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Jordan Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Jordan

CONTENT


Causes of death across Jordan are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Jordan.

Highlights of Jordan BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Jordan gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 89.31%89.31%
    • Fat : 42.77%42.77%
    • Plant protein : 9.95%9.95%
    • Animal protein : 5.16%5.16%
  • 47.20% increase in caloric supply : Currently Jordan gets 3100/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2106/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Sugar are three major diet compositions in Jordan
  • Wheat, Rice and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in Jordan
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Jordan average intake is 319.26 grams
  • Apples, Oranges & Mandarines and Bananas are three major Fruit Types Intake in Jordan
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Jordan average Fruit intake is 157.53grams
  • In Jordan, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 66.50% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Jordan is in the range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Jordan
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Wheat1149
2Rice200
3Maize23
4Barley3
5Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Jordan

Diet Compositions in Jordan
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1376
2Oils & Fats618
3Sugar464
4Meat188
5Fruits & Vegetables152
6Dairy & Eggs146
7Pulses77
8Other39
9Starchy Roots38
10Alcoholic Beverages2

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Jordan with 8516 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 34% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease were the highest types of death causes in Jordan.
    Major Cause of Death in Jordan
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 10164 deaths (year 2016).
  • 45.56% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Road accidents, Cancers and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cancers, Cardiovascular disease and Road accidents are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 41% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Jordan (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Jordan - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Jordan are High blood pressure, High body-mass index (obesity) and High blood sugar. Every year around 22 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Outdoor air pollution and Iron deficiency are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • High body-mass index (obesity), Smoking and High blood pressure are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High body-mass index (obesity), High blood pressure and High blood sugar are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Jordan (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.36% of Jordan population was suffering from cancer i.e. 14207 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Breast cancer (Count : 480) and Colon & rectum cancer was also concerning with 448 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 7% of survival chance.Jordan was really successful in diagnosing Thyroid cancer where 96% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 5830 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 5745 were suffering from Breast cancer out of which 480 people were dead. This means 8.36% death rate of people suffering from Breast cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Jordan and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Jordan :
  • 0.36 % of Jordan population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Breast cancer
  • Thyroid cancer was most cured cancer in Jordan
  • Breast cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Jordan

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Jordan (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 1106 4.43%
Cardiovascular diseases 8516 34.11%
Kidney disease 1228 4.92%
Respiratory disease 652 2.61%
Liver disease 425 1.7%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 2958 11.85%
Digestive disease 346 1.39%
Hepatitis 25 0.1%
Cancers 3744 15%
Parkinson's disease 83 0.33%
Fire 142 0.57%
Malaria 0 0%
Drowning 103 0.41%
Homicide 278 1.11%
HIV/AIDS 7 0.03%
Drug disorder 93 0.37%
Tuberculosis 23 0.09%
Road incidents 1115 4.47%
Maternal deaths 70 0.28%
Neonatal deaths 1513 6.06%
Alcohol disorder 15 0.06%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 50 0.2%
Respiratory disease 652 2.61%
Lower respiratory infections 846.222300176 3.39%
Dementia 1106 4.43%
Road incidents 1115 4.47%
Kidney disease 1228 4.92%
Conflict 1242 4.98%
Neonatal deaths 1513 6.06%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 2958 11.85%
Cancers 3744 15%
Cardiovascular diseases 8516 34.11%


Jordan - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 13 0.39%
Congenital birth defects 3 0.09%
Lower respiratory infections 3 0.09%
Neonatal infections 0 0%
Road accidents 2 0.06%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 24 0.72%
Cancers 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 1513 45.56%
Drowning 90 2.71%
Fire 0 0%
Cardiovascular disease 0 0%
Homicide 21 0.63%
Digestive diseases 0 0%
Kidney disease 18 0.54%
Liver disease 35 1.05%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 0.03%
Protein-energy malnutrition 11 0.33%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 57 1.72%
Hepatitis 6 0.18%
Measles 9 0.27%
HIV/AIDS 17 0.51%
Tuberculosis 981 29.54%
Drug use disorders 273 8.22%
Natural disasters 0 0%
244 7.35%


