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Myanmar Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Myanmar

CONTENT


Causes of death across Myanmar are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Myanmar.

Highlights of Myanmar BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Myanmar gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 111.51%111.51%
    • Fat : 43.12%43.12%
    • Plant protein : 13.50%13.50%
    • Animal protein : 9.31%9.31%
  • 77.43% increase in caloric supply : Currently Myanmar gets 2571/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 1449/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Meat are three major diet compositions in Myanmar
  • Rice, Wheat and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in Myanmar
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Myanmar average intake is 223.12 grams
  • Plantains, Apples and Bananas are three major Fruit Types Intake in Myanmar
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Myanmar average Fruit intake is 107.73grams
  • In Myanmar, average male height is in the increasing trend and female height is in increasing trend
  • 24.60% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Myanmar is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Myanmar
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Rice1234
2Wheat47
3Maize35
4Sorghum14
5Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Myanmar

Diet Compositions in Myanmar
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1336
2Oils & Fats333
3Meat319
4Sugar164
5Pulses132
6Fruits & Vegetables128
7Dairy & Eggs75
8Starchy Roots50
9Other26
10Alcoholic Beverages8

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Myanmar with 87472 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 24% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Respiratory disease were the highest types of death causes in Myanmar.
    Major Cause of Death in Myanmar
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 138929 deaths (year 2016).
  • 46.37% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Cancers, Malaria and Road accidents are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cancers, Liver disease and Cardiovascular disease are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 26% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Myanmar (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Myanmar - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Myanmar are Smoking, High blood pressure and High blood sugar. Every year around 4921 people die due to Smoking.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Unsafe water source and Iron deficiency are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Smoking, Alcohol use and High blood pressure are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • Smoking, High blood pressure and High blood sugar are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Myanmar (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.27% of Myanmar population was suffering from cancer i.e. 103923 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Colon & rectum cancer (Count : 6462) and Cervical cancer was also concerning with 5117 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Stomach cancer have 8% of survival chance.Myanmar was really successful in diagnosing Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer where 90% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 52877 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 14812 were suffering from Colon & rectum cancer out of which 6462 people were dead. This means 43.63% death rate of people suffering from Colon & rectum cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Myanmar and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Myanmar :
  • 0.27 % of Myanmar population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Colon & rectum cancer
  • Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer was most cured cancer in Myanmar
  • Colon & rectum cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Myanmar

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Myanmar (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 17857 4.89%
Cardiovascular diseases 87472 23.97%
Kidney disease 9839 2.7%
Respiratory disease 30354 8.32%
Liver disease 24368 6.68%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 27833 7.63%
Digestive disease 7786 2.13%
Hepatitis 573 0.16%
Cancers 66429 18.2%
Parkinson's disease 1129 0.31%
Fire 838 0.23%
Malaria 6902 1.89%
Drowning 1966 0.54%
Homicide 1178 0.32%
HIV/AIDS 6042 1.66%
Drug disorder 349 0.1%
Tuberculosis 14403 3.95%
Road incidents 12748 3.49%
Maternal deaths 2179 0.6%
Neonatal deaths 11552 3.17%
Alcohol disorder 902 0.25%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 7235 1.98%
Neonatal deaths 11552 3.17%
Road incidents 12748 3.49%
Tuberculosis 14403 3.95%
Lower respiratory infections 15056.5839535 4.13%
Dementia 17857 4.89%
Liver disease 24368 6.68%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 27833 7.63%
Respiratory disease 30354 8.32%
Cancers 66429 18.2%
Cardiovascular diseases 87472 23.97%


Myanmar - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 15 0.06%
Lower respiratory infections 99 0.4%
Congenital birth defects 119 0.48%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Neonatal infections 3 0.01%
Malaria 1171 4.7%
Road accidents 0 0%
Cardiovascular disease 11552 46.37%
Drowning 317 1.27%
Digestive diseases 28 0.11%
Cancers 27 0.11%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 304 1.22%
Nutritional deficiencies 566 2.27%
Protein-energy malnutrition 94 0.38%
Fire 245 0.98%
Liver disease 9 0.04%
Kidney disease 252 1.01%
Tuberculosis 138 0.55%
HIV/AIDS 76 0.31%
Measles 32 0.13%
Homicide 317 1.27%
Hepatitis 2595 10.42%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 5882 23.61%
Drug use disorders 21 0.08%
Natural disasters 1048 4.21%


