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Mozambique Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Mozambique

CONTENT


Causes of death across Mozambique are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Mozambique.

Highlights of Mozambique BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Mozambique gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 93.94%93.94%
    • Fat : 20.57%20.57%
    • Plant protein : 8.58%8.58%
    • Animal protein : 1.38%1.38%
  • 24.48% increase in caloric supply : Currently Mozambique gets 2283/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 1834/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Starchy Roots and Oils & Fats are three major diet compositions in Mozambique
  • Maize, Rice and Wheat are three major Cereal preferences in Mozambique
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Mozambique average intake is 50.93 grams
  • Bananas, Pineapples and Oranges & Mandarines are three major Fruit Types Intake in Mozambique
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Mozambique average Fruit intake is 71.34grams
  • In Mozambique, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 23.10% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Mozambique is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Mozambique
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Maize438
2Rice231
3Wheat111
4Sorghum79
5Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Mozambique

Diet Compositions in Mozambique
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains873
2Starchy Roots773
3Oils & Fats240
4Pulses130
5Sugar110
6Meat81
7Fruits & Vegetables46
8Dairy & Eggs14
9Alcoholic Beverages10
10Other6

Major Cause of Death


HIV/AIDS was a major cause of death in Mozambique with 61210 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 25% of total deaths. Overall HIV/AIDS, Cardiovascular diseases and Neonatal deaths were the highest types of death causes in Mozambique.
    Major Cause of Death in Mozambique
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group Under-5 with 82918 deaths (year 2016).
  • 29.9% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Lower respiratory infections are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Tuberculosis are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 27% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Mozambique (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Mozambique - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Mozambique are Unsafe sex, High blood pressure and Household air pollution. Every year around 7675 people die due to Unsafe sex.
  • Child wasting and Low birth weight are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Unsafe sex and Unsafe water source are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Unsafe sex, Alcohol use and High blood pressure are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, Unsafe sex and Household air pollution are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Mozambique (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.19% of Mozambique population was suffering from cancer i.e. 24971 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Cervical cancer (Count : 2135) and Stomach cancer was also concerning with 1219 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Stomach cancer have 3% of survival chance.Mozambique was really successful in diagnosing Kidney cancer where 86% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 10655 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 10242 were suffering from Cervical cancer out of which 2135 people were dead. This means 20.85% death rate of people suffering from Cervical cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Mozambique and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Mozambique :
  • 0.19 % of Mozambique population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Cervical cancer
  • Kidney cancer was most cured cancer in Mozambique
  • Cervical cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Mozambique

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Mozambique (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 2554 1.03%
Cardiovascular diseases 31486 12.74%
Kidney disease 1506 0.61%
Respiratory disease 3742 1.51%
Liver disease 1895 0.77%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 7642 3.09%
Digestive disease 4911 1.99%
Hepatitis 741 0.3%
Cancers 15760 6.38%
Parkinson's disease 157 0.06%
Fire 1252 0.51%
Malaria 18774 7.6%
Drowning 1503 0.61%
Homicide 1965 0.8%
HIV/AIDS 61210 24.77%
Drug disorder 56 0.02%
Tuberculosis 16903 6.84%
Road incidents 4249 1.72%
Maternal deaths 3198 1.29%
Neonatal deaths 23118 9.35%
Alcohol disorder 298 0.12%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 10115 4.09%
Digestive disease 4911 1.99%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 7642 3.09%
Diarrheal diseases 10115 4.09%
Cancers 15760 6.38%
Tuberculosis 16903 6.84%
Lower respiratory infections 18215.3252753 7.37%
Malaria 18774 7.6%
Neonatal deaths 23118 9.35%
Cardiovascular diseases 31486 12.74%
HIV/AIDS 61210 24.77%


Mozambique - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 146 0.19%
Malaria 2306 2.98%
HIV/AIDS 2397 3.1%
Lower respiratory infections 0 0%
Neonatal infections 24 0.03%
Diarrheal diseases 4092 5.29%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 23118 29.9%
Congenital birth defects 319 0.41%
Tuberculosis 1068 1.38%
Measles 10246 13.25%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 360 0.47%
Digestive diseases 13429 17.37%
Fire 405 0.52%
Drowning 258 0.33%
Road accidents 65 0.08%
Cardiovascular disease 441 0.57%
Cancers 840 1.09%
Homicide 31 0.04%
Kidney disease 69 0.09%
Hepatitis 263 0.34%
Liver disease 1777 2.3%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 10143 13.12%
Drug use disorders 864 1.12%
Natural disasters 4657 6.02%


