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Congo Health

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CONTENT


Causes of death across Congo are changing due to Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical represntation of major causes of death in Congo.

Highlights of Congo BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & Definations)
  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Congo gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 75.50%75.50%
    • Fat : 20.22%20.22%
    • Plant protein : 5.63%5.63%
    • Animal protein : 4.26%4.26%
  • 5.60% increase in caloric supply : Currently Congo gets 2208/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2091/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Starchy Roots, Cereals & Grains and Oils & Fats are three major diet compositions in Congo
  • Wheat, Rice and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in Congo
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegitable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Congo average intake is 102.58 grams
  • Bananas, Plantains and Oranges & Mandarines are three major Fruit Types Intake in Congo
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Congo average Fruit intake is 178.66grams
  • In Congo, average male height is in decreasing trend and female height is also in decreasing trend
  • 28.10% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Congo is in range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in
Cereal Preferences in Congo
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Wheat317
2Rice164
3Maize34
4Barley23
5Oats1
6Rye0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Congo
Diet Compositions in Congo
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Starchy Roots763
2Cereals & Grains539
3Oils & Fats308
4Sugar173
5Meat152
6Fruits & Vegetables150
7Alcoholic Beverages53
8Pulses31
9Dairy & Eggs22
10Other17


Major Cause of Death



Cardiovascular diseases was major cause of death in Congo with 6404 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 17% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, HIV/AIDS and Cancers were highest types of death causes in Congo.
    Major Cause of Death in Congo
  • Maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 15-49 with 9976 deaths (year 2016).
  • 28.86% kids below age 5 years die due to Neonatal disorders.
  • HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Diarrheal diseases are the major cause of death in kids aging 5 - 14 years.
  • HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Cancers are the major cause of death in people aging 14 - 49 years.
  • Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Tuberculosis are the major cause of death in people aging more than 50 years.
  • Overall its observed that 25% of people aging more than 50 years die due to Cardiovascular diseases.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Congo (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Congo - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)


Major Risk Factors of Death



  • Three Major factors of death in Congo are Unsafe sex, High blood pressure and High blood sugar. Every year around 1999 people die due to Unsafe sex.
  • Child wasting and Low birth weight are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Unsafe water source and Poor sanitation are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Unsafe sex, Alcohol use and High blood pressure are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, High body-mass index (obesity) and Unsafe sex are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Congo (and it's count)


Cancer Analysis



0.3% of Congo population was suffering from cancer i.e. 7040 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Cervical cancer (Count : 342) and Breast cancer was also concerning with 328 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer have 5% of survival chance.Congo was really successful in diagnosing Kidney cancer where 88% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 2774 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 2211 were suffering from Cervical cancer out of which 342 people were dead. This means 15.47% death rate of people suffering from Cervical cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Congo and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Congo :
  • 0.3 % of Congo population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Cervical cancer
  • Kidney cancer was most cured cancer in Congo
  • Cervical cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Congo

Tables (Appendix)



Major Cause of Deaths in Congo (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 594 1.61%
Cardiovascular diseases 6404 17.3%
Kidney disease 297 0.8%
Respiratory disease 920 2.49%
Liver disease 954 2.58%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 1356 3.66%
Digestive disease 1022 2.76%
Hepatitis 90 0.24%
Cancers 3045 8.23%
Parkinson's disease 30 0.08%
Fire 153 0.41%
Malaria 2697 7.29%
Drowning 313 0.85%
Homicide 210 0.57%
HIV/AIDS 4574 12.36%
Drug disorder 35 0.09%
Tuberculosis 2101 5.68%
Road incidents 913 2.47%
Maternal deaths 655 1.77%
Neonatal deaths 2498 6.75%
Alcohol disorder 48 0.13%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 2757 7.45%
Digestive disease 1022 2.76%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 1356 3.66%
Tuberculosis 2101 5.68%
Lower respiratory infections 2493.27652892 6.74%
Neonatal deaths 2498 6.75%
Malaria 2697 7.29%
Diarrheal diseases 2757 7.45%
Cancers 3045 8.23%
HIV/AIDS 4574 12.36%
Cardiovascular diseases 6404 17.3%



Congo - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 13 0.15%
Malaria 444 5.13%
Lower respiratory infections 452 5.22%
Diarrheal diseases 0 0%
Neonatal infections 4 0.05%
Congenital birth defects 667 7.7%
Nutritional deficiencies 0 0%
Protein-energy malnutrition 2498 28.86%
HIV/AIDS 117 1.35%
Measles 58 0.67%
Drowning 328 3.79%
Road accidents 129 1.49%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 1518 17.53%
Tuberculosis 41 0.47%
Digestive diseases 38 0.44%
Fire 9 0.1%
Cancers 55 0.64%
Cardiovascular disease 66 0.76%
Homicide 7 0.08%
Hepatitis 7 0.08%
Liver disease 30 0.35%
Kidney disease 502 5.8%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 928 10.72%
Drug use disorders 141 1.63%
Natural disasters 605 6.99%



