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El Salvador Health

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CONTENT


Causes of death across El Salvador are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in El Salvador.

Highlights of El Salvador BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)
  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in El Salvador gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 109.78%109.78%
    • Fat : 35.58%35.58%
    • Plant protein : 11.85%11.85%
    • Animal protein : 6.41%6.41%
  • 63.62% increase in caloric supply : Currently El Salvador gets 2577/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 1575/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Sugar and Oils & Fats are three major diet compositions in El Salvador
  • Maize, Wheat and Sorghum are three major Cereal preferences in El Salvador
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in El Salvador average intake is 170.79 grams
  • Oranges & Mandarines, Plantains and Bananas are three major Fruit Types Intake in El Salvador
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in El Salvador average Fruit intake is 147.18grams
  • In El Salvador, average male height is in the increasing trend and female height is in increasing trend
  • 56.80% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in El Salvador is in the range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in
Cereal Preferences in El Salvador
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Maize659
2Wheat252
3Sorghum144
4Rice103
5Oats2
6Rye0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in El Salvador
Diet Compositions in El Salvador
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1162
2Sugar400
3Oils & Fats254
4Dairy & Eggs229
5Pulses161
6Meat120
7Fruits & Vegetables119
8Starchy Roots62
9Alcoholic Beverages48
10Other22


Major Cause of Death



Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in El Salvador with 9332 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 23% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease and Cancers were the highest types of death causes in El Salvador.
    Major Cause of Death in El Salvador
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 19379 deaths (year 2016).
  • 35.76% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Homicide, Road accidents and Cancers are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Homicide, Cancers and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases, Cardiovascular diseases and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 22% of people aging over 50 years die because of Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in El Salvador (and it's count) Number of Deaths in El Salvador - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)


Major Risk Factors of Death



  • Three Major factors of death in El Salvador are High blood pressure, High blood sugar and High body-mass index (obesity). Every year around 162 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Outdoor air pollution and Unsafe water source are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Alcohol use, High body-mass index (obesity) and High blood sugar are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High body-mass index (obesity), High blood sugar and High blood pressure are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in El Salvador (and it's count)


Cancer Analysis



0.35% of El Salvador population was suffering from cancer i.e. 17524 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Stomach cancer (Count : 698) and Cervical cancer was also concerning with 443 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 3% of survival chance.El Salvador was really successful in diagnosing Testicular cancer where 92% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 7057 people were of age group 70+ year olds.In 2016, 1126 were suffering from Stomach cancer out of which 698 people were dead. This means 61.99% death rate of people suffering from Stomach cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in El Salvador and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in El Salvador :
  • 0.35 % of El Salvador population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Stomach cancer
  • Testicular cancer was most cured cancer in El Salvador
  • Stomach cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in El Salvador

Tables (Appendix)



Major Cause of Deaths in El Salvador (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 2124 5.28%
Cardiovascular diseases 9332 23.19%
Kidney disease 3649 9.07%
Respiratory disease 1198 2.98%
Liver disease 1376 3.42%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 6117 15.2%
Digestive disease 808 2.01%
Hepatitis 8 0.02%
Cancers 5203 12.93%
Parkinson's disease 128 0.32%
Fire 50 0.12%
Malaria 0 0%
Drowning 268 0.67%
Homicide 3355 8.34%
HIV/AIDS 163 0.41%
Drug disorder 26 0.06%
Tuberculosis 79 0.2%
Road incidents 1374 3.41%
Maternal deaths 39 0.1%
Neonatal deaths 442 1.1%
Alcohol disorder 861 2.14%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 292 0.73%
Respiratory disease 1198 2.98%
Road incidents 1374 3.41%
Liver disease 1376 3.42%
Lower respiratory infections 1994.30883275 4.96%
Dementia 2124 5.28%
Homicide 3355 8.34%
Kidney disease 3649 9.07%
Cancers 5203 12.93%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 6117 15.2%
Cardiovascular diseases 9332 23.19%



El Salvador - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 21 1.7%
Congenital birth defects 25 2.02%
Lower respiratory infections 25 2.02%
Neonatal infections 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Cancers 67 5.42%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 442 35.76%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 18 1.46%
Cardiovascular disease 1 0.08%
Homicide 0 0%
Road accidents 12 0.97%
Drowning 0 0%
Digestive diseases 4 0.32%
Kidney disease 25 2.02%
Fire 0 0%
Liver disease 11 0.89%
Tuberculosis 22 1.78%
Hepatitis 3 0.24%
HIV/AIDS 10 0.81%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 21 1.7%
Drug use disorders 308 24.92%
Malaria 151 12.22%
Measles 0 0%
Natural disasters 70 5.66%