Myanmar - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 23 0.69%
Homicide 26 0.78%
Nutritional deficiencies 30 0.9%
Protein-energy malnutrition 17 0.51%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 2 0.06%
Diarrheal diseases 274 8.2%
Road accidents 461 13.8%
Tuberculosis 73 2.18%
HIV/AIDS 24 0.72%
Drowning 372 11.13%
Malaria 487 14.58%
Fire 39 1.17%
Cancers 509 15.23%
Hepatitis 12 0.36%
Digestive diseases 101 3.02%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 143 4.28%
Liver disease 113 3.38%
Respiratory disease 90 2.69%
Kidney disease 59 1.77%
Cardiovascular disease 114 3.41%
Lower respiratory infections 372 11.13%


Myanmar - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 2082 3.01%
Homicide 980 1.42%
Nutritional deficiencies 77 0.11%
Protein-energy malnutrition 33 0.05%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 28 0.04%
Diarrheal diseases 915 1.32%
Road accidents 6623 9.57%
Tuberculosis 5108 7.38%
HIV/AIDS 4802 6.94%
Drowning 981 1.42%
Malaria 3809 5.5%
Fire 395 0.57%
Cancers 12265 17.71%
Hepatitis 252 0.36%
Digestive diseases 1622 2.34%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 4545 6.56%
Liver disease 9162 13.23%
Respiratory disease 2020 2.92%
Kidney disease 2185 3.16%
Cardiovascular disease 8483 12.25%
Drug disorder 256 0.37%
Alcohol disorder 538 0.78%
Parkinson's disease 29 0.04%
Dementia 43 0.06%
Lower respiratory infections 2004 2.89%


Myanmar - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 669 0.53%
Homicide 133 0.11%
Nutritional deficiencies 156 0.12%
Protein-energy malnutrition 101 0.08%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 25 0.02%
Diarrheal diseases 1530 1.22%
Road accidents 3338 2.65%
Tuberculosis 5086 4.04%
HIV/AIDS 1107 0.88%
Drowning 222 0.18%
Malaria 1566 1.25%
Fire 209 0.17%
Cancers 32871 26.14%
Hepatitis 220 0.17%
Digestive diseases 2649 2.11%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 11810 9.39%
Liver disease 10521 8.37%
Respiratory disease 10873 8.65%
Kidney disease 3755 2.99%
Cardiovascular diseases 33235 26.43%
Dementia 2203 1.75%
Parkinson's disease 194 0.15%
Drug disorder 55 0.04%
Alcohol disorder 301 0.24%
Lower respiratory infections 2919 2.32%


Myanmar - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 237 0.17%
Homicide 25 0.02%
Nutritional deficiencies 1420 1.02%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1164 0.83%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 19 0.01%
Diarrheal diseases 3344 2.4%
Road accidents 2008 1.44%
Tuberculosis 4109 2.95%
HIV/AIDS 82 0.06%
Drowning 86 0.06%
Malaria 474 0.34%
Fire 100 0.07%
Cancers 20538 14.73%
Hepatitis 79 0.06%
Digestive diseases 3162 2.27%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 11197 8.03%
Liver disease 4497 3.23%
Respiratory disease 17247 12.37%
Kidney disease 3809 2.73%
Cardiovascular disease 45323 32.51%
Parkinson's disease 906 0.65%
Dementia 15610 11.2%
Drug use disorders 38 0.03%
Alcohol use disorders 63 0.05%
Lower respiratory infections 3881 2.78%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Myanmar
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 4921 1.44%
Poor sanitation 3651 1.07%
No access to handwashing facility 3129 0.92%
Household air pollution 30868 9.03%
Outdoor air pollution 25280 7.4%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 878 0.26%
Discontinued breastfeeding 26 0.01%
Child wasting 4327 1.27%
Child stunting 720 0.21%
Low birth weight 5631 1.65%
Secondhand smoke 4104 1.2%
Alcohol use 16483 4.82%
Drug use 6086 1.78%
Diet low in fruits 17699 5.18%
Diet low in vegetables 7447 2.18%
Unsafe sex 9446 2.76%
Low physical activity 4861 1.42%
High blood sugar 37269 10.9%
High cholesterol 13960 4.08%
High body-mass index (obesity) 20731 6.06%
High blood pressure 58168 17.02%
Smoking 61937 18.12%
Iron deficiency 346 0.1%
Zinc deficiency 99 0.03%
Vitamin-A deficiency 35 0.01%
Low bone mineral density 3746 1.1%


