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Fiji Health

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CONTENT


Causes of death across Fiji are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Fiji.

Highlights of Fiji BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Fiji gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 69.53%69.53%
    • Fat : 32.93%32.93%
    • Plant protein : 6.53%6.53%
    • Animal protein : 4.85%4.85%
  • 13.85% increase in caloric supply : Currently Fiji gets 2943/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2585/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Sugar are three major diet compositions in Fiji
  • Wheat, Rice and Oats are three major Cereal preferences in Fiji
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Fiji average intake is 115.12 grams
  • Pineapples, Oranges & Mandarines and Apples are three major Fruit Types Intake in Fiji
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Fiji average Fruit intake is 118.19grams
  • In Fiji, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 63.40% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Fiji is in the range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Fiji
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Wheat607
2Rice464
3Oats3
5Barley1
6Rye0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Fiji

Diet Compositions in Fiji
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1086
2Oils & Fats620
3Sugar332
4Starchy Roots287
5Meat278
6Pulses103
7Dairy & Eggs93
8Fruits & Vegetables72
9Alcoholic Beverages43
10Other29

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Fiji with 2754 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 33% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease and Cancers were the highest types of death causes in Fiji.
    Major Cause of Death in Fiji
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 50-69 with 3455 deaths (year 2016).
  • 37.57% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Cardiovascular disease, Cancers and Drowning are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Cardiovascular disease, Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases, Cardiovascular diseases and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 36% of people aging over 50 years die because of Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Fiji (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Fiji - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Fiji are High blood sugar, High body-mass index (obesity) and High blood pressure. Every year around 39 people die due to High blood sugar.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • High blood sugar and Household air pollution are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • High body-mass index (obesity), High blood sugar and High blood pressure are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood sugar, High body-mass index (obesity) and High blood pressure are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood sugar is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Fiji (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.65% of Fiji population was suffering from cancer i.e. 4688 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Breast cancer (Count : 130) and Cervical cancer was also concerning with 88 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 6% of survival chance.Fiji was really successful in diagnosing Thyroid cancer where 97% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 2189 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 1634 were suffering from Breast cancer out of which 130 people were dead. This means 7.96% death rate of people suffering from Breast cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Fiji and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Fiji :
  • 0.65 % of Fiji population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Breast cancer
  • Thyroid cancer was most cured cancer in Fiji
  • Breast cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Fiji

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Fiji (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 127 1.5%
Cardiovascular diseases 2754 32.59%
Kidney disease 472 5.59%
Respiratory disease 412 4.88%
Liver disease 76 0.9%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 2640 31.24%
Digestive disease 115 1.36%
Hepatitis 8 0.09%
Cancers 791 9.36%
Parkinson's disease 10 0.12%
Fire 36 0.43%
Malaria 0 0%
Drowning 79 0.93%
Homicide 47 0.56%
HIV/AIDS 11 0.13%
Drug disorder 4 0.05%
Tuberculosis 38 0.45%
Road incidents 107 1.27%
Maternal deaths 14 0.17%
Neonatal deaths 139 1.64%
Alcohol disorder 2 0.02%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 73 0.86%
Suicide 108 1.28%
Digestive disease 115 1.36%
Dementia 127 1.5%
Neonatal deaths 139 1.64%
Lower respiratory infections 319.719706708 3.78%
Respiratory disease 412 4.88%
Kidney disease 472 5.59%
Cancers 791 9.36%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 2640 31.24%
Cardiovascular diseases 2754 32.59%


Fiji - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 2 0.54%
Lower respiratory infections 5 1.35%
Congenital birth defects 5 1.35%
Neonatal infections 0 0%
Cardiovascular disease 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 14 3.78%
Measles 0 0%
Drowning 139 37.57%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 4 1.08%
Cancers 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 9 2.43%
Road accidents 0 0%
Fire 4 1.08%
Kidney disease 7 1.89%
Digestive diseases 0 0%
Homicide 2 0.54%
Tuberculosis 8 2.16%
Liver disease 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 3 0.81%
Hepatitis 17 4.59%
HIV/AIDS 60 16.22%
Drug use disorders 60 16.22%
Natural disasters 13 3.51%
18 4.86%


