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Lesotho Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Lesotho

CONTENT


Causes of death across Lesotho are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Lesotho.

Highlights of Lesotho BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Lesotho gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 96.59%96.59%
    • Fat : 14.44%14.44%
    • Plant protein : 12.07%12.07%
    • Animal protein : 2.54%2.54%
  • 25.63% increase in caloric supply : Currently Lesotho gets 2529/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2013/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Sugar and Meat are three major diet compositions in Lesotho
  • Maize, Wheat and Sorghum are three major Cereal preferences in Lesotho
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Lesotho average intake is 50.71 grams
  • Apples, Oranges & Mandarines and Bananas are three major Fruit Types Intake in Lesotho
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Lesotho average Fruit intake is 77.37grams
  • In Lesotho, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 33.20% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Lesotho is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Lesotho
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Maize1379
2Wheat429
3Sorghum78
4Rice37
5Barley2
6Oats1
7Rye0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Lesotho

Diet Compositions in Lesotho
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1934
2Sugar155
3Meat106
4Starchy Roots104
5Pulses69
6Dairy & Eggs44
7Fruits & Vegetables37
8Alcoholic Beverages33
9Oils & Fats30
10Other17

Major Cause of Death


HIV/AIDS was a major cause of death in Lesotho with 10038 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 31% of total deaths. Overall HIV/AIDS, Cardiovascular diseases and Tuberculosis were the highest types of death causes in Lesotho.
    Major Cause of Death in Lesotho
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 15-49 with 14616 deaths (year 2016).
  • 35.17% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • HIV/AIDS, Diarrheal diseases and Road accidents are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Homicide are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Tuberculosis and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 23% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Lesotho (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Lesotho - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Lesotho are Unsafe sex, Alcohol use and High blood sugar. Every year around 1457 people die due to Unsafe sex.
  • Child wasting and Unsafe water source are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Unsafe sex and Unsafe water source are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Unsafe sex, Alcohol use and Smoking are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood sugar, Alcohol use and High blood pressure are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Lesotho (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.4% of Lesotho population was suffering from cancer i.e. 4270 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Cervical cancer (Count : 198) and Esophageal cancer was also concerning with 152 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 1% of survival chance.Lesotho was really successful in diagnosing Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer where 94% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 1919 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 1362 were suffering from Cervical cancer out of which 198 people were dead. This means 14.54% death rate of people suffering from Cervical cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Lesotho and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Lesotho :
  • 0.4 % of Lesotho population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Cervical cancer
  • Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer was most cured cancer in Lesotho
  • Cervical cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Lesotho

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Lesotho (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 214 0.67%
Cardiovascular diseases 4370 13.7%
Kidney disease 319 1%
Respiratory disease 1307 4.1%
Liver disease 199 0.62%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 1928 6.05%
Digestive disease 381 1.19%
Hepatitis 14 0.04%
Cancers 1647 5.16%
Parkinson's disease 14 0.04%
Fire 135 0.42%
Malaria 0 0%
Drowning 111 0.35%
Homicide 772 2.42%
HIV/AIDS 10038 31.48%
Drug disorder 48 0.15%
Tuberculosis 3294 10.33%
Road incidents 881 2.76%
Maternal deaths 192 0.6%
Neonatal deaths 1292 4.05%
Alcohol disorder 32 0.1%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 1990 6.24%
Road incidents 881 2.76%
Neonatal deaths 1292 4.05%
Respiratory disease 1307 4.1%
Cancers 1647 5.16%
Lower respiratory infections 1684.22624358 5.28%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 1928 6.05%
Diarrheal diseases 1990 6.24%
Tuberculosis 3294 10.33%
Cardiovascular diseases 4370 13.7%
HIV/AIDS 10038 31.48%


Lesotho - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 13 0.35%
Diarrheal diseases 89 2.42%
Lower respiratory infections 90 2.45%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Congenital birth defects 1 0.03%
Tuberculosis 905 24.63%
Neonatal infections 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 1292 35.17%
Protein-energy malnutrition 32 0.87%
Measles 109 2.97%
Road accidents 244 6.64%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 10 0.27%
Homicide 0 0%
Fire 13 0.35%
Digestive diseases 8 0.22%
Cardiovascular disease 1 0.03%
Drowning 12 0.33%
Cancers 28 0.76%
Kidney disease 1 0.03%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 3 0.08%
Liver disease 12 0.33%
Hepatitis 124 3.38%
Drug use disorders 525 14.29%
Natural disasters 56 1.52%
106 2.89%


