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Dominican Republic Health

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CONTENT


Causes of death across Dominican Republic are changing due to Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical represntation of major causes of death in Dominican Republic.

Highlights of Dominican Republic BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & Definations)
  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Dominican Republic gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 92.11%92.11%
    • Fat : 46.90%46.90%
    • Plant protein : 7.43%7.43%
    • Animal protein : 6.16%6.16%
  • 52.60% increase in caloric supply : Currently Dominican Republic gets 2614/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 1713/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Oils & Fats and Fruits & Vegetables are three major diet compositions in Dominican Republic
  • Rice, Wheat and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in Dominican Republic
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegitable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Dominican Republic average intake is 135.32 grams
  • Bananas, Plantains and Pineapples are three major Fruit Types Intake in Dominican Republic
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Dominican Republic average Fruit intake is 715.32grams
  • In Dominican Republic, average male height is in increasing trend and female height is in increasing trend
  • 59.90% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Dominican Republic is in range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in
Cereal Preferences in Dominican Republic
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Rice510
2Wheat215
3Maize34
4Oats0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Dominican Republic
Diet Compositions in Dominican Republic
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains759
2Oils & Fats513
3Fruits & Vegetables366
4Sugar334
5Meat204
6Dairy & Eggs143
7Pulses107
8Alcoholic Beverages86
9Starchy Roots74
10Other28


Major Cause of Death



Cardiovascular diseases was major cause of death in Dominican Republic with 20804 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 37% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease were highest types of death causes in Dominican Republic.
    Major Cause of Death in Dominican Republic
  • Maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 28681 deaths (year 2016).
  • 48.66% kids below age 5 years die due to Neonatal disorders.
  • Road accidents, Cancers and Homicide are the major cause of death in kids aging 5 - 14 years.
  • HIV/AIDS, Cardiovascular disease and Road accidents are the major cause of death in people aging 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aging more than 50 years.
  • Overall its observed that 38% of people aging more than 50 years die due to Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Dominican Republic (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Dominican Republic - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)


Major Risk Factors of Death



  • Three Major factors of death in Dominican Republic are High blood pressure, High blood sugar and High cholesterol. Every year around 326 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • No access to handwashing facility and Outdoor air pollution are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Unsafe sex, Alcohol use and High body-mass index (obesity) are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, High body-mass index (obesity) and High blood sugar are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Dominican Republic (and it's count)


Cancer Analysis



0.41% of Dominican Republic population was suffering from cancer i.e. 31147 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Prostate cancer (Count : 1665) and Colon & rectum cancer was also concerning with 688 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 0% of survival chance.Dominican Republic was really successful in diagnosing Testicular cancer where 95% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 15096 people were of age group 70+ year olds.In 2016, 11897 were suffering from Prostate cancer out of which 1665 people were dead. This means 14% death rate of people suffering from Prostate cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Dominican Republic and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Dominican Republic :
  • 0.41 % of Dominican Republic population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Prostate cancer
  • Testicular cancer was most cured cancer in Dominican Republic
  • Prostate cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Dominican Republic

Tables (Appendix)



Major Cause of Deaths in Dominican Republic (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 2233 3.98%
Cardiovascular diseases 20804 37.04%
Kidney disease 1790 3.19%
Respiratory disease 1586 2.82%
Liver disease 1452 2.59%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 4210 7.5%
Digestive disease 799 1.42%
Hepatitis 73 0.13%
Cancers 8174 14.55%
Parkinson's disease 202 0.36%
Fire 113 0.2%
Malaria 2 0%
Drowning 185 0.33%
Homicide 1420 2.53%
HIV/AIDS 4103 7.3%
Drug disorder 52 0.09%
Tuberculosis 379 0.67%
Road incidents 1973 3.51%
Maternal deaths 122 0.22%
Neonatal deaths 2671 4.76%
Alcohol disorder 130 0.23%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 465 0.83%
Respiratory disease 1586 2.82%
Kidney disease 1790 3.19%
Road incidents 1973 3.51%
Lower respiratory infections 1979.20017646 3.52%
Dementia 2233 3.98%
Neonatal deaths 2671 4.76%
HIV/AIDS 4103 7.3%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 4210 7.5%
Cancers 8174 14.55%
Cardiovascular diseases 20804 37.04%



