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China Health

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CONTENT


Causes of death across China are changing due to Population Increase, Life Expectancy rise and Living Standard.On this below article we provide graphical represntation of major causes of death in China.

Highlights of China BMI and Diet Compositions

Comprehensive data on food supply and consumption is published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Data was analyzed by The Global Graph and is published in these below Highlights, Graphs and Tables (Data Quality & Definations)
  • As per United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), average person in China gets their caloric supply from :
    • Carbohydrates : 128.77%128.77%
    • Fat : 59.96%59.96%
    • Plant protein : 16.23%16.23%
    • Animal protein : 11.02%11.02%
  • 115.98% increase in caloric supply : Currently China gets 3108/kilocalories per person per day worth of caloric supply when compared to 1439/kilocalories per person per day in Year 1961
  • Cereals & Grains, Meat and Fruits & Vegetables are three major diet compositions in China
  • Rice, Wheat and Maize are three major Cereal preferences in China
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on vegitable intake is to range between 200-250g per day and in China average intake is 952.96 grams
  • Apples, Oranges & Mandarines and Bananas are three major Fruit Types Intake in China
  • National and World Health Organization (WHO) typically set a guideline of 200g Fruit Intake per day and in China average Fruit intake is 258.05grams
  • In China, average male height is in increasing trend and female height is in increasing trend
  • 33.80% of population is suffering from obesity and this trend is continously increasing from last few years
  • Average Male BMI in China is in range of normal and Average Female BMI is in range of normal (BMI = Body Mass Index - The WHO define a BMI <=18.5 as 'underweight'; 18.5 to 25 as 'normal/healthy'; 25.0 to 30.0 as 'obese')


Breakdown of the average per capita intake of cereals by specific cereal-based commodity types, measured in kilocalories per person per day. This figure measures the primary equivalent of all food products derived from a given commodity (e.g. "wheat" represents the primary equivalent of its derived products). Data refers to cereal food supply at the consumer level but does not account for consumer wastage in
Cereal Preferences in China
RankCerealskcal/capita/day
1Rice797
2Wheat546
3Maize54
4Sorghum10
5Oats1

This below table shows the Diet Compositions (Average per capita dietary energy supply by commodity groups, measured in kilocalories per person per day) in China
Diet Compositions in China
RankTypekilocalories per person per day
1Cereals & Grains1417
2Meat533
3Fruits & Vegetables335
4Oils & Fats334
5Starchy Roots152
6Dairy & Eggs134
7Alcoholic Beverages95
8Sugar71
9Other25
10Pulses12


Major Cause of Death



Cardiovascular diseases was major cause of death in China with 3974884 registered deaths (in year 2016) i.e. 42% of total deaths. Overall Cardiovascular diseases, Cancers and Respiratory disease were highest types of death causes in China.
    Major Cause of Death in China
  • Maximum number of deaths is seen in age group 70+ with 5285479 deaths (year 2016).
  • 43.21% kids below age 5 years die due to Neonatal disorders.
  • Drowning, Road accidents and Cancers are the major cause of death in kids aging 5 - 14 years.
  • Cancers, Cardiovascular disease and Road accidents are the major cause of death in people aging 14 - 49 years.
  • Cancers, Cardiovascular diseases and Respiratory disease are the major cause of death in people aging more than 50 years.
  • Overall its observed that 37% of people aging more than 50 years die due to Cancers.
Read more about Cardiovascular diseases

Major Cause of Deaths in China (and it's count) Number of Deaths in China - Age wise (only due to Major diseases)


Major Risk Factors of Death



  • Three Major factors of death in China are High blood pressure, Smoking and Outdoor air pollution. Every year around 2830 people die due to High blood pressure.
  • Low birth weight and Child wasting are the major risk factor of kids death aging under 5 years.
  • Outdoor air pollution and Household air pollution are the major risk factors of death of people aging between 5 to 14 years.
  • Smoking, High blood pressure and Alcohol use are the death risk factors of people aging between 15 to 49 years.
  • High blood pressure, Smoking and Outdoor air pollution are the major death risk factors of people aging between 50 to 69 years.
  • High blood pressure is the major death risk factors for people aging more than 70 years.


