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Democratic Republic of Congo Health

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CONTENT


Causes of death across Democratic Republic of Congo are changing because of Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical representation of major causes of death in Democratic Republic of Congo.

Highlights of Democratic Republic of Congo BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & definitions)
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegetable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Democratic Republic of Congo average intake is 0.00 grams
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Democratic Republic of Congo average Fruit intake is 0.00grams
  • In Democratic Republic of Congo, average male height is in the decreasing trend and female height is in decreasing trend
  • 22.10% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Democratic Republic of Congo is in the range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in
Cereal Preferences in Democratic Republic of Congo
RankCerealskcal/capita/day

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Democratic Republic of Congo
Diet Compositions in Democratic Republic of Congo
RankTypekilocalories per person per day


Major Cause of Death



Cardiovascular diseases was a major cause of death in Democratic Republic of Congo with 82551 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 13% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Malaria and Tuberculosis were the highest types of death causes in Democratic Republic of Congo.
    Major Cause of Death in Democratic Republic of Congo
  • We see the maximum number of deaths is seen in age group Under-5 with 256785 deaths (year 2016).
  • 25.82% kids below age 5 years die because of Neonatal disorders.
  • Malaria, Diarrheal diseases and HIV/AIDS are the major cause of death in kids aged 5 - 14 years.
  • Tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS and Cardiovascular disease are the major cause of death in people aged 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Tuberculosis and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aged over 50 years.
  • Overall, it's observed that 24% of people aging over 50 years die because of Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Democratic Republic of Congo (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Democratic Republic of Congo - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)


Major Risk Factors of Death



  • Three Major factors of death in Democratic Republic of Congo are Household air pollution, Child wasting and High blood pressure. Every year around 33124 people die due to Household air pollution.
  • Child wasting and Low birth weight are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Unsafe water source and Poor sanitation are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Unsafe sex, Alcohol use and Household air pollution are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, Household air pollution and High blood sugar are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Democratic Republic of Congo (and it's count)


Cancer Analysis



0.19% of Democratic Republic of Congo population was suffering from cancer i.e. 67131 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Cervical cancer (Count : 4145) and Breast cancer was also concerning with 2834 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 8% of survival chance.Democratic Republic of Congo was really successful in diagnosing Kidney cancer where 88% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 25945 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 25574 were suffering from Cervical cancer out of which 4145 people were dead. This means 16.21% death rate of people suffering from Cervical cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Democratic Republic of Congo and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Democratic Republic of Congo

Tables (Appendix)



Major Cause of Deaths in Democratic Republic of Congo (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 6905 1.07%
Cardiovascular diseases 82551 12.75%
Kidney disease 3268 0.5%
Respiratory disease 14265 2.2%
Liver disease 10317 1.59%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 16855 2.6%
Digestive disease 15903 2.46%
Hepatitis 1881 0.29%
Cancers 33892 5.24%
Parkinson's disease 306 0.05%
Fire 2901 0.45%
Malaria 77633 11.99%
Drowning 7042 1.09%
Homicide 3093 0.48%
HIV/AIDS 24442 3.78%
Drug disorder 458 0.07%
Tuberculosis 70146 10.84%
Road incidents 14989 2.32%
Maternal deaths 14686 2.27%
Neonatal deaths 66040 10.2%
Alcohol disorder 667 0.1%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 43372 6.7%
HIV/AIDS 24442 3.78%
Protein-energy malnutrition 28520.7492397 4.41%
Nutritional deficiencies 32034 4.95%
Cancers 33892 5.24%
Diarrheal diseases 43372 6.7%
Lower respiratory infections 53979.2183529 8.34%
Neonatal deaths 66040 10.2%
Tuberculosis 70146 10.84%
Malaria 77633 11.99%
Cardiovascular diseases 82551 12.75%



Democratic Republic of Congo - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 231 0.09%
Malaria 18380 7.19%
Lower respiratory infections 18650 7.29%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 124 0.05%
Protein-energy malnutrition 18788 7.34%
Neonatal infections 1 0%
Congenital birth defects 66040 25.82%
Drowning 2701 1.06%
Tuberculosis 3368 1.32%
Road accidents 1453 0.57%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 3450 1.35%
Digestive diseases 57949 22.65%
HIV/AIDS 1066 0.42%
Fire 624 0.24%
Measles 280 0.11%
Cardiovascular disease 1484 0.58%
Cancers 1679 0.66%
Hepatitis 136 0.05%
Homicide 158 0.06%
Kidney disease 837 0.33%
Liver disease 13058 5.1%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 29575 11.56%
Drug use disorders 906 0.35%
Natural disasters 14861 5.81%



