Eritrea Health | 2020 | The Global Graph Skip to main content

Eritrea Health

Last Update: This Article was Last updated on | Published by : | Category : Health

CONTENT


Causes of death across Eritrea are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Eritrea.

Highlights of Eritrea BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)

  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Eritrea average intake is 0.00 grams
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Eritrea average Fruit intake is 0.00grams
  • In Eritrea, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 19.20% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Eritrea is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in

Cereal Preferences in Eritrea
RankCerealskcal/capita/day

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Eritrea

Diet Compositions in Eritrea
RankTypekilocalories per person per day

Major Cause of Death


Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Eritrea with 5297 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 16% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Tuberculosis and Diarrheal diseases were the highest types of death causes in Eritrea.
    Major Cause of Death in Eritrea
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 15-49 with 9595 deaths (year 2016).
  • 29.1% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Diarrheal diseases, Lower respiratory infections and Cancers are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Tuberculosis, Cancers and Cardiovascular disease are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Tuberculosis are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 25% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Eritrea (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Eritrea - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)

Major Risk Factors of Death


  • Three Major factors of death in Eritrea are High blood pressure, Child wasting and Unsafe water source. Every year around 2435 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Child wasting and Low birth weight are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Unsafe water source and Poor sanitation are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Unsafe sex, Unsafe water source and Alcohol use are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, High blood sugar and Outdoor air pollution are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Eritrea (and it's count)

Cancer Analysis


0.3% of Eritrea population was suffering from cancer i.e. 6978 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Cervical cancer (Count : 474) and Prostate cancer was also concerning with 269 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Non-melanoma skin cancer have 0% of survival chance.Eritrea was really successful in diagnosing Kidney cancer where 90% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 2935 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 2503 were suffering from Cervical cancer out of which 474 people were dead. This means 18.94% death rate of people suffering from Cervical cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Eritrea and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Eritrea :
  • 0.3 % of Eritrea population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Cervical cancer
  • Kidney cancer was most cured cancer in Eritrea
  • Cervical cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Eritrea

Tables (Appendix)


Major Cause of Deaths in Eritrea (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 296 0.88%
Cardiovascular diseases 5297 15.79%
Kidney disease 236 0.7%
Respiratory disease 794 2.37%
Liver disease 733 2.18%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 1252 3.73%
Digestive disease 1027 3.06%
Hepatitis 141 0.42%
Cancers 3164 9.43%
Parkinson's disease 19 0.06%
Fire 215 0.64%
Malaria 361 1.08%
Drowning 229 0.68%
Homicide 442 1.32%
HIV/AIDS 974 2.9%
Drug disorder 13 0.04%
Tuberculosis 3461 10.31%
Road incidents 701 2.09%
Maternal deaths 983 2.93%
Neonatal deaths 2437 7.26%
Alcohol disorder 55 0.16%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 3315 9.88%
Digestive disease 1027 3.06%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 1252 3.73%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1337.42821029 3.99%
Nutritional deficiencies 1488 4.43%
Neonatal deaths 2437 7.26%
Lower respiratory infections 3100.52781801 9.24%
Cancers 3164 9.43%
Diarrheal diseases 3315 9.88%
Tuberculosis 3461 10.31%
Cardiovascular diseases 5297 15.79%


Eritrea - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 20 0.24%
Lower respiratory infections 835 9.97%
Diarrheal diseases 844 10.08%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 3 0.04%
Neonatal infections 1233 14.72%
Malaria 0 0%
Congenital birth defects 2437 29.1%
Tuberculosis 40 0.48%
Measles 111 1.33%
HIV/AIDS 99 1.18%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 47 0.56%
Digestive diseases 193 2.3%
Fire 54 0.64%
Drowning 41 0.49%
Cancers 8 0.1%
Road accidents 55 0.66%
Cardiovascular disease 86 1.03%
Homicide 5 0.06%
Hepatitis 6 0.07%
Kidney disease 36 0.43%
Liver disease 146 1.74%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1404 16.76%
Drug use disorders 101 1.21%
Natural disasters 571 6.82%


