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Colombia Health

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Causes of death across Colombia are changing due to Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical represntation of major causes of death in Colombia.

Highlights of Colombia BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & Definations)
  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in Colombia gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 82.48%82.48%
    • Fat : 33.74%33.74%
    • Animal protein : 6.11%6.11%
    • Plant protein : 5.64%5.64%
  • 27.98% increase in caloric supply : Currently Colombia gets 2804/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 2191/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Sugar and Oils & Fats are three major diet compositions in Colombia
  • Rice, Maize and Wheat are three major Cereal preferences in Colombia
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegitable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in Colombia average intake is 115.78 grams
  • Plantains, Citrus, other and Bananas are three major Fruit Types Intake in Colombia
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in Colombia average Fruit intake is 398.71grams
  • In Colombia, average male height is in increasing trend and female height is in increasing trend
  • 58.60% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in Colombia is in range of obese and Average Female BMI is in range of obese (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in
Cereal Preferences in Colombia
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Rice285
2Maize255
3Wheat226
4Barley8
5Oats1
6Rye0

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in Colombia
Diet Compositions in Colombia
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains776
2Sugar566
3Oils & Fats414
4Fruits & Vegetables270
5Meat244
6Dairy & Eggs217
7Starchy Roots174
8Pulses60
10Other23


Major Cause of Death



Cardiovascular diseases was major cause of death in Colombia with 64313 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 29% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease were highest types of death causes in Colombia.
    Major Cause of Death in Colombia
  • Maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 114735 deaths (year 2016).
  • 42.04% kids below age 5 years die due to Neonatal disorders.
  • Cancers, Homicide and Road accidents are the major cause of death in kids aging 5 - 14 years.
  • Homicide, Cancers and Road accidents are the major cause of death in people aging 14 - 49 years.
  • Cancers, Cardiovascular diseases and Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases are the major cause of death in people aging more than 50 years.
  • Overall its observed that 30% of people aging more than 50 years die due to Cancers.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in Colombia (and it's count) Number of Deaths in Colombia - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)


Major Risk Factors of Death



  • Three Major factors of death in Colombia are High blood pressure, High body-mass index (obesity) and High blood sugar. Every year around 317 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Outdoor air pollution and Household air pollution are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Alcohol use, Unsafe sex and High body-mass index (obesity) are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, High body-mass index (obesity) and Smoking are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in Colombia (and it's count)


Cancer Analysis



0.49% of Colombia population was suffering from cancer i.e. 192045 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Stomach cancer (Count : 5385) and Colon & rectum cancer was also concerning with 3843 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Esophageal cancer have 5% of survival chance.Colombia was really successful in diagnosing Testicular cancer where 95% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 82634 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 11791 were suffering from Stomach cancer out of which 5385 people were dead. This means 45.67% death rate of people suffering from Stomach cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in Colombia and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in Colombia :
  • 0.49 % of Colombia population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Stomach cancer
  • Testicular cancer was most cured cancer in Colombia
  • Stomach cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Colombia

Tables (Appendix)



Major Cause of Deaths in Colombia (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 12384 5.68%
Cardiovascular diseases 64313 29.48%
Kidney disease 7896 3.62%
Respiratory disease 14352 6.58%
Liver disease 3865 1.77%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 18057 8.28%
Digestive disease 6573 3.01%
Hepatitis 76 0.03%
Cancers 42258 19.37%
Parkinson's disease 796 0.36%
Fire 226 0.1%
Malaria 48 0.02%
Drowning 1193 0.55%
Homicide 16662 7.64%
HIV/AIDS 2422 1.11%
Drug disorder 215 0.1%
Tuberculosis 837 0.38%
Road incidents 6863 3.15%
Maternal deaths 379 0.17%
Neonatal deaths 4694 2.15%
Alcohol disorder 112 0.05%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 703 0.32%
Lower respiratory infections 6044.9633449 2.77%
Digestive disease 6573 3.01%
Road incidents 6863 3.15%
Kidney disease 7896 3.62%
Dementia 12384 5.68%
Respiratory disease 14352 6.58%
Homicide 16662 7.64%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 18057 8.28%
Cancers 42258 19.37%
Cardiovascular diseases 64313 29.48%



Colombia - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 171 1.53%
Congenital birth defects 372 3.33%
Neonatal infections 379 3.39%
Lower respiratory infections 0 0%
Nutritional deficiencies 1 0.01%
Protein-energy malnutrition 217 1.94%
Cancers 0 0%
Diarrheal diseases 4694 42.04%
Drowning 158 1.42%
Homicide 13 0.12%
Road accidents 41 0.37%
Cardiovascular disease 201 1.8%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 8 0.07%
Digestive diseases 29 0.26%
Kidney disease 271 2.43%
HIV/AIDS 5 0.04%
Fire 104 0.93%
Liver disease 151 1.35%
Tuberculosis 20 0.18%
Malaria 44 0.39%
Hepatitis 154 1.38%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 2246 20.12%
Measles 874 7.83%
Drug use disorders 0 0%
Natural disasters 1012 9.06%



