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Liberia Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Liberia

CONTENT


Causes of death across Liberia are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Liberia.

Highlights of Liberia BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Liberia gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 74.91%74.91%
    • Fat : 26.64%26.64%
    • Plant protein : 5.84%5.84%
    • Animal protein : 1.61%1.61%
  • 9.00% increase in caloric supply : Currently Liberia gets 2204/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2022/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Starchy Roots are three major diet compositions in Liberia
  • Rice, Wheat and Oats are three major Cereal preferences in Liberia
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Liberia average intake is 74.14 grams
  • Bananas, Plantains and Oranges & Mandarines are three major Fruit Types Intake in Liberia
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Liberia average Fruit intake is 119.12grams
  • In Liberia, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 27.80% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Liberia is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Liberia
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Rice952
2Wheat99
3Oats2
4Rye0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Liberia

Diet Compositions in Liberia
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1053
2Oils & Fats434
3Starchy Roots404
4Fruits & Vegetables97
5Meat80
6Sugar62
7Alcoholic Beverages34
8Other14
9Dairy & Eggs13

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Liberia with 4743 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 16% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Diarrheal diseases and Neonatal deaths were the highest types of death causes in Liberia.
    Major Cause of Death in Liberia
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group Under-5 with 10146 deaths (year 2016).
  • 28.02% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Malaria, Diarrheal diseases and HIV/AIDS are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • HIV/AIDS, Cardiovascular disease and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Lower respiratory infections are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 27% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Liberia (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Liberia - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Liberia are High blood pressure, Unsafe water source and Household air pollution. Every year around 2913 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Child wasting and Unsafe water source are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Unsafe water source and Poor sanitation are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Unsafe sex, Alcohol use and High blood pressure are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, High body-mass index (obesity) and Household air pollution are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Liberia (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.19% of Liberia population was suffering from cancer i.e. 3958 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Stomach cancer (Count : 246) and Cervical cancer was also concerning with 237 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Stomach cancer have 11% of survival chance.Liberia was really successful in diagnosing Kidney cancer where 88% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 1736 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 276 were suffering from Stomach cancer out of which 246 people were dead. This means 89.13% death rate of people suffering from Stomach cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Liberia and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Liberia :
  • 0.19 % of Liberia population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Stomach cancer
  • Kidney cancer was most cured cancer in Liberia
  • Stomach cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Liberia

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Liberia (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 249 0.83%
Cardiovascular diseases 4743 15.79%
Kidney disease 462 1.54%
Respiratory disease 527 1.75%
Liver disease 874 2.91%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 1511 5.03%
Digestive disease 639 2.13%
Hepatitis 109 0.36%
Cancers 2452 8.16%
Parkinson's disease 19 0.06%
Fire 105 0.35%
Malaria 2569 8.55%
Drowning 163 0.54%
Homicide 120 0.4%
HIV/AIDS 1926 6.41%
Drug disorder 40 0.13%
Tuberculosis 1345 4.48%
Road incidents 423 1.41%
Maternal deaths 843 2.81%
Neonatal deaths 2669 8.89%
Alcohol disorder 34 0.11%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 3842 12.79%
Liver disease 874 2.91%
Tuberculosis 1345 4.48%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 1511 5.03%
HIV/AIDS 1926 6.41%
Lower respiratory infections 2411.7093858 8.03%
Cancers 2452 8.16%
Malaria 2569 8.55%
Neonatal deaths 2669 8.89%
Diarrheal diseases 3842 12.79%
Cardiovascular diseases 4743 15.79%


Liberia - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 6 0.06%
Diarrheal diseases 208 2.18%
Malaria 211 2.21%
Lower respiratory infections 0 0%
Congenital birth defects 5 0.05%
Neonatal infections 2146 22.53%
Measles 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 2669 28.02%
Protein-energy malnutrition 28 0.29%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 53 0.56%
HIV/AIDS 81 0.85%
Tuberculosis 28 0.29%
Cardiovascular disease 1565 16.43%
Digestive diseases 20 0.21%
Drowning 22 0.23%
Road accidents 6 0.06%
Cancers 39 0.41%
Fire 105 1.1%
Kidney disease 6 0.06%
Hepatitis 20 0.21%
Homicide 41 0.43%
Liver disease 689 7.23%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 849 8.91%
Drug use disorders 222 2.33%
Natural disasters 507 5.32%


