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Maldives Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Maldives

CONTENT


Causes of death across Maldives are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Maldives.

Highlights of Maldives BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Maldives gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 107.46%107.46%
    • Fat : 36.46%36.46%
    • Animal protein : 22.07%22.07%
    • Plant protein : 9.36%9.36%
  • 75.35% increase in caloric supply : Currently Maldives gets 2732/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 1558/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Meat and Sugar are three major diet compositions in Maldives
  • Wheat, Rice and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in Maldives
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Maldives average intake is 248.00 grams
  • Oranges & Mandarines, Apples and Pineapples are three major Fruit Types Intake in Maldives
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Maldives average Fruit intake is 432.55grams
  • In Maldives, average male height is in the increasing trend and female height is in increasing trend
  • 28.50% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Maldives is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Maldives
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Wheat566
2Rice496
3Maize7
4Oats1
5Rye0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Maldives

Diet Compositions in Maldives
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1078
2Meat532
3Sugar291
4Dairy & Eggs244
5Oils & Fats203
6Fruits & Vegetables196
7Other92
8Starchy Roots44
9Pulses33
10Alcoholic Beverages19

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Maldives with 444 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 39% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease were the highest types of death causes in Maldives.
    Major Cause of Death in Maldives
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 651 deaths (year 2016).
  • 55% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Drowning, Cancers and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cardiovascular disease, Cancers and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 40% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Maldives (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Maldives - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Maldives are High blood pressure, High blood sugar and Smoking. Every year around 2 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Iron deficiency and Outdoor air pollution are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • High body-mass index (obesity), High blood pressure and High total cholesterol are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, High body-mass index (obesity) and High blood sugar are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Maldives (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.23% of Maldives population was suffering from cancer i.e. 495 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Breast cancer (Count : 13) and Colon & rectum cancer was also concerning with 11 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancerNon-melanoma skin cancer have 0% of survival chance.Maldives was really successful in diagnosing Testicular cancer where 100% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 215 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 141 were suffering from Breast cancer out of which 13 people were dead. This means 9.22% death rate of people suffering from Breast cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Maldives and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Maldives :
  • 0.23 % of Maldives population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Breast cancer
  • Testicular cancer was most cured cancer in Maldives
  • Breast cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Maldives

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Maldives (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 70 6.14%
Cardiovascular diseases 444 38.94%
Kidney disease 71 6.23%
Respiratory disease 105 9.21%
Liver disease 22 1.93%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 133 11.67%
Digestive disease 9 0.79%
Hepatitis 1 0.09%
Cancers 149 13.07%
Parkinson's disease 6 0.53%
Fire 4 0.35%
Malaria 0 0%
Drowning 14 1.23%
Homicide 4 0.35%
HIV/AIDS 1 0.09%
Drug disorder 2 0.18%
Tuberculosis 8 0.7%
Road incidents 23 2.02%
Maternal deaths 3 0.26%
Neonatal deaths 22 1.93%
Alcohol disorder 1 0.09%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 3 0.26%
Lower respiratory infections 21.0076546746 1.84%
Neonatal deaths 22 1.93%
Liver disease 22 1.93%
Road incidents 23 2.02%
Dementia 70 6.14%
Kidney disease 71 6.23%
Respiratory disease 105 9.22%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 133 11.68%
Cancers 149 13.08%
Cardiovascular diseases 444 38.98%


Maldives - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 0 0%
Congenital birth defects 0 0%
Neonatal infections 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 0 0%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 0 0%
Drowning 1 2.5%
Cancers 0 0%
Road accidents 22 55%
Diarrheal diseases 1 2.5%
Cardiovascular disease 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Fire 1 2.5%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Kidney disease 0 0%
Digestive diseases 1 2.5%
Homicide 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Liver disease 1 2.5%
Measles 0 0%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 8 20%
Drug use disorders 2 5%
Natural disasters 0 0%
3 7.5%


Maldives - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 0 0%
Homicide 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Road accidents 1 16.67%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 2 33.33%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 0 0%
Cancers 1 16.67%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 0 0%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1 16.67%
Liver disease 0 0%
Respiratory disease 0 0%
Kidney disease 0 0%
Cardiovascular disease 1 16.67%
Lower respiratory infections 0 0%


Maldives - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 8 6.72%
Homicide 3 2.52%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Road accidents 9 7.56%
Tuberculosis 1 0.84%
HIV/AIDS 1 0.84%
Drowning 6 5.04%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 1 0.84%
Cancers 21 17.65%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 1 0.84%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 14 11.76%
Liver disease 5 4.2%
Respiratory disease 6 5.04%
Kidney disease 8 6.72%
Cardiovascular disease 32 26.89%
Drug disorder 1 0.84%
Alcohol disorder 0 0%
Parkinson's disease 0 0%
Dementia 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 2 1.68%


