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Costa Rica Health

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CONTENT


Causes of death across Costa Rica are changing due to Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical represntation of major causes of death in Costa Rica.

Highlights of Costa Rica BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & Definations)
  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Costa Rica gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 87.87%87.87%
    • Fat : 41.26%41.26%
    • Animal protein : 8.31%8.31%
    • Plant protein : 6.91%6.91%
  • 44.35% increase in caloric supply : Currently Costa Rica gets 2848/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 1973/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Sugar and Oils & Fats are three major diet compositions in Costa Rica
  • Rice, Wheat and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in Costa Rica
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegitable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Costa Rica average intake is 136.03 grams
  • Oranges & Mandarines, Pineapples and Plantains are three major Fruit Types Intake in Costa Rica
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Costa Rica average Fruit intake is 365.45grams
  • In Costa Rica, average male height is in decreasing trend and female height is in increasing trend
  • 61.50% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Costa Rica is in range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in
Cereal Preferences in Costa Rica
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Rice428
2Wheat316
3Maize101
4Barley22
5Oats9
6Rye0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Costa Rica
Diet Compositions in Costa Rica
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains877
2Sugar511
3Oils & Fats486
4Dairy & Eggs333
5Meat192
6Fruits & Vegetables187
7Pulses98
8Alcoholic Beverages82
9Starchy Roots53
10Other29


Major Cause of Death



Cardiovascular diseases was major cause of death in Costa Rica with 5851 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 28% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease were highest types of death causes in Costa Rica.
    Major Cause of Death in Costa Rica
  • Maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 12098 deaths (year 2016).
  • 43.76% kids below age 5 years die due to Neonatal disorders.
  • Cancers, Road accidents and Drowning are the major cause of death in kids aging 5 - 14 years.
  • Cancers, Road accidents and Cardiovascular disease are the major cause of death in people aging 14 - 49 years.
  • Cancers, Cardiovascular diseases and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aging more than 50 years.
  • Overall its observed that 31% of people aging more than 50 years die due to Cancers.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Costa Rica (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Costa Rica - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)


Major Risk Factors of Death



  • Three Major factors of death in Costa Rica are High blood pressure, High body-mass index (obesity) and High blood sugar. Every year around 33 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Unsafe sex and Iron deficiency are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Alcohol use, High body-mass index (obesity) and High blood pressure are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, High body-mass index (obesity) and High blood sugar are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Costa Rica (and it's count)


Cancer Analysis



0.56% of Costa Rica population was suffering from cancer i.e. 25135 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Stomach cancer (Count : 722) and Colon & rectum cancer was also concerning with 559 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 4% of survival chance.Costa Rica was really successful in diagnosing Testicular cancer where 96% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 11048 people were of age group 70+ year olds.In 2016, 1780 were suffering from Stomach cancer out of which 722 people were dead. This means 40.56% death rate of people suffering from Stomach cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Costa Rica and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Costa Rica :
  • 0.56 % of Costa Rica population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Stomach cancer
  • Testicular cancer was most cured cancer in Costa Rica
  • Stomach cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Costa Rica

Tables (Appendix)



Major Cause of Deaths in Costa Rica (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 1687 7.97%
Cardiovascular diseases 5851 27.65%
Kidney disease 1136 5.37%
Respiratory disease 1195 5.65%
Liver disease 828 3.91%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 1803 8.52%
Digestive disease 681 3.22%
Hepatitis 19 0.09%
Cancers 5056 23.89%
Parkinson's disease 110 0.52%
Fire 36 0.17%
Malaria 0 0%
Drowning 139 0.66%
Homicide 378 1.79%
HIV/AIDS 155 0.73%
Drug disorder 31 0.15%
Tuberculosis 48 0.23%
Road incidents 725 3.43%
Maternal deaths 17 0.08%
Neonatal deaths 263 1.24%
Alcohol disorder 48 0.23%
Natural disasters 9 0.04%
Diarrheal diseases 93 0.44%
Lower respiratory infections 407.065545019 1.92%
Digestive disease 681 3.22%
Road incidents 725 3.43%
Liver disease 828 3.91%
Kidney disease 1136 5.37%
Respiratory disease 1195 5.65%
Dementia 1687 7.97%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 1803 8.52%
Cancers 5056 23.89%
Cardiovascular diseases 5851 27.65%



