Mauritania Health | 2020 | The Global Graph Skip to main content

Mauritania Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Mauritania

CONTENT


Causes of death across Mauritania are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Mauritania.

Highlights of Mauritania BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Mauritania gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 83.40%83.40%
    • Fat : 29.52%29.52%
    • Plant protein : 9.10%9.10%
    • Animal protein : 6.03%6.03%
  • 28.05% increase in caloric supply : Currently Mauritania gets 2876/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2246/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Sugar and Oils & Fats are three major diet compositions in Mauritania
  • Wheat, Rice and Sorghum are three major Cereal preferences in Mauritania
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Mauritania average intake is 93.29 grams
  • Dates, Lemons & Limes and Bananas are three major Fruit Types Intake in Mauritania
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Mauritania average Fruit intake is 31.07grams
  • In Mauritania, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 31.50% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Mauritania is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Mauritania
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Wheat818
2Rice481
3Sorghum153
4Maize28
5Barley3
6Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Mauritania

Diet Compositions in Mauritania
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1492
2Sugar352
3Oils & Fats349
4Dairy & Eggs313
5Meat141
6Pulses129
7Fruits & Vegetables56
8Other27
9Starchy Roots17
10Alcoholic Beverages0

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Mauritania with 3692 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 20% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Neonatal deaths were the highest types of death causes in Mauritania.
    Major Cause of Death in Mauritania
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group Under-5 with 5554 deaths (year 2016).
  • 39.57% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Diarrheal diseases, Lower respiratory infections and Cancers are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cancers, HIV/AIDS and Cardiovascular disease are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Lower respiratory infections are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 29% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Mauritania (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Mauritania - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Mauritania are High blood pressure, Outdoor air pollution and High body-mass index (obesity). Every year around 1074 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Child wasting and Low birth weight are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Unsafe water source and Poor sanitation are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Unsafe sex, High body-mass index (obesity) and High blood pressure are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, High body-mass index (obesity) and Outdoor air pollution are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Mauritania (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.2% of Mauritania population was suffering from cancer i.e. 3821 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Breast cancer (Count : 206) and Cervical cancer was also concerning with 196 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Stomach cancer have 3% of survival chance.Mauritania was really successful in diagnosing Kidney cancer where 88% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 1695 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 1082 were suffering from Breast cancer out of which 206 people were dead. This means 19.04% death rate of people suffering from Breast cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Mauritania and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Mauritania :
  • 0.2 % of Mauritania population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Breast cancer
  • Kidney cancer was most cured cancer in Mauritania
  • Breast cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Mauritania

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Mauritania (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 291 1.57%
Cardiovascular diseases 3692 19.94%
Kidney disease 327 1.77%
Respiratory disease 459 2.48%
Liver disease 528 2.85%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 1097 5.93%
Digestive disease 450 2.43%
Hepatitis 65 0.35%
Cancers 2247 12.14%
Parkinson's disease 23 0.12%
Fire 78 0.42%
Malaria 262 1.42%
Drowning 116 0.63%
Homicide 86 0.46%
HIV/AIDS 551 2.98%
Drug disorder 34 0.18%
Tuberculosis 330 1.78%
Road incidents 313 1.69%
Maternal deaths 516 2.79%
Neonatal deaths 2087 11.27%
Alcohol disorder 22 0.12%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 1522 8.22%
Meningitis 510.603635148 2.76%
Maternal deaths 516 2.79%
Liver disease 528 2.85%
HIV/AIDS 551 2.98%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 1097 5.93%
Diarrheal diseases 1522 8.22%
Lower respiratory infections 1962.10107018 10.6%
Neonatal deaths 2087 11.27%
Cancers 2247 12.14%
Cardiovascular diseases 3692 19.94%


Mauritania - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 8 0.15%
Lower respiratory infections 201 3.81%
Diarrheal diseases 206 3.91%
Congenital birth defects 0 0%
Neonatal infections 5 0.09%
Nutritional deficiencies 583 11.05%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Malaria 2087 39.57%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 28 0.53%
Cardiovascular disease 11 0.21%
Digestive diseases 19 0.36%
Cancers 27 0.51%
Road accidents 152 2.88%
Drowning 19 0.36%
Fire 32 0.61%
HIV/AIDS 5 0.09%
Kidney disease 34 0.64%
Measles 88 1.67%
Tuberculosis 7 0.13%
Homicide 16 0.3%
Liver disease 36 0.68%
Hepatitis 532 10.09%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 711 13.48%
Drug use disorders 15 0.28%
Natural disasters 452 8.57%