Major Cause of Deaths in China (and it's count)


Cancer Analysis



0.57% of China population was suffering from cancer i.e. 8359517 people (average of years 2011-2016). Highest number of cancer patients deaths were recorded due to Liver cancer (Count : 426904) and Stomach cancer was also concerning with 334775 deaths in a year. In last few years it has been observed that, people suffering from Pancreatic cancer have 20% of survival chance.China was really successful in diagnosing Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer where 98% of people were cured.Highest number of cancer patients i.e. 4306381 people were of age group 50-69 year olds.In 2016, 670208 were suffering from Liver cancer out of which 426904 people were dead. This means 63.7% death rate of people suffering from Liver cancer. This below data represents major cancer types in China and number of deaths due to particular cancer types :

    Highlights of Cancer in China :
  • 0.57 % of China population is suffering from cancer
  • Highest number of deaths were registered due to Liver cancer
  • Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer was most cured cancer in China
  • Liver cancer got lowest survival rate
Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in China

Tables (Appendix)



Major Cause of Deaths in China (and it's count)
Cause of Death Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Dementia 476898 5.01%
Cardiovascular diseases 3974884 41.79%
Kidney disease 167503 1.76%
Respiratory disease 916115 9.63%
Liver disease 160298 1.69%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 354022 3.72%
Digestive disease 114374 1.2%
Hepatitis 9450 0.1%
Cancers 2378510 25.01%
Parkinson's disease 40012 0.42%
Fire 10508 0.11%
Malaria 190 0%
Drowning 63724 0.67%
Homicide 18691 0.2%
HIV/AIDS 30911 0.32%
Drug disorder 32235 0.34%
Tuberculosis 40120 0.42%
Road incidents 311606 3.28%
Maternal deaths 2341 0.02%
Neonatal deaths 54586 0.57%
Alcohol disorder 21896 0.23%
Natural disasters 969 0.01%
Diarrheal diseases 5544 0.06%
Suicide 130556 1.37%
Lower respiratory infections 156619.7651 1.65%
Liver disease 160298 1.69%
Kidney disease 167503 1.76%
Road incidents 311606 3.28%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 354022 3.72%
Dementia 476898 5.01%
Respiratory disease 916115 9.63%
Cancers 2378510 25.01%
Cardiovascular diseases 3974884 41.79%



China - Cause of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Homicide 683 0.54%
Congenital birth defects 357 0.28%
Lower respiratory infections 512 0.41%
Drowning 42 0.03%
Road accidents 97 0.08%
Cancers 1342 1.06%
Cardiovascular disease 2 0%
Neonatal infections 54586 43.21%
Diabetes, blood and endocrine disease 4526 3.58%
Digestive diseases 122 0.1%
Diarrheal diseases 408 0.32%
Homicide 6188 4.9%
Nutritional deficiencies 2 0%
Fire 463 0.37%
HIV/AIDS 4301 3.4%
Protein-energy malnutrition 142 0.11%
Kidney disease 1561 1.24%
Hepatitis 1793 1.42%
Tuberculosis 84 0.07%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 249 0.2%
Liver disease 2746 2.17%
Natural disasters 29159 23.08%
Measles 14847 11.75%
Drug use disorders 39 0.03%
Malaria 2069 1.64%



China - Cause of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 994 2.46%
Homicide 1006 2.49%
Nutritional deficiencies 114 0.28%
Protein-energy malnutrition 67 0.17%
Natural disasters 76 0.19%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 43 0.11%
Diarrheal diseases 188 0.47%
Road accidents 9296 23.03%
Tuberculosis 187 0.46%
HIV/AIDS 313 0.78%
Drowning 12864 31.86%
Malaria 2 0%
Fire 330 0.82%
Cancers 8268 20.48%
Hepatitis 62 0.15%
Digestive diseases 455 1.13%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 1476 3.66%
Liver disease 194 0.48%
Respiratory disease 246 0.61%
Kidney disease 450 1.11%
Cardiovascular disease 1991 4.93%
Lower respiratory infections 1749 4.33%


China - Cause of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 50037 5.25%
Homicide 11292 1.18%
Nutritional deficiencies 697 0.07%
Protein-energy malnutrition 416 0.04%
Natural disasters 459 0.05%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1135 0.12%
Diarrheal diseases 665 0.07%
Road accidents 164853 17.29%
Tuberculosis 7756 0.81%
HIV/AIDS 18931 1.99%
Drowning 21481 2.25%
Malaria 97 0.01%
Fire 2724 0.29%
Cancers 292494 30.68%
Hepatitis 2552 0.27%
Digestive diseases 10670 1.12%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 36770 3.86%
Liver disease 34502 3.62%
Respiratory disease 17628 1.85%
Kidney disease 20050 2.1%
Cardiovascular disease 225007 23.6%
Drug disorder 13574 1.42%
Alcohol disorder 10646 1.12%
Parkinson's disease 408 0.04%
Dementia 698 0.07%
Lower respiratory infections 7951 0.83%