Democratic Republic of Congo - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 104 0.47%
Homicide 126 0.57%
Nutritional deficiencies 1333 6.01%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1274 5.74%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 35 0.16%
Diarrheal diseases 2416 10.89%
Road accidents 1775 8%
Tuberculosis 959 4.32%
HIV/AIDS 2128 9.6%
Drowning 1246 5.62%
Malaria 6341 28.59%
Fire 265 1.19%
Cancers 673 3.03%
Hepatitis 102 0.46%
Digestive diseases 422 1.9%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 628 2.83%
Liver disease 121 0.55%
Respiratory disease 190 0.86%
Kidney disease 64 0.29%
Cardiovascular disease 329 1.48%
Lower respiratory infections 1646 7.42%


Democratic Republic of Congo - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 2413 2.11%
Homicide 2516 2.2%
Nutritional deficiencies 3282 2.86%
Protein-energy malnutrition 2214 1.93%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 259 0.23%
Diarrheal diseases 6817 5.95%
Road accidents 8532 7.45%
Tuberculosis 25907 22.61%
HIV/AIDS 17774 15.51%
Drowning 1896 1.65%
Malaria 6600 5.76%
Fire 625 0.55%
Cancers 6932 6.05%
Hepatitis 888 0.78%
Digestive diseases 3867 3.38%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 3374 2.94%
Liver disease 3292 2.87%
Respiratory disease 1616 1.41%
Kidney disease 810 0.71%
Cardiovascular disease 9071 7.92%
Drug disorder 351 0.31%
Alcohol disorder 386 0.34%
Parkinson's disease 4 0%
Dementia 13 0.01%
Lower respiratory infections 5133 4.48%


Democratic Republic of Congo - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 1340 1.06%
Homicide 193 0.15%
Nutritional deficiencies 3614 2.87%
Protein-energy malnutrition 2675 2.13%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 122 0.1%
Diarrheal diseases 6796 5.4%
Road accidents 1458 1.16%
Tuberculosis 24837 19.73%
HIV/AIDS 2913 2.31%
Drowning 335 0.27%
Malaria 4195 3.33%
Fire 505 0.4%
Cancers 15437 12.27%
Hepatitis 406 0.32%
Digestive diseases 5121 4.07%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 5767 4.58%
Liver disease 4597 3.65%
Respiratory disease 5093 4.05%
Kidney disease 1086 0.86%
Cardiovascular diseases 30430 24.18%
Dementia 752 0.6%
Parkinson's disease 42 0.03%
Drug disorder 75 0.06%
Alcohol disorder 240 0.19%
Lower respiratory infections 7831 6.22%


Democratic Republic of Congo - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 606 0.48%
Homicide 26 0.02%
Nutritional deficiencies 5155 4.08%
Protein-energy malnutrition 3977 3.15%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 60 0.05%
Diarrheal diseases 8555 6.77%
Road accidents 523 0.41%
Tuberculosis 15075 11.92%
HIV/AIDS 175 0.14%
Drowning 114 0.09%
Malaria 2548 2.02%
Fire 439 0.35%
Cancers 10226 8.09%
Hepatitis 205 0.16%
Digestive diseases 5009 3.96%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 5406 4.28%
Liver disease 2172 1.72%
Respiratory disease 6857 5.42%
Kidney disease 1149 0.91%
Cardiovascular disease 41885 33.13%
Parkinson's disease 260 0.21%
Dementia 6141 4.86%
Drug use disorders 31 0.02%
Alcohol use disorders 40 0.03%
Lower respiratory infections 9794 7.75%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Democratic Republic of Congo
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 33124 6.73%
Poor sanitation 28002 5.69%
No access to handwashing facility 27653 5.62%
Household air pollution 52788 10.73%
Outdoor air pollution 32664 6.64%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 6068 1.23%
Discontinued breastfeeding 304 0.06%
Child wasting 51253 10.42%
Child stunting 7318 1.49%
Low birth weight 31974 6.5%
Secondhand smoke 3985 0.81%
Alcohol use 28118 5.72%
Drug use 920 0.19%
Diet low in fruits 15246 3.1%
Diet low in vegetables 11544 2.35%
Unsafe sex 25244 5.13%
Low physical activity 5057 1.03%
High blood sugar 30486 6.2%
High cholesterol 12474 2.54%
High body-mass index (obesity) 14502 2.95%
High blood pressure 47611 9.68%
Smoking 18509 3.76%
Iron deficiency 839 0.17%
Zinc deficiency 2211 0.45%
Vitamin-A deficiency 2239 0.46%
Low bone mineral density 1762 0.36%