Liberia - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 5 0.53%
Homicide 6 0.63%
Nutritional deficiencies 16 1.68%
Protein-energy malnutrition 15 1.58%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 3 0.32%
Diarrheal diseases 143 15.05%
Road accidents 42 4.42%
Tuberculosis 20 2.11%
HIV/AIDS 137 14.42%
Drowning 36 3.79%
Malaria 259 27.26%
Fire 10 1.05%
Cancers 38 4%
Hepatitis 7 0.74%
Digestive diseases 17 1.79%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 51 5.37%
Liver disease 10 1.05%
Respiratory disease 9 0.95%
Kidney disease 14 1.47%
Cardiovascular disease 21 2.21%
Lower respiratory infections 91 9.58%


Liberia - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 169 2.85%
Homicide 98 1.65%
Nutritional deficiencies 35 0.59%
Protein-energy malnutrition 24 0.4%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 21 0.35%
Diarrheal diseases 483 8.15%
Road accidents 201 3.39%
Tuberculosis 519 8.75%
HIV/AIDS 1412 23.81%
Drowning 58 0.98%
Malaria 347 5.85%
Fire 27 0.46%
Cancers 557 9.39%
Hepatitis 61 1.03%
Digestive diseases 173 2.92%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 329 5.55%
Liver disease 306 5.16%
Respiratory disease 73 1.23%
Kidney disease 124 2.09%
Cardiovascular disease 590 9.95%
Drug disorder 28 0.47%
Alcohol disorder 16 0.27%
Parkinson's disease 0 0%
Dementia 1 0.02%
Lower respiratory infections 278 4.69%


Liberia - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 141 2.02%
Homicide 9 0.13%
Nutritional deficiencies 39 0.56%
Protein-energy malnutrition 26 0.37%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 8 0.11%
Diarrheal diseases 505 7.23%
Road accidents 99 1.42%
Tuberculosis 432 6.19%
HIV/AIDS 279 4%
Drowning 24 0.34%
Malaria 240 3.44%
Fire 25 0.36%
Cancers 1150 16.47%
Hepatitis 28 0.4%
Digestive diseases 220 3.15%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 522 7.48%
Liver disease 389 5.57%
Respiratory disease 209 2.99%
Kidney disease 155 2.22%
Cardiovascular diseases 1903 27.26%
Dementia 32 0.46%
Parkinson's disease 3 0.04%
Drug disorder 7 0.1%
Alcohol disorder 13 0.19%
Lower respiratory infections 523 7.49%


Liberia - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 65 1.02%
Homicide 1 0.02%
Nutritional deficiencies 49 0.77%
Protein-energy malnutrition 41 0.65%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 5 0.08%
Diarrheal diseases 565 8.9%
Road accidents 54 0.85%
Tuberculosis 322 5.07%
HIV/AIDS 18 0.28%
Drowning 17 0.27%
Malaria 159 2.51%
Fire 23 0.36%
Cancers 686 10.81%
Hepatitis 7 0.11%
Digestive diseases 190 2.99%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 504 7.94%
Liver disease 163 2.57%
Respiratory disease 228 3.59%
Kidney disease 149 2.35%
Cardiovascular disease 2187 34.47%
Parkinson's disease 16 0.25%
Dementia 216 3.4%
Drug use disorders 4 0.06%
Alcohol use disorders 5 0.08%
Lower respiratory infections 671 10.58%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Liberia
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 2913 9.71%
Poor sanitation 2339 7.8%
No access to handwashing facility 2127 7.09%
Household air pollution 2695 8.99%
Outdoor air pollution 968 3.23%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 423 1.41%
Discontinued breastfeeding 43 0.14%
Child wasting 2316 7.72%
Child stunting 399 1.33%
Low birth weight 1161 3.87%
Secondhand smoke 193 0.64%
Alcohol use 1508 5.03%
Drug use 106 0.35%
Diet low in fruits 829 2.76%
Diet low in vegetables 715 2.38%
Unsafe sex 1914 6.38%
Low physical activity 350 1.17%
High blood sugar 1470 4.9%
High cholesterol 876 2.92%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1973 6.58%
High blood pressure 3187 10.63%
Smoking 820 2.73%
Iron deficiency 46 0.15%
Zinc deficiency 135 0.45%
Vitamin-A deficiency 354 1.18%
Low bone mineral density 127 0.42%