Colombia - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 91 3.96%
Homicide 373 16.22%
Nutritional deficiencies 46 2%
Protein-energy malnutrition 43 1.87%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1 0.04%
Diarrheal diseases 23 1%
Road accidents 348 15.14%
Tuberculosis 11 0.48%
HIV/AIDS 21 0.91%
Drowning 204 8.87%
Malaria 4 0.17%
Fire 18 0.78%
Cancers 571 24.84%
Hepatitis 5 0.22%
Digestive diseases 59 2.57%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 120 5.22%
Liver disease 24 1.04%
Respiratory disease 37 1.61%
Kidney disease 42 1.83%
Cardiovascular disease 121 5.26%
Lower respiratory infections 137 5.96%


Colombia - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 1979 5.65%
Homicide 13376 38.17%
Nutritional deficiencies 134 0.38%
Protein-energy malnutrition 123 0.35%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 8 0.02%
Diarrheal diseases 51 0.15%
Road accidents 3954 11.28%
Tuberculosis 220 0.63%
HIV/AIDS 1675 4.78%
Drowning 532 1.52%
Malaria 20 0.06%
Fire 66 0.19%
Cancers 5382 15.36%
Hepatitis 24 0.07%
Digestive diseases 622 1.78%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1286 3.67%
Liver disease 453 1.29%
Respiratory disease 374 1.07%
Kidney disease 557 1.59%
Cardiovascular disease 3344 9.54%
Drug disorder 126 0.36%
Alcohol disorder 56 0.16%
Parkinson's disease 7 0.02%
Dementia 18 0.05%
Lower respiratory infections 653 1.86%


Colombia - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 538 0.99%
Homicide 2227 4.11%
Nutritional deficiencies 259 0.48%
Protein-energy malnutrition 244 0.45%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 6 0.01%
Diarrheal diseases 90 0.17%
Road accidents 1447 2.67%
Tuberculosis 272 0.5%
HIV/AIDS 623 1.15%
Drowning 160 0.3%
Malaria 10 0.02%
Fire 40 0.07%
Cancers 16218 29.92%
Hepatitis 24 0.04%
Digestive diseases 1758 3.24%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 5254 9.69%
Liver disease 1549 2.86%
Respiratory disease 2587 4.77%
Kidney disease 2351 4.34%
Cardiovascular diseases 16171 29.83%
Dementia 930 1.72%
Parkinson's disease 105 0.19%
Drug disorder 41 0.08%
Alcohol disorder 42 0.08%
Lower respiratory infections 1262 2.33%


Colombia - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 209 0.18%
Homicide 514 0.44%
Nutritional deficiencies 1161 0.99%
Protein-energy malnutrition 1117 0.95%
Natural disasters 0 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 7 0.01%
Diarrheal diseases 321 0.27%
Road accidents 954 0.81%
Tuberculosis 323 0.27%
HIV/AIDS 61 0.05%
Drowning 96 0.08%
Malaria 6 0.01%
Fire 72 0.06%
Cancers 19815 16.82%
Hepatitis 18 0.02%
Digestive diseases 4030 3.42%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 11246 9.55%
Liver disease 1819 1.54%
Respiratory disease 11291 9.59%
Kidney disease 4901 4.16%
Cardiovascular disease 44523 37.8%
Parkinson's disease 684 0.58%
Dementia 11436 9.71%
Drug use disorders 48 0.04%
Alcohol use disorders 13 0.01%
Lower respiratory infections 3119 2.65%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in Colombia
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 317 0.17%
Poor sanitation 104 0.06%
No access to handwashing facility 368 0.2%
Household air pollution 3891 2.14%
Outdoor air pollution 9668 5.32%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 127 0.07%
Discontinued breastfeeding 10 0.01%
Child wasting 719 0.4%
Child stunting 67 0.04%
Low birth weight 2478 1.36%
Secondhand smoke 2857 1.57%
Alcohol use 12990 7.14%
Drug use 1433 0.79%
Diet low in fruits 5797 3.19%
Diet low in vegetables 7718 4.24%
Unsafe sex 4309 2.37%
Low physical activity 5184 2.85%
High blood sugar 21105 11.6%
High cholesterol 15663 8.61%
High body-mass index (obesity) 23982 13.18%
High blood pressure 43328 23.82%
Smoking 18475 10.16%
Iron deficiency 15 0.01%
Zinc deficiency 19 0.01%
Vitamin-A deficiency 3 0%
Low bone mineral density 1270 0.7%


