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Malawi Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Malawi

CONTENT


Causes of death across Malawi are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Malawi.

Highlights of Malawi BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Malawi gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 86.38%86.38%
    • Fat : 18.43%18.43%
    • Plant protein : 11.28%11.28%
    • Animal protein : 1.55%1.55%
  • 17.64% increase in caloric supply : Currently Malawi gets 2367/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2012/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Starchy Roots and Oils & Fats are three major diet compositions in Malawi
  • Maize, Wheat and Rice are three major Cereal preferences in Malawi
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Malawi average intake is 59.89 grams
  • Bananas, Plantains and Citrus, other are three major Fruit Types Intake in Malawi
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Malawi average Fruit intake is 170.74grams
  • In Malawi, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 20.10% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Malawi is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Malawi
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Maize1125
2Wheat88
3Rice47
4Sorghum20
5Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Malawi

Diet Compositions in Malawi
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1300
2Starchy Roots396
3Oils & Fats181
4Pulses141
5Fruits & Vegetables123
6Meat101
7Sugar81
8Alcoholic Beverages22
9Dairy & Eggs17
10Other5

Major Cause of Death


HIV/AIDS was a major cause of death in Malawi with 30438 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 20% of total deaths. Overall HIV/AIDS, Cardiovascular diseases and Neonatal deaths were the highest types of death causes in Malawi.
    Major Cause of Death in Malawi
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group Under-5 with 48692 deaths (year 2016).
  • 31.09% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Cancers are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • HIV/AIDS, Cancers and Tuberculosis are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and HIV/AIDS are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 22% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Malawi (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Malawi - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Malawi are Unsafe sex, High blood pressure and Household air pollution. Every year around 8333 people die due to Unsafe sex.
  • Child wasting and Low birth weight are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Unsafe sex and Unsafe water source are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Unsafe sex, Alcohol use and Unsafe water source are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, Unsafe sex and Household air pollution are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Malawi (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.39% of Malawi population was suffering from cancer i.e. 39705 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Esophageal cancer (Count : 2003) and Cervical cancer was also concerning with 1284 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer have 2% of survival chance.Malawi was really successful in diagnosing Kidney cancer where 93% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 19355 people were of age group 15-49 year olds.In 2016, 2150 were suffering from Esophageal cancer out of which 2003 people were dead. This means 93.16% death rate of people suffering from Esophageal cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Malawi and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Malawi :
  • 0.39 % of Malawi population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Esophageal cancer
  • Kidney cancer was most cured cancer in Malawi
  • Esophageal cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Malawi

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Malawi (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 1509 0.98%
Cardiovascular diseases 17124 11.08%
Kidney disease 927 0.6%
Respiratory disease 2591 1.68%
Liver disease 1988 1.29%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 4320 2.79%
Digestive disease 3371 2.18%
Hepatitis 552 0.36%
Cancers 14547 9.41%
Parkinson's disease 97 0.06%
Fire 737 0.48%
Malaria 9992 6.46%
Drowning 872 0.56%
Homicide 420 0.27%
HIV/AIDS 30438 19.69%
Drug disorder 41 0.03%
Tuberculosis 6447 4.17%
Road incidents 2255 1.46%
Maternal deaths 1863 1.21%
Neonatal deaths 15080 9.75%
Alcohol disorder 175 0.11%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 11233 7.27%
Protein-energy malnutrition 4473.27041877 2.89%
Nutritional deficiencies 4881 3.16%
Tuberculosis 6447 4.17%
Malaria 9992 6.46%
Diarrheal diseases 11233 7.27%
Lower respiratory infections 13321.9982386 8.62%
Cancers 14547 9.41%
Neonatal deaths 15080 9.75%
Cardiovascular diseases 17124 11.08%
HIV/AIDS 30438 19.69%


Malawi - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 38 0.08%
Malaria 3049 6.29%
Lower respiratory infections 3106 6.4%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 16 0.03%
Protein-energy malnutrition 3779 7.79%
Neonatal infections 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 15080 31.09%
Congenital birth defects 213 0.44%
Cancers 403 0.83%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 1937 3.99%
Measles 238 0.49%
Tuberculosis 7505 15.47%
Digestive diseases 239 0.49%
Fire 525 1.08%
Drowning 48 0.1%
Road accidents 271 0.56%
Cardiovascular disease 444 0.92%
Hepatitis 26 0.05%
Kidney disease 40 0.08%
Homicide 175 0.36%
Liver disease 1110 2.29%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 7172 14.78%
Drug use disorders 424 0.87%
Natural disasters 2673 5.51%