Liberia - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 43 0.48%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 423 4.7%
Child stunting 399 4.43%
Low birth weight 1161 12.9%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 1108 12.31%
Secondhand smoke 37 0.41%
Poor sanitation 1306 14.51%
Unsafe water source 1625 18.06%
Household air pollution 448 4.98%
Outdoor air pollution 131 1.46%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 2 0.02%
Child wasting 2316 25.74%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Liberia - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 79 18.46%
Unsafe water source 109 25.47%
Unsafe sex 38 8.88%
Iron deficiency 45 10.51%
Secondhand smoke 4 0.93%
Household air pollution 49 11.45%
Outdoor air pollution 14 3.27%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood sugar 3 0.7%
High blood pressure 0 0%
Poor sanitation 87 20.33%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Liberia - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 45 0.9%
Low bone mineral density 5 0.1%
Drug use 82 1.64%
Alcohol use 535 10.68%
No access to handwashing facility 264 5.27%
Unsafe water source 367 7.33%
Poor sanitation 294 5.87%
Smoking 160 3.19%
Secondhand smoke 22 0.44%
Low physical activity 23 0.46%
Diet low in fruits 155 3.09%
Diet low in vegetables 119 2.38%
Unsafe sex 1418 28.31%
High body-mass index (obesity) 372 7.43%
Household air pollution 341 6.81%
Outdoor air pollution 130 2.6%
High total cholesterol 133 2.66%
High blood pressure 380 7.59%
High blood sugar 164 3.27%


Liberia - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 32 0.39%
Drug use 19 0.23%
Alcohol use 678 8.19%
No access to handwashing facility 312 3.77%
Poor sanitation 307 3.71%
Unsafe sex 407 4.92%
Smoking 442 5.34%
Secondhand smoke 62 0.75%
Unsafe water source 383 4.63%
Diet low in vegetables 329 3.97%
Diet low in fruits 397 4.8%
Low physical activity 131 1.58%
Outdoor air pollution 355 4.29%
Household air pollution 930 11.23%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1048 12.66%
High blood sugar 637 7.69%
High total cholesterol 411 4.96%
High blood pressure 1399 16.9%


Liberia - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 90 1.32%
Drug use 5 0.07%
Alcohol use 294 4.31%
Smoking 218 3.19%
Secondhand smoke 69 1.01%
Household air pollution 928 13.59%
Outdoor air pollution 338 4.95%
No access to handwashing facility 363 5.32%
Poor sanitation 344 5.04%
Unsafe water source 429 6.28%
Unsafe sex 52 0.76%
Low physical activity 196 2.87%
Diet low in vegetables 267 3.91%
Diet low in fruits 277 4.06%
High cholesterol 332 4.86%
High blood pressure 1408 20.62%
High blood sugar 664 9.73%
High body-mass index (obesity) 553 8.1%


Liberia - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 455 | Deaths : 232 50.99%
Breast cancer Patients : 967 | Deaths : 212 21.92%
Larynx cancer Patients : 47 | Deaths : 20 42.55%
Kidney cancer Patients : 199 | Deaths : 24 12.06%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 38 | Deaths : 8 21.05%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 139 | Deaths : 41 29.5%
Stomach cancer Patients : 276 | Deaths : 246 89.13%
Uterine cancer Patients : 145 | Deaths : 39 26.9%
Bladder cancer Patients : 135 | Deaths : 45 33.33%
Cervical cancer Patients : 1318 | Deaths : 237 17.98%
Prostate cancer Patients : 464 | Deaths : 179 38.58%
Testicular cancer Patients : 13 | Deaths : 3 23.08%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 102 | Deaths : 57 55.88%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 97 | Deaths : 81 83.51%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 21 | Deaths : 4 19.05%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 320 | Deaths : 148 46.25%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 22 | Deaths : 7 31.82%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 129 | Deaths : 25 19.38%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 128 | Deaths : 56 43.75%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 107 | Deaths : 38 35.51%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 21 | Deaths : 14 66.67%


Liberia - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 173 4.37%
5-14 year olds 56 1.41%
15-49 year olds 1218 30.77%
50-69 year olds 1736 43.86%
70+ year olds 775 19.58%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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