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Guyana Health

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CONTENT


Causes of death across Guyana are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Guyana.

Highlights of Guyana BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Guyana gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 82.72%82.72%
    • Fat : 23.26%23.26%
    • Plant protein : 7.53%7.53%
    • Animal protein : 6.25%6.25%
  • 19.76% increase in caloric supply : Currently Guyana gets 2764/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2308/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Sugar and Oils & Fats are three major diet compositions in Guyana
  • Rice, Wheat and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in Guyana
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Guyana average intake is 233.53 grams
  • Plantains, Oranges & Mandarines and Pineapples are three major Fruit Types Intake in Guyana
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Guyana average Fruit intake is 155.34grams
  • In Guyana, average male height is in the increasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 47.50% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Guyana is in the range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Guyana
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Rice744
2Wheat465
3Maize17
4Barley1
5Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Guyana

Diet Compositions in Guyana
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1241
2Sugar390
3Oils & Fats271
4Meat247
5Dairy & Eggs208
6Fruits & Vegetables149
7Starchy Roots77
8Other64
9Alcoholic Beverages61
10Pulses56

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Guyana with 2150 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 37% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease and Cancers were the highest types of death causes in Guyana.
    Major Cause of Death in Guyana
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 50-69 with 2373 deaths (year 2016).
  • 53.83% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Road accidents, Cancers and Drowning are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cardiovascular disease, Suicide and HIV/AIDS are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 43% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Guyana (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Guyana - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Guyana are High blood pressure, High blood sugar and High body-mass index (obesity). Every year around 35 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Unsafe water source and No access to handwashing facility are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Alcohol use, High body-mass index (obesity) and Unsafe sex are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood sugar, High blood pressure and High body-mass index (obesity) are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Guyana (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.5% of Guyana population was suffering from cancer i.e. 2698 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Prostate cancer (Count : 95) and Breast cancer was also concerning with 63 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 10% of survival chance.Guyana was really successful in diagnosing Thyroid cancer where 94% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 1395 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 667 were suffering from Prostate cancer out of which 95 people were dead. This means 14.24% death rate of people suffering from Prostate cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Guyana and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Guyana :
  • 0.5 % of Guyana population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Prostate cancer
  • Thyroid cancer was most cured cancer in Guyana
  • Prostate cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Guyana

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Guyana (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 80 1.37%
Cardiovascular diseases 2150 36.9%
Kidney disease 179 3.07%
Respiratory disease 109 1.87%
Liver disease 230 3.95%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 779 13.37%
Digestive disease 131 2.25%
Hepatitis 6 0.1%
Cancers 644 11.05%
Parkinson's disease 8 0.14%
Fire 19 0.33%
Malaria 12 0.21%
Drowning 65 1.12%
Homicide 141 2.42%
HIV/AIDS 188 3.23%
Drug disorder 10 0.17%
Tuberculosis 70 1.2%
Road incidents 157 2.69%
Maternal deaths 15 0.26%
Neonatal deaths 197 3.38%
Alcohol disorder 25 0.43%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 51 0.88%
Road incidents 157 2.69%
Kidney disease 179 3.07%
HIV/AIDS 188 3.23%
Neonatal deaths 197 3.38%
Suicide 220 3.78%
Liver disease 230 3.95%
Lower respiratory infections 236.077576878 4.05%
Cancers 644 11.05%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 779 13.37%
Cardiovascular diseases 2150 36.9%


Guyana - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 2 0.55%
Neonatal infections 10 2.73%
Congenital birth defects 10 2.73%
Lower respiratory infections 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 18 4.92%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Cardiovascular disease 197 53.83%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 2 0.55%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Digestive diseases 5 1.37%
Cancers 2 0.55%
Drowning 0 0%
Road accidents 2 0.55%
Homicide 3 0.82%
Fire 0 0%
Kidney disease 3 0.82%
Liver disease 5 1.37%
Malaria 1 0.27%
Tuberculosis 1 0.27%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 8 2.19%
Hepatitis 35 9.56%
Measles 23 6.28%
Drug use disorders 0 0%
Natural disasters 39 10.66%


