malaria 34 1.31%
Road accidents 34 1.31%
Tuberculosis 64 2.46%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 12 0.46%
Digestive diseases 42 1.61%
Drowning 11 0.42%
Fire 5 0.19%
Cardiovascular disease 1 0.04%
Homicide 13 0.5%
Measles 23 0.88%
Cancers 2 0.08%
Kidney disease 2 0.08%
Liver disease 11 0.42%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 109 4.18%
Hepatitis 313 12.02%
Drug use disorders 7 0.27%
Natural disasters 92 3.53%


Namibia - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 1 0.31%
Homicide 13 4.01%
Nutritional deficiencies 5 1.54%
Protein-energy malnutrition 4 1.23%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.31%
Diarrheal diseases 40 12.35%
Road accidents 59 18.21%
Tuberculosis 18 5.56%
HIV/AIDS 70 21.6%
Drowning 15 4.63%
Malaria 11 3.4%
Fire 6 1.85%
Cancers 12 3.7%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 6 1.85%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 8 2.47%
Liver disease 2 0.62%
Respiratory disease 6 1.85%
Kidney disease 2 0.62%
Cardiovascular disease 8 2.47%
Lower respiratory infections 37 11.42%


Namibia - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 192 2.87%
Homicide 366 5.46%
Nutritional deficiencies 14 0.21%
Protein-energy malnutrition 11 0.16%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 11 0.16%
Diarrheal diseases 127 1.9%
Road accidents 404 6.03%
Tuberculosis 352 5.25%
HIV/AIDS 3888 58.02%
Drowning 44 0.66%
Malaria 35 0.52%
Fire 38 0.57%
Cancers 265 3.95%
Hepatitis 4 0.06%
Digestive diseases 69 1.03%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 190 2.84%
Liver disease 49 0.73%
Respiratory disease 62 0.93%
Kidney disease 39 0.58%
Cardiovascular disease 242 3.61%
Drug disorder 42 0.63%
Alcohol disorder 15 0.22%
Parkinson's disease 0 0%
Dementia 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 242 3.61%


Namibia - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 48 1.21%
Homicide 34 0.86%
Nutritional deficiencies 14 0.35%
Protein-energy malnutrition 11 0.28%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 6 0.15%
Diarrheal diseases 101 2.55%
Road accidents 103 2.6%
Tuberculosis 329 8.31%
HIV/AIDS 605 15.28%
Drowning 14 0.35%
Malaria 12 0.3%
Fire 17 0.43%
Cancers 440 11.11%
Hepatitis 3 0.08%
Digestive diseases 86 2.17%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 441 11.14%
Liver disease 77 1.94%
Respiratory disease 201 5.08%
Kidney disease 73 1.84%
Cardiovascular diseases 992 25.06%
Dementia 22 0.56%
Parkinson's disease 2 0.05%
Drug disorder 5 0.13%
Alcohol disorder 20 0.51%
Lower respiratory infections 303 7.65%


Namibia - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 14 0.36%
Homicide 5 0.13%
Nutritional deficiencies 18 0.46%
Protein-energy malnutrition 13 0.33%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 2 0.05%
Diarrheal diseases 132 3.38%
Road accidents 39 1%
Tuberculosis 163 4.17%
HIV/AIDS 38 0.97%
Drowning 4 0.1%
Malaria 6 0.15%
Fire 13 0.33%
Cancers 293 7.5%
Hepatitis 2 0.05%
Digestive diseases 104 2.66%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 437 11.19%
Liver disease 32 0.82%
Respiratory disease 370 9.47%
Kidney disease 93 2.38%
Cardiovascular disease 1570 40.19%
Parkinson's disease 14 0.36%
Dementia 203 5.2%
Drug use disorders 2 0.05%
Alcohol use disorders 3 0.08%
Lower respiratory infections 336 8.6%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Namibia
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 665 3.79%
Poor sanitation 539 3.07%
No access to handwashing facility 422 2.4%
Household air pollution 802 4.57%
Outdoor air pollution 657 3.74%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 158 0.9%
Discontinued breastfeeding 26 0.15%
Child wasting 752 4.28%
Child stunting 79 0.45%
Low birth weight 444 2.53%
Secondhand smoke 128 0.73%
Alcohol use 1427 8.13%
Drug use 157 0.89%
Diet low in fruits 529 3.01%
Diet low in vegetables 362 2.06%
Unsafe sex 4514 25.71%
Low physical activity 219 1.25%
High blood sugar 1441 8.21%
High cholesterol 477 2.72%
High body-mass index (obesity) 927 5.28%
High blood pressure 1836 10.46%
Smoking 918 5.23%
Iron deficiency 3 0.02%
Zinc deficiency 15 0.09%
Vitamin-A deficiency 10 0.06%
Low bone mineral density 51 0.29%