Dominican Republic - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 59 1.07%
Neonatal infections 61 1.11%
Congenital birth defects 63 1.15%
Lower respiratory infections 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 3 0.05%
Cardiovascular disease 211 3.84%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 0 0%
Road accidents 2671 48.66%
Nutritional deficiencies 65 1.18%
Protein-energy malnutrition 12 0.22%
Homicide 27 0.49%
Cancers 23 0.42%
Digestive diseases 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 22 0.4%
Drowning 57 1.04%
Fire 3 0.05%
Kidney disease 50 0.91%
Tuberculosis 66 1.2%
Liver disease 6 0.11%
Hepatitis 17 0.31%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 86 1.57%
Malaria 746 13.59%
Drug use disorders 466 8.49%
Measles 0 0%
Natural disasters 775 14.12%



Dominican Republic - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 12 1.48%
Homicide 79 9.72%
Nutritional deficiencies 10 1.23%
Protein-energy malnutrition 10 1.23%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 3 0.37%
Diarrheal diseases 16 1.97%
Road accidents 196 24.11%
Tuberculosis 10 1.23%
HIV/AIDS 37 4.55%
Drowning 46 5.66%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 14 1.72%
Cancers 110 13.53%
Hepatitis 4 0.49%
Digestive diseases 22 2.71%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 63 7.75%
Liver disease 13 1.6%
Respiratory disease 19 2.34%
Kidney disease 22 2.71%
Cardiovascular disease 64 7.87%
Lower respiratory infections 63 7.75%


Dominican Republic - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 321 3.58%
Homicide 1022 11.38%
Nutritional deficiencies 13 0.14%
Protein-energy malnutrition 10 0.11%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 13 0.14%
Diarrheal diseases 37 0.41%
Road accidents 1045 11.64%
Tuberculosis 139 1.55%
HIV/AIDS 2953 32.9%
Drowning 67 0.75%
Malaria 1 0.01%
Fire 23 0.26%
Cancers 854 9.51%
Hepatitis 19 0.21%
Digestive diseases 99 1.1%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 447 4.98%
Liver disease 199 2.22%
Respiratory disease 88 0.98%
Kidney disease 209 2.33%
Cardiovascular disease 1192 13.28%
Drug disorder 24 0.27%
Alcohol disorder 50 0.56%
Parkinson's disease 1 0.01%
Dementia 3 0.03%
Lower respiratory infections 148 1.65%


Dominican Republic - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 143 1.12%
Homicide 205 1.6%
Nutritional deficiencies 20 0.16%
Protein-energy malnutrition 16 0.13%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 9 0.07%
Diarrheal diseases 48 0.38%
Road accidents 412 3.22%
Tuberculosis 107 0.84%
HIV/AIDS 964 7.54%
Drowning 26 0.2%
Malaria 1 0.01%
Fire 15 0.12%
Cancers 2572 20.11%
Hepatitis 23 0.18%
Digestive diseases 187 1.46%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1255 9.81%
Liver disease 554 4.33%
Respiratory disease 293 2.29%
Kidney disease 549 4.29%
Cardiovascular diseases 4918 38.45%
Dementia 126 0.99%
Parkinson's disease 19 0.15%
Drug disorder 12 0.09%
Alcohol disorder 49 0.38%
Lower respiratory infections 266 2.08%


Dominican Republic - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 94 0.32%
Homicide 55 0.19%
Nutritional deficiencies 95 0.33%
Protein-energy malnutrition 88 0.3%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 15 0.05%
Diarrheal diseases 153 0.52%
Road accidents 256 0.88%
Tuberculosis 111 0.38%
HIV/AIDS 122 0.42%
Drowning 23 0.08%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 38 0.13%
Cancers 4580 15.67%
Hepatitis 24 0.08%
Digestive diseases 440 1.51%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 2381 8.15%
Liver disease 680 2.33%
Respiratory disease 1169 4%
Kidney disease 994 3.4%
Cardiovascular disease 14544 49.76%
Parkinson's disease 181 0.62%
Dementia 2105 7.2%
Drug use disorders 15 0.05%
Alcohol use disorders 30 0.1%
Lower respiratory infections 1036 3.54%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Dominican Republic
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 326 0.62%
Poor sanitation 143 0.27%
No access to handwashing facility 376 0.72%
Household air pollution 747 1.43%
Outdoor air pollution 2964 5.66%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 127 0.24%
Discontinued breastfeeding 14 0.03%
Child wasting 347 0.66%
Child stunting 33 0.06%
Low birth weight 1549 2.96%
Secondhand smoke 499 0.95%
Alcohol use 2546 4.86%
Drug use 478 0.91%
Diet low in fruits 373 0.71%
Diet low in vegetables 2528 4.83%
Unsafe sex 3779 7.22%
Low physical activity 2047 3.91%
High blood sugar 5815 11.11%
High cholesterol 5377 10.27%
High body-mass index (obesity) 4770 9.11%
High blood pressure 12587 24.04%
Smoking 4679 8.94%
Iron deficiency 6 0.01%
Zinc deficiency 10 0.02%
Vitamin-A deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 228 0.44%


