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Ecuador Health

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Causes of death across Ecuador are changing due to Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical represntation of major causes of death in Ecuador.

Highlights of Ecuador BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & Definations)
  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Ecuador gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 62.21%62.21%
    • Fat : 42.56%42.56%
    • Animal protein : 7.30%7.30%
    • Plant protein : 4.96%4.96%
  • 17.02% increase in caloric supply : Currently Ecuador gets 2344/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2003/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Meat are three major diet compositions in Ecuador
  • Rice, Wheat and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in Ecuador
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegitable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Ecuador average intake is 63.42 grams
  • Bananas, Plantains and Oranges & Mandarines are three major Fruit Types Intake in Ecuador
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Ecuador average Fruit intake is 280.79grams
  • In Ecuador, average male height is in increasing trend and female height is in increasing trend
  • 54.90% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Ecuador is in range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in
Cereal Preferences in Ecuador
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Rice425
2Wheat302
3Maize66
4Oats19
5Rye0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Ecuador
Diet Compositions in Ecuador
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains812
2Oils & Fats487
3Meat259
4Dairy & Eggs257
5Sugar223
6Fruits & Vegetables167
7Alcoholic Beverages50
8Starchy Roots45
9Other25
10Pulses19


Major Cause of Death



Cardiovascular diseases was major cause of death in Ecuador with 16522 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 22% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease were highest types of death causes in Ecuador.
    Major Cause of Death in Ecuador
  • Maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 35408 deaths (year 2016).
  • 40.69% kids below age 5 years die due to Neonatal disorders.
  • Road accidents, Cancers and Natural disasters are the major cause of death in kids aging 5 - 14 years.
  • Road accidents, Cancers and Homicide are the major cause of death in people aging 14 - 49 years.
  • Cancers, Cardiovascular diseases and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aging more than 50 years.
  • Overall its observed that 23% of people aging more than 50 years die due to Cancers.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Ecuador (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Ecuador - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)


Major Risk Factors of Death



  • Three Major factors of death in Ecuador are High blood pressure, High body-mass index (obesity) and High blood sugar. Every year around 135 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Outdoor air pollution and Iron deficiency are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Alcohol use, High body-mass index (obesity) and Unsafe sex are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High body-mass index (obesity), High blood sugar and High blood pressure are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Ecuador (and it's count)


Cancer Analysis



0.37% of Ecuador population was suffering from cancer i.e. 45195 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Stomach cancer (Count : 2278) and Prostate cancer was also concerning with 1190 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 5% of survival chance.Ecuador was really successful in diagnosing Testicular cancer where 94% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 19151 people were of age group 70+ year olds.In 2016, 3583 were suffering from Stomach cancer out of which 2278 people were dead. This means 63.58% death rate of people suffering from Stomach cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Ecuador and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Ecuador :
  • 0.37 % of Ecuador population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Stomach cancer
  • Testicular cancer was most cured cancer in Ecuador
  • Stomach cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Ecuador

Tables (Appendix)



Major Cause of Deaths in Ecuador (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 3023 3.97%
Cardiovascular diseases 16522 21.72%
Kidney disease 4846 6.37%
Respiratory disease 2679 3.52%
Liver disease 2821 3.71%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 9580 12.59%
Digestive disease 2264 2.98%
Hepatitis 40 0.05%
Cancers 13041 17.14%
Parkinson's disease 295 0.39%
Fire 198 0.26%
Malaria 9 0.01%
Drowning 588 0.77%
Homicide 2234 2.94%
HIV/AIDS 1011 1.33%
Drug disorder 185 0.24%
Tuberculosis 604 0.79%
Road incidents 3871 5.09%
Maternal deaths 217 0.29%
Neonatal deaths 2550 3.35%
Alcohol disorder 414 0.54%
Natural disasters 1379 1.81%
Diarrheal diseases 353 0.46%
Neonatal deaths 2550 3.35%
Respiratory disease 2679 3.52%
Liver disease 2821 3.71%
Dementia 3023 3.97%
Road incidents 3871 5.09%
Lower respiratory infections 4402.49208118 5.79%
Kidney disease 4846 6.37%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 9580 12.59%
Cancers 13041 17.14%
Cardiovascular diseases 16522 21.72%



Ecuador - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 28 0.45%
Congenital birth defects 129 2.06%
Lower respiratory infections 139 2.22%
Neonatal infections 105 1.68%
Diarrheal diseases 2 0.03%
Road accidents 157 2.51%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 2550 40.69%
Cancers 146 2.33%
Natural disasters 8 0.13%
Drowning 35 0.56%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 92 1.47%
Cardiovascular disease 1 0.02%
Digestive diseases 28 0.45%
HIV/AIDS 121 1.93%
Kidney disease 3 0.05%
Homicide 75 1.2%
Fire 84 1.34%
Liver disease 13 0.21%
Tuberculosis 29 0.46%
Hepatitis 82 1.31%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1168 18.64%
Malaria 930 14.84%
Measles 0 0%
Drug use disorders 342 5.46%



