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Latvia Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Latvia

CONTENT


Causes of death across Latvia are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Latvia.

Highlights of Latvia BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Latvia gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 56.00%56.00%
    • Fat : 34.74%34.74%
    • Animal protein : 6.59%6.59%
    • Plant protein : 5.22%5.22%
  • 2.55% increase in caloric supply : Currently Latvia gets 3174/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 3095/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Sugar are three major diet compositions in Latvia
  • Wheat, Barley and Rye are three major Cereal preferences in Latvia
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Latvia average intake is 309.70 grams
  • Oranges & Mandarines, Apples and Bananas are three major Fruit Types Intake in Latvia
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Latvia average Fruit intake is 131.48grams
  • In Latvia, average male height is in the increasing trend and female height is in increasing trend
  • 61.70% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Latvia is in the range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Latvia
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Wheat594
2Barley150
3Rye137
4Oats28
5Rice22
6Maize2
7Sorghum0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Latvia

Diet Compositions in Latvia
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains941
2Oils & Fats595
3Sugar371
4Meat321
5Dairy & Eggs314
6Starchy Roots214
7Alcoholic Beverages184
8Fruits & Vegetables140
9Other94
10Pulses0

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Latvia with 16563 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 59% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Dementia were the highest types of death causes in Latvia.
    Major Cause of Death in Latvia
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 19338 deaths (year 2016).
  • 41.76% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Cancers, Drowning and Road accidents are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cardiovascular disease, Cancers and Suicide are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Liver disease are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 46% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Latvia (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Latvia - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Latvia are High blood pressure, High cholesterol and High body-mass index (obesity). Every year around 2 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Alcohol use and Iron deficiency are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Alcohol use, Smoking and High blood pressure are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, Smoking and High body-mass index (obesity) are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Latvia (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.98% of Latvia population was suffering from cancer i.e. 30380 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Colon & rectum cancer (Count : 680) and Stomach cancer was also concerning with 484 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Pancreatic cancer have 11% of survival chance.Latvia was really successful in diagnosing Thyroid cancer where 97% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 14069 people were of age group 70+ year olds.In 2016, 3881 were suffering from Colon & rectum cancer out of which 680 people were dead. This means 17.52% death rate of people suffering from Colon & rectum cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Latvia and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Latvia :
  • 0.98 % of Latvia population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Colon & rectum cancer
  • Thyroid cancer was most cured cancer in Latvia
  • Colon & rectum cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Latvia

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Latvia (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 1202 4.3%
Cardiovascular diseases 16563 59.3%
Kidney disease 225 0.81%
Respiratory disease 364 1.3%
Liver disease 405 1.45%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 827 2.96%
Digestive disease 549 1.97%
Hepatitis 10 0.04%
Cancers 5437 19.47%
Parkinson's disease 178 0.64%
Fire 128 0.46%
Malaria 0 0%
Drowning 154 0.55%
Homicide 146 0.52%
HIV/AIDS 109 0.39%
Drug disorder 60 0.21%
Tuberculosis 60 0.21%
Road incidents 233 0.83%
Maternal deaths 2 0.01%
Neonatal deaths 38 0.14%
Alcohol disorder 282 1.01%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 4 0.01%
Alcohol disorder 282 1.01%
Lower respiratory infections 327.985673912 1.17%
Respiratory disease 364 1.3%
Liver disease 405 1.45%
Suicide 482 1.73%
Digestive disease 549 1.97%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 827 2.96%
Dementia 1202 4.3%
Cancers 5437 19.47%
Cardiovascular diseases 16563 59.3%


Latvia - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 1 1.1%
Congenital birth defects 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 0 0%
Cancers 0 0%
Neonatal infections 0 0%
Fire 1 1.1%
Drowning 0 0%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 38 41.76%
Homicide 1 1.1%
Road accidents 0 0%
Hepatitis 1 1.1%
HIV/AIDS 3 3.3%
Digestive diseases 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 3 3.3%
Nutritional deficiencies 4 4.4%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 1.1%
Cardiovascular disease 1 1.1%
Kidney disease 1 1.1%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Liver disease 0 0%
Measles 0 0%
Tuberculosis 27 29.67%
Drug use disorders 6 6.59%
Natural disasters 0 0%
3 3.3%


Latvia - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 1 4.76%
Homicide 1 4.76%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Road accidents 4 19.05%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 5 23.81%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 1 4.76%
Cancers 7 33.33%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 0 0%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1 4.76%
Liver disease 0 0%
Respiratory disease 0 0%
Kidney disease 0 0%
Cardiovascular disease 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 1 4.76%


Latvia - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 214 12.07%
Homicide 76 4.29%
Nutritional deficiencies 2 0.11%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 32 1.8%
Diarrheal diseases 1 0.06%
Road accidents 115 6.49%
Tuberculosis 13 0.73%
HIV/AIDS 88 4.96%
Drowning 70 3.95%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 33 1.86%
Cancers 278 15.68%
Hepatitis 3 0.17%
Digestive diseases 48 2.71%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 47 2.65%
Liver disease 98 5.53%
Respiratory disease 11 0.62%
Kidney disease 14 0.79%
Cardiovascular disease 441 24.87%
Drug disorder 30 1.69%
Alcohol disorder 99 5.58%
Parkinson's disease 0 0%
Dementia 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 60 3.38%