Lesotho - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 1 0.12%
Homicide 22 2.59%
Nutritional deficiencies 5 0.59%
Protein-energy malnutrition 5 0.59%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.12%
Diarrheal diseases 96 11.32%
Road accidents 76 8.96%
Tuberculosis 72 8.49%
HIV/AIDS 433 51.06%
Drowning 20 2.36%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 9 1.06%
Cancers 18 2.12%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 8 0.94%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 12 1.42%
Liver disease 2 0.24%
Respiratory disease 10 1.18%
Kidney disease 3 0.35%
Cardiovascular disease 12 1.42%
Lower respiratory infections 43 5.07%


Lesotho - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 378 2.69%
Homicide 685 4.88%
Nutritional deficiencies 19 0.14%
Protein-energy malnutrition 14 0.1%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 14 0.1%
Diarrheal diseases 341 2.43%
Road accidents 606 4.31%
Tuberculosis 1479 10.53%
HIV/AIDS 8565 60.98%
Drowning 61 0.43%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 68 0.48%
Cancers 294 2.09%
Hepatitis 7 0.05%
Digestive diseases 103 0.73%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 347 2.47%
Liver disease 64 0.46%
Respiratory disease 137 0.98%
Kidney disease 68 0.48%
Cardiovascular disease 412 2.93%
Drug disorder 40 0.28%
Alcohol disorder 12 0.09%
Parkinson's disease 0 0%
Dementia 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 332 2.36%


Lesotho - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 118 1.81%
Homicide 44 0.68%
Nutritional deficiencies 16 0.25%
Protein-energy malnutrition 11 0.17%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 5 0.08%
Diarrheal diseases 235 3.61%
Road accidents 117 1.8%
Tuberculosis 1073 16.47%
HIV/AIDS 740 11.36%
Drowning 15 0.23%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 24 0.37%
Cancers 725 11.13%
Hepatitis 4 0.06%
Digestive diseases 108 1.66%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 766 11.76%
Liver disease 89 1.37%
Respiratory disease 418 6.42%
Kidney disease 107 1.64%
Cardiovascular diseases 1511 23.2%
Dementia 17 0.26%
Parkinson's disease 1 0.02%
Drug disorder 5 0.08%
Alcohol disorder 17 0.26%
Lower respiratory infections 348 5.34%


Lesotho - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 68 1.01%
Homicide 8 0.12%
Nutritional deficiencies 23 0.34%
Protein-energy malnutrition 14 0.21%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 2 0.03%
Diarrheal diseases 413 6.13%
Road accidents 49 0.73%
Tuberculosis 561 8.33%
HIV/AIDS 56 0.83%
Drowning 5 0.07%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 21 0.31%
Cancers 602 8.94%
Hepatitis 2 0.03%
Digestive diseases 149 2.21%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 774 11.49%
Liver disease 43 0.64%
Respiratory disease 735 10.91%
Kidney disease 139 2.06%
Cardiovascular disease 2421 35.94%
Parkinson's disease 13 0.19%
Dementia 197 2.92%
Drug use disorders 3 0.04%
Alcohol use disorders 3 0.04%
Lower respiratory infections 435 6.46%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Lesotho
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 1457 4.19%
Poor sanitation 1281 3.69%
No access to handwashing facility 1151 3.31%
Household air pollution 1486 4.28%
Outdoor air pollution 1021 2.94%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 239 0.69%
Discontinued breastfeeding 28 0.08%
Child wasting 918 2.64%
Child stunting 181 0.52%
Low birth weight 659 1.9%
Secondhand smoke 441 1.27%
Alcohol use 3512 10.11%
Drug use 243 0.7%
Diet low in fruits 977 2.81%
Diet low in vegetables 561 1.61%
Unsafe sex 9461 27.22%
Low physical activity 261 0.75%
High blood sugar 3117 8.97%
High cholesterol 433 1.25%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2080 5.98%
High blood pressure 2927 8.42%
Smoking 2115 6.09%
Iron deficiency 7 0.02%
Zinc deficiency 12 0.03%
Vitamin-A deficiency 121 0.35%
Low bone mineral density 66 0.19%


