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Laos Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Laos

CONTENT


Causes of death across Laos are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Laos.

Highlights of Laos BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Laos gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 93.49%93.49%
    • Fat : 17.89%17.89%
    • Plant protein : 11.12%11.12%
    • Animal protein : 2.99%2.99%
  • 25.50% increase in caloric supply : Currently Laos gets 2451/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 1953/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Fruits & Vegetables and Meat are three major diet compositions in Laos
  • Rice, Maize and Wheat are three major Cereal preferences in Laos
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Laos average intake is 576.52 grams
  • Bananas, Oranges & Mandarines and Pineapples are three major Fruit Types Intake in Laos
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Laos average Fruit intake is 225.62grams
  • In Laos, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 22.60% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Laos is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Laos
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Rice1408
2Maize138
3Wheat15
4Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Laos

Diet Compositions in Laos
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1563
2Fruits & Vegetables244
3Meat180
4Oils & Fats134
5Starchy Roots103
6Sugar77
7Alcoholic Beverages57
8Other50
9Pulses28
10Dairy & Eggs15

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Laos with 12574 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 28% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Neonatal deaths and Lower respiratory infections were the highest types of death causes in Laos.
    Major Cause of Death in Laos
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group Under-5 with 14873 deaths (year 2016).
  • 39.03% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Drowning, Road accidents and Lower respiratory infections are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cardiovascular disease, Cancers and Road accidents are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 41% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Laos (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Laos - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Laos are High blood pressure, Smoking and Household air pollution. Every year around 758 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Household air pollution and Iron deficiency are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Smoking, High blood pressure and Alcohol use are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, Smoking and High blood sugar are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Laos (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.26% of Laos population was suffering from cancer i.e. 9420 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Breast cancer (Count : 367) and Stomach cancer was also concerning with 338 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 1% of survival chance.Laos was really successful in diagnosing Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer where 92% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 4214 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 2430 were suffering from Breast cancer out of which 367 people were dead. This means 15.1% death rate of people suffering from Breast cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Laos and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Laos :
  • 0.26 % of Laos population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Breast cancer
  • Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer was most cured cancer in Laos
  • Breast cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Laos

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Laos (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 919 2.02%
Cardiovascular diseases 12574 27.7%
Kidney disease 1026 2.26%
Respiratory disease 2382 5.25%
Liver disease 1007 2.22%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 3056 6.73%
Digestive disease 1199 2.64%
Hepatitis 62 0.14%
Cancers 4304 9.48%
Parkinson's disease 62 0.14%
Fire 218 0.48%
Malaria 22 0.05%
Drowning 720 1.59%
Homicide 43 0.09%
HIV/AIDS 392 0.86%
Drug disorder 35 0.08%
Tuberculosis 1515 3.34%
Road incidents 1513 3.33%
Maternal deaths 449 0.99%
Neonatal deaths 5477 12.06%
Alcohol disorder 84 0.19%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 1176 2.59%
Diarrheal diseases 1176 2.59%
Digestive disease 1199 2.64%
Road incidents 1513 3.33%
Tuberculosis 1515 3.34%
Respiratory disease 2382 5.25%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 3056 6.73%
Cancers 4304 9.48%
Lower respiratory infections 5124.87050793 11.29%
Neonatal deaths 5477 12.06%
Cardiovascular diseases 12574 27.7%


Laos - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 3 0.02%
Lower respiratory infections 89 0.63%
Congenital birth defects 99 0.71%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Neonatal infections 3 0.02%
Road accidents 835 5.95%
Cardiovascular disease 0 0%
Drowning 5477 39.03%
Digestive diseases 217 1.55%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 47 0.33%
Nutritional deficiencies 10 0.07%
Protein-energy malnutrition 209 1.49%
Cancers 5 0.04%
Measles 65 0.46%
Fire 86 0.61%
Kidney disease 9 0.06%
Tuberculosis 179 1.28%
Liver disease 143 1.02%
HIV/AIDS 15 0.11%
Hepatitis 48 0.34%
Malaria 211 1.5%
Homicide 1822 12.98%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 3859 27.5%
Drug use disorders 76 0.54%
Natural disasters 527 3.76%