Latvia - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 177 2.61%
Homicide 51 0.75%
Nutritional deficiencies 4 0.06%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 0.01%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 74 1.09%
Diarrheal diseases 1 0.01%
Road accidents 72 1.06%
Tuberculosis 32 0.47%
HIV/AIDS 20 0.29%
Drowning 57 0.84%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 54 0.8%
Cancers 2041 30.07%
Hepatitis 4 0.06%
Digestive diseases 149 2.2%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 198 2.92%
Liver disease 219 3.23%
Respiratory disease 101 1.49%
Kidney disease 52 0.77%
Cardiovascular diseases 3121 45.98%
Dementia 39 0.57%
Parkinson's disease 12 0.18%
Drug disorder 23 0.34%
Alcohol disorder 158 2.33%
Lower respiratory infections 127 1.87%


Latvia - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 90 0.47%
Homicide 17 0.09%
Nutritional deficiencies 3 0.02%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 19 0.1%
Diarrheal diseases 2 0.01%
Road accidents 41 0.21%
Tuberculosis 16 0.08%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 19 0.1%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 37 0.19%
Cancers 3108 16.12%
Hepatitis 2 0.01%
Digestive diseases 352 1.83%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 580 3.01%
Liver disease 87 0.45%
Respiratory disease 252 1.31%
Kidney disease 158 0.82%
Cardiovascular disease 13000 67.43%
Parkinson's disease 166 0.86%
Dementia 1163 6.03%
Drug use disorders 7 0.04%
Alcohol use disorders 25 0.13%
Lower respiratory infections 134 0.7%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Latvia
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 2 0.01%
Poor sanitation 1 0%
No access to handwashing facility 5 0.01%
Household air pollution 351 0.98%
Outdoor air pollution 1670 4.65%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 1 0%
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Child wasting 3 0.01%
Child stunting 0 0%
Low birth weight 8 0.02%
Secondhand smoke 478 1.33%
Alcohol use 2146 5.98%
Drug use 232 0.65%
Diet low in fruits 2056 5.73%
Diet low in vegetables 1317 3.67%
Unsafe sex 153 0.43%
Low physical activity 1642 4.58%
High blood sugar 2818 7.85%
High cholesterol 5439 15.16%
High body-mass index (obesity) 4377 12.2%
High blood pressure 9440 26.31%
Smoking 3613 10.07%
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Zinc deficiency 0 0%
Vitamin-A deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 129 0.36%


Latvia - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 1 7.14%
Child stunting 0 0%
Low birth weight 8 57.14%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Secondhand smoke 1 7.14%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 1 7.14%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
Child wasting 3 21.43%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


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Latvia - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths


Latvia - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 5 0.3%
Drug use 112 6.63%
Alcohol use 566 33.49%
No access to handwashing facility 1 0.06%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Smoking 223 13.2%
Secondhand smoke 8 0.47%
Low physical activity 14 0.83%
Diet low in fruits 72 4.26%
Diet low in vegetables 37 2.19%
Unsafe sex 55 3.25%
High body-mass index (obesity) 140 8.28%
Household air pollution 13 0.77%
Outdoor air pollution 55 3.25%
High total cholesterol 135 7.99%
High blood pressure 198 11.72%
High blood sugar 56 3.31%


Latvia - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 27 0.27%
Drug use 90 0.92%
Alcohol use 1179 12%
No access to handwashing facility 2 0.02%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Unsafe sex 50 0.51%
Smoking 1823 18.55%
Secondhand smoke 81 0.82%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Diet low in vegetables 288 2.93%
Diet low in fruits 576 5.86%
Low physical activity 220 2.24%
Outdoor air pollution 437 4.45%
Household air pollution 98 1%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1252 12.74%
High blood sugar 584 5.94%
High total cholesterol 1135 11.55%
High blood pressure 1987 20.22%


Latvia - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 97 0.4%
Drug use 29 0.12%
Alcohol use 401 1.65%
Smoking 1567 6.44%
Secondhand smoke 387 1.59%
Household air pollution 240 0.99%
Outdoor air pollution 1178 4.84%
No access to handwashing facility 2 0.01%
Poor sanitation 1 0%
Unsafe water source 1 0%
Unsafe sex 47 0.19%
Low physical activity 1408 5.78%
Diet low in vegetables 991 4.07%
Diet low in fruits 1408 5.78%
High cholesterol 4169 17.12%
High blood pressure 7255 29.8%
High blood sugar 2178 8.95%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2986 12.27%


Latvia - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 147 | Deaths : 92 62.59%
Breast cancer Patients : 4490 | Deaths : 365 8.13%
Larynx cancer Patients : 509 | Deaths : 80 15.72%
Kidney cancer Patients : 2632 | Deaths : 195 7.41%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 867 | Deaths : 23 2.65%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 823 | Deaths : 195 23.69%
Stomach cancer Patients : 1236 | Deaths : 484 39.16%
Uterine cancer Patients : 3528 | Deaths : 103 2.92%
Bladder cancer Patients : 1576 | Deaths : 198 12.56%
Cervical cancer Patients : 612 | Deaths : 93 15.2%
Prostate cancer Patients : 4304 | Deaths : 367 8.53%
Testicular cancer Patients : 212 | Deaths : 6 2.83%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 374 | Deaths : 333 89.04%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 141 | Deaths : 122 86.52%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 35 | Deaths : 8 22.86%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 3881 | Deaths : 680 17.52%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 433 | Deaths : 58 13.39%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 551 | Deaths : 100 18.15%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 467 | Deaths : 142 30.41%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 1649 | Deaths : 50 3.03%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 58 | Deaths : 41 70.69%


Latvia - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 110 0.36%
5-14 year olds 33 0.11%
15-49 year olds 2511 8.27%
50-69 year olds 13657 44.95%
70+ year olds 14069 46.31%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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