Maldives - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 2 0.68%
Homicide 1 0.34%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 0.34%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Road accidents 6 2.03%
Tuberculosis 3 1.02%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 3 1.02%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 1 0.34%
Cancers 58 19.66%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 2 0.68%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 39 13.22%
Liver disease 9 3.05%
Respiratory disease 23 7.8%
Kidney disease 20 6.78%
Cardiovascular diseases 117 39.66%
Dementia 5 1.69%
Parkinson's disease 1 0.34%
Drug disorder 0 0%
Alcohol disorder 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 4 1.36%


Maldives - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 2 0.29%
Homicide 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 4 0.59%
Protein-energy malnutrition 2 0.29%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 2 0.29%
Road accidents 7 1.03%
Tuberculosis 4 0.59%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 2 0.29%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 1 0.15%
Cancers 68 10.03%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 6 0.88%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 77 11.36%
Liver disease 8 1.18%
Respiratory disease 75 11.06%
Kidney disease 42 6.19%
Cardiovascular disease 295 43.51%
Parkinson's disease 5 0.74%
Dementia 64 9.44%
Drug use disorders 0 0%
Alcohol use disorders 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 14 2.06%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Maldives
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 2 0.17%
Poor sanitation 1 0.09%
No access to handwashing facility 2 0.17%
Household air pollution 10 0.85%
Outdoor air pollution 84 7.17%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 0 0%
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Child wasting 2 0.17%
Child stunting 0 0%
Low birth weight 10 0.85%
Secondhand smoke 30 2.56%
Alcohol use 4 0.34%
Drug use 7 0.6%
Diet low in fruits 40 3.41%
Diet low in vegetables 50 4.27%
Unsafe sex 6 0.51%
Low physical activity 42 3.58%
High blood sugar 168 14.33%
High cholesterol 134 11.43%
High body-mass index (obesity) 142 12.12%
High blood pressure 285 24.32%
Smoking 144 12.29%
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Zinc deficiency 0 0%
Vitamin-A deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 9 0.77%


Maldives - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 0 0%
Child stunting 0 0%
Low birth weight 10 83.33%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Secondhand smoke 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 0 0%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
Child wasting 2 16.67%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


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Maldives - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths


Maldives - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 0 0%
Drug use 3 2.91%
Alcohol use 3 2.91%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Smoking 13 12.62%
Secondhand smoke 2 1.94%
Low physical activity 2 1.94%
Diet low in fruits 6 5.83%
Diet low in vegetables 6 5.83%
Unsafe sex 2 1.94%
High body-mass index (obesity) 17 16.5%
Household air pollution 1 0.97%
Outdoor air pollution 7 6.8%
High total cholesterol 14 13.59%
High blood pressure 16 15.53%
High blood sugar 11 10.68%


Maldives - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 2 0.53%
Drug use 3 0.8%
Alcohol use 3 0.8%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Unsafe sex 3 0.8%
Smoking 49 13%
Secondhand smoke 8 2.12%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Diet low in vegetables 16 4.24%
Diet low in fruits 14 3.71%
Low physical activity 10 2.65%
Outdoor air pollution 26 6.9%
Household air pollution 3 0.8%
High body-mass index (obesity) 59 15.65%
High blood sugar 50 13.26%
High total cholesterol 46 12.2%
High blood pressure 85 22.55%


Maldives - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 7 1.04%
Drug use 2 0.3%
Alcohol use -1 -0.15%
Smoking 82 12.13%
Secondhand smoke 19 2.81%
Household air pollution 6 0.89%
Outdoor air pollution 50 7.4%
No access to handwashing facility 1 0.15%
Poor sanitation 1 0.15%
Unsafe water source 1 0.15%
Unsafe sex 1 0.15%
Low physical activity 30 4.44%
Diet low in vegetables 28 4.14%
Diet low in fruits 20 2.96%
High cholesterol 74 10.95%
High blood pressure 183 27.07%
High blood sugar 106 15.68%
High body-mass index (obesity) 66 9.76%


Maldives - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 12 | Deaths : 5 41.67%
Breast cancer Patients : 141 | Deaths : 13 9.22%
Larynx cancer Patients : 10 | Deaths : 2 20%
Kidney cancer Patients : 22 | Deaths : 2 9.09%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 36 | Deaths : 3 8.33%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 24 | Deaths : 4 16.67%
Stomach cancer Patients : 9 | Deaths : 6 66.67%
Uterine cancer Patients : 12 | Deaths : 1 8.33%
Bladder cancer Patients : 43 | Deaths : 6 13.95%
Cervical cancer Patients : 47 | Deaths : 5 10.64%
Prostate cancer Patients : 45 | Deaths : 6 13.33%
Testicular cancer Patients : 2 | Deaths : 0 0%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 6 | Deaths : 4 66.67%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 4 | Deaths : 4 100%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 5 | Deaths : 1 20%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 54 | Deaths : 11 20.37%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 1 | Deaths : 1 100%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 72 | Deaths : 8 11.11%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 10 | Deaths : 4 40%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 22 | Deaths : 2 9.09%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 2 | Deaths : 1 50%


Maldives - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 4 0.81%
5-14 year olds 4 0.81%
15-49 year olds 91 18.38%
50-69 year olds 215 43.43%
70+ year olds 181 36.57%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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