Laos - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 8 0.98%
Homicide 2 0.24%
Nutritional deficiencies 13 1.59%
Protein-energy malnutrition 11 1.34%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.12%
Diarrheal diseases 38 4.64%
Road accidents 116 14.16%
Tuberculosis 25 3.05%
HIV/AIDS 4 0.49%
Drowning 162 19.78%
Malaria 1 0.12%
Fire 16 1.95%
Cancers 95 11.6%
Hepatitis 3 0.37%
Digestive diseases 33 4.03%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 53 6.47%
Liver disease 13 1.59%
Respiratory disease 28 3.42%
Kidney disease 25 3.05%
Cardiovascular disease 58 7.08%
Lower respiratory infections 114 13.92%


Laos - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 541 6.79%
Homicide 35 0.44%
Nutritional deficiencies 20 0.25%
Protein-energy malnutrition 16 0.2%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 4 0.05%
Diarrheal diseases 66 0.83%
Road accidents 845 10.6%
Tuberculosis 542 6.8%
HIV/AIDS 297 3.73%
Drowning 286 3.59%
Malaria 11 0.14%
Fire 92 1.15%
Cancers 1002 12.57%
Hepatitis 26 0.33%
Digestive diseases 275 3.45%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 606 7.6%
Liver disease 408 5.12%
Respiratory disease 318 3.99%
Kidney disease 283 3.55%
Cardiovascular disease 1947 24.43%
Drug disorder 29 0.36%
Alcohol disorder 56 0.7%
Parkinson's disease 2 0.03%
Dementia 3 0.04%
Lower respiratory infections 260 3.26%


Laos - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 83 0.76%
Homicide 3 0.03%
Nutritional deficiencies 22 0.2%
Protein-energy malnutrition 19 0.17%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 2 0.02%
Diarrheal diseases 74 0.67%
Road accidents 213 1.94%
Tuberculosis 498 4.53%
HIV/AIDS 66 0.6%
Drowning 43 0.39%
Malaria 3 0.03%
Fire 24 0.22%
Cancers 1892 17.22%
Hepatitis 17 0.15%
Digestive diseases 321 2.92%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1209 11.01%
Liver disease 402 3.66%
Respiratory disease 764 6.95%
Kidney disease 349 3.18%
Cardiovascular diseases 4526 41.2%
Dementia 116 1.06%
Parkinson's disease 10 0.09%
Drug disorder 4 0.04%
Alcohol disorder 23 0.21%
Lower respiratory infections 302 2.75%


Laos - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 28 0.22%
Homicide 1 0.01%
Nutritional deficiencies 89 0.71%
Protein-energy malnutrition 78 0.62%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.01%
Diarrheal diseases 163 1.3%
Road accidents 122 0.97%
Tuberculosis 402 3.19%
HIV/AIDS 15 0.12%
Drowning 20 0.16%
Malaria 2 0.02%
Fire 20 0.16%
Cancers 1230 9.77%
Hepatitis 7 0.06%
Digestive diseases 390 3.1%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1045 8.3%
Liver disease 170 1.35%
Respiratory disease 1201 9.54%
Kidney disease 321 2.55%
Cardiovascular disease 5832 46.34%
Parkinson's disease 50 0.4%
Dementia 801 6.36%
Drug use disorders 2 0.02%
Alcohol use disorders 5 0.04%
Lower respiratory infections 590 4.69%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Laos
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 758 1.45%
Poor sanitation 697 1.33%
No access to handwashing facility 708 1.36%
Household air pollution 5985 11.46%
Outdoor air pollution 3183 6.1%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 575 1.1%
Discontinued breastfeeding 20 0.04%
Child wasting 3089 5.92%
Child stunting 686 1.31%
Low birth weight 3319 6.36%
Secondhand smoke 1208 2.31%
Alcohol use 1970 3.77%
Drug use 157 0.3%
Diet low in fruits 2030 3.89%
Diet low in vegetables 981 1.88%
Unsafe sex 651 1.25%
Low physical activity 803 1.54%
High blood sugar 5193 9.94%
High cholesterol 3193 6.11%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2991 5.73%
High blood pressure 7506 14.37%
Smoking 6225 11.92%
Iron deficiency 30 0.06%
Zinc deficiency 45 0.09%
Vitamin-A deficiency 48 0.09%
Low bone mineral density 167 0.32%