China - Cause of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 47304 1.52%
Homicide 4228 0.14%
Nutritional deficiencies 1375 0.04%
Protein-energy malnutrition 921 0.03%
Natural disasters 267 0.01%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1220 0.04%
Diarrheal diseases 1140 0.04%
Road accidents 99304 3.18%
Tuberculosis 16151 0.52%
HIV/AIDS 8880 0.28%
Drowning 13062 0.42%
Malaria 60 0%
Fire 2514 0.08%
Cancers 1169935 37.49%
Hepatitis 4256 0.14%
Digestive diseases 35622 1.14%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 128493 4.12%
Liver disease 79657 2.55%
Respiratory disease 187667 6.01%
Kidney disease 59182 1.9%
Cardiovascular diseases 1159980 37.17%
Dementia 48281 1.55%
Parkinson's disease 6558 0.21%
Drug disorder 9661 0.31%
Alcohol disorder 8736 0.28%
Lower respiratory infections 26047 0.83%


China - Cause of Death in Age : 70 + years
Cause Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Suicide 32221 0.61%
Homicide 1482 0.03%
Nutritional deficiencies 11470 0.22%
Protein-energy malnutrition 9436 0.18%
Natural disasters 127 0%
Heat-related deaths (hot or cold exposure) 1749 0.03%
Diarrheal diseases 2209 0.04%
Road accidents 33626 0.64%
Tuberculosis 15904 0.3%
HIV/AIDS 2378 0.04%
Drowning 10130 0.19%
Malaria 29 0%
Fire 4478 0.08%
Cancers 903512 17.08%
Hepatitis 2438 0.05%
Digestive diseases 66067 1.25%
Diabetes, blood, and endocrine diseases 185490 3.51%
Liver disease 45863 0.87%
Respiratory disease 710438 13.43%
Kidney disease 87572 1.66%
Cardiovascular disease 2585159 48.87%
Parkinson's disease 33047 0.62%
Dementia 427919 8.09%
Drug use disorders 8998 0.17%
Alcohol use disorders 2515 0.05%
Lower respiratory infections 106026 2%


Major Risk Factors of Death (count) in China
Major Risk Factors Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Unsafe water source 2830 0.03%
Poor sanitation 2050 0.02%
No access to handwashing facility 4825 0.05%
Household air pollution 605098 5.83%
Outdoor air pollution 1075039 10.36%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 2184 0.02%
Discontinued breastfeeding 82 0%
Child wasting 6756 0.07%
Child stunting 1103 0.01%
Low birth weight 29071 0.28%
Secondhand smoke 231456 2.23%
Alcohol use 709885 6.84%
Drug use 77288 0.75%
Diet low in fruits 572407 5.52%
Diet low in vegetables 198381 1.91%
Unsafe sex 62108 0.6%
Low physical activity 258257 2.49%
High blood sugar 914281 8.81%
High cholesterol 794614 7.66%
High body-mass index (obesity) 685855 6.61%
High blood pressure 2298719 22.16%
Smoking 1759072 16.96%
Iron deficiency 352 0%
Zinc deficiency 127 0%
Vitamin-A deficiency 24 0%
Low bone mineral density 80500 0.78%


China - Risk of Death in Age : Under 5 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Discontinued breastfeeding 82 0.16%
Non-exclusive breastfeeding 2184 4.21%
Child stunting 1103 2.13%
Low birth weight 29071 56.02%
Drug use 2 0%
No access to handwashing facility 572 1.1%
Secondhand smoke 2866 5.52%
Poor sanitation 487 0.94%
Unsafe water source 684 1.32%
Household air pollution 3261 6.28%
Outdoor air pollution 4710 9.08%
High body-mass index (obesity) 3 0.01%
High blood pressure 20 0.04%
High blood sugar 81 0.16%
Child wasting 6756 13.02%
Iron deficiency 10 0.02%


China - Risk of Death in Age : 5 - 14 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Drug use 0 0%
Alcohol use 248 10.98%
No access to handwashing facility 74 3.28%
Unsafe water source 98 4.34%
Unsafe sex 70 3.1%
Iron deficiency 185 8.19%
Secondhand smoke 344 15.23%
Household air pollution 415 18.37%
Outdoor air pollution 544 24.08%
High body-mass index (obesity) 6 0.27%
High blood sugar 142 6.29%
High blood pressure 46 2.04%
Poor sanitation 74 3.28%
Iron deficiency 13 0.58%