Eritrea - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 10 1.02%
Homicide 15 1.54%
Nutritional deficiencies 75 7.68%
Protein-energy malnutrition 73 7.47%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 2 0.2%
Diarrheal diseases 189 19.34%
Road accidents 61 6.24%
Tuberculosis 43 4.4%
HIV/AIDS 84 8.6%
Drowning 51 5.22%
Malaria 35 3.58%
Fire 20 2.05%
Cancers 90 9.21%
Hepatitis 6 0.61%
Digestive diseases 29 2.97%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 20 2.05%
Liver disease 8 0.82%
Respiratory disease 12 1.23%
Kidney disease 4 0.41%
Cardiovascular disease 26 2.66%
Lower respiratory infections 124 12.69%


Eritrea - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 199 2.55%
Homicide 341 4.36%
Nutritional deficiencies 175 2.24%
Protein-energy malnutrition 120 1.54%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 11 0.14%
Diarrheal diseases 699 8.94%
Road accidents 376 4.81%
Tuberculosis 1610 20.6%
HIV/AIDS 709 9.07%
Drowning 86 1.1%
Malaria 78 1%
Fire 54 0.69%
Cancers 935 11.96%
Hepatitis 72 0.92%
Digestive diseases 321 4.11%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 297 3.8%
Liver disease 262 3.35%
Respiratory disease 132 1.69%
Kidney disease 74 0.95%
Cardiovascular disease 789 10.09%
Drug disorder 11 0.14%
Alcohol disorder 23 0.29%
Parkinson's disease 0 0%
Dementia 1 0.01%
Lower respiratory infections 441 5.64%


Eritrea - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 103 1.25%
Homicide 54 0.66%
Nutritional deficiencies 187 2.28%
Protein-energy malnutrition 142 1.73%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 4 0.05%
Diarrheal diseases 630 7.67%
Road accidents 152 1.85%
Tuberculosis 1133 13.8%
HIV/AIDS 78 0.95%
Drowning 28 0.34%
Malaria 37 0.45%
Fire 49 0.6%
Cancers 1425 17.35%
Hepatitis 37 0.45%
Digestive diseases 335 4.08%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 467 5.69%
Liver disease 313 3.81%
Respiratory disease 313 3.81%
Kidney disease 77 0.94%
Cardiovascular diseases 2037 24.8%
Dementia 38 0.46%
Parkinson's disease 3 0.04%
Drug disorder 1 0.01%
Alcohol disorder 22 0.27%
Lower respiratory infections 548 6.67%


Eritrea - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 42 0.61%
Homicide 11 0.16%
Nutritional deficiencies 207 3.01%
Protein-energy malnutrition 167 2.43%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 4 0.06%
Diarrheal diseases 564 8.2%
Road accidents 72 1.05%
Tuberculosis 564 8.2%
HIV/AIDS 4 0.06%
Drowning 18 0.26%
Malaria 18 0.26%
Fire 39 0.57%
Cancers 672 9.77%
Hepatitis 18 0.26%
Digestive diseases 287 4.17%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 382 5.55%
Liver disease 144 2.09%
Respiratory disease 314 4.56%
Kidney disease 75 1.09%
Cardiovascular disease 2409 35.02%
Parkinson's disease 16 0.23%
Dementia 257 3.74%
Drug use disorders 1 0.01%
Alcohol use disorders 11 0.16%
Lower respiratory infections 583 8.48%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Eritrea
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 2435 9.31%
Poor sanitation 2088 7.98%
No access to handwashing facility 1862 7.12%
Household air pollution 1853 7.08%
Outdoor air pollution 1832 7%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 217 0.83%
Discontinued breastfeeding 18 0.07%
Child wasting 2762 10.55%
Child stunting 331 1.26%
Low birth weight 930 3.55%
Secondhand smoke 299 1.14%
Alcohol use 1036 3.96%
Drug use 52 0.2%
Diet low in fruits 998 3.81%
Diet low in vegetables 702 2.68%
Unsafe sex 1271 4.86%
Low physical activity 215 0.82%
High blood sugar 1598 6.11%
High cholesterol 722 2.76%
High body-mass index (obesity) 885 3.38%
High blood pressure 2906 11.11%
Smoking 658 2.51%
Iron deficiency 45 0.17%
Zinc deficiency 91 0.35%
Vitamin-A deficiency 178 0.68%
Low bone mineral density 184 0.7%