Fiji - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 3 3.3%
Homicide 3 3.3%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 1.1%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 1.1%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 2 2.2%
Road accidents 9 9.89%
Tuberculosis 1 1.1%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 10 10.99%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 3 3.3%
Cancers 13 14.29%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 3 3.3%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 8 8.79%
Liver disease 2 2.2%
Respiratory disease 4 4.4%
Kidney disease 4 4.4%
Cardiovascular disease 15 16.48%
Lower respiratory infections 9 9.89%


Fiji - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 80 5.48%
Homicide 34 2.33%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 0.07%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 0.07%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 2 0.14%
Diarrheal diseases 9 0.62%
Road accidents 66 4.52%
Tuberculosis 10 0.68%
HIV/AIDS 9 0.62%
Drowning 47 3.22%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 18 1.23%
Cancers 179 12.26%
Hepatitis 4 0.27%
Digestive diseases 25 1.71%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 292 20%
Liver disease 26 1.78%
Respiratory disease 71 4.86%
Kidney disease 76 5.21%
Cardiovascular disease 452 30.96%
Drug disorder 3 0.21%
Alcohol disorder 1 0.07%
Parkinson's disease 0 0%
Dementia 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 54 3.7%


Fiji - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 19 0.53%
Homicide 7 0.19%
Nutritional deficiencies 2 0.06%
Protein-energy malnutrition 2 0.06%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.03%
Diarrheal diseases 15 0.42%
Road accidents 18 0.5%
Tuberculosis 16 0.44%
HIV/AIDS 1 0.03%
Drowning 11 0.31%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 6 0.17%
Cancers 370 10.29%
Hepatitis 4 0.11%
Digestive diseases 46 1.28%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1310 36.43%
Liver disease 34 0.95%
Respiratory disease 172 4.78%
Kidney disease 203 5.65%
Cardiovascular diseases 1234 34.32%
Dementia 18 0.5%
Parkinson's disease 2 0.06%
Drug disorder 1 0.03%
Alcohol disorder 1 0.03%
Lower respiratory infections 103 2.86%


Fiji - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 6 0.2%
Homicide 2 0.07%
Nutritional deficiencies 7 0.24%
Protein-energy malnutrition 6 0.2%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.03%
Diarrheal diseases 32 1.08%
Road accidents 9 0.3%
Tuberculosis 11 0.37%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 3 0.1%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 5 0.17%
Cancers 223 7.49%
Hepatitis 1 0.03%
Digestive diseases 39 1.31%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1022 34.34%
Liver disease 14 0.47%
Respiratory disease 162 5.44%
Kidney disease 186 6.25%
Cardiovascular disease 1037 34.85%
Parkinson's disease 8 0.27%
Dementia 108 3.63%
Drug use disorders 1 0.03%
Alcohol use disorders 0 0%
Lower respiratory infections 93 3.13%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Fiji
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 39 0.32%
Poor sanitation 18 0.15%
No access to handwashing facility 13 0.11%
Household air pollution 196 1.62%
Outdoor air pollution 191 1.58%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 7 0.06%
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Child wasting 52 0.43%
Child stunting 3 0.02%
Low birth weight 75 0.62%
Secondhand smoke 274 2.27%
Alcohol use 190 1.57%
Drug use 12 0.1%
Diet low in fruits 664 5.49%
Diet low in vegetables 401 3.32%
Unsafe sex 101 0.83%
Low physical activity 256 2.12%
High blood sugar 3332 27.55%
High cholesterol 867 7.17%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2753 22.76%
High blood pressure 1938 16.02%
Smoking 695 5.75%
Iron deficiency 1 0.01%
Zinc deficiency 1 0.01%
Vitamin-A deficiency 1 0.01%
Low bone mineral density 16 0.13%