Mauritania - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 4 0.82%
Homicide 6 1.23%
Nutritional deficiencies 16 3.29%
Protein-energy malnutrition 16 3.29%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 2 0.41%
Diarrheal diseases 88 18.07%
Road accidents 39 8.01%
Tuberculosis 5 1.03%
HIV/AIDS 20 4.11%
Drowning 33 6.78%
Malaria 22 4.52%
Fire 9 1.85%
Cancers 45 9.24%
Hepatitis 4 0.82%
Digestive diseases 14 2.87%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 41 8.42%
Liver disease 9 1.85%
Respiratory disease 7 1.44%
Kidney disease 12 2.46%
Cardiovascular disease 20 4.11%
Lower respiratory infections 75 15.4%


Mauritania - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 68 2.32%
Homicide 61 2.08%
Nutritional deficiencies 26 0.89%
Protein-energy malnutrition 19 0.65%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 11 0.38%
Diarrheal diseases 261 8.91%
Road accidents 126 4.3%
Tuberculosis 105 3.58%
HIV/AIDS 418 14.27%
Drowning 30 1.02%
Malaria 42 1.43%
Fire 16 0.55%
Cancers 494 16.86%
Hepatitis 32 1.09%
Digestive diseases 107 3.65%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 203 6.93%
Liver disease 157 5.36%
Respiratory disease 60 2.05%
Kidney disease 73 2.49%
Cardiovascular disease 384 13.11%
Drug disorder 26 0.89%
Alcohol disorder 9 0.31%
Parkinson's disease 0 0%
Dementia 1 0.03%
Lower respiratory infections 201 6.86%


Mauritania - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 41 0.9%
Homicide 9 0.2%
Nutritional deficiencies 32 0.7%
Protein-energy malnutrition 24 0.53%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 5 0.11%
Diarrheal diseases 272 5.98%
Road accidents 74 1.63%
Tuberculosis 108 2.37%
HIV/AIDS 85 1.87%
Drowning 14 0.31%
Malaria 28 0.62%
Fire 17 0.37%
Cancers 1025 22.52%
Hepatitis 18 0.4%
Digestive diseases 148 3.25%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 359 7.89%
Liver disease 235 5.16%
Respiratory disease 166 3.65%
Kidney disease 106 2.33%
Cardiovascular diseases 1342 29.49%
Dementia 33 0.73%
Parkinson's disease 3 0.07%
Drug disorder 5 0.11%
Alcohol disorder 9 0.2%
Lower respiratory infections 393 8.64%


Mauritania - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 20 0.39%
Homicide 2 0.04%
Nutritional deficiencies 49 0.96%
Protein-energy malnutrition 44 0.87%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 3 0.06%
Diarrheal diseases 318 6.25%
Road accidents 46 0.9%
Tuberculosis 100 1.97%
HIV/AIDS 9 0.18%
Drowning 12 0.24%
Malaria 18 0.35%
Fire 18 0.35%
Cancers 650 12.79%
Hepatitis 5 0.1%
Digestive diseases 146 2.87%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 406 7.99%
Liver disease 120 2.36%
Respiratory disease 221 4.35%
Kidney disease 120 2.36%
Cardiovascular disease 1911 37.59%
Parkinson's disease 20 0.39%
Dementia 257 5.06%
Drug use disorders 3 0.06%
Alcohol use disorders 4 0.08%
Lower respiratory infections 582 11.45%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Mauritania
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 1074 6.07%
Poor sanitation 949 5.36%
No access to handwashing facility 793 4.48%
Household air pollution 1328 7.5%
Outdoor air pollution 1762 9.95%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 186 1.05%
Discontinued breastfeeding 13 0.07%
Child wasting 1108 6.26%
Child stunting 133 0.75%
Low birth weight 923 5.21%
Secondhand smoke 282 1.59%
Alcohol use 163 0.92%
Drug use 55 0.31%
Diet low in fruits 728 4.11%
Diet low in vegetables 570 3.22%
Unsafe sex 698 3.94%
Low physical activity 356 2.01%
High blood sugar 1075 6.07%
High cholesterol 752 4.25%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1499 8.47%
High blood pressure 2330 13.16%
Smoking 658 3.72%
Iron deficiency 41 0.23%
Zinc deficiency 28 0.16%
Vitamin-A deficiency 80 0.45%
Low bone mineral density 116 0.66%