Mozambique - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 60 0.49%
Homicide 93 0.77%
Nutritional deficiencies 211 1.74%
Protein-energy malnutrition 196 1.61%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 9 0.07%
Diarrheal diseases 558 4.6%
Road accidents 382 3.15%
Tuberculosis 315 2.6%
HIV/AIDS 6433 53%
Drowning 361 2.97%
Malaria 1851 15.25%
Fire 123 1.01%
Cancers 260 2.14%
Hepatitis 36 0.3%
Digestive diseases 170 1.4%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 152 1.25%
Liver disease 39 0.32%
Respiratory disease 68 0.56%
Kidney disease 35 0.29%
Cardiovascular disease 114 0.94%
Lower respiratory infections 672 5.54%


Mozambique - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 939 1.36%
Homicide 1526 2.21%
Nutritional deficiencies 411 0.6%
Protein-energy malnutrition 264 0.38%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 40 0.06%
Diarrheal diseases 1678 2.43%
Road accidents 2242 3.25%
Tuberculosis 6751 9.79%
HIV/AIDS 39971 57.96%
Drowning 490 0.71%
Malaria 1786 2.59%
Fire 239 0.35%
Cancers 3234 4.69%
Hepatitis 295 0.43%
Digestive diseases 1282 1.86%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1498 2.17%
Liver disease 577 0.84%
Respiratory disease 457 0.66%
Kidney disease 397 0.58%
Cardiovascular disease 3099 4.49%
Drug disorder 44 0.06%
Alcohol disorder 110 0.16%
Parkinson's disease 2 0%
Dementia 4 0.01%
Lower respiratory infections 1626 2.36%


Mozambique - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 525 1.25%
Homicide 165 0.39%
Nutritional deficiencies 481 1.15%
Protein-energy malnutrition 352 0.84%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 13 0.03%
Diarrheal diseases 1618 3.85%
Road accidents 784 1.87%
Tuberculosis 5181 12.34%
HIV/AIDS 4239 10.1%
Drowning 153 0.36%
Malaria 954 2.27%
Fire 225 0.54%
Cancers 6955 16.57%
Hepatitis 190 0.45%
Digestive diseases 1364 3.25%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 2437 5.81%
Liver disease 673 1.6%
Respiratory disease 1244 2.96%
Kidney disease 411 0.98%
Cardiovascular diseases 11305 26.93%
Dementia 228 0.54%
Parkinson's disease 16 0.04%
Drug disorder 5 0.01%
Alcohol disorder 116 0.28%
Lower respiratory infections 2343 5.58%


Mozambique - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 343 0.76%
Homicide 35 0.08%
Nutritional deficiencies 917 2.04%
Protein-energy malnutrition 711 1.58%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 22 0.05%
Diarrheal diseases 2168 4.81%
Road accidents 522 1.16%
Tuberculosis 3589 7.97%
HIV/AIDS 320 0.71%
Drowning 140 0.31%
Malaria 753 1.67%
Fire 259 0.58%
Cancers 5053 11.22%
Hepatitis 155 0.34%
Digestive diseases 1655 3.68%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 2715 6.03%
Liver disease 575 1.28%
Respiratory disease 1827 4.06%
Kidney disease 593 1.32%
Cardiovascular disease 16705 37.1%
Parkinson's disease 139 0.31%
Dementia 2322 5.16%
Drug use disorders 6 0.01%
Alcohol use disorders 72 0.16%
Lower respiratory infections 3432 7.62%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Mozambique
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 7675 4.16%
Poor sanitation 6231 3.38%
No access to handwashing facility 6872 3.72%
Household air pollution 17154 9.3%
Outdoor air pollution 6689 3.62%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 1727 0.94%
Discontinued breastfeeding 92 0.05%
Child wasting 10933 5.92%
Child stunting 1941 1.05%
Low birth weight 8641 4.68%
Secondhand smoke 1531 0.83%
Alcohol use 5882 3.19%
Drug use 958 0.52%
Diet low in fruits 5703 3.09%
Diet low in vegetables 4006 2.17%
Unsafe sex 45792 24.82%
Low physical activity 1366 0.74%
High blood sugar 8698 4.71%
High cholesterol 4282 2.32%
High body-mass index (obesity) 6284 3.41%
High blood pressure 21700 11.76%
Smoking 8448 4.58%
Iron deficiency 215 0.12%
Zinc deficiency 341 0.18%
Vitamin-A deficiency 249 0.13%
Low bone mineral density 1122 0.61%