Costa Rica - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 4 0.67%
Congenital birth defects 3 0.5%
Lower respiratory infections 3 0.5%
Cancers 0 0%
Neonatal infections 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 11 1.83%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 0 0%
Road accidents 263 43.76%
Drowning 9 1.5%
Cardiovascular disease 0 0%
Digestive diseases 2 0.33%
Homicide 7 1.16%
Kidney disease 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 2 0.33%
Protein-energy malnutrition 15 2.5%
HIV/AIDS 0 0%
Fire 5 0.83%
Liver disease 10 1.66%
Hepatitis 1 0.17%
Natural disasters 3 0.5%
Tuberculosis 7 1.16%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 210 34.94%
Drug use disorders 32 5.32%
Measles 0 0%
Malaria 14 2.33%



Costa Rica - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 4 3.85%
Homicide 5 4.81%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 0 0%
Natural disasters 1 0.96%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 1 0.96%
Road accidents 20 19.23%
Tuberculosis 0 0%
HIV/AIDS 4 3.85%
Drowning 12 11.54%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 1 0.96%
Cancers 32 30.77%
Hepatitis 0 0%
Digestive diseases 2 1.92%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 7 6.73%
Liver disease 2 1.92%
Respiratory disease 2 1.92%
Kidney disease 3 2.88%
Cardiovascular disease 5 4.81%
Lower respiratory infections 3 2.88%


Costa Rica - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 243 8.95%
Homicide 294 10.82%
Nutritional deficiencies 2 0.07%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1 0.04%
Natural disasters 4 0.15%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.04%
Diarrheal diseases 5 0.18%
Road accidents 421 15.5%
Tuberculosis 10 0.37%
HIV/AIDS 101 3.72%
Drowning 82 3.02%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 7 0.26%
Cancers 595 21.91%
Hepatitis 6 0.22%
Digestive diseases 65 2.39%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 164 6.04%
Liver disease 143 5.27%
Respiratory disease 37 1.36%
Kidney disease 103 3.79%
Cardiovascular disease 348 12.81%
Drug disorder 16 0.59%
Alcohol disorder 21 0.77%
Parkinson's disease 1 0.04%
Dementia 2 0.07%
Lower respiratory infections 44 1.62%


Costa Rica - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 79 1.42%
Homicide 61 1.09%
Nutritional deficiencies 3 0.05%
Protein-energy malnutrition 2 0.04%
Natural disasters 2 0.04%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.02%
Diarrheal diseases 15 0.27%
Road accidents 159 2.85%
Tuberculosis 18 0.32%
HIV/AIDS 46 0.83%
Drowning 28 0.5%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 6 0.11%
Cancers 1748 31.37%
Hepatitis 8 0.14%
Digestive diseases 162 2.91%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 567 10.18%
Liver disease 400 7.18%
Respiratory disease 172 3.09%
Kidney disease 383 6.87%
Cardiovascular diseases 1482 26.6%
Dementia 102 1.83%
Parkinson's disease 12 0.22%
Drug disorder 6 0.11%
Alcohol disorder 22 0.39%
Lower respiratory infections 88 1.58%


Costa Rica - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 23 0.19%
Homicide 15 0.12%
Nutritional deficiencies 24 0.19%
Protein-energy malnutrition 23 0.19%
Natural disasters 1 0.01%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.01%
Diarrheal diseases 59 0.48%
Road accidents 116 0.94%
Tuberculosis 20 0.16%
HIV/AIDS 2 0.02%
Drowning 9 0.07%
Malaria 0 0%
Fire 20 0.16%
Cancers 2667 21.61%
Hepatitis 5 0.04%
Digestive diseases 447 3.62%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1056 8.56%
Liver disease 282 2.29%
Respiratory disease 981 7.95%
Kidney disease 645 5.23%
Cardiovascular disease 4008 32.48%
Parkinson's disease 97 0.79%
Dementia 1583 12.83%
Drug use disorders 9 0.07%
Alcohol use disorders 6 0.05%
Lower respiratory infections 241 1.95%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Costa Rica
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 33 0.2%
Poor sanitation 8 0.05%
No access to handwashing facility 31 0.19%
Household air pollution 136 0.82%
Outdoor air pollution 842 5.09%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 6 0.04%
Discontinued breastfeeding 1 0.01%
Child wasting 21 0.13%
Child stunting 2 0.01%
Low birth weight 154 0.93%
Secondhand smoke 196 1.19%
Alcohol use 1368 8.28%
Drug use 288 1.74%
Diet low in fruits 354 2.14%
Diet low in vegetables 686 4.15%
Unsafe sex 313 1.89%
Low physical activity 406 2.46%
High blood sugar 2039 12.33%
High cholesterol 1715 10.37%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2569 15.54%
High blood pressure 4128 24.97%
Smoking 1015 6.14%
Iron deficiency 1 0.01%
Zinc deficiency 1 0.01%
Vitamin-A deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 218 1.32%


