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Mauritius Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Mauritius

CONTENT


Causes of death across Mauritius are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Mauritius.

Highlights of Mauritius BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Mauritius gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 79.30%79.30%
    • Fat : 35.02%35.02%
    • Plant protein : 8.19%8.19%
    • Animal protein : 6.72%6.72%
  • 29.22% increase in caloric supply : Currently Mauritius gets 3065/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2372/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Sugar are three major diet compositions in Mauritius
  • Wheat, Rice and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in Mauritius
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Mauritius average intake is 196.93 grams
  • Apples, Pineapples and Oranges & Mandarines are three major Fruit Types Intake in Mauritius
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Mauritius average Fruit intake is 183.37grams
  • In Mauritius, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in increasing trend
  • 33.80% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Mauritius is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Mauritius
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Wheat895
2Rice457
3Maize27
4Barley10
5Oats3
6Rye0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Mauritius

Diet Compositions in Mauritius
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1393
2Oils & Fats545
3Sugar336
4Meat261
5Dairy & Eggs166
6Fruits & Vegetables117
7Pulses96
8Other60
9Alcoholic Beverages50
10Starchy Roots41

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Mauritius with 3304 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 31% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease and Cancers were the highest types of death causes in Mauritius.
    Major Cause of Death in Mauritius
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 5023 deaths (year 2016).
  • 52.78% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Cancers, Road accidents and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cardiovascular disease, Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases, Cardiovascular diseases and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 33% of people aging over 50 years die because of Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Mauritius (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Mauritius - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Mauritius are High blood sugar, High blood pressure and High body-mass index (obesity). Every year around 15 people die due to High blood sugar.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • High blood sugar and Iron deficiency are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • High blood sugar, High body-mass index (obesity) and High blood pressure are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood sugar, High body-mass index (obesity) and High blood pressure are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood sugar is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Mauritius (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.44% of Mauritius population was suffering from cancer i.e. 5998 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Colon & rectum cancer (Count : 147) and Breast cancer was also concerning with 145 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 10% of survival chance.Mauritius was really successful in diagnosing Testicular cancer where 97% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 3076 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 911 were suffering from Colon & rectum cancer out of which 147 people were dead. This means 16.14% death rate of people suffering from Colon & rectum cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Mauritius and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Mauritius :
  • 0.44 % of Mauritius population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Colon & rectum cancer
  • Testicular cancer was most cured cancer in Mauritius
  • Colon & rectum cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Mauritius

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Mauritius (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 462 4.31%
Cardiovascular diseases 3304 30.8%
Kidney disease 890 8.3%
Respiratory disease 493 4.6%
Liver disease 286 2.67%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 2911 27.14%
Digestive disease 125 1.17%
Hepatitis 6 0.06%
Cancers 1248 11.63%
Parkinson's disease 34 0.32%
Fire 31 0.29%
Malaria 0 0%
Drowning 45 0.42%
Homicide 34 0.32%
HIV/AIDS 75 0.7%
Drug disorder 11 0.1%
Tuberculosis 13 0.12%
Road incidents 149 1.39%
Maternal deaths 7 0.07%
Neonatal deaths 95 0.89%
Alcohol disorder 54 0.5%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 29 0.27%
Digestive disease 125 1.17%
Road incidents 149 1.39%
Lower respiratory infections 256.730791643 2.39%
Liver disease 286 2.67%
Dementia 462 4.31%
Respiratory disease 493 4.6%
Kidney disease 890 8.3%
Cancers 1248 11.63%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 2911 27.14%
Cardiovascular diseases 3304 30.8%


Mauritius - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 1 0.56%
Congenital birth defects 1 0.56%
Neonatal infections 1 0.56%
Lower respiratory infections 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Cancers 4 2.22%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 0 0%
Cardiovascular disease 95 52.78%
Road accidents 1 0.56%
Kidney disease 0 0%
Digestive diseases 1 0.56%
HIV/AIDS 1 0.56%
Fire 0 0%
Drowning 1 0.56%
Homicide 4 2.22%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 0.56%
Liver disease 3 1.67%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Tuberculosis 1 0.56%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.56%
Measles 41 22.78%
Drug use disorders 11 6.11%
Malaria 0 0%
Natural disasters 12 6.67%


Mauritius - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 1 3.7%
Homicide 1 3.7%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Road accidents 4 14.81%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 2 7.41%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 1 3.7%
Cancers 7 25.93%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 0 0%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 3 11.11%
Liver disease 1 3.7%
Respiratory disease 1 3.7%
Kidney disease 2 7.41%
Cardiovascular disease 2 7.41%
Lower respiratory infections 2 7.41%


Mauritius - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 81 6.99%
Homicide 22 1.9%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 0.09%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 0.09%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 2 0.17%
Road accidents 78 6.73%
Tuberculosis 3 0.26%
HIV/AIDS 56 4.83%
Drowning 24 2.07%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 13 1.12%
Cancers 148 12.77%
Hepatitis 3 0.26%
Digestive diseases 26 2.24%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 204 17.6%
Liver disease 80 6.9%
Respiratory disease 30 2.59%
Kidney disease 86 7.42%
Cardiovascular disease 241 20.79%
Drug disorder 7 0.6%
Alcohol disorder 23 1.98%
Parkinson's disease 1 0.09%
Dementia 1 0.09%
Lower respiratory infections 28 2.42%