Jordan - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 2 0.52%
Homicide 20 5.21%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 0.26%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.26%
Diarrheal diseases 2 0.52%
Road accidents 128 33.33%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 29 7.55%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 15 3.91%
Cancers 84 21.88%
Hepatitis 1 0.26%
Digestive diseases 5 1.3%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 37 9.64%
Liver disease 7 1.82%
Respiratory disease 4 1.04%
Kidney disease 12 3.13%
Cardiovascular disease 14 3.65%
Lower respiratory infections 22 5.73%


Jordan - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 170 4.13%
Homicide 215 5.22%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 0.02%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 9 0.22%
Diarrheal diseases 5 0.12%
Road accidents 691 16.77%
Tuberculosis 6 0.15%
HIV/AIDS 5 0.12%
Drowning 46 1.12%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 77 1.87%
Cancers 1009 24.48%
Hepatitis 7 0.17%
Digestive diseases 52 1.26%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 347 8.42%
Liver disease 99 2.4%
Respiratory disease 77 1.87%
Kidney disease 171 4.15%
Cardiovascular disease 938 22.76%
Drug disorder 66 1.6%
Alcohol disorder 9 0.22%
Parkinson's disease 1 0.02%
Dementia 3 0.07%
Lower respiratory infections 117 2.84%


Jordan - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 29 0.46%
Homicide 23 0.37%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 0.02%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 0.02%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 2 0.03%
Diarrheal diseases 3 0.05%
Road accidents 133 2.12%
Tuberculosis 7 0.11%
HIV/AIDS 1 0.02%
Drowning 5 0.08%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 15 0.24%
Cancers 1443 22.96%
Hepatitis 10 0.16%
Digestive diseases 85 1.35%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 967 15.39%
Liver disease 162 2.58%
Respiratory disease 192 3.06%
Kidney disease 382 6.08%
Cardiovascular diseases 2562 40.77%
Dementia 105 1.67%
Parkinson's disease 9 0.14%
Drug disorder 15 0.24%
Alcohol disorder 5 0.08%
Lower respiratory infections 127 2.02%


Jordan - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 17 0.16%
Homicide 8 0.08%
Nutritional deficiencies 7 0.07%
Protein-energy malnutrition 6 0.06%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 2 0.02%
Diarrheal diseases 16 0.15%
Road accidents 74 0.7%
Tuberculosis 10 0.09%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 2 0.02%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 17 0.16%
Cancers 1172 11.01%
Hepatitis 6 0.06%
Digestive diseases 193 1.81%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1551 14.57%
Liver disease 152 1.43%
Respiratory disease 377 3.54%
Kidney disease 654 6.15%
Cardiovascular disease 4985 46.84%
Parkinson's disease 73 0.69%
Dementia 998 9.38%
Drug use disorders 13 0.12%
Alcohol use disorders 2 0.02%
Lower respiratory infections 307 2.88%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Jordan
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 22 0.08%
Poor sanitation 4 0.01%
No access to handwashing facility 29 0.11%
Household air pollution 1 0%
Outdoor air pollution 1621 5.91%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 39 0.14%
Discontinued breastfeeding 1 0%
Child wasting 133 0.48%
Child stunting 15 0.05%
Low birth weight 906 3.3%
Secondhand smoke 475 1.73%
Alcohol use 51 0.19%
Drug use 220 0.8%
Diet low in fruits 1200 4.37%
Diet low in vegetables 581 2.12%
Unsafe sex 51 0.19%
Low physical activity 833 3.04%
High blood sugar 4762 17.36%
High cholesterol 2732 9.96%
High body-mass index (obesity) 5188 18.91%
High blood pressure 5711 20.81%
Smoking 2764 10.07%
Iron deficiency 4 0.01%
Zinc deficiency 4 0.01%
Vitamin-A deficiency 1 0%
Low bone mineral density 90 0.33%