El Salvador - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 14 3.55%
Homicide 77 19.54%
Nutritional deficiencies 6 1.52%
Protein-energy malnutrition 6 1.52%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 9 2.28%
Road accidents 65 16.5%
Tuberculosis 1 0.25%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Drowning 31 7.87%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 3 0.76%
Cancers 61 15.48%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 9 2.28%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 26 6.6%
Liver disease 6 1.52%
Respiratory disease 5 1.27%
Kidney disease 17 4.31%
Cardiovascular disease 25 6.35%
Lower respiratory infections 33 8.38%


El Salvador - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 453 5.34%
Homicide 2795 32.92%
Nutritional deficiencies 33 0.39%
Protein-energy malnutrition 32 0.38%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 2 0.02%
Diarrheal diseases 30 0.35%
Road accidents 751 8.85%
Tuberculosis 21 0.25%
HIV/AIDS 132 1.55%
Drowning 176 2.07%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 17 0.2%
Cancers 812 9.56%
Hepatitis 2 0.02%
Digestive diseases 110 1.3%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 758 8.93%
Liver disease 382 4.5%
Respiratory disease 56 0.66%
Kidney disease 519 6.11%
Cardiovascular disease 706 8.32%
Drug disorder 12 0.14%
Alcohol disorder 460 5.42%
Parkinson's disease 1 0.01%
Dementia 2 0.02%
Lower respiratory infections 228 2.69%


El Salvador - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 86 0.91%
Homicide 361 3.83%
Nutritional deficiencies 43 0.46%
Protein-energy malnutrition 43 0.46%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.01%
Diarrheal diseases 44 0.47%
Road accidents 295 3.13%
Tuberculosis 22 0.23%
HIV/AIDS 26 0.28%
Drowning 33 0.35%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 8 0.08%
Cancers 1696 18%
Hepatitis 2 0.02%
Digestive diseases 184 1.95%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 2027 21.52%
Liver disease 533 5.66%
Respiratory disease 185 1.96%
Kidney disease 1196 12.7%
Cardiovascular diseases 1845 19.58%
Dementia 106 1.13%
Parkinson's disease 11 0.12%
Drug disorder 6 0.06%
Alcohol disorder 305 3.24%
Lower respiratory infections 363 3.85%


El Salvador - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 38 0.18%
Homicide 101 0.48%
Nutritional deficiencies 219 1.05%
Protein-energy malnutrition 218 1.04%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0%
Diarrheal diseases 141 0.67%
Road accidents 244 1.17%
Tuberculosis 35 0.17%
HIV/AIDS 5 0.02%
Drowning 16 0.08%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 18 0.09%
Cancers 2609 12.47%
Hepatitis 2 0.01%
Digestive diseases 494 2.36%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 3284 15.7%
Liver disease 452 2.16%
Respiratory disease 947 4.53%
Kidney disease 1905 9.11%
Cardiovascular disease 6734 32.19%
Parkinson's disease 116 0.55%
Dementia 2016 9.64%
Drug use disorders 8 0.04%
Alcohol use disorders 96 0.46%
Lower respiratory infections 1219 5.83%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in El Salvador
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 162 0.47%
Poor sanitation 146 0.42%
No access to handwashing facility 154 0.44%
Household air pollution 697 2.01%
Outdoor air pollution 1969 5.68%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 35 0.1%
Discontinued breastfeeding 3 0.01%
Child wasting 123 0.35%
Child stunting 16 0.05%
Low birth weight 245 0.71%
Secondhand smoke 413 1.19%
Alcohol use 3326 9.59%
Drug use 595 1.72%
Diet low in fruits 1109 3.2%
Diet low in vegetables 1142 3.29%
Unsafe sex 606 1.75%
Low physical activity 751 2.16%
High blood sugar 6242 17.99%
High cholesterol 2899 8.36%
High body-mass index (obesity) 5426 15.64%
High blood pressure 6910 19.92%
Smoking 1305 3.76%
Iron deficiency 2 0.01%
Zinc deficiency 3 0.01%
Vitamin-A deficiency 1 0%
Low bone mineral density 409 1.18%


