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Gabon Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Health

CONTENT


Causes of death across Gabon are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Gabon.

Highlights of Gabon BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Gabon gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 102.01%102.01%
    • Fat : 28.08%28.08%
    • Plant protein : 9.14%9.14%
    • Animal protein : 9.02%9.02%
  • 48.25% increase in caloric supply : Currently Gabon gets 2830/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 1909/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Starchy Roots and Fruits & Vegetables are three major diet compositions in Gabon
  • Wheat, Rice and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in Gabon
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Gabon average intake is 121.40 grams
  • Plantains, Bananas and Oranges & Mandarines are three major Fruit Types Intake in Gabon
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Gabon average Fruit intake is 417.32grams
  • In Gabon, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 36.90% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Gabon is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Gabon
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Wheat472
2Rice370
3Maize139
4Barley14
5Oats1
6Rye0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Gabon

Diet Compositions in Gabon
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains996
2Starchy Roots461
3Fruits & Vegetables355
4Meat329
5Oils & Fats300
6Sugar152
7Alcoholic Beverages129
8Dairy & Eggs58
9Other48
10Pulses2

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Gabon with 2687 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 20% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and HIV/AIDS were the highest types of death causes in Gabon.
    Major Cause of Death in Gabon
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 5054 deaths (year 2016).
  • 34.01% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Malaria, Road accidents and HIV/AIDS are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • HIV/AIDS, Cancers and Road accidents are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and HIV/AIDS are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 23% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Gabon (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Gabon - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Gabon are High blood pressure, Unsafe sex and High blood sugar. Every year around 352 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Unsafe water source and Poor sanitation are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Unsafe sex, Alcohol use and High body-mass index (obesity) are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, High body-mass index (obesity) and High blood sugar are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Gabon (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.32% of Gabon population was suffering from cancer i.e. 3263 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Breast cancer (Count : 133) and Prostate cancer was also concerning with 121 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Stomach cancer have 8% of survival chance.Gabon was really successful in diagnosing Thyroid cancer where 90% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 1314 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 887 were suffering from Breast cancer out of which 133 people were dead. This means 14.99% death rate of people suffering from Breast cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Gabon and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Gabon :
  • 0.32 % of Gabon population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Breast cancer
  • Thyroid cancer was most cured cancer in Gabon
  • Breast cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Gabon

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Gabon (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 407 3.08%
Cardiovascular diseases 2687 20.36%
Kidney disease 156 1.18%
Respiratory disease 323 2.45%
Liver disease 522 3.96%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 721 5.46%
Digestive disease 405 3.07%
Hepatitis 32 0.24%
Cancers 1422 10.78%
Parkinson's disease 21 0.16%
Fire 54 0.41%
Malaria 793 6.01%
Drowning 101 0.77%
Homicide 84 0.64%
HIV/AIDS 1180 8.94%
Drug disorder 15 0.11%
Tuberculosis 490 3.71%
Road incidents 375 2.84%
Maternal deaths 118 0.89%
Neonatal deaths 816 6.18%
Alcohol disorder 21 0.16%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 552 4.18%
Tuberculosis 490 3.71%
Liver disease 522 3.96%
Diarrheal diseases 552 4.18%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 721 5.46%
Malaria 793 6.01%
Neonatal deaths 816 6.18%
Lower respiratory infections 973.387938949 7.38%
HIV/AIDS 1180 8.94%
Cancers 1422 10.78%
Cardiovascular diseases 2687 20.36%


Gabon - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 4 0.17%
Malaria 105 4.38%
Neonatal infections 107 4.46%
Lower respiratory infections 0 0%
Congenital birth defects 1 0.04%
Diarrheal diseases 114 4.75%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 816 34.01%
Road accidents 31 1.29%
Drowning 9 0.38%
Measles 18 0.75%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 30 1.25%
HIV/AIDS 433 18.05%
Digestive diseases 10 0.42%
Cancers 12 0.5%
Fire 2 0.08%
Tuberculosis 14 0.58%
Cardiovascular disease 21 0.88%
Homicide 2 0.08%
Kidney disease 2 0.08%
Hepatitis 8 0.33%
Liver disease 181 7.54%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 228 9.5%
Drug use disorders 22 0.92%
Natural disasters 229 9.55%