Guyana - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 4 6.9%
Homicide 3 5.17%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 1.72%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 1.72%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 2 3.45%
Road accidents 9 15.52%
Tuberculosis 1 1.72%
HIV/AIDS 2 3.45%
Drowning 6 10.34%
Malaria 1 1.72%
Fire 2 3.45%
Cancers 7 12.07%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 2 3.45%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 5 8.62%
Liver disease 1 1.72%
Respiratory disease 1 1.72%
Kidney disease 1 1.72%
Cardiovascular disease 5 8.62%
Lower respiratory infections 4 6.9%


Guyana - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 159 12.23%
Homicide 110 8.46%
Nutritional deficiencies 7 0.54%
Protein-energy malnutrition 5 0.38%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 4 0.31%
Diarrheal diseases 9 0.69%
Road accidents 99 7.62%
Tuberculosis 27 2.08%
HIV/AIDS 138 10.62%
Drowning 40 3.08%
Malaria 8 0.62%
Fire 7 0.54%
Cancers 123 9.46%
Hepatitis 3 0.23%
Digestive diseases 32 2.46%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 118 9.08%
Liver disease 72 5.54%
Respiratory disease 19 1.46%
Kidney disease 37 2.85%
Cardiovascular disease 225 17.31%
Drug disorder 6 0.46%
Alcohol disorder 10 0.77%
Parkinson's disease 0 0%
Dementia 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 42 3.23%


Guyana - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 48 2.01%
Homicide 23 0.96%
Nutritional deficiencies 11 0.46%
Protein-energy malnutrition 9 0.38%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 3 0.13%
Diarrheal diseases 11 0.46%
Road accidents 38 1.59%
Tuberculosis 30 1.25%
HIV/AIDS 42 1.76%
Drowning 14 0.59%
Malaria 3 0.13%
Fire 5 0.21%
Cancers 314 13.12%
Hepatitis 2 0.08%
Digestive diseases 56 2.34%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 402 16.8%
Liver disease 126 5.27%
Respiratory disease 43 1.8%
Kidney disease 86 3.59%
Cardiovascular diseases 1022 42.71%
Dementia 11 0.46%
Parkinson's disease 2 0.08%
Drug disorder 3 0.13%
Alcohol disorder 13 0.54%
Lower respiratory infections 76 3.18%


Guyana - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 9 0.51%
Homicide 3 0.17%
Nutritional deficiencies 17 0.97%
Protein-energy malnutrition 14 0.8%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.06%
Diarrheal diseases 12 0.68%
Road accidents 9 0.51%
Tuberculosis 12 0.68%
HIV/AIDS 2 0.11%
Drowning 2 0.11%
Malaria 1 0.06%
Fire 4 0.23%
Cancers 198 11.25%
Hepatitis 1 0.06%
Digestive diseases 37 2.1%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 250 14.2%
Liver disease 30 1.7%
Respiratory disease 44 2.5%
Kidney disease 54 3.07%
Cardiovascular disease 890 50.57%
Parkinson's disease 6 0.34%
Dementia 69 3.92%
Drug use disorders 1 0.06%
Alcohol use disorders 2 0.11%
Lower respiratory infections 92 5.23%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Guyana
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 35 0.5%
Poor sanitation 17 0.24%
No access to handwashing facility 39 0.56%
Household air pollution 72 1.03%
Outdoor air pollution 295 4.23%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 8 0.11%
Discontinued breastfeeding 1 0.01%
Child wasting 34 0.49%
Child stunting 3 0.04%
Low birth weight 103 1.48%
Secondhand smoke 84 1.21%
Alcohol use 484 6.95%
Drug use 96 1.38%
Diet low in fruits 371 5.32%
Diet low in vegetables 257 3.69%
Unsafe sex 213 3.06%
Low physical activity 174 2.5%
High blood sugar 1340 19.23%
High cholesterol 530 7.61%
High body-mass index (obesity) 986 14.15%
High blood pressure 1368 19.63%
Smoking 435 6.24%
Iron deficiency 1 0.01%
Zinc deficiency 0 0%
Vitamin-A deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 22 0.32%