El Salvador - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 3 0.52%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 35 6.04%
Child stunting 16 2.76%
Low birth weight 245 42.31%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 20 3.45%
Secondhand smoke 11 1.9%
Poor sanitation 34 5.87%
Unsafe water source 37 6.39%
Household air pollution 16 2.76%
Outdoor air pollution 38 6.56%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 1 0.17%
Child wasting 123 21.24%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


El Salvador - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 1 3.03%
No access to handwashing facility 3 9.09%
Unsafe water source 5 15.15%
Unsafe sex 0 0%
Iron deficiency 2 6.06%
Secondhand smoke 2 6.06%
Household air pollution 4 12.12%
Outdoor air pollution 8 24.24%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood sugar 3 9.09%
High blood pressure 0 0%
Poor sanitation 5 15.15%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


El Salvador - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 2 0.04%
Low bone mineral density 18 0.38%
Drug use 192 4.07%
Alcohol use 1436 30.41%
No access to handwashing facility 17 0.36%
Unsafe water source 17 0.36%
Poor sanitation 15 0.32%
Smoking 190 4.02%
Secondhand smoke 40 0.85%
Low physical activity 37 0.78%
Diet low in fruits 167 3.54%
Diet low in vegetables 138 2.92%
Unsafe sex 257 5.44%
High body-mass index (obesity) 677 14.34%
Household air pollution 78 1.65%
Outdoor air pollution 211 4.47%
High total cholesterol 291 6.16%
High blood pressure 436 9.23%
High blood sugar 503 10.65%


El Salvador - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 64 0.64%
Drug use 239 2.37%
Alcohol use 1103 10.95%
No access to handwashing facility 26 0.26%
Poor sanitation 22 0.22%
Unsafe sex 198 1.97%
Smoking 451 4.48%
Secondhand smoke 110 1.09%
Unsafe water source 24 0.24%
Diet low in vegetables 283 2.81%
Diet low in fruits 336 3.34%
Low physical activity 134 1.33%
Outdoor air pollution 479 4.76%
Household air pollution 168 1.67%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2053 20.38%
High blood sugar 1942 19.28%
High total cholesterol 710 7.05%
High blood pressure 1731 17.18%


El Salvador - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 328 1.7%
Drug use 165 0.86%
Alcohol use 786 4.08%
Smoking 664 3.44%
Secondhand smoke 250 1.3%
Household air pollution 431 2.24%
Outdoor air pollution 1232 6.39%
No access to handwashing facility 87 0.45%
Poor sanitation 71 0.37%
Unsafe water source 78 0.4%
Unsafe sex 150 0.78%
Low physical activity 581 3.01%
Diet low in vegetables 721 3.74%
Diet low in fruits 607 3.15%
High cholesterol 1898 9.84%
High blood pressure 4743 24.6%
High blood sugar 3792 19.67%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2696 13.98%


El Salvador - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 354 | Deaths : 117 33.05%
Breast cancer Patients : 3568 | Deaths : 334 9.36%
Larynx cancer Patients : 184 | Deaths : 49 26.63%
Kidney cancer Patients : 597 | Deaths : 66 11.06%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 266 | Deaths : 24 9.02%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 540 | Deaths : 105 19.44%
Stomach cancer Patients : 1126 | Deaths : 698 61.99%
Uterine cancer Patients : 1342 | Deaths : 112 8.35%
Bladder cancer Patients : 386 | Deaths : 66 17.1%
Cervical cancer Patients : 3221 | Deaths : 443 13.75%
Prostate cancer Patients : 3316 | Deaths : 426 12.85%
Testicular cancer Patients : 75 | Deaths : 6 8%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 235 | Deaths : 161 68.51%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 76 | Deaths : 74 97.37%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 134 | Deaths : 29 21.64%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 2211 | Deaths : 430 19.45%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 491 | Deaths : 47 9.57%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 492 | Deaths : 62 12.6%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 421 | Deaths : 182 43.23%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 467 | Deaths : 159 34.05%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 113 | Deaths : 35 30.97%


El Salvador - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 76 0.43%
5-14 year olds 159 0.91%
15-49 year olds 3816 21.78%
50-69 year olds 6416 36.61%
70+ year olds 7057 40.27%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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