Gabon - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 2 0.82%
Homicide 2 0.82%
Nutritional deficiencies 9 3.67%
Protein-energy malnutrition 9 3.67%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 20 8.16%
Road accidents 32 13.06%
Tuberculosis 3 1.22%
HIV/AIDS 27 11.02%
Drowning 18 7.35%
Malaria 61 24.9%
Fire 3 1.22%
Cancers 15 6.12%
Hepatitis 1 0.41%
Digestive diseases 5 2.04%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 7 2.86%
Liver disease 3 1.22%
Respiratory disease 2 0.82%
Kidney disease 1 0.41%
Cardiovascular disease 4 1.63%
Lower respiratory infections 21 8.57%


Gabon - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 59 2.2%
Homicide 69 2.58%
Nutritional deficiencies 36 1.34%
Protein-energy malnutrition 23 0.86%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 4 0.15%
Diarrheal diseases 83 3.1%
Road accidents 228 8.51%
Tuberculosis 166 6.2%
HIV/AIDS 876 32.7%
Drowning 40 1.49%
Malaria 153 5.71%
Fire 12 0.45%
Cancers 236 8.81%
Hepatitis 14 0.52%
Digestive diseases 75 2.8%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 92 3.43%
Liver disease 144 5.38%
Respiratory disease 26 0.97%
Kidney disease 25 0.93%
Cardiovascular disease 187 6.98%
Drug disorder 11 0.41%
Alcohol disorder 11 0.41%
Parkinson's disease 0 0%
Dementia 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 109 4.07%


Gabon - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 39 1.31%
Homicide 8 0.27%
Nutritional deficiencies 46 1.55%
Protein-energy malnutrition 34 1.14%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 2 0.07%
Diarrheal diseases 102 3.43%
Road accidents 53 1.78%
Tuberculosis 158 5.31%
HIV/AIDS 230 7.73%
Drowning 9 0.3%
Malaria 91 3.06%
Fire 12 0.4%
Cancers 568 19.1%
Hepatitis 8 0.27%
Digestive diseases 114 3.83%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 224 7.53%
Liver disease 217 7.3%
Respiratory disease 88 2.96%
Kidney disease 44 1.48%
Cardiovascular diseases 696 23.4%
Dementia 25 0.84%
Parkinson's disease 2 0.07%
Drug disorder 3 0.1%
Alcohol disorder 8 0.27%
Lower respiratory infections 193 6.49%


Gabon - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 27 0.54%
Homicide 2 0.04%
Nutritional deficiencies 127 2.53%
Protein-energy malnutrition 98 1.95%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 2 0.04%
Diarrheal diseases 234 4.67%
Road accidents 32 0.64%
Tuberculosis 154 3.07%
HIV/AIDS 29 0.58%
Drowning 5 0.1%
Malaria 56 1.12%
Fire 17 0.34%
Cancers 590 11.77%
Hepatitis 7 0.14%
Digestive diseases 197 3.93%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 376 7.5%
Liver disease 156 3.11%
Respiratory disease 204 4.07%
Kidney disease 84 1.68%
Cardiovascular disease 1792 35.75%
Parkinson's disease 19 0.38%
Dementia 381 7.6%
Drug use disorders 1 0.02%
Alcohol use disorders 2 0.04%
Lower respiratory infections 421 8.4%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Gabon
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 352 3.35%
Poor sanitation 290 2.76%
No access to handwashing facility 302 2.88%
Household air pollution 204 1.94%
Outdoor air pollution 684 6.52%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 62 0.59%
Discontinued breastfeeding 5 0.05%
Child wasting 282 2.69%
Child stunting 28 0.27%
Low birth weight 397 3.78%
Secondhand smoke 109 1.04%
Alcohol use 868 8.27%
Drug use 38 0.36%
Diet low in fruits 118 1.12%
Diet low in vegetables 284 2.71%
Unsafe sex 1240 11.82%
Low physical activity 182 1.73%
High blood sugar 1162 11.07%
High cholesterol 467 4.45%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1121 10.68%
High blood pressure 1716 16.35%
Smoking 462 4.4%
Iron deficiency 8 0.08%
Zinc deficiency 4 0.04%
Vitamin-A deficiency 3 0.03%
Low bone mineral density 106 1.01%