Ecuador - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 55 4.33%
Homicide 53 4.18%
Nutritional deficiencies 15 1.18%
Protein-energy malnutrition 12 0.95%
Natural disasters 195 15.37%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 3 0.24%
Diarrheal diseases 18 1.42%
Road accidents 265 20.88%
Tuberculosis 9 0.71%
HIV/AIDS 13 1.02%
Drowning 84 6.62%
Malaria 1 0.08%
Fire 17 1.34%
Cancers 204 16.08%
Hepatitis 2 0.16%
Digestive diseases 41 3.23%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 53 4.18%
Liver disease 14 1.1%
Respiratory disease 13 1.02%
Kidney disease 26 2.05%
Cardiovascular disease 60 4.73%
Lower respiratory infections 116 9.14%


Ecuador - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 913 6.78%
Homicide 1765 13.11%
Nutritional deficiencies 42 0.31%
Protein-energy malnutrition 31 0.23%
Natural disasters 677 5.03%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 22 0.16%
Diarrheal diseases 34 0.25%
Road accidents 2255 16.76%
Tuberculosis 212 1.58%
HIV/AIDS 738 5.48%
Drowning 276 2.05%
Malaria 4 0.03%
Fire 61 0.45%
Cancers 1858 13.81%
Hepatitis 14 0.1%
Digestive diseases 335 2.49%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 905 6.72%
Liver disease 461 3.43%
Respiratory disease 128 0.95%
Kidney disease 480 3.57%
Cardiovascular disease 1582 11.76%
Drug disorder 71 0.53%
Alcohol disorder 178 1.32%
Parkinson's disease 2 0.01%
Dementia 4 0.03%
Lower respiratory infections 410 3.05%


Ecuador - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 215 1.17%
Homicide 312 1.69%
Nutritional deficiencies 66 0.36%
Protein-energy malnutrition 51 0.28%
Natural disasters 251 1.36%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 16 0.09%
Diarrheal diseases 37 0.2%
Road accidents 734 3.98%
Tuberculosis 177 0.96%
HIV/AIDS 204 1.11%
Drowning 92 0.5%
Malaria 2 0.01%
Fire 34 0.18%
Cancers 4245 23.02%
Hepatitis 11 0.06%
Digestive diseases 569 3.09%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 3164 17.16%
Liver disease 1196 6.49%
Respiratory disease 389 2.11%
Kidney disease 1592 8.63%
Cardiovascular diseases 3999 21.69%
Dementia 181 0.98%
Parkinson's disease 31 0.17%
Drug disorder 52 0.28%
Alcohol disorder 175 0.95%
Lower respiratory infections 645 3.5%


Ecuador - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 82 0.22%
Homicide 75 0.2%
Nutritional deficiencies 536 1.42%
Protein-energy malnutrition 469 1.24%
Natural disasters 150 0.4%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 9 0.02%
Diarrheal diseases 106 0.28%
Road accidents 471 1.25%
Tuberculosis 199 0.53%
HIV/AIDS 20 0.05%
Drowning 44 0.12%
Malaria 1 0%
Fire 58 0.15%
Cancers 6613 17.51%
Hepatitis 10 0.03%
Digestive diseases 1244 3.29%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 5375 14.23%
Liver disease 1138 3.01%
Respiratory disease 2131 5.64%
Kidney disease 2719 7.2%
Cardiovascular disease 10799 28.59%
Parkinson's disease 261 0.69%
Dementia 2839 7.52%
Drug use disorders 62 0.16%
Alcohol use disorders 61 0.16%
Lower respiratory infections 2301 6.09%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Ecuador
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 135 0.24%
Poor sanitation 114 0.2%
No access to handwashing facility 272 0.49%
Household air pollution 433 0.78%
Outdoor air pollution 2240 4.01%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 92 0.16%
Discontinued breastfeeding 5 0.01%
Child wasting 584 1.05%
Child stunting 102 0.18%
Low birth weight 1434 2.57%
Secondhand smoke 589 1.05%
Alcohol use 5709 10.22%
Drug use 557 1%
Diet low in fruits 814 1.46%
Diet low in vegetables 2136 3.82%
Unsafe sex 1673 3%
Low physical activity 1331 2.38%
High blood sugar 9108 16.31%
High cholesterol 3934 7.04%
High body-mass index (obesity) 10121 18.12%
High blood pressure 10773 19.29%
Smoking 3016 5.4%
Iron deficiency 12 0.02%
Zinc deficiency 30 0.05%
Vitamin-A deficiency 1 0%
Low bone mineral density 642 1.15%