China - Risk of Death in Age : 15 - 49 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 185 0.02%
Low bone mineral density 6061 0.7%
Drug use 28277 3.26%
Alcohol use 117321 13.55%
No access to handwashing facility 297 0.03%
Unsafe water source 340 0.04%
Poor sanitation 248 0.03%
Smoking 126637 14.62%
Secondhand smoke 13362 1.54%
Low physical activity 8949 1.03%
Diet low in fruits 63171 7.29%
Diet low in vegetables 21513 2.48%
Unsafe sex 24668 2.85%
High body-mass index (obesity) 86072 9.94%
Household air pollution 43068 4.97%
Outdoor air pollution 74295 8.58%
High total cholesterol 75127 8.67%
High blood pressure 122655 14.16%
High blood sugar 53848 6.22%


China - Risk of Death in Age : 50 - 69 years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 53 0%
Low bone mineral density 19937 0.53%
Drug use 34358 0.92%
Alcohol use 336352 8.97%
No access to handwashing facility 847 0.02%
Poor sanitation 426 0.01%
Unsafe sex 27037 0.72%
Smoking 664012 17.72%
Secondhand smoke 68524 1.83%
Unsafe water source 582 0.02%
Diet low in vegetables 72674 1.94%
Diet low in fruits 249729 6.66%
Low physical activity 59903 1.6%
Outdoor air pollution 366177 9.77%
Household air pollution 208469 5.56%
High body-mass index (obesity) 325494 8.68%
High blood sugar 309349 8.25%
High total cholesterol 264486 7.06%
High blood pressure 739792 19.74%


China - Risk of Death in Age : 70+ years
Risk Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Iron deficiency 91 0%
Low bone mineral density 54502 0.96%
Drug use 14651 0.26%
Alcohol use 255965 4.49%
Smoking 968423 16.98%
Secondhand smoke 146359 2.57%
Household air pollution 349884 6.13%
Outdoor air pollution 629314 11.03%
No access to handwashing facility 3036 0.05%
Poor sanitation 814 0.01%
Unsafe water source 1127 0.02%
Unsafe sex 10334 0.18%
Low physical activity 189405 3.32%
Diet low in vegetables 104194 1.83%
Diet low in fruits 259506 4.55%
High cholesterol 455001 7.98%
High blood pressure 1436205 25.18%
High blood sugar 550860 9.66%
High body-mass index (obesity) 274281 4.81%


China - Number of Deaths by Cancer Type
Cancer Type Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Liver cancer Patients : 670208 | Deaths : 426904 63.7%
Breast cancer Patients : 1392872 | Deaths : 70447 5.06%
Larynx cancer Patients : 113406 | Deaths : 17484 15.42%
Kidney cancer Patients : 165667 | Deaths : 15951 9.63%
Thyroid cancer Patients : 224587 | Deaths : 5923 2.64%
Ovarian cancer Patients : 94790 | Deaths : 18586 19.61%
Stomach cancer Patients : 984929 | Deaths : 334775 33.99%
Uterine cancer Patients : 330076 | Deaths : 13237 4.01%
Bladder cancer Patients : 242990 | Deaths : 26053 10.72%
Cervical cancer Patients : 352225 | Deaths : 38355 10.89%
Prostate cancer Patients : 424642 | Deaths : 34078 8.03%
Testicular cancer Patients : 25450 | Deaths : 647 2.54%
Pancreatic cancer Patients : 71721 | Deaths : 57237 79.81%
Esophageal cancer Patients : 278769 | Deaths : 206206 73.97%
Nasopharynx cancer Patients : 161174 | Deaths : 28111 17.44%
Colon & rectum cancer Patients : 1469937 | Deaths : 167090 11.37%
Non-melanoma skin cancer Patients : 39151 | Deaths : 13822 35.3%
Lip & oral cancer Patients : 163984 | Deaths : 19588 11.95%
Brain & nervous system cancer Patients : 263204 | Deaths : 59120 22.46%
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer Patients : 1005498 | Deaths : 24896 2.48%
Gallbladder & biliary tract cancer Patients : 25223 | Deaths : 4607 18.27%


China - Number of Deaths due to Cancer - Age Wise
Age Number of Deaths % of Total Deaths
Under-5s 112451 1.35%
5-14 year olds 60818 0.73%
15-49 year olds 1499280 17.94%
50-69 year olds 4306381 51.51%
70+ year olds 2380586 28.48%


Source :
http://www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd004/
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDRS/Resources/477365-1327525347307/8392086-1327528510568/WDR09_bookweb_1.pdf

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