Gabon - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 5 0.47%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 62 5.77%
Child stunting 28 2.6%
Low birth weight 397 36.93%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 65 6.05%
Secondhand smoke 14 1.3%
Poor sanitation 60 5.58%
Unsafe water source 73 6.79%
Household air pollution 22 2.05%
Outdoor air pollution 67 6.23%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
Child wasting 282 26.23%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Gabon - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 9 16.36%
Unsafe water source 13 23.64%
Unsafe sex 7 12.73%
Iron deficiency 7 12.73%
Secondhand smoke 1 1.82%
Household air pollution 2 3.64%
Outdoor air pollution 6 10.91%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
Poor sanitation 10 18.18%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Gabon - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 7 0.36%
Low bone mineral density 4 0.21%
Drug use 29 1.49%
Alcohol use 275 14.18%
No access to handwashing facility 41 2.11%
Unsafe water source 53 2.73%
Poor sanitation 43 2.22%
Smoking 87 4.48%
Secondhand smoke 10 0.52%
Low physical activity 7 0.36%
Diet low in fruits 20 1.03%
Diet low in vegetables 30 1.55%
Unsafe sex 892 45.98%
High body-mass index (obesity) 120 6.19%
Household air pollution 21 1.08%
Outdoor air pollution 68 3.51%
High total cholesterol 43 2.22%
High blood pressure 112 5.77%
High blood sugar 78 4.02%


Gabon - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 17 0.59%
Drug use 7 0.24%
Alcohol use 329 11.46%
No access to handwashing facility 57 1.99%
Poor sanitation 54 1.88%
Unsafe sex 279 9.72%
Smoking 214 7.45%
Secondhand smoke 30 1.04%
Unsafe water source 65 2.26%
Diet low in vegetables 91 3.17%
Diet low in fruits 42 1.46%
Low physical activity 40 1.39%
Outdoor air pollution 186 6.48%
Household air pollution 55 1.92%
High body-mass index (obesity) 433 15.08%
High blood sugar 342 11.91%
High total cholesterol 135 4.7%
High blood pressure 495 17.24%


Gabon - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 85 1.87%
Drug use 2 0.04%
Alcohol use 264 5.8%
Smoking 161 3.54%
Secondhand smoke 53 1.17%
Household air pollution 104 2.29%
Outdoor air pollution 358 7.87%
No access to handwashing facility 129 2.84%
Poor sanitation 123 2.7%
Unsafe water source 149 3.28%
Unsafe sex 62 1.36%
Low physical activity 134 2.95%
Diet low in vegetables 162 3.56%
Diet low in fruits 56 1.23%
High cholesterol 289 6.35%
High blood pressure 1109 24.38%
High blood sugar 741 16.29%
High body-mass index (obesity) 567 12.47%


Gabon - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 174 | Deaths : 56 32.18%
Breast cancer Patients : 887 | Deaths : 133 14.99%
Larynx cancer Patients : 44 | Deaths : 15 34.09%
Kidney cancer Patients : 143 | Deaths : 19 13.29%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 70 | Deaths : 7 10%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 112 | Deaths : 34 30.36%
Stomach cancer Patients : 74 | Deaths : 68 91.89%
Uterine cancer Patients : 133 | Deaths : 21 15.79%
Bladder cancer Patients : 152 | Deaths : 35 23.03%
Cervical cancer Patients : 721 | Deaths : 117 16.23%
Prostate cancer Patients : 532 | Deaths : 121 22.74%
Testicular cancer Patients : 15 | Deaths : 2 13.33%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 70 | Deaths : 38 54.29%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 87 | Deaths : 70 80.46%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 22 | Deaths : 5 22.73%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 329 | Deaths : 118 35.87%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 21 | Deaths : 10 47.62%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 131 | Deaths : 24 18.32%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 72 | Deaths : 32 44.44%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 77 | Deaths : 16 20.78%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 10 | Deaths : 8 80%


Gabon - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 62 1.9%
5-14 year olds 22 0.67%
15-49 year olds 880 26.97%
50-69 year olds 1314 40.27%
70+ year olds 985 30.19%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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