Malawi - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 32 0.48%
Homicide 19 0.29%
Nutritional deficiencies 204 3.08%
Protein-energy malnutrition 197 2.97%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 5 0.08%
Diarrheal diseases 586 8.84%
Road accidents 216 3.26%
Tuberculosis 103 1.55%
HIV/AIDS 2758 41.61%
Drowning 186 2.81%
Malaria 795 11.99%
Fire 62 0.94%
Cancers 703 10.6%
Hepatitis 21 0.32%
Digestive diseases 92 1.39%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 73 1.1%
Liver disease 24 0.36%
Respiratory disease 31 0.47%
Kidney disease 18 0.27%
Cardiovascular disease 77 1.16%
Lower respiratory infections 427 6.44%


Malawi - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 528 1.22%
Homicide 321 0.74%
Nutritional deficiencies 353 0.82%
Protein-energy malnutrition 244 0.56%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 30 0.07%
Diarrheal diseases 1964 4.55%
Road accidents 1086 2.51%
Tuberculosis 2695 6.24%
HIV/AIDS 23298 53.94%
Drowning 272 0.63%
Malaria 807 1.87%
Fire 139 0.32%
Cancers 5484 12.7%
Hepatitis 236 0.55%
Digestive diseases 810 1.88%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 791 1.83%
Liver disease 590 1.37%
Respiratory disease 270 0.63%
Kidney disease 226 0.52%
Cardiovascular disease 1764 4.08%
Drug disorder 31 0.07%
Alcohol disorder 67 0.16%
Parkinson's disease 1 0%
Dementia 2 0%
Lower respiratory infections 1184 2.74%


Malawi - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 295 1.21%
Homicide 31 0.13%
Nutritional deficiencies 408 1.68%
Protein-energy malnutrition 320 1.32%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 10 0.04%
Diarrheal diseases 1955 8.04%
Road accidents 406 1.67%
Tuberculosis 1790 7.36%
HIV/AIDS 2252 9.26%
Drowning 86 0.35%
Malaria 487 2%
Fire 128 0.53%
Cancers 4810 19.78%
Hepatitis 142 0.58%
Digestive diseases 895 3.68%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1257 5.17%
Liver disease 782 3.22%
Respiratory disease 805 3.31%
Kidney disease 239 0.98%
Cardiovascular diseases 5382 22.14%
Dementia 127 0.52%
Parkinson's disease 10 0.04%
Drug disorder 4 0.02%
Alcohol disorder 64 0.26%
Lower respiratory infections 1629 6.7%


Malawi - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 221 0.74%
Homicide 12 0.04%
Nutritional deficiencies 810 2.7%
Protein-energy malnutrition 663 2.21%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 19 0.06%
Diarrheal diseases 2949 9.82%
Road accidents 334 1.11%
Tuberculosis 1456 4.85%
HIV/AIDS 194 0.65%
Drowning 90 0.3%
Malaria 398 1.33%
Fire 169 0.56%
Cancers 3025 10.08%
Hepatitis 104 0.35%
Digestive diseases 1303 4.34%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1754 5.84%
Liver disease 566 1.89%
Respiratory disease 1393 4.64%
Kidney disease 404 1.35%
Cardiovascular disease 9726 32.4%
Parkinson's disease 87 0.29%
Dementia 1381 4.6%
Drug use disorders 6 0.02%
Alcohol use disorders 44 0.15%
Lower respiratory infections 2910 9.69%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Malawi
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 8333 6.76%
Poor sanitation 7324 5.94%
No access to handwashing facility 7026 5.7%
Household air pollution 11311 9.17%
Outdoor air pollution 5126 4.16%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 865 0.7%
Discontinued breastfeeding 45 0.04%
Child wasting 8881 7.2%
Child stunting 1628 1.32%
Low birth weight 6160 5%
Secondhand smoke 427 0.35%
Alcohol use 4000 3.24%
Drug use 521 0.42%
Diet low in fruits 2638 2.14%
Diet low in vegetables 2162 1.75%
Unsafe sex 26239 21.28%
Low physical activity 871 0.71%
High blood sugar 5789 4.69%
High cholesterol 2445 1.98%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2818 2.29%
High blood pressure 11842 9.6%
Smoking 5179 4.2%
Iron deficiency 149 0.12%
Zinc deficiency 182 0.15%
Vitamin-A deficiency 581 0.47%
Low bone mineral density 767 0.62%