Costa Rica - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 1 0.5%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 6 2.99%
Child stunting 2 1%
Low birth weight 154 76.62%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 3 1.49%
Secondhand smoke 3 1.49%
Poor sanitation 1 0.5%
Unsafe water source 4 1.99%
Household air pollution 1 0.5%
Outdoor air pollution 5 2.49%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
Child wasting 21 10.45%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Costa Rica - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 1 33.33%
No access to handwashing facility 0 0%
Unsafe water source 0 0%
Unsafe sex 1 33.33%
Iron deficiency 1 33.33%
Secondhand smoke 0 0%
Household air pollution 0 0%
Outdoor air pollution 0 0%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood sugar 0 0%
High blood pressure 0 0%
Poor sanitation 0 0%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Costa Rica - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0.06%
Low bone mineral density 8 0.52%
Drug use 89 5.78%
Alcohol use 367 23.83%
No access to handwashing facility 3 0.19%
Unsafe water source 2 0.13%
Poor sanitation 1 0.06%
Smoking 73 4.74%
Secondhand smoke 15 0.97%
Low physical activity 15 0.97%
Diet low in fruits 44 2.86%
Diet low in vegetables 60 3.9%
Unsafe sex 143 9.29%
High body-mass index (obesity) 208 13.51%
Household air pollution 10 0.65%
Outdoor air pollution 60 3.9%
High total cholesterol 127 8.25%
High blood pressure 208 13.51%
High blood sugar 106 6.88%


Costa Rica - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 31 0.59%
Drug use 150 2.83%
Alcohol use 580 10.95%
No access to handwashing facility 6 0.11%
Poor sanitation 1 0.02%
Unsafe sex 110 2.08%
Smoking 335 6.32%
Secondhand smoke 59 1.11%
Unsafe water source 5 0.09%
Diet low in vegetables 227 4.28%
Diet low in fruits 126 2.38%
Low physical activity 93 1.76%
Outdoor air pollution 250 4.72%
Household air pollution 38 0.72%
High body-mass index (obesity) 954 18.01%
High blood sugar 607 11.46%
High total cholesterol 561 10.59%
High blood pressure 1165 21.99%


Costa Rica - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 179 1.89%
Drug use 49 0.52%
Alcohol use 421 4.44%
Smoking 607 6.4%
Secondhand smoke 119 1.25%
Household air pollution 86 0.91%
Outdoor air pollution 526 5.55%
No access to handwashing facility 19 0.2%
Poor sanitation 5 0.05%
Unsafe water source 21 0.22%
Unsafe sex 59 0.62%
Low physical activity 298 3.14%
Diet low in vegetables 398 4.2%
Diet low in fruits 184 1.94%
High cholesterol 1027 10.83%
High blood pressure 2754 29.04%
High blood sugar 1325 13.97%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1406 14.83%


Costa Rica - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 282 | Deaths : 89 31.56%
Breast cancer Patients : 5141 | Deaths : 378 7.35%
Larynx cancer Patients : 233 | Deaths : 50 21.46%
Kidney cancer Patients : 778 | Deaths : 86 11.05%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 456 | Deaths : 23 5.04%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 468 | Deaths : 91 19.44%
Stomach cancer Patients : 1780 | Deaths : 722 40.56%
Uterine cancer Patients : 1281 | Deaths : 65 5.07%
Bladder cancer Patients : 662 | Deaths : 92 13.9%
Cervical cancer Patients : 1275 | Deaths : 162 12.71%
Prostate cancer Patients : 6062 | Deaths : 506 8.35%
Testicular cancer Patients : 371 | Deaths : 13 3.5%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 262 | Deaths : 177 67.56%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 70 | Deaths : 67 95.71%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 148 | Deaths : 26 17.57%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 4035 | Deaths : 559 13.85%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 558 | Deaths : 60 10.75%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 358 | Deaths : 48 13.41%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 320 | Deaths : 134 41.88%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 409 | Deaths : 83 20.29%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 61 | Deaths : 27 44.26%


Costa Rica - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 122 0.49%
5-14 year olds 165 0.66%
15-49 year olds 3760 14.96%
50-69 year olds 10040 39.94%
70+ year olds 11048 43.95%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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