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Malaysia Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Malaysia

CONTENT


Causes of death across Malaysia are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Malaysia.

Highlights of Malaysia BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Malaysia gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 73.70%73.70%
    • Fat : 33.40%33.40%
    • Animal protein : 7.51%7.51%
    • Plant protein : 5.99%5.99%
  • 20.60% increase in caloric supply : Currently Malaysia gets 2916/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2418/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Sugar are three major diet compositions in Malaysia
  • Rice, Wheat and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in Malaysia
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Malaysia average intake is 192.96 grams
  • Bananas, Pineapples and Oranges & Mandarines are three major Fruit Types Intake in Malaysia
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Malaysia average Fruit intake is 124.08grams
  • In Malaysia, average male height is in the increasing trend and female height is in increasing trend
  • 41.70% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Malaysia is in the range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Malaysia
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Rice762
2Wheat385
3Maize119
4Oats4
5Rye0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Malaysia

Diet Compositions in Malaysia
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1278
2Oils & Fats467
3Sugar411
4Meat377
5Dairy & Eggs122
6Fruits & Vegetables113
7Other77
8Starchy Roots31
9Pulses29
10Alcoholic Beverages11

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Malaysia with 56447 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 38% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Lower respiratory infections were the highest types of death causes in Malaysia.
    Major Cause of Death in Malaysia
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 70138 deaths (year 2016).
  • 37.08% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Cancers, Road accidents and Drowning are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cardiovascular disease, Road accidents and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Lower respiratory infections are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 41% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Malaysia (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Malaysia - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Malaysia are High blood pressure, Smoking and High blood sugar. Every year around 233 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Iron deficiency and Outdoor air pollution are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • High blood pressure, Smoking and High body-mass index (obesity) are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, Smoking and High body-mass index (obesity) are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Malaysia (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.48% of Malaysia population was suffering from cancer i.e. 106959 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Colon & rectum cancer (Count : 2939) and Breast cancer was also concerning with 2140 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 4% of survival chance.Malaysia was really successful in diagnosing Testicular cancer where 98% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 51127 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 18690 were suffering from Colon & rectum cancer out of which 2939 people were dead. This means 15.72% death rate of people suffering from Colon & rectum cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Malaysia and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Malaysia :
  • 0.48 % of Malaysia population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Colon & rectum cancer
  • Testicular cancer was most cured cancer in Malaysia
  • Colon & rectum cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Malaysia

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Malaysia (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 6579 4.47%
Cardiovascular diseases 56447 38.39%
Kidney disease 3680 2.5%
Respiratory disease 6591 4.48%
Liver disease 2821 1.92%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 10696 7.27%
Digestive disease 4169 2.84%
Hepatitis 381 0.26%
Cancers 24218 16.47%
Parkinson's disease 514 0.35%
Fire 342 0.23%
Malaria 17 0.01%
Drowning 808 0.55%
Homicide 621 0.42%
HIV/AIDS 1136 0.77%
Drug disorder 434 0.3%
Tuberculosis 1295 0.88%
Road incidents 6232 4.24%
Maternal deaths 251 0.17%
Neonatal deaths 996 0.68%
Alcohol disorder 469 0.32%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 497 0.34%
Liver disease 2821 1.92%
Kidney disease 3680 2.5%
Digestive disease 4169 2.84%
Road incidents 6232 4.24%
Dementia 6579 4.47%
Respiratory disease 6591 4.48%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 10696 7.27%
Lower respiratory infections 14522.3444797 9.88%
Cancers 24218 16.47%
Cardiovascular diseases 56447 38.39%


Malaysia - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 7 0.26%
Congenital birth defects 3 0.11%
Lower respiratory infections 4 0.15%
Neonatal infections 0 0%
Cancers 1 0.04%
Cardiovascular disease 52 1.94%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Road accidents 996 37.08%
Drowning 46 1.71%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 4 0.15%
Digestive diseases 3 0.11%
Measles 44 1.64%
Fire 1 0.04%
Homicide 13 0.48%
Kidney disease 108 4.02%
Liver disease 1 0.04%
Nutritional deficiencies 38 1.41%
Tuberculosis 42 1.56%
Protein-energy malnutrition 5 0.19%
HIV/AIDS 7 0.26%
Hepatitis 80 2.98%
Malaria 802 29.86%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 244 9.08%
Drug use disorders 21 0.78%
Natural disasters 164 6.11%