Colombia - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 10 0.26%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 127 3.25%
Child stunting 67 1.72%
Low birth weight 2478 63.44%
Drug use 0 0%
No access to handwashing facility 73 1.87%
Secondhand smoke 78 2%
Poor sanitation 32 0.82%
Unsafe water source 98 2.51%
Household air pollution 79 2.02%
Outdoor air pollution 135 3.46%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1 0.03%
High blood pressure 1 0.03%
High blood sugar 8 0.2%
Child wasting 719 18.41%
Iron deficiency 0 0%


Colombia - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 6 5.56%
No access to handwashing facility 10 9.26%
Unsafe water source 11 10.19%
Unsafe sex 5 4.63%
Iron deficiency 12 11.11%
Secondhand smoke 12 11.11%
Household air pollution 13 12.04%
Outdoor air pollution 21 19.44%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1 0.93%
High blood sugar 11 10.19%
High blood pressure 2 1.85%
Poor sanitation 3 2.78%
Iron deficiency 1 0.93%


Colombia - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 12 0.07%
Low bone mineral density 77 0.44%
Drug use 460 2.61%
Alcohol use 5753 32.62%
No access to handwashing facility 36 0.2%
Unsafe water source 23 0.13%
Poor sanitation 8 0.05%
Smoking 951 5.39%
Secondhand smoke 173 0.98%
Low physical activity 174 0.99%
Diet low in fruits 620 3.52%
Diet low in vegetables 633 3.59%
Unsafe sex 2177 12.34%
High body-mass index (obesity) 1956 11.09%
Household air pollution 269 1.53%
Outdoor air pollution 644 3.65%
High total cholesterol 1112 6.31%
High blood pressure 1676 9.5%
High blood sugar 881 5%


Colombia - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0%
Low bone mineral density 294 0.53%
Drug use 663 1.19%
Alcohol use 4855 8.72%
No access to handwashing facility 67 0.12%
Poor sanitation 13 0.02%
Unsafe sex 1477 2.65%
Smoking 6051 10.87%
Secondhand smoke 759 1.36%
Unsafe water source 41 0.07%
Diet low in vegetables 2476 4.45%
Diet low in fruits 2034 3.65%
Low physical activity 1185 2.13%
Outdoor air pollution 2872 5.16%
Household air pollution 1121 2.01%
High body-mass index (obesity) 9169 16.47%
High blood sugar 6012 10.8%
High total cholesterol 4900 8.8%
High blood pressure 11672 20.97%


Colombia - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 1 0%
Low bone mineral density 899 0.86%
Drug use 310 0.3%
Alcohol use 2375 2.27%
Smoking 11473 10.97%
Secondhand smoke 1835 1.75%
Household air pollution 2408 2.3%
Outdoor air pollution 5995 5.73%
No access to handwashing facility 183 0.17%
Poor sanitation 47 0.04%
Unsafe water source 145 0.14%
Unsafe sex 650 0.62%
Low physical activity 3826 3.66%
Diet low in vegetables 4608 4.41%
Diet low in fruits 3143 3.01%
High cholesterol 9651 9.23%
High blood pressure 29977 28.67%
High blood sugar 14193 13.57%
High body-mass index (obesity) 12855 12.29%


Colombia - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 2203 | Deaths : 675 30.64%
Breast cancer Patients : 40435 | Deaths : 2976 7.36%
Larynx cancer Patients : 2300 | Deaths : 518 22.52%
Kidney cancer Patients : 5779 | Deaths : 571 9.88%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 5292 | Deaths : 299 5.65%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 5533 | Deaths : 1066 19.27%
Stomach cancer Patients : 11791 | Deaths : 5385 45.67%
Uterine cancer Patients : 7980 | Deaths : 437 5.48%
Bladder cancer Patients : 4553 | Deaths : 624 13.71%
Cervical cancer Patients : 15477 | Deaths : 1948 12.59%
Prostate cancer Patients : 41972 | Deaths : 3359 8%
Testicular cancer Patients : 1948 | Deaths : 89 4.57%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 1868 | Deaths : 1311 70.18%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 864 | Deaths : 818 94.68%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 556 | Deaths : 134 24.1%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 26422 | Deaths : 3843 14.54%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 6219 | Deaths : 522 8.39%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 3727 | Deaths : 485 13.01%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 3053 | Deaths : 1246 40.81%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 5205 | Deaths : 1073 20.61%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 787 | Deaths : 165 20.97%


Colombia - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 2585 1.35%
5-14 year olds 2605 1.36%
15-49 year olds 31914 16.62%
50-69 year olds 82634 43.03%
70+ year olds 72306 37.65%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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