Malawi - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 45 0.14%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 865 2.79%
Child stunting 1628 5.24%
Low birth weight 6160 19.83%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 2772 8.93%
Secondhand smoke 147 0.47%
Poor sanitation 2463 7.93%
Unsafe water source 2810 9.05%
Household air pollution 3710 11.95%
Outdoor air pollution 1563 5.03%
High body-mass index (obesity) 7 0.02%
High blood pressure 1 0%
High blood sugar 4 0.01%
Child wasting 8881 28.6%
Iron deficiency 1 0%


Malawi - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 1 0.04%
No access to handwashing facility 325 14.37%
Unsafe water source 433 19.14%
Unsafe sex 633 27.98%
Iron deficiency 146 6.45%
Secondhand smoke 10 0.44%
Household air pollution 226 9.99%
Outdoor air pollution 93 4.11%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2 0.09%
High blood sugar 9 0.4%
High blood pressure 1 0.04%
Poor sanitation 382 16.89%
Iron deficiency 1 0.04%


Malawi - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 146 0.43%
Low bone mineral density 18 0.05%
Drug use 429 1.25%
Alcohol use 1844 5.37%
No access to handwashing facility 1054 3.07%
Unsafe water source 1452 4.23%
Poor sanitation 1281 3.73%
Smoking 778 2.27%
Secondhand smoke 38 0.11%
Low physical activity 48 0.14%
Diet low in fruits 453 1.32%
Diet low in vegetables 324 0.94%
Unsafe sex 22316 64.98%
High body-mass index (obesity) 521 1.52%
Household air pollution 1099 3.2%
Outdoor air pollution 530 1.54%
High total cholesterol 401 1.17%
High blood pressure 1115 3.25%
High blood sugar 495 1.44%


Malawi - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0%
Low bone mineral density 137 0.56%
Drug use 77 0.31%
Alcohol use 1468 5.96%
No access to handwashing facility 1118 4.54%
Poor sanitation 1275 5.18%
Unsafe sex 2849 11.57%
Smoking 2184 8.87%
Secondhand smoke 95 0.39%
Unsafe water source 1449 5.88%
Diet low in vegetables 828 3.36%
Diet low in fruits 1100 4.47%
Low physical activity 253 1.03%
Outdoor air pollution 1192 4.84%
Household air pollution 2494 10.12%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1324 5.37%
High blood sugar 1802 7.32%
High total cholesterol 918 3.73%
High blood pressure 4069 16.52%


Malawi - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 612 2.01%
Drug use 15 0.05%
Alcohol use 688 2.26%
Smoking 2217 7.29%
Secondhand smoke 137 0.45%
Household air pollution 3782 12.44%
Outdoor air pollution 1747 5.75%
No access to handwashing facility 1757 5.78%
Poor sanitation 1923 6.33%
Unsafe water source 2189 7.2%
Unsafe sex 441 1.45%
Low physical activity 569 1.87%
Diet low in vegetables 1011 3.33%
Diet low in fruits 1085 3.57%
High cholesterol 1126 3.7%
High blood pressure 6656 21.9%
High blood sugar 3480 11.45%
High body-mass index (obesity) 963 3.17%


Malawi - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 571 | Deaths : 242 42.38%
Breast cancer Patients : 2702 | Deaths : 541 20.02%
Larynx cancer Patients : 131 | Deaths : 55 41.98%
Kidney cancer Patients : 1697 | Deaths : 117 6.89%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 405 | Deaths : 85 20.99%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 671 | Deaths : 157 23.4%
Stomach cancer Patients : 358 | Deaths : 320 89.39%
Uterine cancer Patients : 336 | Deaths : 80 23.81%
Bladder cancer Patients : 2527 | Deaths : 732 28.97%
Cervical cancer Patients : 8273 | Deaths : 1284 15.52%
Prostate cancer Patients : 1761 | Deaths : 642 36.46%
Testicular cancer Patients : 66 | Deaths : 23 34.85%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 240 | Deaths : 137 57.08%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 2150 | Deaths : 2003 93.16%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 88 | Deaths : 19 21.59%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 989 | Deaths : 436 44.08%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 73 | Deaths : 50 68.49%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 749 | Deaths : 132 17.62%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 379 | Deaths : 167 44.06%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 320 | Deaths : 72 22.5%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 44 | Deaths : 43 97.73%


Malawi - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 4316 10.87%
5-14 year olds 2640 6.65%
15-49 year olds 19355 48.75%
50-69 year olds 9702 24.44%
70+ year olds 3692 9.3%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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