Jordan - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 1 0.08%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 39 3.17%
Child stunting 15 1.22%
Low birth weight 906 73.6%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 10 0.81%
Secondhand smoke 39 3.17%
Poor sanitation 2 0.16%
Unsafe water source 11 0.89%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 73 5.93%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 2 0.16%
Child wasting 133 10.8%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Jordan - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 1 6.25%
Unsafe water source 1 6.25%
Unsafe sex 0 0%
Iron deficiency 3 18.75%
Secondhand smoke 3 18.75%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 6 37.5%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood sugar 2 12.5%
High blood pressure 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Jordan - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 3 0.08%
Low bone mineral density 13 0.36%
Drug use 114 3.2%
Alcohol use 53 1.49%
No access to handwashing facility 4 0.11%
Unsafe water source 2 0.06%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Smoking 579 16.23%
Secondhand smoke 44 1.23%
Low physical activity 76 2.13%
Diet low in fruits 218 6.11%
Diet low in vegetables 108 3.03%
Unsafe sex 21 0.59%
High body-mass index (obesity) 673 18.87%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 265 7.43%
High total cholesterol 496 13.91%
High blood pressure 529 14.83%
High blood sugar 369 10.34%


Jordan - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 25 0.26%
Drug use 76 0.79%
Alcohol use 23 0.24%
No access to handwashing facility 4 0.04%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Unsafe sex 20 0.21%
Smoking 1193 12.43%
Secondhand smoke 167 1.74%
Unsafe water source 1 0.01%
Diet low in vegetables 204 2.12%
Diet low in fruits 471 4.91%
Low physical activity 244 2.54%
Outdoor air pollution 562 5.85%
Household air pollution 0 0%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2124 22.12%
High blood sugar 1622 16.89%
High total cholesterol 1021 10.63%
High blood pressure 1844 19.21%


Jordan - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 52 0.4%
Drug use 30 0.23%
Alcohol use -24 -0.18%
Smoking 991 7.61%
Secondhand smoke 223 1.71%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 715 5.49%
No access to handwashing facility 10 0.08%
Poor sanitation 1 0.01%
Unsafe water source 7 0.05%
Unsafe sex 10 0.08%
Low physical activity 513 3.94%
Diet low in vegetables 269 2.07%
Diet low in fruits 511 3.93%
High cholesterol 1214 9.33%
High blood pressure 3337 25.64%
High blood sugar 2767 21.26%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2391 18.37%


Jordan - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 112 | Deaths : 43 38.39%
Breast cancer Patients : 5745 | Deaths : 480 8.36%
Larynx cancer Patients : 146 | Deaths : 31 21.23%
Kidney cancer Patients : 526 | Deaths : 52 9.89%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 656 | Deaths : 28 4.27%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 400 | Deaths : 76 19%
Stomach cancer Patients : 285 | Deaths : 184 64.56%
Uterine cancer Patients : 608 | Deaths : 46 7.57%
Bladder cancer Patients : 957 | Deaths : 116 12.12%
Cervical cancer Patients : 372 | Deaths : 43 11.56%
Prostate cancer Patients : 1176 | Deaths : 144 12.24%
Testicular cancer Patients : 179 | Deaths : 8 4.47%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 154 | Deaths : 114 74.03%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 42 | Deaths : 39 92.86%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 150 | Deaths : 24 16%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 2172 | Deaths : 448 20.63%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 44 | Deaths : 18 40.91%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 358 | Deaths : 45 12.57%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 451 | Deaths : 177 39.25%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 596 | Deaths : 60 10.07%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 44 | Deaths : 16 36.36%


Jordan - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 141 0.99%
5-14 year olds 179 1.26%
15-49 year olds 4643 32.68%
50-69 year olds 5830 41.04%
70+ year olds 3413 24.03%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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