Congo - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 6 0.55%
Homicide 7 0.64%
Nutritional deficiencies 37 3.36%
Protein-energy malnutrition 35 3.18%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.09%
Diarrheal diseases 139 12.64%
Road accidents 90 8.18%
Tuberculosis 21 1.91%
HIV/AIDS 292 26.55%
Drowning 54 4.91%
Malaria 218 19.82%
Fire 11 1%
Cancers 42 3.82%
Hepatitis 4 0.36%
Digestive diseases 19 1.73%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 23 2.09%
Liver disease 7 0.64%
Respiratory disease 7 0.64%
Kidney disease 4 0.36%
Cardiovascular disease 14 1.27%
Lower respiratory infections 69 6.27%


Congo - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 149 1.69%
Homicide 169 1.92%
Nutritional deficiencies 127 1.44%
Protein-energy malnutrition 81 0.92%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 12 0.14%
Diarrheal diseases 508 5.76%
Road accidents 542 6.14%
Tuberculosis 791 8.97%
HIV/AIDS 3168 35.91%
Drowning 101 1.14%
Malaria 492 5.58%
Fire 36 0.41%
Cancers 659 7.47%
Hepatitis 42 0.48%
Digestive diseases 238 2.7%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 234 2.65%
Liver disease 306 3.47%
Respiratory disease 100 1.13%
Kidney disease 62 0.7%
Cardiovascular disease 646 7.32%
Drug disorder 27 0.31%
Alcohol disorder 27 0.31%
Parkinson's disease 0 0%
Dementia 1 0.01%
Lower respiratory infections 305 3.46%


Congo - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 90 1.06%
Homicide 18 0.21%
Nutritional deficiencies 141 1.66%
Protein-energy malnutrition 103 1.21%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 6 0.07%
Diarrheal diseases 572 6.72%
Road accidents 114 1.34%
Tuberculosis 716 8.42%
HIV/AIDS 715 8.4%
Drowning 21 0.25%
Malaria 295 3.47%
Fire 31 0.36%
Cancers 1327 15.6%
Hepatitis 21 0.25%
Digestive diseases 324 3.81%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 486 5.71%
Liver disease 412 4.84%
Respiratory disease 309 3.63%
Kidney disease 100 1.18%
Cardiovascular diseases 2146 25.23%
Dementia 55 0.65%
Parkinson's disease 4 0.05%
Drug disorder 6 0.07%
Alcohol disorder 17 0.2%
Lower respiratory infections 478 5.62%


Congo - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 46 0.47%
Homicide 3 0.03%
Nutritional deficiencies 254 2.58%
Protein-energy malnutrition 196 1.99%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 4 0.04%
Diarrheal diseases 871 8.86%
Road accidents 50 0.51%
Tuberculosis 516 5.25%
HIV/AIDS 70 0.71%
Drowning 9 0.09%
Malaria 174 1.77%
Fire 33 0.34%
Cancers 979 9.95%
Hepatitis 14 0.14%
Digestive diseases 386 3.92%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 547 5.56%
Liver disease 222 2.26%
Respiratory disease 487 4.95%
Kidney disease 124 1.26%
Cardiovascular disease 3567 36.26%
Parkinson's disease 26 0.26%
Dementia 538 5.47%
Drug use disorders 2 0.02%
Alcohol use disorders 4 0.04%
Lower respiratory infections 714 7.26%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Congo
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 1999 6.19%
Poor sanitation 1715 5.31%
No access to handwashing facility 1469 4.55%
Household air pollution 2121 6.56%
Outdoor air pollution 1938 6%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 236 0.73%
Discontinued breastfeeding 19 0.06%
Child wasting 1528 4.73%
Child stunting 160 0.5%
Low birth weight 1227 3.8%
Secondhand smoke 242 0.75%
Alcohol use 1971 6.1%
Drug use 104 0.32%
Diet low in fruits 896 2.77%
Diet low in vegetables 798 2.47%
Unsafe sex 4289 13.27%
Low physical activity 462 1.43%
High blood sugar 2248 6.96%
High cholesterol 1252 3.87%
High body-mass index (obesity) 2044 6.32%
High blood pressure 4067 12.58%
Smoking 1246 3.86%
Iron deficiency 38 0.12%
Zinc deficiency 32 0.1%
Vitamin-A deficiency 42 0.13%
Low bone mineral density 176 0.54%