Myanmar - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 26 0.14%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 878 4.71%
Child stunting 720 3.86%
Low birth weight 5631 30.2%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 770 4.13%
Secondhand smoke 656 3.52%
Poor sanitation 590 3.16%
Unsafe water source 797 4.27%
Household air pollution 2380 12.76%
Outdoor air pollution 1842 9.88%
High body-mass index (obesity) 10 0.05%
High blood pressure 1 0.01%
High blood sugar 5 0.03%
Child wasting 4327 23.21%
Iron deficiency 12 0.06%


Myanmar - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 3 0.31%
No access to handwashing facility 103 10.7%
Unsafe water source 186 19.31%
Unsafe sex 7 0.73%
Iron deficiency 179 18.59%
Secondhand smoke 44 4.57%
Household air pollution 152 15.78%
Outdoor air pollution 117 12.15%
High body-mass index (obesity) 5 0.52%
High blood sugar 15 1.56%
High blood pressure 3 0.31%
Poor sanitation 138 14.33%
Iron deficiency 11 1.14%


Myanmar - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 179 0.37%
Low bone mineral density 195 0.4%
Drug use 3774 7.75%
Alcohol use 5951 12.22%
No access to handwashing facility 403 0.83%
Unsafe water source 620 1.27%
Poor sanitation 462 0.95%
Smoking 6735 13.83%
Secondhand smoke 450 0.92%
Low physical activity 277 0.57%
Diet low in fruits 2658 5.46%
Diet low in vegetables 1119 2.3%
Unsafe sex 4731 9.71%
High body-mass index (obesity) 3389 6.96%
Household air pollution 3359 6.9%
Outdoor air pollution 2809 5.77%
High total cholesterol 1791 3.68%
High blood pressure 5479 11.25%
High blood sugar 4332 8.89%


Myanmar - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 40 0.03%
Low bone mineral density 956 0.69%
Drug use 2070 1.49%
Alcohol use 7347 5.28%
No access to handwashing facility 641 0.46%
Poor sanitation 772 0.55%
Unsafe sex 3542 2.54%
Smoking 27688 19.89%
Secondhand smoke 1332 0.96%
Unsafe water source 1040 0.75%
Diet low in vegetables 3441 2.47%
Diet low in fruits 8849 6.36%
Low physical activity 1643 1.18%
Outdoor air pollution 9938 7.14%
Household air pollution 12021 8.64%
High body-mass index (obesity) 11470 8.24%
High blood sugar 16282 11.7%
High total cholesterol 5925 4.26%
High blood pressure 24210 17.39%


Myanmar - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 104 0.08%
Low bone mineral density 2595 1.93%
Drug use 241 0.18%
Alcohol use 3182 2.37%
Smoking 27514 20.48%
Secondhand smoke 1622 1.21%
Household air pollution 12956 9.64%
Outdoor air pollution 10575 7.87%
No access to handwashing facility 1211 0.9%
Poor sanitation 1688 1.26%
Unsafe water source 2279 1.7%
Unsafe sex 1166 0.87%
Low physical activity 2941 2.19%
Diet low in vegetables 2887 2.15%
Diet low in fruits 6192 4.61%
High cholesterol 6245 4.65%
High blood pressure 28475 21.19%
High blood sugar 16635 12.38%
High body-mass index (obesity) 5857 4.36%


Myanmar - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 3777 | Deaths : 1008 26.69%
Breast cancer Patients : 19376 | Deaths : 4740 24.46%
Larynx cancer Patients : 2808 | Deaths : 992 35.33%
Kidney cancer Patients : 5055 | Deaths : 757 14.98%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 3759 | Deaths : 648 17.24%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 5653 | Deaths : 2310 40.86%
Stomach cancer Patients : 4907 | Deaths : 4492 91.54%
Uterine cancer Patients : 5017 | Deaths : 1356 27.03%
Bladder cancer Patients : 5010 | Deaths : 1142 22.79%
Cervical cancer Patients : 20578 | Deaths : 5117 24.87%
Prostate cancer Patients : 8850 | Deaths : 1756 19.84%
Testicular cancer Patients : 539 | Deaths : 72 13.36%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 2719 | Deaths : 1219 44.83%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 1040 | Deaths : 896 86.15%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 3212 | Deaths : 932 29.02%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 14812 | Deaths : 6462 43.63%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 386 | Deaths : 245 63.47%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 7619 | Deaths : 1573 20.65%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 2383 | Deaths : 1580 66.3%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 10417 | Deaths : 1055 10.13%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 658 | Deaths : 467 70.97%


Myanmar - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 836 0.8%
5-14 year olds 882 0.85%
15-49 year olds 23892 22.99%
50-69 year olds 52877 50.88%
70+ year olds 25436 24.48%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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