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Kenya Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Kenya

CONTENT


Causes of death across Kenya are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Kenya.

Highlights of Kenya BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Kenya gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 67.89%67.89%
    • Fat : 19.20%19.20%
    • Plant protein : 8.17%8.17%
    • Animal protein : 2.83%2.83%
  • 1.91% decrease in caloric supply : Currently Kenya gets 2206/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2249/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Starchy Roots and Oils & Fats are three major diet compositions in Kenya
  • Maize, Wheat and Rice are three major Cereal preferences in Kenya
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Kenya average intake is 137.51 grams
  • Bananas, Oranges & Mandarines and Citrus, other are three major Fruit Types Intake in Kenya
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Kenya average Fruit intake is 150.11grams
  • In Kenya, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 22.60% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Kenya is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Kenya
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Maize663
2Wheat258
3Rice122
4Sorghum22
5Barley3
6Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Kenya

Diet Compositions in Kenya
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1075
2Starchy Roots215
3Oils & Fats195
4Sugar178
5Dairy & Eggs169
6Pulses143
7Fruits & Vegetables113
8Meat82
9Alcoholic Beverages26
10Other10

Major Cause of Death


Diarrheal diseases was a major cause of death in Kenya with 49889 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 19% of total deaths. Overall Diarrheal diseases, HIV/AIDS and Cardiovascular diseases were the highest types of death causes in Kenya.
    Major Cause of Death in Kenya
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 15-49 with 82088 deaths (year 2016).
  • 33.02% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Diarrheal diseases, HIV/AIDS and Lower respiratory infections are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • HIV/AIDS, Diarrheal diseases and Tuberculosis are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Diarrheal diseases, Cardiovascular diseases and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 25% of people aging over 50 years die because of Diarrheal diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Kenya (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Kenya - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Kenya are Unsafe sex, Unsafe water source and Poor sanitation. Every year around 35899 people die due to Unsafe sex.
  • Child wasting and Low birth weight are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Unsafe water source and Poor sanitation are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Unsafe sex, Unsafe water source and Poor sanitation are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • Unsafe water source, Poor sanitation and High blood pressure are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • Unsafe water source is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Kenya (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.19% of Kenya population was suffering from cancer i.e. 39139 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Stomach cancer (Count : 1790) and Cervical cancer was also concerning with 1568 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer have 1% of survival chance.Kenya was really successful in diagnosing Kidney cancer where 91% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 19583 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 2597 were suffering from Stomach cancer out of which 1790 people were dead. This means 68.93% death rate of people suffering from Stomach cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Kenya and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Kenya :
  • 0.19 % of Kenya population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Stomach cancer
  • Kidney cancer was most cured cancer in Kenya
  • Stomach cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Kenya

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Kenya (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 3205 1.25%
Cardiovascular diseases 30712 11.95%
Kidney disease 1362 0.53%
Respiratory disease 4783 1.86%
Liver disease 3747 1.46%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 6969 2.71%
Digestive disease 6493 2.53%
Hepatitis 861 0.34%
Cancers 15822 6.16%
Parkinson's disease 232 0.09%
Fire 1131 0.44%
Malaria 4631 1.8%
Drowning 1297 0.5%
Homicide 3679 1.43%
HIV/AIDS 41950 16.33%
Drug disorder 64 0.02%
Tuberculosis 9947 3.87%
Road incidents 3978 1.55%
Maternal deaths 3594 1.4%
Neonatal deaths 18870 7.34%
Alcohol disorder 304 0.12%
Natural disasters 75 0.03%
Diarrheal diseases 49889 19.42%
Nutritional deficiencies 5849 2.28%
Digestive disease 6493 2.53%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 6969 2.71%
Tuberculosis 9947 3.87%
Cancers 15822 6.16%
Neonatal deaths 18870 7.34%
Lower respiratory infections 23236.8735771 9.04%
Cardiovascular diseases 30712 11.95%
HIV/AIDS 41950 16.33%
Diarrheal diseases 49889 19.42%


Kenya - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 158 0.28%
Lower respiratory infections 2694 4.71%
Diarrheal diseases 2733 4.78%
Neonatal infections 10 0.02%
HIV/AIDS 18 0.03%
Malaria 6367 11.14%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 18870 33.02%
Measles 202 0.35%
Congenital birth defects 330 0.58%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 3161 5.53%
Tuberculosis 201 0.35%
Digestive diseases 2941 5.15%
Fire 229 0.4%
Road accidents 127 0.22%
Drowning 41 0.07%
Cardiovascular disease 266 0.47%
Homicide 477 0.83%
Cancers 17 0.03%
Hepatitis 32 0.06%
Kidney disease 177 0.31%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 898 1.57%
Liver disease 11205 19.61%
Natural disasters 2368 4.14%
Drug use disorders 3620 6.34%