Lesotho - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 28 0.68%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 239 5.8%
Child stunting 181 4.39%
Low birth weight 659 15.98%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 487 11.81%
Secondhand smoke 78 1.89%
Poor sanitation 583 14.14%
Unsafe water source 663 16.08%
Household air pollution 179 4.34%
Outdoor air pollution 107 2.6%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 1 0.02%
Child wasting 918 22.27%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Lesotho - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 1 0.29%
No access to handwashing facility 50 14.45%
Unsafe water source 71 20.52%
Unsafe sex 123 35.55%
Iron deficiency 7 2.02%
Secondhand smoke 6 1.73%
Household air pollution 15 4.34%
Outdoor air pollution 9 2.6%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood sugar 2 0.58%
High blood pressure 0 0%
Poor sanitation 62 17.92%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Lesotho - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 7 0.05%
Low bone mineral density 10 0.08%
Drug use 203 1.56%
Alcohol use 1677 12.88%
No access to handwashing facility 204 1.57%
Unsafe water source 249 1.91%
Poor sanitation 220 1.69%
Smoking 468 3.6%
Secondhand smoke 44 0.34%
Low physical activity 16 0.12%
Diet low in fruits 144 1.11%
Diet low in vegetables 80 0.61%
Unsafe sex 8394 64.49%
High body-mass index (obesity) 290 2.23%
Household air pollution 205 1.57%
Outdoor air pollution 141 1.08%
High total cholesterol 53 0.41%
High blood pressure 248 1.91%
High blood sugar 363 2.79%


Lesotho - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 21 0.23%
Drug use 31 0.35%
Alcohol use 1228 13.74%
No access to handwashing facility 159 1.78%
Poor sanitation 151 1.69%
Unsafe sex 830 9.29%
Smoking 976 10.92%
Secondhand smoke 140 1.57%
Unsafe water source 172 1.92%
Diet low in vegetables 236 2.64%
Diet low in fruits 449 5.02%
Low physical activity 84 0.94%
Outdoor air pollution 338 3.78%
Household air pollution 477 5.34%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1027 11.49%
High blood sugar 1356 15.17%
High total cholesterol 167 1.87%
High blood pressure 1096 12.26%


Lesotho - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 35 0.43%
Drug use 9 0.11%
Alcohol use 606 7.38%
Smoking 671 8.17%
Secondhand smoke 172 2.1%
Household air pollution 609 7.42%
Outdoor air pollution 426 5.19%
No access to handwashing facility 252 3.07%
Poor sanitation 266 3.24%
Unsafe water source 303 3.69%
Unsafe sex 115 1.4%
Low physical activity 162 1.97%
Diet low in vegetables 245 2.98%
Diet low in fruits 385 4.69%
High cholesterol 213 2.59%
High blood pressure 1583 19.28%
High blood sugar 1395 16.99%
High body-mass index (obesity) 762 9.28%


Lesotho - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 71 | Deaths : 31 43.66%
Breast cancer Patients : 877 | Deaths : 130 14.82%
Larynx cancer Patients : 105 | Deaths : 32 30.48%
Kidney cancer Patients : 120 | Deaths : 11 9.17%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 47 | Deaths : 6 12.77%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 92 | Deaths : 21 22.83%
Stomach cancer Patients : 142 | Deaths : 107 75.35%
Uterine cancer Patients : 120 | Deaths : 21 17.5%
Bladder cancer Patients : 126 | Deaths : 27 21.43%
Cervical cancer Patients : 1362 | Deaths : 198 14.54%
Prostate cancer Patients : 455 | Deaths : 116 25.49%
Testicular cancer Patients : 23 | Deaths : 4 17.39%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 52 | Deaths : 35 67.31%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 153 | Deaths : 152 99.35%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 33 | Deaths : 7 21.21%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 295 | Deaths : 102 34.58%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 44 | Deaths : 34 77.27%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 206 | Deaths : 34 16.5%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 64 | Deaths : 25 39.06%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 270 | Deaths : 16 5.93%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 10 | Deaths : 7 70%


Lesotho - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 78 1.83%
5-14 year olds 34 0.8%
15-49 year olds 1228 28.76%
50-69 year olds 1919 44.94%
70+ year olds 1011 23.68%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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