Fiji - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 0 0%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 7 4.14%
Child stunting 3 1.78%
Low birth weight 75 44.38%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 2 1.18%
Secondhand smoke 6 3.55%
Poor sanitation 4 2.37%
Unsafe water source 8 4.73%
Household air pollution 7 4.14%
Outdoor air pollution 4 2.37%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 1 0.59%
Child wasting 52 30.77%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Fiji - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Unsafe water source 1 14.29%
Unsafe sex 0 0%
Iron deficiency 1 14.29%
Secondhand smoke 1 14.29%
Household air pollution 1 14.29%
Outdoor air pollution 1 14.29%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood sugar 2 28.57%
High blood pressure 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Fiji - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0.05%
Low bone mineral density 2 0.1%
Drug use 9 0.46%
Alcohol use 96 4.9%
No access to handwashing facility 2 0.1%
Unsafe water source 5 0.26%
Poor sanitation 2 0.1%
Smoking 159 8.12%
Secondhand smoke 29 1.48%
Low physical activity 30 1.53%
Diet low in fruits 127 6.49%
Diet low in vegetables 91 4.65%
Unsafe sex 40 2.04%
High body-mass index (obesity) 429 21.91%
Household air pollution 40 2.04%
Outdoor air pollution 40 2.04%
High total cholesterol 199 10.16%
High blood pressure 270 13.79%
High blood sugar 387 19.77%


Fiji - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 5 0.08%
Drug use 2 0.03%
Alcohol use 71 1.16%
No access to handwashing facility 3 0.05%
Poor sanitation 4 0.07%
Unsafe sex 46 0.75%
Smoking 396 6.49%
Secondhand smoke 129 2.11%
Unsafe water source 8 0.13%
Diet low in vegetables 201 3.29%
Diet low in fruits 352 5.77%
Low physical activity 120 1.97%
Outdoor air pollution 93 1.52%
Household air pollution 91 1.49%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1541 25.26%
High blood sugar 1658 27.18%
High total cholesterol 457 7.49%
High blood pressure 924 15.15%


Fiji - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 9 0.23%
Drug use 1 0.03%
Alcohol use 23 0.6%
Smoking 140 3.63%
Secondhand smoke 109 2.82%
Household air pollution 57 1.48%
Outdoor air pollution 55 1.42%
No access to handwashing facility 5 0.13%
Poor sanitation 8 0.21%
Unsafe water source 17 0.44%
Unsafe sex 16 0.41%
Low physical activity 106 2.75%
Diet low in vegetables 110 2.85%
Diet low in fruits 184 4.77%
High cholesterol 210 5.44%
High blood pressure 744 19.27%
High blood sugar 1284 33.26%
High body-mass index (obesity) 782 20.26%


Fiji - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 64 | Deaths : 30 46.88%
Breast cancer Patients : 1634 | Deaths : 130 7.96%
Larynx cancer Patients : 44 | Deaths : 8 18.18%
Kidney cancer Patients : 57 | Deaths : 5 8.77%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 285 | Deaths : 9 3.16%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 67 | Deaths : 10 14.93%
Stomach cancer Patients : 63 | Deaths : 40 63.49%
Uterine cancer Patients : 357 | Deaths : 22 6.16%
Bladder cancer Patients : 124 | Deaths : 12 9.68%
Cervical cancer Patients : 958 | Deaths : 88 9.19%
Prostate cancer Patients : 464 | Deaths : 41 8.84%
Testicular cancer Patients : 92 | Deaths : 4 4.35%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 25 | Deaths : 18 72%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 18 | Deaths : 17 94.44%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 19 | Deaths : 4 21.05%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 356 | Deaths : 62 17.42%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 22 | Deaths : 4 18.18%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 165 | Deaths : 18 10.91%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 33 | Deaths : 13 39.39%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 56 | Deaths : 9 16.07%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 9 | Deaths : 8 88.89%


Fiji - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 54 1.15%
5-14 year olds 32 0.68%
15-49 year olds 1634 34.85%
50-69 year olds 2189 46.69%
70+ year olds 779 16.62%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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