Kenya - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 57 0.71%
Homicide 107 1.33%
Nutritional deficiencies 255 3.16%
Protein-energy malnutrition 248 3.08%
Natural disasters 16 0.2%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 7 0.09%
Diarrheal diseases 2758 34.2%
Road accidents 324 4.02%
Tuberculosis 125 1.55%
HIV/AIDS 2037 25.26%
Drowning 273 3.39%
Malaria 354 4.39%
Fire 87 1.08%
Cancers 324 4.02%
Hepatitis 31 0.38%
Digestive diseases 138 1.71%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 112 1.39%
Liver disease 32 0.4%
Respiratory disease 48 0.6%
Kidney disease 21 0.26%
Cardiovascular disease 113 1.4%
Lower respiratory infections 597 7.4%


Kenya - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 1051 1.43%
Homicide 2643 3.61%
Nutritional deficiencies 641 0.87%
Protein-energy malnutrition 471 0.64%
Natural disasters 38 0.05%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 45 0.06%
Diarrheal diseases 12544 17.11%
Road accidents 1980 2.7%
Tuberculosis 4429 6.04%
HIV/AIDS 32100 43.79%
Drowning 491 0.67%
Malaria 653 0.89%
Fire 273 0.37%
Cancers 3867 5.27%
Hepatitis 420 0.57%
Digestive diseases 1698 2.32%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1511 2.06%
Liver disease 1232 1.68%
Respiratory disease 571 0.78%
Kidney disease 369 0.5%
Cardiovascular disease 3664 5%
Drug disorder 45 0.06%
Alcohol disorder 117 0.16%
Parkinson's disease 4 0.01%
Dementia 5 0.01%
Lower respiratory infections 2450 3.34%


Kenya - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 635 1.14%
Homicide 615 1.1%
Nutritional deficiencies 799 1.43%
Protein-energy malnutrition 664 1.19%
Natural disasters 8 0.01%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 17 0.03%
Diarrheal diseases 13676 24.51%
Road accidents 906 1.62%
Tuberculosis 3182 5.7%
HIV/AIDS 4428 7.93%
Drowning 184 0.33%
Malaria 376 0.67%
Fire 262 0.47%
Cancers 7564 13.55%
Hepatitis 234 0.42%
Digestive diseases 1964 3.52%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 2282 4.09%
Liver disease 1596 2.86%
Respiratory disease 1619 2.9%
Kidney disease 388 0.7%
Cardiovascular diseases 10463 18.75%
Dementia 273 0.49%
Parkinson's disease 26 0.05%
Drug disorder 7 0.01%
Alcohol disorder 116 0.21%
Lower respiratory infections 3525 6.32%


Kenya - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 366 0.62%
Homicide 155 0.26%
Nutritional deficiencies 1421 2.4%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1218 2.06%
Natural disasters 3 0.01%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 26 0.04%
Diarrheal diseases 14544 24.61%
Road accidents 566 0.96%
Tuberculosis 1881 3.18%
HIV/AIDS 224 0.38%
Drowning 149 0.25%
Malaria 305 0.52%
Fire 280 0.47%
Cancers 3940 6.67%
Hepatitis 134 0.23%
Digestive diseases 2427 4.11%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 2588 4.38%
Liver disease 870 1.47%
Respiratory disease 2472 4.18%
Kidney disease 552 0.93%
Cardiovascular disease 16295 27.58%
Parkinson's disease 202 0.34%
Dementia 2928 4.96%
Drug use disorders 11 0.02%
Alcohol use disorders 72 0.12%
Lower respiratory infections 5460 9.24%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Kenya
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 35899 14.68%
Poor sanitation 32381 13.25%
No access to handwashing facility 24897 10.18%
Household air pollution 16566 6.78%
Outdoor air pollution 6509 2.66%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 2606 1.07%
Discontinued breastfeeding 118 0.05%
Child wasting 12443 5.09%
Child stunting 2025 0.83%
Low birth weight 7474 3.06%
Secondhand smoke 1780 0.73%
Alcohol use 8857 3.62%
Drug use 2313 0.95%
Diet low in fruits 4554 1.86%
Diet low in vegetables 3325 1.36%
Unsafe sex 36911 15.1%
Low physical activity 1158 0.47%
High blood sugar 8000 3.27%
High cholesterol 3184 1.3%
High body-mass index (obesity) 5172 2.12%
High blood pressure 18802 7.69%
Smoking 6250 2.56%
Iron deficiency 148 0.06%
Zinc deficiency 251 0.1%
Vitamin-A deficiency 1400 0.57%
Low bone mineral density 1452 0.59%