Eritrea - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 18 0.24%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 217 2.84%
Child stunting 331 4.33%
Low birth weight 930 12.15%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 728 9.51%
Secondhand smoke 94 1.23%
Poor sanitation 778 10.17%
Unsafe water source 907 11.85%
Household air pollution 455 5.95%
Outdoor air pollution 430 5.62%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1 0.01%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 1 0.01%
Child wasting 2762 36.1%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Eritrea - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 99 19.34%
Unsafe water source 139 27.15%
Unsafe sex 21 4.1%
Iron deficiency 44 8.59%
Secondhand smoke 8 1.56%
Household air pollution 42 8.2%
Outdoor air pollution 38 7.42%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood sugar 2 0.39%
High blood pressure 0 0%
Poor sanitation 119 23.24%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Eritrea - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 44 0.9%
Low bone mineral density 8 0.16%
Drug use 42 0.86%
Alcohol use 511 10.44%
No access to handwashing facility 362 7.4%
Unsafe water source 513 10.48%
Poor sanitation 440 8.99%
Smoking 222 4.54%
Secondhand smoke 39 0.8%
Low physical activity 19 0.39%
Diet low in fruits 210 4.29%
Diet low in vegetables 149 3.05%
Unsafe sex 839 17.15%
High body-mass index (obesity) 172 3.52%
Household air pollution 288 5.89%
Outdoor air pollution 290 5.93%
High total cholesterol 151 3.09%
High blood pressure 352 7.19%
High blood sugar 242 4.95%


Eritrea - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0.01%
Low bone mineral density 50 0.71%
Drug use 8 0.11%
Alcohol use 410 5.83%
No access to handwashing facility 348 4.95%
Poor sanitation 396 5.63%
Unsafe sex 331 4.71%
Smoking 314 4.46%
Secondhand smoke 86 1.22%
Unsafe water source 462 6.57%
Diet low in vegetables 310 4.41%
Diet low in fruits 469 6.67%
Low physical activity 76 1.08%
Outdoor air pollution 558 7.93%
Household air pollution 551 7.83%
High body-mass index (obesity) 467 6.64%
High blood sugar 664 9.44%
High total cholesterol 300 4.27%
High blood pressure 1232 17.52%


Eritrea - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 126 2.15%
Drug use 2 0.03%
Alcohol use 115 1.96%
Smoking 122 2.08%
Secondhand smoke 73 1.25%
Household air pollution 519 8.86%
Outdoor air pollution 516 8.81%
No access to handwashing facility 325 5.55%
Poor sanitation 355 6.06%
Unsafe water source 414 7.07%
Unsafe sex 80 1.37%
Low physical activity 120 2.05%
Diet low in vegetables 244 4.17%
Diet low in fruits 319 5.45%
High cholesterol 270 4.61%
High blood pressure 1321 22.56%
High blood sugar 689 11.77%
High body-mass index (obesity) 245 4.18%


Eritrea - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 164 | Deaths : 56 34.15%
Breast cancer Patients : 1222 | Deaths : 265 21.69%
Larynx cancer Patients : 70 | Deaths : 29 41.43%
Kidney cancer Patients : 204 | Deaths : 20 9.8%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 212 | Deaths : 42 19.81%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 290 | Deaths : 90 31.03%
Stomach cancer Patients : 177 | Deaths : 156 88.14%
Uterine cancer Patients : 167 | Deaths : 56 33.53%
Bladder cancer Patients : 148 | Deaths : 48 32.43%
Cervical cancer Patients : 2503 | Deaths : 474 18.94%
Prostate cancer Patients : 827 | Deaths : 269 32.53%
Testicular cancer Patients : 21 | Deaths : 6 28.57%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 82 | Deaths : 48 58.54%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 148 | Deaths : 117 79.05%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 119 | Deaths : 31 26.05%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 450 | Deaths : 211 46.89%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 18 | Deaths : 18 100%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 225 | Deaths : 42 18.67%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 149 | Deaths : 73 48.99%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 98 | Deaths : 24 24.49%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 25 | Deaths : 13 52%


Eritrea - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 224 3.21%
5-14 year olds 189 2.71%
15-49 year olds 2670 38.27%
50-69 year olds 2935 42.07%
70+ year olds 958 13.73%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

-->