Mauritius - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 26 0.64%
Homicide 9 0.22%
Nutritional deficiencies 5 0.12%
Protein-energy malnutrition 5 0.12%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 7 0.17%
Road accidents 47 1.16%
Tuberculosis 6 0.15%
HIV/AIDS 17 0.42%
Drowning 13 0.32%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 7 0.17%
Cancers 586 14.49%
Hepatitis 3 0.07%
Digestive diseases 47 1.16%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1320 32.65%
Liver disease 149 3.69%
Respiratory disease 135 3.34%
Kidney disease 416 10.29%
Cardiovascular diseases 1096 27.11%
Dementia 47 1.16%
Parkinson's disease 5 0.12%
Drug disorder 2 0.05%
Alcohol disorder 27 0.67%
Lower respiratory infections 68 1.68%


Mauritius - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 8 0.15%
Homicide 2 0.04%
Nutritional deficiencies 14 0.26%
Protein-energy malnutrition 13 0.24%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 15 0.28%
Road accidents 18 0.34%
Tuberculosis 4 0.07%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 5 0.09%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 8 0.15%
Cancers 503 9.41%
Hepatitis 1 0.02%
Digestive diseases 51 0.95%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1381 25.82%
Liver disease 56 1.05%
Respiratory disease 325 6.08%
Kidney disease 385 7.2%
Cardiovascular disease 1964 36.72%
Parkinson's disease 28 0.52%
Dementia 415 7.76%
Drug use disorders 1 0.02%
Alcohol use disorders 3 0.06%
Lower respiratory infections 148 2.77%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Mauritius
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 15 0.11%
Poor sanitation 2 0.01%
No access to handwashing facility 4 0.03%
Household air pollution 27 0.2%
Outdoor air pollution 420 3.14%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 2 0.01%
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Child wasting 11 0.08%
Child stunting 1 0.01%
Low birth weight 55 0.41%
Secondhand smoke 326 2.44%
Alcohol use 369 2.76%
Drug use 97 0.73%
Diet low in fruits 659 4.93%
Diet low in vegetables 367 2.75%
Unsafe sex 101 0.76%
Low physical activity 324 2.43%
High blood sugar 3855 28.86%
High cholesterol 1023 7.66%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2158 16.15%
High blood pressure 2569 19.23%
Smoking 938 7.02%
Iron deficiency 1 0.01%
Zinc deficiency 0 0%
Vitamin-A deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 35 0.26%


Mauritius - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 2 2.67%
Child stunting 1 1.33%
Low birth weight 55 73.33%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Secondhand smoke 2 2.67%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Unsafe water source 2 2.67%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 2 2.67%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
Child wasting 11 14.67%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Mauritius - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Unsafe sex 0 0%
Iron deficiency 1 50%
Secondhand smoke 0 0%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 0 0%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood sugar 1 50%
High blood pressure 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Mauritius - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0.08%
Low bone mineral density 2 0.16%
Drug use 40 3.24%
Alcohol use 114 9.24%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Unsafe water source 1 0.08%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Smoking 110 8.91%
Secondhand smoke 18 1.46%
Low physical activity 15 1.22%
Diet low in fruits 75 6.08%
Diet low in vegetables 42 3.4%
Unsafe sex 51 4.13%
High body-mass index (obesity) 221 17.91%
Household air pollution 3 0.24%
Outdoor air pollution 42 3.4%
High total cholesterol 104 8.43%
High blood pressure 166 13.45%
High blood sugar 229 18.56%


Mauritius - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 11 0.19%
Drug use 41 0.71%
Alcohol use 223 3.86%
No access to handwashing facility 1 0.02%
Poor sanitation 1 0.02%
Unsafe sex 36 0.62%
Smoking 452 7.83%
Secondhand smoke 123 2.13%
Unsafe water source 3 0.05%
Diet low in vegetables 148 2.56%
Diet low in fruits 309 5.35%
Low physical activity 106 1.84%
Outdoor air pollution 166 2.87%
Household air pollution 10 0.17%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1128 19.53%
High blood sugar 1650 28.57%
High total cholesterol 406 7.03%
High blood pressure 962 16.66%


Mauritius - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 21 0.33%
Drug use 15 0.24%
Alcohol use 32 0.51%
Smoking 376 6%
Secondhand smoke 183 2.92%
Household air pollution 13 0.21%
Outdoor air pollution 210 3.35%
No access to handwashing facility 2 0.03%
Poor sanitation 1 0.02%
Unsafe water source 8 0.13%
Unsafe sex 15 0.24%
Low physical activity 202 3.22%
Diet low in vegetables 177 2.82%
Diet low in fruits 276 4.4%
High cholesterol 513 8.18%
High blood pressure 1441 22.99%
High blood sugar 1974 31.49%
High body-mass index (obesity) 810 12.92%


Mauritius - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 56 | Deaths : 20 35.71%
Breast cancer Patients : 1973 | Deaths : 145 7.35%
Larynx cancer Patients : 92 | Deaths : 16 17.39%
Kidney cancer Patients : 175 | Deaths : 16 9.14%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 143 | Deaths : 5 3.5%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 220 | Deaths : 35 15.91%
Stomach cancer Patients : 170 | Deaths : 102 60%
Uterine cancer Patients : 383 | Deaths : 25 6.53%
Bladder cancer Patients : 266 | Deaths : 26 9.77%
Cervical cancer Patients : 380 | Deaths : 43 11.32%
Prostate cancer Patients : 860 | Deaths : 77 8.95%
Testicular cancer Patients : 33 | Deaths : 1 3.03%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 67 | Deaths : 49 73.13%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 41 | Deaths : 37 90.24%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 56 | Deaths : 12 21.43%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 911 | Deaths : 147 16.14%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 9 | Deaths : 5 55.56%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 320 | Deaths : 39 12.19%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 57 | Deaths : 22 38.6%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 181 | Deaths : 17 9.39%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 15 | Deaths : 11 73.33%


Mauritius - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 39 0.65%
5-14 year olds 36 0.6%
15-49 year olds 1135 18.92%
50-69 year olds 3076 51.28%
70+ year olds 1712 28.54%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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