Congo - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 19 0.37%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 236 4.59%
Child stunting 160 3.11%
Low birth weight 1227 23.84%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 399 7.75%
Secondhand smoke 55 1.07%
Poor sanitation 415 8.06%
Unsafe water source 483 9.38%
Household air pollution 331 6.43%
Outdoor air pollution 292 5.67%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1 0.02%
High blood pressure 0 0%
High blood sugar 1 0.02%
Child wasting 1528 29.69%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Congo - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 1 0.24%
No access to handwashing facility 66 15.75%
Unsafe water source 101 24.11%
Unsafe sex 76 18.14%
Iron deficiency 36 8.59%
Secondhand smoke 4 0.95%
Household air pollution 26 6.21%
Outdoor air pollution 22 5.25%
High body-mass index (obesity) 0 0%
High blood sugar 1 0.24%
High blood pressure 0 0%
Poor sanitation 86 20.53%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Congo - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 36 0.5%
Low bone mineral density 10 0.14%
Drug use 83 1.14%
Alcohol use 792 10.91%
No access to handwashing facility 250 3.44%
Unsafe water source 369 5.08%
Poor sanitation 316 4.35%
Smoking 269 3.7%
Secondhand smoke 31 0.43%
Low physical activity 29 0.4%
Diet low in fruits 153 2.11%
Diet low in vegetables 119 1.64%
Unsafe sex 3218 44.32%
High body-mass index (obesity) 310 4.27%
Household air pollution 261 3.59%
Outdoor air pollution 238 3.28%
High total cholesterol 161 2.22%
High blood pressure 397 5.47%
High blood sugar 219 3.02%


Congo - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0.01%
Low bone mineral density 39 0.42%
Drug use 17 0.18%
Alcohol use 751 8.12%
No access to handwashing facility 299 3.23%
Poor sanitation 356 3.85%
Unsafe sex 861 9.31%
Smoking 584 6.32%
Secondhand smoke 72 0.78%
Unsafe water source 415 4.49%
Diet low in vegetables 319 3.45%
Diet low in fruits 381 4.12%
Low physical activity 140 1.51%
Outdoor air pollution 609 6.59%
Household air pollution 661 7.15%
High body-mass index (obesity) 918 9.93%
High blood sugar 819 8.86%
High total cholesterol 481 5.2%
High blood pressure 1523 16.47%


Congo - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 0 0%
Low bone mineral density 127 1.24%
Drug use 4 0.04%
Alcohol use 427 4.18%
Smoking 393 3.85%
Secondhand smoke 80 0.78%
Household air pollution 842 8.25%
Outdoor air pollution 778 7.62%
No access to handwashing facility 454 4.45%
Poor sanitation 542 5.31%
Unsafe water source 632 6.19%
Unsafe sex 135 1.32%
Low physical activity 293 2.87%
Diet low in vegetables 361 3.54%
Diet low in fruits 362 3.55%
High cholesterol 609 5.97%
High blood pressure 2147 21.03%
High blood sugar 1208 11.83%
High body-mass index (obesity) 815 7.98%


Congo - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 334 | Deaths : 119 35.63%
Breast cancer Patients : 1886 | Deaths : 328 17.39%
Larynx cancer Patients : 83 | Deaths : 29 34.94%
Kidney cancer Patients : 277 | Deaths : 32 11.55%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 119 | Deaths : 17 14.29%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 248 | Deaths : 75 30.24%
Stomach cancer Patients : 195 | Deaths : 165 84.62%
Uterine cancer Patients : 260 | Deaths : 52 20%
Bladder cancer Patients : 258 | Deaths : 65 25.19%
Cervical cancer Patients : 2211 | Deaths : 342 15.47%
Prostate cancer Patients : 790 | Deaths : 204 25.82%
Testicular cancer Patients : 26 | Deaths : 4 15.38%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 122 | Deaths : 72 59.02%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 166 | Deaths : 144 86.75%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 48 | Deaths : 11 22.92%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 573 | Deaths : 221 38.57%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 36 | Deaths : 19 52.78%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 243 | Deaths : 43 17.7%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 186 | Deaths : 71 38.17%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 226 | Deaths : 33 14.6%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 19 | Deaths : 18 94.74%


Congo - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 187 2.66%
5-14 year olds 67 0.95%
15-49 year olds 2494 35.43%
50-69 year olds 2774 39.4%
70+ year olds 1518 21.56%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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