Malaysia - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 4 0.59%
Homicide 10 1.49%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 0.15%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 0.15%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.15%
Diarrheal diseases 12 1.78%
Road accidents 145 21.55%
Tuberculosis 4 0.59%
HIV/AIDS 3 0.45%
Drowning 93 13.82%
Malaria 1 0.15%
Fire 10 1.49%
Cancers 162 24.07%
Hepatitis 1 0.15%
Digestive diseases 16 2.38%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 31 4.61%
Liver disease 6 0.89%
Respiratory disease 16 2.38%
Kidney disease 9 1.34%
Cardiovascular disease 62 9.21%
Lower respiratory infections 85 12.63%


Malaysia - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 1284 6.08%
Homicide 485 2.3%
Nutritional deficiencies 9 0.04%
Protein-energy malnutrition 5 0.02%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 6 0.03%
Diarrheal diseases 72 0.34%
Road accidents 3625 17.16%
Tuberculosis 277 1.31%
HIV/AIDS 915 4.33%
Drowning 411 1.95%
Malaria 8 0.04%
Fire 118 0.56%
Cancers 3535 16.73%
Hepatitis 109 0.52%
Digestive diseases 470 2.22%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1130 5.35%
Liver disease 565 2.67%
Respiratory disease 519 2.46%
Kidney disease 418 1.98%
Cardiovascular disease 5138 24.32%
Drug disorder 278 1.32%
Alcohol disorder 211 1%
Parkinson's disease 11 0.05%
Dementia 14 0.07%
Lower respiratory infections 1511 7.15%


Malaysia - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 672 1.28%
Homicide 96 0.18%
Nutritional deficiencies 19 0.04%
Protein-energy malnutrition 10 0.02%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 7 0.01%
Diarrheal diseases 112 0.21%
Road accidents 1553 2.97%
Tuberculosis 437 0.84%
HIV/AIDS 206 0.39%
Drowning 172 0.33%
Malaria 5 0.01%
Fire 96 0.18%
Cancers 10762 20.57%
Hepatitis 189 0.36%
Digestive diseases 1352 2.58%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 4470 8.54%
Liver disease 1423 2.72%
Respiratory disease 2160 4.13%
Kidney disease 1565 2.99%
Cardiovascular diseases 21221 40.55%
Dementia 868 1.66%
Parkinson's disease 85 0.16%
Drug disorder 81 0.15%
Alcohol disorder 182 0.35%
Lower respiratory infections 4586 8.76%


Malaysia - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 321 0.46%
Homicide 21 0.03%
Nutritional deficiencies 61 0.09%
Protein-energy malnutrition 37 0.05%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 5 0.01%
Diarrheal diseases 249 0.36%
Road accidents 864 1.23%
Tuberculosis 574 0.82%
HIV/AIDS 9 0.01%
Drowning 88 0.13%
Malaria 2 0%
Fire 104 0.15%
Cancers 9652 13.77%
Hepatitis 81 0.12%
Digestive diseases 2293 3.27%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 5022 7.17%
Liver disease 822 1.17%
Respiratory disease 3879 5.54%
Kidney disease 1681 2.4%
Cardiovascular disease 29946 42.74%
Parkinson's disease 418 0.6%
Dementia 5697 8.13%
Drug use disorders 75 0.11%
Alcohol use disorders 76 0.11%
Lower respiratory infections 8096 11.55%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Malaysia
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 233 0.14%
Poor sanitation 42 0.03%
No access to handwashing facility 188 0.11%
Household air pollution 195 0.12%
Outdoor air pollution 10461 6.31%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 36 0.02%
Discontinued breastfeeding 2 0%
Child wasting 212 0.13%
Child stunting 27 0.02%
Low birth weight 455 0.27%
Secondhand smoke 3482 2.1%
Alcohol use 6173 3.72%
Drug use 1503 0.91%
Diet low in fruits 5859 3.53%
Diet low in vegetables 7754 4.67%
Unsafe sex 1112 0.67%
Low physical activity 5185 3.13%
High blood sugar 20747 12.51%
High cholesterol 20445 12.32%
High body-mass index (obesity) 18353 11.06%
High blood pressure 38336 23.11%
Smoking 24185 14.58%
Iron deficiency 18 0.01%
Zinc deficiency 4 0%
Vitamin-A deficiency 1 0%
Low bone mineral density 899 0.54%