Guyana - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 1 0.55%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 8 4.4%
Child stunting 3 1.65%
Low birth weight 103 56.59%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 8 4.4%
Secondhand smoke 2 1.1%
Poor sanitation 6 3.3%
Unsafe water source 12 6.59%
Household air pollution 1 0.55%
Outdoor air pollution 4 2.2%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
Child wasting 34 18.68%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Guyana - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 1 16.67%
Unsafe water source 1 16.67%
Unsafe sex 0 0%
Iron deficiency 1 16.67%
Secondhand smoke 0 0%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 1 16.67%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood sugar 1 16.67%
High blood pressure 0 0%
Poor sanitation 1 16.67%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Guyana - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0.09%
Low bone mineral density 2 0.19%
Drug use 40 3.77%
Alcohol use 204 19.21%
No access to handwashing facility 7 0.66%
Unsafe water source 6 0.56%
Poor sanitation 3 0.28%
Smoking 76 7.16%
Secondhand smoke 10 0.94%
Low physical activity 12 1.13%
Diet low in fruits 52 4.9%
Diet low in vegetables 35 3.3%
Unsafe sex 128 12.05%
High body-mass index (obesity) 144 13.56%
Household air pollution 10 0.94%
Outdoor air pollution 39 3.67%
High total cholesterol 71 6.69%
High blood pressure 122 11.49%
High blood sugar 100 9.42%


Guyana - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 8 0.22%
Drug use 48 1.32%
Alcohol use 219 6.03%
No access to handwashing facility 11 0.3%
Poor sanitation 4 0.11%
Unsafe sex 71 1.96%
Smoking 275 7.57%
Secondhand smoke 40 1.1%
Unsafe water source 7 0.19%
Diet low in vegetables 142 3.91%
Diet low in fruits 212 5.84%
Low physical activity 81 2.23%
Outdoor air pollution 153 4.21%
Household air pollution 36 0.99%
High body-mass index (obesity) 588 16.19%
High blood sugar 745 20.52%
High total cholesterol 296 8.15%
High blood pressure 695 19.14%


Guyana - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 11 0.53%
Drug use 8 0.38%
Alcohol use 60 2.88%
Smoking 83 3.98%
Secondhand smoke 31 1.49%
Household air pollution 24 1.15%
Outdoor air pollution 99 4.75%
No access to handwashing facility 12 0.58%
Poor sanitation 4 0.19%
Unsafe water source 8 0.38%
Unsafe sex 14 0.67%
Low physical activity 80 3.84%
Diet low in vegetables 81 3.89%
Diet low in fruits 107 5.13%
High cholesterol 164 7.87%
High blood pressure 550 26.39%
High blood sugar 494 23.7%
High body-mass index (obesity) 254 12.19%


Guyana - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 31 | Deaths : 12 38.71%
Breast cancer Patients : 589 | Deaths : 63 10.7%
Larynx cancer Patients : 28 | Deaths : 7 25%
Kidney cancer Patients : 101 | Deaths : 9 8.91%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 50 | Deaths : 3 6%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 124 | Deaths : 22 17.74%
Stomach cancer Patients : 58 | Deaths : 39 67.24%
Uterine cancer Patients : 215 | Deaths : 16 7.44%
Bladder cancer Patients : 51 | Deaths : 7 13.73%
Cervical cancer Patients : 449 | Deaths : 62 13.81%
Prostate cancer Patients : 667 | Deaths : 95 14.24%
Testicular cancer Patients : 11 | Deaths : 1 9.09%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 25 | Deaths : 18 72%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 10 | Deaths : 9 90%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 11 | Deaths : 2 18.18%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 303 | Deaths : 61 20.13%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 15 | Deaths : 4 26.67%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 66 | Deaths : 9 13.64%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 22 | Deaths : 9 40.91%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 47 | Deaths : 9 19.15%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 7 | Deaths : 4 57.14%


Guyana - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 12 0.44%
5-14 year olds 15 0.56%
15-49 year olds 654 24.23%
50-69 year olds 1395 51.69%
70+ year olds 623 23.08%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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