Dominican Republic - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 14 0.55%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 127 4.96%
Child stunting 33 1.29%
Low birth weight 1549 60.53%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 124 4.85%
Secondhand smoke 24 0.94%
Poor sanitation 65 2.54%
Unsafe water source 148 5.78%
Household air pollution 32 1.25%
Outdoor air pollution 90 3.52%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1 0.04%
High blood pressure 1 0.04%
High blood sugar 4 0.16%
Child wasting 347 13.56%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Dominican Republic - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 1 1.41%
No access to handwashing facility 12 16.9%
Unsafe water source 11 15.49%
Unsafe sex 5 7.04%
Iron deficiency 5 7.04%
Secondhand smoke 4 5.63%
Household air pollution 5 7.04%
Outdoor air pollution 12 16.9%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2 2.82%
High blood sugar 8 11.27%
High blood pressure 1 1.41%
Poor sanitation 5 7.04%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Dominican Republic - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 5 0.07%
Low bone mineral density 21 0.31%
Drug use 126 1.84%
Alcohol use 892 13.02%
No access to handwashing facility 29 0.42%
Unsafe water source 26 0.38%
Poor sanitation 11 0.16%
Smoking 291 4.25%
Secondhand smoke 42 0.61%
Low physical activity 89 1.3%
Diet low in fruits 65 0.95%
Diet low in vegetables 255 3.72%
Unsafe sex 2481 36.21%
High body-mass index (obesity) 692 10.1%
Household air pollution 70 1.02%
Outdoor air pollution 261 3.81%
High total cholesterol 493 7.19%
High blood pressure 643 9.38%
High blood sugar 360 5.25%


Dominican Republic - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 64 0.42%
Drug use 227 1.49%
Alcohol use 834 5.46%
No access to handwashing facility 46 0.3%
Poor sanitation 15 0.1%
Unsafe sex 1021 6.68%
Smoking 1452 9.51%
Secondhand smoke 136 0.89%
Unsafe water source 34 0.22%
Diet low in vegetables 794 5.2%
Diet low in fruits 125 0.82%
Low physical activity 458 3%
Outdoor air pollution 878 5.75%
Household air pollution 216 1.41%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2260 14.79%
High blood sugar 1727 11.31%
High total cholesterol 1608 10.53%
High blood pressure 3381 22.13%


Dominican Republic - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 143 0.52%
Drug use 125 0.45%
Alcohol use 818 2.97%
Smoking 2936 10.64%
Secondhand smoke 294 1.07%
Household air pollution 423 1.53%
Outdoor air pollution 1723 6.25%
No access to handwashing facility 165 0.6%
Poor sanitation 47 0.17%
Unsafe water source 107 0.39%
Unsafe sex 272 0.99%
Low physical activity 1500 5.44%
Diet low in vegetables 1480 5.36%
Diet low in fruits 183 0.66%
High cholesterol 3276 11.88%
High blood pressure 8563 31.04%
High blood sugar 3716 13.47%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1816 6.58%


Dominican Republic - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 593 | Deaths : 191 32.21%
Breast cancer Patients : 5970 | Deaths : 560 9.38%
Larynx cancer Patients : 450 | Deaths : 106 23.56%
Kidney cancer Patients : 586 | Deaths : 60 10.24%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 484 | Deaths : 31 6.4%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 429 | Deaths : 90 20.98%
Stomach cancer Patients : 842 | Deaths : 496 58.91%
Uterine cancer Patients : 1524 | Deaths : 96 6.3%
Bladder cancer Patients : 548 | Deaths : 85 15.51%
Cervical cancer Patients : 2681 | Deaths : 383 14.29%
Prostate cancer Patients : 11897 | Deaths : 1665 14%
Testicular cancer Patients : 55 | Deaths : 3 5.45%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 326 | Deaths : 221 67.79%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 135 | Deaths : 135 100%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 239 | Deaths : 62 25.94%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 3754 | Deaths : 688 18.33%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 383 | Deaths : 100 26.11%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 1180 | Deaths : 180 15.25%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 479 | Deaths : 197 41.13%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 1011 | Deaths : 72 7.12%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 103 | Deaths : 51 49.51%


Dominican Republic - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 235 0.75%
5-14 year olds 289 0.93%
15-49 year olds 4258 13.67%
50-69 year olds 11268 36.18%
70+ year olds 15096 48.47%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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