Kenya - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 118 0.26%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 2606 5.77%
Child stunting 2025 4.48%
Low birth weight 7474 16.54%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 4399 9.73%
Secondhand smoke 746 1.65%
Poor sanitation 4118 9.11%
Unsafe water source 4612 10.21%
Household air pollution 4965 10.99%
Outdoor air pollution 1678 3.71%
High body-mass index (obesity) 4 0.01%
High blood pressure 1 0%
High blood sugar 3 0.01%
Child wasting 12443 27.53%
Iron deficiency 1 0%


Kenya - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 2 0.03%
No access to handwashing facility 1281 20.62%
Unsafe water source 1985 31.96%
Unsafe sex 600 9.66%
Iron deficiency 143 2.3%
Secondhand smoke 40 0.64%
Household air pollution 264 4.25%
Outdoor air pollution 88 1.42%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2 0.03%
High blood sugar 10 0.16%
High blood pressure 2 0.03%
Poor sanitation 1793 28.87%
Iron deficiency 1 0.02%


Kenya - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 143 0.21%
Low bone mineral density 54 0.08%
Drug use 1921 2.76%
Alcohol use 3505 5.04%
No access to handwashing facility 5749 8.27%
Unsafe water source 8996 12.94%
Poor sanitation 8091 11.63%
Smoking 1425 2.05%
Secondhand smoke 167 0.24%
Low physical activity 72 0.1%
Diet low in fruits 845 1.22%
Diet low in vegetables 582 0.84%
Unsafe sex 30613 44.02%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1183 1.7%
Household air pollution 1805 2.6%
Outdoor air pollution 798 1.15%
High total cholesterol 579 0.83%
High blood pressure 2053 2.95%
High blood sugar 961 1.38%


Kenya - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 3 0%
Low bone mineral density 295 0.48%
Drug use 347 0.56%
Alcohol use 3663 5.96%
No access to handwashing facility 6404 10.42%
Poor sanitation 8895 14.47%
Unsafe sex 5231 8.51%
Smoking 2791 4.54%
Secondhand smoke 384 0.62%
Unsafe water source 9844 16.01%
Diet low in vegetables 1384 2.25%
Diet low in fruits 2064 3.36%
Low physical activity 344 0.56%
Outdoor air pollution 1766 2.87%
Household air pollution 4099 6.67%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2607 4.24%
High blood sugar 2977 4.84%
High total cholesterol 1289 2.1%
High blood pressure 7085 11.53%


Kenya - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0%
Low bone mineral density 1103 1.82%
Drug use 45 0.07%
Alcohol use 1686 2.78%
Smoking 2034 3.36%
Secondhand smoke 443 0.73%
Household air pollution 5433 8.97%
Outdoor air pollution 2178 3.6%
No access to handwashing facility 7064 11.67%
Poor sanitation 9485 15.66%
Unsafe water source 10462 17.28%
Unsafe sex 467 0.77%
Low physical activity 742 1.23%
Diet low in vegetables 1359 2.24%
Diet low in fruits 1646 2.72%
High cholesterol 1316 2.17%
High blood pressure 9662 15.96%
High blood sugar 4048 6.69%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1376 2.27%


Kenya - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 921 | Deaths : 390 42.35%
Breast cancer Patients : 7569 | Deaths : 909 12.01%
Larynx cancer Patients : 1090 | Deaths : 326 29.91%
Kidney cancer Patients : 1250 | Deaths : 112 8.96%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 773 | Deaths : 78 10.09%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 1757 | Deaths : 375 21.34%
Stomach cancer Patients : 2597 | Deaths : 1790 68.93%
Uterine cancer Patients : 832 | Deaths : 118 14.18%
Bladder cancer Patients : 1148 | Deaths : 214 18.64%
Cervical cancer Patients : 11747 | Deaths : 1568 13.35%
Prostate cancer Patients : 4149 | Deaths : 823 19.84%
Testicular cancer Patients : 344 | Deaths : 55 15.99%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 680 | Deaths : 500 73.53%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 866 | Deaths : 830 95.84%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 1129 | Deaths : 232 20.55%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 3144 | Deaths : 1053 33.49%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 213 | Deaths : 145 68.08%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 1957 | Deaths : 287 14.67%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 1090 | Deaths : 414 37.98%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 811 | Deaths : 194 23.92%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 150 | Deaths : 148 98.67%


Kenya - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 498 1.27%
5-14 year olds 647 1.65%
15-49 year olds 11958 30.55%
50-69 year olds 19583 50.04%
70+ year olds 6452 16.49%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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