Ecuador - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 5 0.19%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 92 3.53%
Child stunting 102 3.92%
Low birth weight 1434 55.09%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 73 2.8%
Secondhand smoke 49 1.88%
Poor sanitation 51 1.96%
Unsafe water source 60 2.31%
Household air pollution 33 1.27%
Outdoor air pollution 114 4.38%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1 0.04%
High blood pressure 1 0.04%
High blood sugar 4 0.15%
Child wasting 584 22.44%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Ecuador - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 3 4.29%
No access to handwashing facility 9 12.86%
Unsafe water source 7 10%
Unsafe sex 3 4.29%
Iron deficiency 11 15.71%
Secondhand smoke 6 8.57%
Household air pollution 4 5.71%
Outdoor air pollution 14 20%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1 1.43%
High blood sugar 5 7.14%
High blood pressure 1 1.43%
Poor sanitation 6 8.57%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Ecuador - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 11 0.15%
Low bone mineral density 51 0.67%
Drug use 207 2.73%
Alcohol use 1948 25.68%
No access to handwashing facility 26 0.34%
Unsafe water source 13 0.17%
Poor sanitation 11 0.15%
Smoking 243 3.2%
Secondhand smoke 64 0.84%
Low physical activity 78 1.03%
Diet low in fruits 181 2.39%
Diet low in vegetables 335 4.42%
Unsafe sex 905 11.93%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1331 17.55%
Household air pollution 50 0.66%
Outdoor air pollution 263 3.47%
High total cholesterol 497 6.55%
High blood pressure 746 9.84%
High blood sugar 625 8.24%


Ecuador - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 159 0.92%
Drug use 226 1.31%
Alcohol use 1940 11.27%
No access to handwashing facility 37 0.22%
Poor sanitation 12 0.07%
Unsafe sex 497 2.89%
Smoking 841 4.89%
Secondhand smoke 158 0.92%
Unsafe water source 14 0.08%
Diet low in vegetables 678 3.94%
Diet low in fruits 269 1.56%
Low physical activity 310 1.8%
Outdoor air pollution 591 3.43%
Household air pollution 102 0.59%
High body-mass index (obesity) 4271 24.82%
High blood sugar 3035 17.64%
High total cholesterol 1221 7.1%
High blood pressure 2846 16.54%


Ecuador - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 432 1.52%
Drug use 124 0.44%
Alcohol use 1817 6.4%
Smoking 1932 6.81%
Secondhand smoke 313 1.1%
Household air pollution 243 0.86%
Outdoor air pollution 1258 4.43%
No access to handwashing facility 128 0.45%
Poor sanitation 34 0.12%
Unsafe water source 41 0.14%
Unsafe sex 268 0.94%
Low physical activity 943 3.32%
Diet low in vegetables 1123 3.96%
Diet low in fruits 364 1.28%
High cholesterol 2216 7.81%
High blood pressure 7179 25.3%
High blood sugar 5440 19.17%
High body-mass index (obesity) 4517 15.92%


Ecuador - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 962 | Deaths : 402 41.79%
Breast cancer Patients : 7170 | Deaths : 651 9.08%
Larynx cancer Patients : 390 | Deaths : 93 23.85%
Kidney cancer Patients : 1951 | Deaths : 203 10.4%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 1992 | Deaths : 139 6.98%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 1213 | Deaths : 231 19.04%
Stomach cancer Patients : 3583 | Deaths : 2278 63.58%
Uterine cancer Patients : 3707 | Deaths : 254 6.85%
Bladder cancer Patients : 913 | Deaths : 142 15.55%
Cervical cancer Patients : 5256 | Deaths : 728 13.85%
Prostate cancer Patients : 10126 | Deaths : 1190 11.75%
Testicular cancer Patients : 518 | Deaths : 33 6.37%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 515 | Deaths : 358 69.51%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 170 | Deaths : 162 95.29%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 114 | Deaths : 22 19.3%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 6703 | Deaths : 933 13.92%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 898 | Deaths : 138 15.37%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 975 | Deaths : 121 12.41%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 1052 | Deaths : 415 39.45%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 1104 | Deaths : 349 31.61%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 252 | Deaths : 82 32.54%


Ecuador - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 537 1.19%
5-14 year olds 531 1.17%
15-49 year olds 7647 16.92%
50-69 year olds 17328 38.34%
70+ year olds 19151 42.38%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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