Namibia - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 26 1.02%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 158 6.18%
Child stunting 79 3.09%
Low birth weight 444 17.38%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 211 8.26%
Secondhand smoke 15 0.59%
Poor sanitation 319 12.49%
Unsafe water source 393 15.38%
Household air pollution 92 3.6%
Outdoor air pollution 65 2.54%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 1 0.04%
Child wasting 752 29.43%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Namibia - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 1 0.93%
No access to handwashing facility 16 14.81%
Unsafe water source 27 25%
Unsafe sex 16 14.81%
Iron deficiency 3 2.78%
Secondhand smoke 2 1.85%
Household air pollution 12 11.11%
Outdoor air pollution 8 7.41%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood sugar 1 0.93%
High blood pressure 0 0%
Poor sanitation 22 20.37%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Namibia - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 3 0.05%
Low bone mineral density 8 0.14%
Drug use 123 2.1%
Alcohol use 716 12.22%
No access to handwashing facility 62 1.06%
Unsafe water source 86 1.47%
Poor sanitation 70 1.2%
Smoking 144 2.46%
Secondhand smoke 14 0.24%
Low physical activity 13 0.22%
Diet low in fruits 69 1.18%
Diet low in vegetables 43 0.73%
Unsafe sex 3812 65.08%
High body-mass index (obesity) 143 2.44%
Household air pollution 114 1.95%
Outdoor air pollution 89 1.52%
High total cholesterol 54 0.92%
High blood pressure 153 2.61%
High blood sugar 141 2.41%


Namibia - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 18 0.37%
Drug use 27 0.56%
Alcohol use 557 11.56%
No access to handwashing facility 60 1.24%
Poor sanitation 56 1.16%
Unsafe sex 631 13.09%
Smoking 409 8.49%
Secondhand smoke 43 0.89%
Unsafe water source 68 1.41%
Diet low in vegetables 154 3.2%
Diet low in fruits 243 5.04%
Low physical activity 72 1.49%
Outdoor air pollution 224 4.65%
Household air pollution 263 5.46%
High body-mass index (obesity) 533 11.06%
High blood sugar 565 11.72%
High total cholesterol 188 3.9%
High blood pressure 709 14.71%


Namibia - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 26 0.62%
Drug use 6 0.14%
Alcohol use 153 3.64%
Smoking 365 8.69%
Secondhand smoke 54 1.29%
Household air pollution 322 7.67%
Outdoor air pollution 272 6.48%
No access to handwashing facility 73 1.74%
Poor sanitation 73 1.74%
Unsafe water source 90 2.14%
Unsafe sex 55 1.31%
Low physical activity 134 3.19%
Diet low in vegetables 165 3.93%
Diet low in fruits 217 5.17%
High cholesterol 235 5.6%
High blood pressure 974 23.2%
High blood sugar 733 17.46%
High body-mass index (obesity) 251 5.98%


Namibia - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 34 | Deaths : 12 35.29%
Breast cancer Patients : 946 | Deaths : 113 11.95%
Larynx cancer Patients : 56 | Deaths : 18 32.14%
Kidney cancer Patients : 81 | Deaths : 10 12.35%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 71 | Deaths : 5 7.04%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 84 | Deaths : 20 23.81%
Stomach cancer Patients : 40 | Deaths : 34 85%
Uterine cancer Patients : 79 | Deaths : 11 13.92%
Bladder cancer Patients : 81 | Deaths : 16 19.75%
Cervical cancer Patients : 397 | Deaths : 62 15.62%
Prostate cancer Patients : 451 | Deaths : 81 17.96%
Testicular cancer Patients : 15 | Deaths : 2 13.33%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 35 | Deaths : 21 60%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 22 | Deaths : 19 86.36%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 22 | Deaths : 5 22.73%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 231 | Deaths : 71 30.74%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 52 | Deaths : 31 59.62%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 253 | Deaths : 43 17%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 52 | Deaths : 23 44.23%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 56 | Deaths : 9 16.07%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 15 | Deaths : 6 40%


Namibia - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 19 0.63%
5-14 year olds 18 0.6%
15-49 year olds 1010 33.64%
50-69 year olds 1365 45.47%
70+ year olds 590 19.65%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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