Democratic Republic of Congo - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 304 0.19%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 6068 3.73%
Child stunting 7318 4.49%
Low birth weight 31974 19.63%
Drug use 1 0%
No access to handwashing facility 12918 7.93%
Secondhand smoke 1462 0.9%
Poor sanitation 12129 7.45%
Unsafe water source 14340 8.81%
Household air pollution 15506 9.52%
Outdoor air pollution 9529 5.85%
High body-mass index (obesity) 38 0.02%
High blood pressure 4 0%
High blood sugar 13 0.01%
Child wasting 51253 31.47%
Iron deficiency 2 0%


Democratic Republic of Congo - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 6 0.08%
No access to handwashing facility 1332 17.31%
Unsafe water source 1847 24%
Unsafe sex 588 7.64%
Iron deficiency 822 10.68%
Secondhand smoke 84 1.09%
Household air pollution 886 11.51%
Outdoor air pollution 530 6.89%
High body-mass index (obesity) 10 0.13%
High blood sugar 25 0.32%
High blood pressure 3 0.04%
Poor sanitation 1560 20.27%
Iron deficiency 4 0.05%


Democratic Republic of Congo - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 822 1.05%
Low bone mineral density 124 0.16%
Drug use 722 0.92%
Alcohol use 12454 15.91%
No access to handwashing facility 3831 4.89%
Unsafe water source 5210 6.65%
Poor sanitation 4402 5.62%
Smoking 4617 5.9%
Secondhand smoke 378 0.48%
Low physical activity 332 0.42%
Diet low in fruits 2533 3.24%
Diet low in vegetables 1852 2.37%
Unsafe sex 18714 23.9%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2384 3.05%
Household air pollution 5633 7.2%
Outdoor air pollution 3630 4.64%
High total cholesterol 1886 2.41%
High blood pressure 5117 6.54%
High blood sugar 3647 4.66%


Democratic Republic of Congo - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 9 0.01%
Low bone mineral density 463 0.37%
Drug use 151 0.12%
Alcohol use 11352 9.18%
No access to handwashing facility 4240 3.43%
Poor sanitation 4387 3.55%
Unsafe sex 4957 4.01%
Smoking 9582 7.75%
Secondhand smoke 972 0.79%
Unsafe water source 5193 4.2%
Diet low in vegetables 5065 4.09%
Diet low in fruits 7053 5.7%
Low physical activity 1697 1.37%
Outdoor air pollution 9077 7.34%
Household air pollution 14536 11.75%
High body-mass index (obesity) 7311 5.91%
High blood sugar 12294 9.94%
High total cholesterol 5242 4.24%
High blood pressure 20108 16.26%


Democratic Republic of Congo - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 2 0%
Low bone mineral density 1176 1.02%
Drug use 47 0.04%
Alcohol use 4307 3.72%
Smoking 4310 3.72%
Secondhand smoke 1089 0.94%
Household air pollution 16227 14.02%
Outdoor air pollution 9898 8.55%
No access to handwashing facility 5332 4.61%
Poor sanitation 5523 4.77%
Unsafe water source 6533 5.64%
Unsafe sex 985 0.85%
Low physical activity 3028 2.62%
Diet low in vegetables 4626 4%
Diet low in fruits 5661 4.89%
High cholesterol 5346 4.62%
High blood pressure 22379 19.34%
High blood sugar 14507 12.53%
High body-mass index (obesity) 4759 4.11%


Democratic Republic of Congo - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 3272 | Deaths : 1150 35.15%
Breast cancer Patients : 13215 | Deaths : 2834 21.45%
Larynx cancer Patients : 917 | Deaths : 354 38.6%
Kidney cancer Patients : 2336 | Deaths : 275 11.77%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 965 | Deaths : 223 23.11%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 2068 | Deaths : 634 30.66%
Stomach cancer Patients : 3364 | Deaths : 2613 77.68%
Uterine cancer Patients : 2251 | Deaths : 580 25.77%
Bladder cancer Patients : 2158 | Deaths : 726 33.64%
Cervical cancer Patients : 25574 | Deaths : 4145 16.21%
Prostate cancer Patients : 7240 | Deaths : 2584 35.69%
Testicular cancer Patients : 364 | Deaths : 79 21.7%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 1152 | Deaths : 716 62.15%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 1728 | Deaths : 1593 92.19%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 611 | Deaths : 136 22.26%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 5183 | Deaths : 2186 42.18%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 467 | Deaths : 276 59.1%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 2652 | Deaths : 510 19.23%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 2325 | Deaths : 762 32.77%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 2359 | Deaths : 418 17.72%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 252 | Deaths : 191 75.79%


Democratic Republic of Congo - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 3153 4.7%
5-14 year olds 1324 1.97%
15-49 year olds 22720 33.84%
50-69 year olds 25945 38.65%
70+ year olds 13989 20.84%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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