Malaysia - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 2 0.24%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 36 4.28%
Child stunting 27 3.21%
Low birth weight 455 54.1%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 5 0.59%
Secondhand smoke 33 3.92%
Poor sanitation 4 0.48%
Unsafe water source 24 2.85%
Household air pollution 1 0.12%
Outdoor air pollution 38 4.52%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2 0.24%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 2 0.24%
Child wasting 212 25.21%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Malaysia - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 2 3.28%
No access to handwashing facility 2 3.28%
Unsafe water source 6 9.84%
Unsafe sex 1 1.64%
Iron deficiency 17 27.87%
Secondhand smoke 11 18.03%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 13 21.31%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2 3.28%
High blood sugar 5 8.2%
High blood pressure 1 1.64%
Poor sanitation 1 1.64%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Malaysia - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 17 0.09%
Low bone mineral density 72 0.36%
Drug use 1022 5.13%
Alcohol use 1595 8.01%
No access to handwashing facility 21 0.11%
Unsafe water source 34 0.17%
Poor sanitation 6 0.03%
Smoking 3019 15.16%
Secondhand smoke 272 1.37%
Low physical activity 301 1.51%
Diet low in fruits 939 4.72%
Diet low in vegetables 1004 5.04%
Unsafe sex 482 2.42%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2733 13.73%
Household air pollution 21 0.11%
Outdoor air pollution 1140 5.73%
High total cholesterol 2326 11.68%
High blood pressure 3432 17.24%
High blood sugar 1475 7.41%


Malaysia - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 299 0.42%
Drug use 369 0.52%
Alcohol use 2653 3.74%
No access to handwashing facility 57 0.08%
Poor sanitation 9 0.01%
Unsafe sex 426 0.6%
Smoking 10549 14.89%
Secondhand smoke 1390 1.96%
Unsafe water source 52 0.07%
Diet low in vegetables 3400 4.8%
Diet low in fruits 2619 3.7%
Low physical activity 1862 2.63%
Outdoor air pollution 4303 6.07%
Household air pollution 77 0.11%
High body-mass index (obesity) 9464 13.36%
High blood sugar 8341 11.77%
High total cholesterol 9051 12.78%
High blood pressure 15921 22.47%


Malaysia - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 528 0.71%
Drug use 112 0.15%
Alcohol use 1923 2.59%
Smoking 10617 14.3%
Secondhand smoke 1775 2.39%
Household air pollution 95 0.13%
Outdoor air pollution 4966 6.69%
No access to handwashing facility 103 0.14%
Poor sanitation 21 0.03%
Unsafe water source 117 0.16%
Unsafe sex 203 0.27%
Low physical activity 3022 4.07%
Diet low in vegetables 3350 4.51%
Diet low in fruits 2300 3.1%
High cholesterol 9068 12.21%
High blood pressure 18982 25.56%
High blood sugar 10925 14.71%
High body-mass index (obesity) 6153 8.29%


Malaysia - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 1911 | Deaths : 1026 53.69%
Breast cancer Patients : 34239 | Deaths : 2140 6.25%
Larynx cancer Patients : 1313 | Deaths : 227 17.29%
Kidney cancer Patients : 3283 | Deaths : 300 9.14%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 6896 | Deaths : 202 2.93%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 4366 | Deaths : 631 14.45%
Stomach cancer Patients : 2133 | Deaths : 1273 59.68%
Uterine cancer Patients : 3921 | Deaths : 186 4.74%
Bladder cancer Patients : 4020 | Deaths : 405 10.07%
Cervical cancer Patients : 6716 | Deaths : 683 10.17%
Prostate cancer Patients : 8630 | Deaths : 721 8.35%
Testicular cancer Patients : 1014 | Deaths : 23 2.27%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 891 | Deaths : 618 69.36%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 504 | Deaths : 483 95.83%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 4650 | Deaths : 862 18.54%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 18690 | Deaths : 2939 15.72%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 203 | Deaths : 156 76.85%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 3622 | Deaths : 404 11.15%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 1370 | Deaths : 431 31.46%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 5303 | Deaths : 214 4.04%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 196 | Deaths : 187 95.41%


Malaysia - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 1688 1.58%
5-14 year olds 747 0.7%
15-49 year olds 26037 24.34%
50-69 year olds 51127 47.8%
70+ year olds 27360 25.58%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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