Mauritania - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 13 0.32%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 186 4.6%
Child stunting 133 3.29%
Low birth weight 923 22.82%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 298 7.37%
Secondhand smoke 56 1.38%
Poor sanitation 364 9%
Unsafe water source 412 10.19%
Household air pollution 238 5.88%
Outdoor air pollution 312 7.71%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 2 0.05%
Child wasting 1108 27.39%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Mauritania - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 41 15.02%
Unsafe water source 62 22.71%
Unsafe sex 6 2.2%
Iron deficiency 41 15.02%
Secondhand smoke 6 2.2%
Household air pollution 26 9.52%
Outdoor air pollution 33 12.09%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood sugar 3 1.1%
High blood pressure 0 0%
Poor sanitation 55 20.15%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Mauritania - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 41 1.69%
Low bone mineral density 3 0.12%
Drug use 42 1.73%
Alcohol use 53 2.18%
No access to handwashing facility 120 4.94%
Unsafe water source 184 7.58%
Poor sanitation 163 6.71%
Smoking 132 5.44%
Secondhand smoke 27 1.11%
Low physical activity 23 0.95%
Diet low in fruits 111 4.57%
Diet low in vegetables 80 3.29%
Unsafe sex 458 18.86%
High body-mass index (obesity) 239 9.84%
Household air pollution 149 6.14%
Outdoor air pollution 198 8.15%
High total cholesterol 101 4.16%
High blood pressure 212 8.73%
High blood sugar 92 3.79%


Mauritania - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 25 0.47%
Drug use 9 0.17%
Alcohol use 77 1.44%
No access to handwashing facility 147 2.74%
Poor sanitation 169 3.15%
Unsafe sex 193 3.6%
Smoking 325 6.07%
Secondhand smoke 92 1.72%
Unsafe water source 192 3.58%
Diet low in vegetables 246 4.59%
Diet low in fruits 334 6.23%
Low physical activity 125 2.33%
Outdoor air pollution 564 10.53%
Household air pollution 422 7.88%
High body-mass index (obesity) 734 13.7%
High blood sugar 426 7.95%
High total cholesterol 330 6.16%
High blood pressure 947 17.68%


Mauritania - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 88 1.59%
Drug use 4 0.07%
Alcohol use 34 0.61%
Smoking 201 3.63%
Secondhand smoke 102 1.84%
Household air pollution 492 8.89%
Outdoor air pollution 656 11.86%
No access to handwashing facility 186 3.36%
Poor sanitation 198 3.58%
Unsafe water source 225 4.07%
Unsafe sex 42 0.76%
Low physical activity 209 3.78%
Diet low in vegetables 244 4.41%
Diet low in fruits 283 5.11%
High cholesterol 320 5.78%
High blood pressure 1170 21.15%
High blood sugar 553 9.99%
High body-mass index (obesity) 526 9.51%


Mauritania - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 386 | Deaths : 187 48.45%
Breast cancer Patients : 1082 | Deaths : 206 19.04%
Larynx cancer Patients : 35 | Deaths : 14 40%
Kidney cancer Patients : 216 | Deaths : 27 12.5%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 50 | Deaths : 8 16%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 157 | Deaths : 45 28.66%
Stomach cancer Patients : 173 | Deaths : 167 96.53%
Uterine cancer Patients : 148 | Deaths : 35 23.65%
Bladder cancer Patients : 152 | Deaths : 40 26.32%
Cervical cancer Patients : 1123 | Deaths : 196 17.45%
Prostate cancer Patients : 545 | Deaths : 163 29.91%
Testicular cancer Patients : 9 | Deaths : 2 22.22%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 120 | Deaths : 63 52.5%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 71 | Deaths : 56 78.87%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 19 | Deaths : 4 21.05%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 287 | Deaths : 127 44.25%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 26 | Deaths : 6 23.08%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 134 | Deaths : 25 18.66%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 123 | Deaths : 64 52.03%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 126 | Deaths : 34 26.98%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 18 | Deaths : 12 66.67%


Mauritania - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 124 3.25%
5-14 year olds 50 1.31%
15-49 year olds 1138 29.78%
50-69 year olds 1695 44.36%
70+ year olds 814 21.3%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

-->