Mozambique - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 92 0.23%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 1727 4.33%
Child stunting 1941 4.87%
Low birth weight 8641 21.67%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 3175 7.96%
Secondhand smoke 686 1.72%
Poor sanitation 2523 6.33%
Unsafe water source 3101 7.78%
Household air pollution 5245 13.15%
Outdoor air pollution 1796 4.5%
High body-mass index (obesity) 13 0.03%
High blood pressure 1 0%
High blood sugar 5 0.01%
Child wasting 10933 27.41%
Iron deficiency 1 0%


Mozambique - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 2 0.06%
No access to handwashing facility 332 10.28%
Unsafe water source 424 13.13%
Unsafe sex 1375 42.58%
Iron deficiency 211 6.53%
Secondhand smoke 47 1.46%
Household air pollution 353 10.93%
Outdoor air pollution 119 3.69%
High body-mass index (obesity) 4 0.12%
High blood sugar 15 0.46%
High blood pressure 2 0.06%
Poor sanitation 344 10.65%
Iron deficiency 1 0.03%


Mozambique - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 211 0.38%
Low bone mineral density 41 0.07%
Drug use 749 1.34%
Alcohol use 2771 4.96%
No access to handwashing facility 942 1.69%
Unsafe water source 1272 2.28%
Poor sanitation 1033 1.85%
Smoking 1683 3.01%
Secondhand smoke 119 0.21%
Low physical activity 68 0.12%
Diet low in fruits 837 1.5%
Diet low in vegetables 559 1%
Unsafe sex 38397 68.75%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1048 1.88%
Household air pollution 1694 3.03%
Outdoor air pollution 698 1.25%
High total cholesterol 576 1.03%
High blood pressure 2096 3.75%
High blood sugar 1058 1.89%


Mozambique - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 2 0%
Low bone mineral density 237 0.54%
Drug use 175 0.4%
Alcohol use 2273 5.18%
No access to handwashing facility 1018 2.32%
Poor sanitation 997 2.27%
Unsafe sex 5272 12.02%
Smoking 4193 9.56%
Secondhand smoke 289 0.66%
Unsafe water source 1229 2.8%
Diet low in vegetables 1766 4.03%
Diet low in fruits 2653 6.05%
Low physical activity 444 1.01%
Outdoor air pollution 1899 4.33%
Household air pollution 4487 10.23%
High body-mass index (obesity) 3106 7.08%
High blood sugar 3534 8.06%
High total cholesterol 1817 4.14%
High blood pressure 8455 19.28%


Mozambique - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 844 2.04%
Drug use 34 0.08%
Alcohol use 837 2.02%
Smoking 2573 6.22%
Secondhand smoke 390 0.94%
Household air pollution 5375 13%
Outdoor air pollution 2177 5.26%
No access to handwashing facility 1405 3.4%
Poor sanitation 1335 3.23%
Unsafe water source 1649 3.99%
Unsafe sex 748 1.81%
Low physical activity 854 2.07%
Diet low in vegetables 1681 4.07%
Diet low in fruits 2213 5.35%
High cholesterol 1889 4.57%
High blood pressure 11145 26.95%
High blood sugar 4087 9.88%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2113 5.11%


Mozambique - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 2629 | Deaths : 925 35.18%
Breast cancer Patients : 3280 | Deaths : 812 24.76%
Larynx cancer Patients : 383 | Deaths : 179 46.74%
Kidney cancer Patients : 1070 | Deaths : 149 13.93%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 848 | Deaths : 205 24.17%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 1458 | Deaths : 484 33.2%
Stomach cancer Patients : 1252 | Deaths : 1219 97.36%
Uterine cancer Patients : 976 | Deaths : 259 26.54%
Bladder cancer Patients : 776 | Deaths : 301 38.79%
Cervical cancer Patients : 10242 | Deaths : 2135 20.85%
Prostate cancer Patients : 1158 | Deaths : 519 44.82%
Testicular cancer Patients : 29 | Deaths : 9 31.03%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 463 | Deaths : 247 53.35%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 688 | Deaths : 507 73.69%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 78 | Deaths : 23 29.49%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 1868 | Deaths : 1042 55.78%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 130 | Deaths : 106 81.54%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 978 | Deaths : 234 23.93%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 1385 | Deaths : 561 40.51%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 589 | Deaths : 133 22.58%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 115 | Deaths : 72 62.61%


Mozambique - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 1247 4.99%
5-14 year olds 256 1.03%
15-49 year olds 7762 31.08%
50-69 year olds 10655 42.67%
70+ year olds 5051 20.23%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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