Laos - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 20 0.16%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 575 4.63%
Child stunting 686 5.53%
Low birth weight 3319 26.75%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 520 4.19%
Secondhand smoke 516 4.16%
Poor sanitation 495 3.99%
Unsafe water source 538 4.34%
Household air pollution 1793 14.45%
Outdoor air pollution 841 6.78%
High body-mass index (obesity) 3 0.02%
High blood pressure 1 0.01%
High blood sugar 10 0.08%
Child wasting 3089 24.9%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Laos - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 1 0.49%
No access to handwashing facility 19 9.36%
Unsafe water source 25 12.32%
Unsafe sex 1 0.49%
Iron deficiency 29 14.29%
Secondhand smoke 15 7.39%
Household air pollution 54 26.6%
Outdoor air pollution 25 12.32%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1 0.49%
High blood sugar 9 4.43%
High blood pressure 1 0.49%
Poor sanitation 23 11.33%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Laos - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 29 0.37%
Low bone mineral density 14 0.18%
Drug use 123 1.58%
Alcohol use 853 10.97%
No access to handwashing facility 38 0.49%
Unsafe water source 43 0.55%
Poor sanitation 39 0.5%
Smoking 1123 14.44%
Secondhand smoke 95 1.22%
Low physical activity 69 0.89%
Diet low in fruits 486 6.25%
Diet low in vegetables 229 2.94%
Unsafe sex 385 4.95%
High body-mass index (obesity) 772 9.93%
Household air pollution 750 9.64%
Outdoor air pollution 439 5.64%
High total cholesterol 624 8.02%
High blood pressure 1000 12.86%
High blood sugar 666 8.56%


Laos - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 49 0.3%
Drug use 29 0.18%
Alcohol use 683 4.14%
No access to handwashing facility 43 0.26%
Poor sanitation 44 0.27%
Unsafe sex 196 1.19%
Smoking 2829 17.14%
Secondhand smoke 252 1.53%
Unsafe water source 48 0.29%
Diet low in vegetables 399 2.42%
Diet low in fruits 906 5.49%
Low physical activity 274 1.66%
Outdoor air pollution 935 5.66%
Household air pollution 1650 10%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1553 9.41%
High blood sugar 2216 13.43%
High total cholesterol 1341 8.12%
High blood pressure 3058 18.53%


Laos - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 105 0.69%
Drug use 6 0.04%
Alcohol use 433 2.84%
Smoking 2273 14.89%
Secondhand smoke 331 2.17%
Household air pollution 1739 11.39%
Outdoor air pollution 944 6.18%
No access to handwashing facility 89 0.58%
Poor sanitation 96 0.63%
Unsafe water source 105 0.69%
Unsafe sex 68 0.45%
Low physical activity 460 3.01%
Diet low in vegetables 352 2.31%
Diet low in fruits 638 4.18%
High cholesterol 1229 8.05%
High blood pressure 3446 22.57%
High blood sugar 2292 15.01%
High body-mass index (obesity) 661 4.33%


Laos - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 324 | Deaths : 131 40.43%
Breast cancer Patients : 2430 | Deaths : 367 15.1%
Larynx cancer Patients : 197 | Deaths : 62 31.47%
Kidney cancer Patients : 428 | Deaths : 43 10.05%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 243 | Deaths : 34 13.99%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 436 | Deaths : 91 20.87%
Stomach cancer Patients : 456 | Deaths : 338 74.12%
Uterine cancer Patients : 367 | Deaths : 64 17.44%
Bladder cancer Patients : 319 | Deaths : 66 20.69%
Cervical cancer Patients : 2073 | Deaths : 271 13.07%
Prostate cancer Patients : 601 | Deaths : 143 23.79%
Testicular cancer Patients : 43 | Deaths : 7 16.28%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 144 | Deaths : 99 68.75%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 82 | Deaths : 81 98.78%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 293 | Deaths : 63 21.5%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 1021 | Deaths : 332 32.52%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 29 | Deaths : 19 65.52%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 631 | Deaths : 95 15.06%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 267 | Deaths : 113 42.32%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 802 | Deaths : 64 7.98%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 45 | Deaths : 44 97.78%


Laos - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 368 3.91%
5-14 year olds 171 1.82%
15-49 year olds 2590 27.49%
50-69 year olds 4214 44.73%
70+ year olds 2077 22.05%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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